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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains (1996)

Chapter: Index of Plants

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Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×

INDEX OF PLANTS

ahish 224

aburo 72

Acacia albida 109

acha 10, 59, 72

afezu 261

afio-warun 72

African millet 55

African rice 7, 17, 32, 252

aja 239

amabele 88

amale 55

amaranth 283

Amaranthus caudatus 283

antelope grass 267

Aristida pungens 260

ater 224

Avena abyssinica (see also Ethiopian oats) 14, 248

A. barbata 249

A. sativa 249

A. vaviloviana 249

Azadirachta indica (see also neem) 279


Baga-malé 32

bajra 77, 82, 88

bakela 224

barankiya 55

barley 14, 49, 218, 243

irregular 14

beans 209

faba 224

lima 209

winged 209

bicolor type (sorghum) 191

bird-resistant sorghum 180

black fonio 60, 68, 72, 74

Bothriochloa 170

bourgou 259, 264, 266

Brachiaria species 259

B. brizantha 259

B. deflexa (see also guinea millet) 14, 67, 237

B. stigmatisata 237

bread grass 259

broomcorn 186, 209

bubele 88

buckwheat 218

buffel grass 121, 170, 266

bule 55

bulo 55

bulrush millet 77, 88

bultuk 88


candle millet 88

Capillipedium 193

cattail millet 88

caudatum type (sorghum) 131, 191, 165

Cenchrus biflorus 258, 262

C. catharticus 262

C. ciliaris 121, 170, 266

C. leptacanthus 266

C. prieurii 266

ceyut 55

chevral 262

chicken corn 138, 186

chidzanjala 232

chimanganga 232

cholam 138

Chrysopogon 191, 193

commercial pearl millet 111

coracan 55

cowpea 109

Crotolaria species 278

crowfoot grasses 267


Dactyloctenium species 267

D. aegyptium (see also Egyptian grass) 258, 267

dagusa 88

dagussa 55

desert panic grass 258

Dichanthium 170

Digitaria species 70

D. decumbens 69

D. exilis (see also fonio) 10, 59, 60, 72, 237

D. ihburua (see also acha) 10, 59, 60, 72, 74

D. nigeria 63

dogtooth grass 259

drinn 260

duhun 88

dukhon 88

durra 131, 138, 141

durum 239

dyes, sorghum 212

eboniaye 72


Echinochloa species 259

E. colona 258, 267

E. pyramidalis 267

E. stagnina 259, 266

efoleb 72

Egyptian grass 258, 259, 267, 269, 270

einkorn 239, 240

eleusine cultivée 55

Eleusine species 54

E. africana 56

E. coracana (see also finger millet) 39, 55, 10

E. indica 56

emmer 14, 239, 241, 242

Eragrostis species (see also tef and lovegrass) 234

E. abyssinica 232

E. ciliaris 271

E. currvula 220, 231, 232

E. gangetica 271

E. hispida 234

E. invalida 234

Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×

E. nindensis 234

E. paradoxa 234

E. pilosa 233, 258, 272

E. tef (see also tef) 11, 215, 232

E. tremula 272

erisi 32

Ethiopian oats 14, 248

faba bean 224

Fagopyrum esculentum (buckwheat) 218

fani 72

feni 72

fenugreek 224

feterita 138, 138, 138

findi 72

findo 72

finger millet 10, 39, 55, 252, 288, 299

Fingerhirse 55

fini 72

floating rice 21

foinye 72

foni 72

fonio 10, 59, 72, 237, 252, 298

fonio ga 72

fonyo 72

foundé 72

founié 72

fundenyo 72

fundi 72

fundi millet 72


galiang sorghums 209

gaouri 88

gawri 88

gewone bruin 232

Giza sorghum 196

glaberrima rice 32

grains, wild 15

grasses

antelope 267

bread 259

buffel 121, 170, 266

crowfoot 267

dogtooth 259

Egyptian 258, 259, 267, 269, 270

johnson 193

lovegrass (see also lovegrass) 220

manna 259

napier 124, 275

pangola 69

sudan 138, 186, 193, 201, 202, 213

vetiver 106, 191, 275, 280, 281

great millet 138

great rice 32

groundnut 109

guinea corn 138, 138, 177, 186

guinea millet 14, 67, 237

guinea type (sorghum) 131

guinea sorghum 184, 185


hatchi 88

hegni 88

Hordeum irregulare 14

H. vulgare (see also barley) 243

hungry koos 72

hungry millet 72

hungry rice 59, 72


iburu 72

ipoga 72

irregular barley 14

isansa 88

ishiban 258

Issa-mo 32


jawa 138

johnsongrass 193

jola 138

jowar 141, 177


kafir corn 138, 177

kafir type (sorghum) 191, 165, 131

kambale 55

kaoliang 138

kaoliang 177, 188

kapelembe 88

karamaka 183

karengia 262

karindja 262

Kashi 256

kebelei 32

khaktwe 55

kiwicha 283

koddo 55

kodo millet 249

Kono 32

koos, hungry 72

koracan 55, 55

kpendo 72

kram-kram 257, 258, 262, 270

kreb 256, 261


Latipes senegalensis 271

lentils 224

lima beans 209

lipoko 55

long-seed millet 259

loul 260

lovegrass 220

weeping 220, 231

williams 232

lupodo 55

lupoko 55


machewere 88

macroptilium 208, 109

mahangu 108

maicillo 177

criollos 166

enanos 166

mejorados 166

majolothi 55

mala 24, 32

malé 32

malesi 55

manna grass 259

marchukeb 181

margaritifera type (sorghum) 184

massango 88

matolo-a-maholo 259

mawe 55

macwele 55, 88

mawere 55

mazhovole 55

mba 29, 32

mbege 55

mbei 32

merkba 261

mhunga 88

mhungu 88

Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×

mi/mawele 88

mil 88

mil du Soudan 88

mil éthiopien 232

millet 288

African 55

bulrush 77, 88

candle 88

cattail 88

finger 10, 39, 55, 252, 288, 299

fundi 72

great 138, 138

guinea 14, 67, 237

hungry 72

kodo 249

long-seed 259

pearl 10, 15, 57, 77, 88, 252, 298, 302

shama 258, 258, 267, 268

milo 138, 177

mou-bér 32

mpyoli 88

mtama 138

mugimbi 55

mulimbi 55

muzundi 88

mwere 88

mwimbi 55

napier grass 124, 275

ndzungula 232

neem 153, 279, 295

njera 55

ntweka 88

nyalothi 88

nyauti 88

nyò 88


oats 14, 249

Ethiopian 14, 248

Oryza species 17

O. barthii 32, 36, 37, 271

O. breviligulata 36, 258

O. glaberrima (see also African rice) 7, 17, 32

O. longistaminata 37, 271

O. punctata 271

O. sativa (see also rice) 17

O. stapfii 36

other cultivated grains 237

ova 72


pa 29, 32

pangola grass 69

panicgrass, desert 258

Panicum species 259, 260

P. anabaptistum 262

P. burgii 262

P. exile 72

P. laetum 258, 261

P. miliaceum 260

P. stagninum 262

P. subalbidum 259

P. turgidum 261

wild 261

Parasorghum  191

Paspalum exile 72

P. scrobiculatum 249

peanut 109

pearl millet 10, 15, 57, 77, 88, 252, 298, 302

commercial types 111

subsistence types 93

sweet-stalk 125

peas 209, 224

pende 24, 72

Pennisetum species 91, 122, 123

P. americanum 77, 88

P. apomictic types 123

P. faccidim  121

P. gambiense 117

P. glaucum (see also pearl millet) 10, 77, 121

P. g. ssp. monodii 121

P. g. ssp. stenostachyum 121

P. g. var. globosum 117

P. hybrids 121

P. orientale 121

P. purpureum 121, 124

P. setaceum 121

P. spicatum 89

P. squamulatum 121, 123

P. typhoides 77

petit mil 55, 72

petite mil 88

Poa abyssinica 232

podgi 72

pohin 72

poho 55

pom 72

pounié 72

Pseudosorghum 191


ragi 52, 55

rapoko 55

red sorghum 212

rice 17

floating 21

glaberrima 32

great 32

river 32

wadi 270

wild 23, 258, 271

river rice 32

riz africain 32

riz des Baga 32

riz flottant 32

riz kobé 26

riz pluvial africain 32

Rottboellia 259

rukweza 55


Saccharomyces cerevisiae 199

Sahelian sandbur 262

sandbur, Sahelian 262

sanyò 88

sereme 72

Setaria sphacelata 272

shallu 138

shallu sorghum 138, 184

shama millet 258, 258, 267, 268

shawya sorghum 211

shibras 91

songhai tomo 26

sorgho 177

sorghos 182

sorghum 11, 15, 127, 138, 218, 252, 288, 298, 299, 302, 305, 309

bicolor type 191

Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×

bird-resistant 180

caudatum type 131, 165, 191

commercial types 159

fuel types 195

galiang 209

Giza 196

guinea type 131

kafir type 131, 165, 191

margaritifera type 184

red 212

shawya 211

specialty types 177

subsistence types 145

sweet 186

sweet-stalk 198

utility types 195

wild 254

Sorghum arundinaceum 142

S. arundinaceum 177, 191

S. bicolor (see also sorghum) 11, 138, 142, 177

S. h. ssp. sudanense (see also sudangrass) 193

S. caffrorum 138, 177

S. caudatum 138, 177

S. cernuum 138

S. conspicuum 177

S. dochna 138, 177

S. drummondii 138

S. durra 138, 177

S. guineense 138

S. halepense 193

S. nervosum 138

S. nigricans 138

S. propinquum 140

S. roxburghii 138

S. subglabrescens 138

S. verticiliflorum 191

S. vulgare 138, 177

sorghum dye 212

sorgo 138

spelt 240

Sporobolus fimbriatis 259

squash 209

Stenotaphrum dimidiatum 259

striga 148, 154, 170, 247, 276

Striga asiatica 148

S. hermonthica 149, 276

S. indica 276

Stylosanthes 109

sudangrass 138, 186, 193, 201, 202, 213

sugarcane 127, 138, 198

sweet sorghum 186

sweet-stalk pearl millet 125

sweet-stalk sorghum 198

Syntherisma exilis 72

S. iburua 72

t'ef 232

taf 232

tafe-e 232

tafi 232

tahf 232

tailabon 55, 55

tef 11, 15, 215, 232, 298

wild 258

tef ou bruin 232

teff 232

thaf hagaiz 233

Themeda triandra 271

tokuso 55

toulloult 260

Tribulus terrestris 258

triticale 308

Triticum dicoccum (see also emmer) 14, 239

T. monococcum 239, 240

T. spelta 240

T. turgidum 239

u/inywuthi 88

uchewele 88, 88

ulezi 55

unyaluthi 88

unyawothi 88

unyawoti 88

uphoko 55

Urochloa 259

U. mosambicensis 271

U. trichopus 271

usanje 55

uwele 88

uzak 262

vetiver grass 106, 275, 280

Vetiveria (see also vetiver grass) 191

V. nigritana 281

V. zizanioides 106, 281

vieux riz 32

vogel gierst 55

wadi rice 270

waterstraw 267

weeping lovegrass 220, 231

wetet begunche 181

wheat (see also emmer, einkorn, spelt, and durum) 218, 310

white fonio 60, 72

wild grains 15

Panicum species 261

rice 23, 258, 271

tef 258

grains 251

williams lovegrass 232

wimbi 55

winged bean 209

witchweed (see also striga) 276

wujjeg 262

zviyo 55

Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×
Page 369
Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×
Page 370
Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×
Page 371
Suggested Citation:"Index of Plants." National Research Council. 1996. Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2305.
×
Page 372
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Lost Crops of Africa: Volume I: Grains Get This Book
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Scenes of starvation have drawn the world's attention to Africa's agricultural and environmental crisis. Some observers question whether this continent can ever hope to feed its growing population. Yet there is an overlooked food resource in sub-Saharan Africa that has vast potential: native food plants.

When experts were asked to nominate African food plants for inclusion in a new book, a list of 30 species grew quickly to hundreds. All in all, Africa has more than 2,000 native grains and fruits--"lost" species due for rediscovery and exploitation.

This volume focuses on native cereals, including

  • African rice, reserved until recently as a luxury food for religious rituals.
  • Finger millet, neglected internationally although it is a staple for millions.
  • Fonio (acha), probably the oldest African cereal and sometimes called "hungry rice."
  • Pearl millet, a widely used grain that still holds great untapped potential.
  • Sorghum, with prospects for making the twenty-first century the "century of sorghum."
  • Tef, in many ways ideal but only now enjoying budding commercial production.
  • Other cultivated and wild grains.

This readable and engaging book dispels myths, often based on Western bias, about the nutritional value, flavor, and yield of these African grains.

Designed as a tool for economic development, the volume is organized with increasing levels of detail to meet the needs of both lay and professional readers. The authors present the available information on where and how each grain is grown, harvested, and processed, and they list its benefits and limitations as a food source.

The authors describe "next steps" for increasing the use of each grain, outline research needs, and address issues in building commercial production.

Sidebars cover such interesting points as the potential use of gene mapping and other "high-tech" agricultural techniques on these grains.

This fact-filled volume will be of great interest to agricultural experts, entrepreneurs, researchers, and individuals concerned about restoring food production, environmental health, and economic opportunity in sub-Saharan Africa.

Selection, Newbridge Garden Book Club

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