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Page 134
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Model Context Outline." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-World War II Housing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22709.
Page 134

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134 Model Context Outline This model context outline, which follows the organiza- tion of the national context, is provided to serve as the basis for the development of a project-specific historic context. It is understood that not all themes included in the outline will be relevant to a specific location. Therefore, the context should be limited to only those areas that are appropriate. A. History of Suburbanization, 1946-1975 1. Overview of early suburbs (railroad, street car, and early automobile) 2. Postwar and early freeway suburbs 3. Housing need and demand B. Transportation Trends 1. Automobile age 2. Interstate Highway Program C. Government Programs and Policies (including financing) 1. Federal Housing Administration (FHA) 2. Veteran’s Administration (VA) housing programs 3. Urban renewal D. Social, Economic, and Cultural Trends 1. Economic conditions 2. Demographic trends a. Segregation b. Civil Rights Movement and racial desegregation c. Family size and age (baby boom) E. Planning and Development 1. Development patterns a. Infill development b. Ordinances, codes, and covenants 2. Subdivisions a. Developers b. Builders c. Real Estate Companies d. National Association of Home Builders 3. Advertising 4. Design and Layout Features 5. Utilities and Infrastructure F. Materials and Construction 1. Advances in materials 2. Mass production, standardization, innovation G. Architecture, Site, and Landscape 1. Residential design characteristics, including plan/ layout, size, materials, and style 2. Use of plan services and architects 3. Popular architectural forms and styles of period a. Postwar architectural forms i. Minimal Traditional ii. Cape Cod iii. Two-Story Massed iv. Transitional Ranch v. Ranch Form vi. Raised Ranch vii. Split-level/Split-foyer b. Postwar architectural styles i. Colonial Revival ii. Georgian Revival iii. Storybook iv. Spanish Colonial Revival v. Asiatic vi. Contemporary vii. Shed viii. Other architectural forms and styles c. Prefabricated houses i. Lustron ii. Gunnison/U.S. Steel iii. National Homes Corporation iv. Regional prefabricated manufacturers 4. Garages and carports 5. Landscape and site features a. Yards and fences b. Patios c. Driveways and sidewalks d. Family shelters A P P E N D I X B Model Context Outline

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TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 723: A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-World War II Housing provides an approach to the identification and evaluation of postwar housing resources that can be used within the framework of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act.

The report includes a methodology for identification and evaluation of the National Register eligibility and non-eligibility of single-family housing built between 1946 and 1975. The report also includes a national context to understand the development of postwar housing and to help guide the evaluation of postwar residential types.

TR News 292: May-June 2014 includes an article about the report.

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