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Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 - Background." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Guidebook for Planning and Implementing Automated People Mover Systems at Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22926.
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Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 - Background." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2010. Guidebook for Planning and Implementing Automated People Mover Systems at Airports. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22926.
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Page 4

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3Over the past 30 years, air travel has grown dramatically. Planes are larger, and many airports have changed their character and configuration, becoming far bigger and more complex. Some new airport designs include more and larger terminals and facilities that may be spread over large areas. As a result, these airports have become much less walkable due to long distances between facilities and services. Also, the introduction of the A380 aircraft, with over 500 seats, will continue the trend of greater passenger volumes and the resulting larger terminals and longer walks. Airline travel is very time sensitive, and it is critical that all passengers and employees be able to travel efficiently with luggage, strollers, wheelchairs, or other accessories. Recognizing the importance of mobility to passengers and employees, some airports have planned and implemented automated people mover (APM) systems. APMs are transit systems with fully automated, driverless operations, featuring vehicles that travel on guideways with an exclusive right-of-way. These systems have been developed and implemented in various sizes and configurations since the early 1970s. They have been installed in many different settings worldwide, including airports, leisure facilities, insti- tutions, and urban areas. APM systems are distinct from tra- ditional heavy- and light-rail public transportation in that they operate without drivers or station attendants. Typically, APMs use a narrower right-of-way and smaller vehicles than traditional rail transportation services. The advent of com- puterized system operations and increased congestion, along with a desire for improved mobility and integration of activity centers, has spurred the development of APM systems. As of 2010, there are 44 APM systems operating at airports worldwide. Most early APM systems were implemented to facilitate passenger and employee conveyance within the secure area (airside) of an airport—generally conveyance between passenger check-in areas (terminal) and airplane gates (con- course). These APMs allowed greater volumes of passengers to move more quickly over longer distances, connecting large, often dispersed airline terminals. More recently, APM systems have been designed to connect airport terminals with landside facilities such as parking, car rental services, regional trans- portation services, hotels, and other related employment and activity centers. While a typical airport’s staff is experienced in the planning and implementing of many types of facilities and passenger conveyance systems, they are often less familiar with APM sys- tems and the interface requirements between the APM and the airport facilities served by the APM. This guidebook will help provide such familiarity. 1.1 Research Approach The approach of this guidebook to planning and imple- mentation of APM systems at airports is to look at APMs from all perspectives—past, present, and future, as well as inward and outward. Specifically, the approach is to look at the his- torical role of APMs at airports, at present airport applica- tions, and at future technological advances that will allow APMs to meet the needs of tomorrow’s airports. At the same time, this guidebook looks inward at the physical compo- nents of APMs and outward at the facilities and equipment with which APMs must interface at the airport. To implement this research approach, specific areas or issues are broken out and presented in a sequenced manner that attempts to parallel the progression from planning and design to implementation and operation of actual APM sys- tems. The specific areas and issues of research are presented as separate chapters, which, in addition to this chapter and the Introduction in Chapter 2, are: • Chapter 3: History of APM Systems and Their Roles at Airports; • Chapter 4: APM System Characteristics; C H A P T E R 1 Background

• Chapter 5: Airport APM Planning Process Overview; • Chapter 6: Needs Identification and Assessment; • Chapter 7: Matching Needs with Passenger Conveyance Technologies; • Chapter 8: APM System Definition and Planning Method- ology; • Chapter 9: Project Coordination, Justification, and Feasi- bility; • Chapter 10: APM System Procurement; • Chapter 11: Operations and Maintenance; and • Chapter 12: System Expansion and Overhaul. The world of APMs has its own vocabulary and many asso- ciated acronyms. To aid the reader of this report, two theoreti- cal APM planning examples are provided in Appendix A. Other appendices include an inventory of airport APM systems (Appendix B), a glossary of APM terms and acronyms (Appen- dix C), a summary of applicable APM codes and standards (Appendix D), and a passenger flow modeling discussion (Appendix E). The research team’s experience comes from team mem- bers who have worked for airport agencies, for APM sup- pliers, and for APM consultants. An airport peer review was performed on the APM planning methodologies and criteria aspects of the guidebook that are found within Chapter 8. Par- ticipants in the peer-review panel were airport staff members. A detailed selection process resulted in staff from six airports populating the peer-review panel. The panel represented a cross section of APM configurations (shuttle versus pinched loop), APM types (airside versus landside), and APM propul- sion (self-propelled versus cable-propelled). Panel members reviewed the planning methodology and criteria documents and provided written comments to the consulting team. Com- ments were then provided to the ACRP 03-06 project panel for review. The resulting comments were then incorporated into the draft guidebook. 4

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Guidebook for Planning and Implementing Automated People Mover Systems at Airports Get This Book
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TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 37: Guidebook for Planning and Implementing Automated People Mover Systems at Airports includes guidance for planning and developing automated people mover (APM) systems at airports. The guidance in the report encompasses the planning and decision-making process, alternative system infrastructure and technologies, evaluation techniques and strategies, operation and maintenance requirements, coordination and procurement requirements, and other planning and development issues.

The guidebook includes an interactive CD that contains a database of detailed characteristics of the 44 existing APM systems. The CD is also available for download from TRB’s website as an ISO image. Links to the ISO image and instructions for burning a CD-ROM from an ISO image are provided below.

Help on Burning an .ISO CD-ROM Image

Download the .ISO CD-ROM Image

In March 2012, TRB released ACRP Report 37A: Guidebook for Measuring Performance of Automated People Mover Systems at Airports as a companion to ACRP Report 37. ACRP Report 37A is designed to help measure the performance of automated people mover (APM) systems at airports.

In June 2012, TRB released ACRP Report 67: Airport Passenger Conveyance Systems Planning Guidebook that offers guidance on the planning and implementation of passenger conveyance systems at airports.

(Warning: This is a large file that may take some time to download using a high-speed connection.)

Disclaimer: The CD-ROM is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences or the Transportation Research Board (collectively “TRB’) be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operation of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.

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