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56 APPenDix B Reference Materials NOTE: This information is not intended to be all-inclu- sive but is a synopsis of some references that may be informative and useful. PuBlIshed research artIcles Air Travel Research evans, A. D., and C. Thibeault. Prevention of Spread of Communicable Disease by Air Travel. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 80, no. 7, 2009, pp. 601â602. www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asma/ asem/2009/00000080/00000007/art00002. Khan, K., J. Arino, f. Calderon, A. Chan, M. Gardam, C. Heidebrecht, W. Hu, D. A. Janes, M. MacDonald, J. Sears, P. Raposo, and S. Wang. An Analysis of Canadaâs Vul- nerability to Emerging Infectious Disease Threats via the Global Airline Transportation Network. Bio.Diaspora, Toronto, ontario, Canada, 2009. www.biodiaspora. com/. Mangili, A., and M. A. Gendreau. Transmission of infec- tious Diseases During Commercial Air Travel. Lancet, Vol. 365, 2005, pp. 989â996. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pubmed/15767002?dopt=Abstract. Silverman, D., and M. Gendreau. Medical issues Associated with Commercial flights. Lancet, Vol. 373, 2009, pp. 2067â2077. www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/ PiiS0140-6736(09)60209-9/fulltext. Aircraft Cabin Research Bull, K. Cabin Air filtration: Helping to Protect occupants from infectious Diseases. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, Vol. 6, no. 3, 2007, pp. 142â144. www.trav elmedicinejournal.com/article/S1477-8939(07)00065-8/ abstract. La Duc, M. T., T. Stuecker, and K. Venkateswaran. Molecular Bacterial Diversity and Bioburden of Commercial Airliner Cabin Air. Canadian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 53, no. 11, 2007, pp. 1259â1271. http://rparticle.web-p.cisti .nrc.ca/rparticle/AbstractTemplateServlet?calyLang=eng &journal=cjm&volume=53&year=0&issue=11&msno= w07-093. Lin, C. H., R. H. Horstman, M. f. Ahlers, L. M. Sedgwick, K. Dunn, J. L. Topmiller, J. S. Bennett, and S. Wirogo. numerical Simulation of Airborne Pathogen Transport in Aircraft Cabins, Part i: numerical Simulation of the flow field. ASHRAE Transactions, Winter Meeting, 2005, pp. 755â763. http://resourcecenter.ashrae.org/store/ashrae/ newstore.cgi?itemid=25586&view=item&page=1&login id=39849620&priority=cat159egory&words=numerica l%20Simulation%20of%20airborne%20pathogen%20 transport%20in%20aircraft%20cabins%2C%20 Part%20i%3A%20numerical%20Simulation%20 of%20the%20flow%20field&method=and&. Lin, C. H., R. H. Horstman, M. f. Ahlers, L. M. Sedgwick, K. Dunn, J. L. Topmiller, J. S. Bennett, and S. Wirogo. numerical Simulation of Airborne Pathogen Transport in Aircraft Cabins, Part ii: numerical Simulation of Air- borne Pathogen Transport in Aircraft Cabins. ASHRAE Transactions, Winter Meeting, 2005, pp. 764â768. http://resourcecenter.ashrae.org/store/ashrae/newstore. cgi?itemid=25587&view=item&page=1&loginid=398 49620&priority=cat159egory&words=numerical%20 Simulation%20of%20airborne%20pathogen%20trans port%20in%20aircraft%20cabins%2C%20Part%20 ii&method=and&. McKernan, L. T., K. M. Wallingford, M. J. Hein, H. Burge, C. A. Rogers, and R. Herrick. Monitoring Microbial Popu- lations on Wide-Body Commercial Passenger Aircraft. Annals of Occupational Hygiene, Vol. 52, no. 2, 2008, pp. 139â149. http://annhyg.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/con tent/full/52/2/139. osman, S., M. T. La Duc, A. Dekas, D. newcombe, and K. Venkateswaran. Microbial Burden and Diversity of Com- mercial Airline Cabin Air During Short and Long Dura- tions of Travel. ISME Journal, Vol. 2, 2008. pp. 482â497. www.nature.com/ismej/journal/v2/n5/full/ismej200811a .html. Simulation Explores Possibility of Virus Spreading in Airplane Cabin. fluent, inc., Lebanon, n. H., 2004. www.fluent .com/solutions/aerospace/pdfs/ja195.pdf.
57RefeRenCe MATeRiALS Zhang, A., x. Chen, S. Mazumdar, T. Zhang, and Q. Chen. experimental and numerical investigation of Airflow and Contaminant Transport in an Airliner Cabin Mockup. Building and Environment, Vol. 44, no. 1, 2009, pp. 85â94. https://engineering.purdue.edu/~yanchen/ paper/2009-1.pdf. Screening Bitar, D., A. Goubar, and J. C. Desenclos. international Trav- els and fever Screening During epidemics: A Literature Review on the effectiveness and Potential Use of non- Contact infrared Thermometers. Eurosurveillance, Vol. 14, no. 6, 2009. www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle. aspx?Articleid=19115. Gaber, W., U. Goetsch, R. Diel, H. W. Doerr, and R. Gottschalk. Screening for infectious Diseases at interna- tional Airports: The frankfurt Model. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 80, no. 7, 2009, pp. 595â600. www.ingentaconnect.com/content/asma/ asem/2009/00000080/00000007/art00001. Influenza Han, K., x. Zhu, f. He, L. Liu, L. Zhang, H. Ma, x. Tang, T. Huang, G. Zeng, and B. P. Zhu. Lack of Airborne Transmission during outbreak of Pandemic (H1n1) 2009 Among Tour Group Members, China, June 2009. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2009. www.cdc.gov/eid/ content/15/10/pdfs/09-1013.pdf. Khan, K., J. Arino, W. Hu, P. Raposo, J. Sears, f. Calderon, C. Heidebrecht, M. Macdonald, J. Liauw, A. Chan, and M. Gardam. Spread of a novel influenza A (H1n1) Virus via Global Airline Transportation. New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 361, no. 2, 2009, pp. 212â214. http:// content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/361/2/212. Lipsitch, M., S. Riley, S. Cauchemez, A. C. Ghani, and n. M. ferguson. Managing and Reducing Uncertainty in an emerging influenza Pandemic. new england of Medicine, Vol. 361, no. 2, 2009, pp. 112â115. http://content.nejm .org/cgi/content/full/neJMp0904380. Marsden, A. G. outbreak of influenza-like illness Related to Air Travel. Medical Journal of Australia, Vol. 179, no. 3, 2003, pp. 172â173. www.mja.com.au/public/ issues/179_03_040803/letters_040803_fm-3.html. Moser, M. R., T. R. Bender, H. S. Margolis, G. noble, A. P. Kendal, and D. G. Ritter. An outbreak of influenza Aboard a Commercial Airliner. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 110, no. 1, 1979, pp. 1â6. http://aje .oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/110/1/1. Rudnick, S. n., J. J. McDevitt, M. W. first, and J. D. Spen- gler. Inactivating Influenza Viruses on Surfaces Using Hydrogen Peroxide or Triethylene Glycol at Low Vapor Concentrations. fAA, Washington, D.C., 2009. www. faa.gov/library/reports/medical/oamtechreports/2000s/ media/200907.pdf. Tuberculosis Chemardin, J., M. C. Paty, S. Renard-Dubois, n. Veziris, and D. Antoine. Contact Tracing of Passengers exposed to an extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Case During an Air flight from Beirut to Paris. Eurosurveillande, Vol. 12, no. 49, 2007. www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle. aspx?ArticleiD=3325. exposure of Passengers and flight Crew to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis on Commercial Aircraft, 1992â1995. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 44, no. 8, 1995, pp. 137â140. www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/ mmwrhtml/00036502.htm. Jones, R. M., Y. Masago, T. Bartrand, C. n. Haas, M. nicas, and J. B. Rose. Characterizing the Risk of infection from Mycobacterium Tuberculosis in Commercial Passenger Aircraft Using Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment. Risk Analysis, Vol. 29, no. 3, 2009, pp. 355â365. www3 .interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/121558705/ HTMLSTART. Kenyon, T. A., S. e. Valway, W. W. ihle, i. M. onorato, and K. G. Castro. Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant Myco- bacterium Tuberculosis During a Long Airplane flight. CDC Wonder, 1996. http://wonder.cdc.gov/wonder/pre vguid/p0000436/p0000436.asp. Martinez, L., L. Blanc, P. nunn, and M. Raviglione. Tubercu- losis and Air Travel: WHo Guidance in the era of Drug- Resistant TB. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, Vol. 6, no. 4, 2007, pp. 1771â181. www.travelmedicine journal.com/article/S1477-8939(07)00134-2/abstract. Modi, S., A. M. Buff, C. J. Lawson, D. Rodriguez, H. L. Kirk- ing, H. Lipman, and D. B. fishbein. Reporting Patterns and Characteristics of Tuberculosis among international Travelers, United States, June 2006 to May 2008. Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 49, 2009, pp. 885â891. www .journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/605437?prevSea rch=%2528modi%2529%2BAnD%2B%255Bjournal% 253A%2Bcid%255D&searchHistoryKey=. Meningococcal Disease Layton, M., M. Cartter, e. Bresnitz, S. Wiersma, and L. Mas- cola. exposure to Patients with Meningococcal Disease on AircraftsâUnited States, 1999â2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 50, no. 23, 2001, pp. 485â489. www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ mm5023a2.htm. Rachael, T., K. Schubert, W. Hellenbrand, G. Krause, and J. M. Stuart. Risk of Transmitting Meningococcal
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Spectrum of Viruses and Atypical Bacteria in intercontinental Air Travelers with Symptoms of Acute Respiratory infection. Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 195, 2007, pp. 675â679. www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/ abs/10.1086/511432. Zitter, J. n., P. D. Mazonson, D. P. Miller, S. B. Hulley, and J. R. Balmes. Aircraft Cabin Air Recirculation and Symptoms of the Common Cold. Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 88, no. 4, 2002, pp. 483â486. http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/ abstract/288/4/483. Mumps and Measles de Barros, f. R., M. C. Danovaro-Holliday, C. Toscano, T. C. Segatto, A. Vicari, and e. Luna. Measles Transmission During Commercial Air Travel in Brazil. Journal of Clini- cal Virology, Vol. 36, no. 3, 2006, pp. 235â236. www. unboundmedicine.com/medline/ebm/record/16720101/ full_citation/Measles_transmission_during_commercial_ air_travel_in_Brazil_. Hunt, e., P. Lurie, J. Lute, M. Moll, H. Stafford, J. Bart, A. Gray, V. Urdaneta, S. ostroff, J. Blostein, R. 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60 ReSeARCH on THe TRAnSMiSSion of DiSeASe in AiRPoRTS AnD on AiRCRAfT Gupta, J. K., C. H. Lin, and Q. Chen. flow Dynamics and Characterization of a Cough. Indoor Air, Vol. 19, 2009, pp. 517â525. https://engineering.purdue.edu/~yanchen/ paper/2009-10.pdf. Markel, H. When Germs Travel: Six Major Epidemics That Have Invaded America and the Fears They Have Unleashed. Vintage, new York, 2005. www.randomhouse.com/cata log/display.pperl/9780375726026.html.
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