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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

Index

A

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), 27, 68, 84

Adenosinetriphosphate (ATP), 43

Adhesives, 65, 66, 73, 75, 82-83, 102

Aerosols, 38

Agarose, 38

Agriculture, 23, 34, 114

Aircraft and aviation applications, 5, 9, 16, 17, 23, 27, 29, 65, 68, 75, 87, 88, 105, 153

military, 28, 29-30, 31, 88, 101

Albumin, 35

Aliphatic polyamides, 51, 93

Alloys, see Blends and alloys

Amino acids, 32, 42-43, 44, 132

Amorphous polymers, 106, 155

Amphibious vehicles, 30, 31

Amplifiers, 58, 59

Antibodies, 38, 43, 53

Anticancer drugs, 38, 39

Antigens, 38, 43

Antioxidants, 67, 107

Antistatic agents, 67

Aqueous dispersion, 110, 111

Aramids, 90

Aryl-phosphine-oxide materials, 76

Atomic force microscope (AFM), 150

Automated clinical analyzer (ACA) systems, 37

Automobiles, 5, 9, 23, 26-27, 28, 65, 68, 85, 86, 105

recycling, 25, 27

B

Barrier polymers, 92-94

Basic and long-term research, 3, 4, 12, 13, 16

Batteries, 28, 52, 63, 102

Benzocyclobutene (BCB), 49, 75

Biocatalysis, 131-132, 138

Biocompatibility, 33-34, 39, 102

Biocomposites, 44-45

Biodegradation, 25, 39, 83, 114, 132

Bioelastomers, 44

Biological polymers, 1-2, 6, 42-45, 159

characterization of, 140, 141, 150-152

collaborative and interdisciplinary research, 4, 7, 45-46

Biological systems and processes, 2, 6, 32-33, 43, 136-137

see also Biological polymers

Biomimetic materials, 35

Biopolymers, see Biological polymers

Biotechnology, 2, 32, 34, 37, 43, 53, 96, 98, 153

Bismaleimides, 75, 82

Blends and alloys, 67, 68, 72, 83-87, 105, 114, 157-158

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

Block copolymers, 38, 42, 76, 120, 123-125, 158

Blood, 33, 34, 35, 53, 63

Blow molding, 72, 105, 107

Bottles, 23, 25, 67, 72, 93-94, 114

C

Capillary zone electrophoresis, 150

Carbon-based polymers, see Organic polymers

Carbon fibers, 17, 30

Catalysts and catalysis, 2, 6, 72, 104, 123

biological, 131-132, 138

Cellulose, 2, 79, 96, 108

CERAMERS, 103

Ceramics, 7, 36, 54, 65, 103, 104

Chain architecture, 2, 9, 42, 43, 44, 117-123, 138

isomerism, 120-123

length, 119-121

sequence control, 120

topology, 117

Characterization of polymers, 6, 72, 73, 139, 152-153

biopolymers, 140, 141, 150-152

microscopy, 2, 6, 43, 143, 146-148

molecular, 139-144

solid-state structure and properties, 140, 141, 146-148

solutions, melts, and elastomers, 140, 141, 144-146

surfaces and interfaces, 140, 141, 148-150

CHEMFETS, 53

Chemical structures and processes, 2, 32, 66, 67, 114, 115

adhesives, 82-83

biopolymers, 42, 44, 45

sensor devices, 52-54

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), 24, 28

Chromatography, 141-142, 150

Chromophores, 59

Clothing, 2, 9, 23, 65, 114

protective, 29, 90, 109

Coatings, 53, 65, 73, 92, 98-100, 102, 104, 105, 110, 111

Collaborative research, 3-4, 5-6, 7

see also Interdisciplinary studies and research

Collagen, 32-33, 42, 78

Commodity polymers, 3, 5, 46, 65, 68, 79, 113

Communications technologies, 2, 5, 32, 46-47, 61, 63, 107

see also terms listed under Electronics

Compact disk (CD) technology, 57-58, 63, 106

Composites, 17, 27, 28, 30, 36, 48, 54, 65, 67, 75, 90, 104

structural, 87-89, 94

Computation and simulation, 2, 6, 142, 152, 153-155, 162-168

Concrete-plastic, 27

Conducting polymers and synthetic metals, 50-52, 63, 91

Conjugated polymers, 127

Connective tissues, 32-33, 34

Construction, see Housing and construction materials

Contact lenses, 33, 37, 73, 102

Containers, see Packaging and containers

Contraceptive implants, 38

Controlled-release materials, 53, 92

drugs, 38-41, 95, 104, 109

Coordination catalysis, 121

Corrosion-resistance, 30-31

Cross-linking, 37, 44, 67, 127

Crystallinity, 44, 67, 80, 156

see also Liquid crystalline polymers

Crystallography, 43, 151

Cuprophan, 35

Curriculum development and guidelines, 19, 21

Cyanates, 75

D

Defense, see Military and defense applications

Degradation of waste materials, 23, 24, 25

research needs, 7, 25-26

Dental applications, 33, 35-36

Depth profiling, 148-149

Desalinization of water, 95, 96

Dextrans, 38

Dextrin, 82-83

Diagnostic applications, 37-38

Dielectrics, 46, 47-50, 62

printed circuit boards, 46, 47, 48

Diffusion-controlled systems, 38

Dimethacrylates, 36

Diodes, see Light-emitting diodes

Dispersion processing, 110-111

Disposable diagnostic kits, 37-38

Disposal of materials 3, 6-7, 10, 23, 24, 25, 139

see also Recycling

Distribution and movement of materials, 3, 10

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), 2, 32, 42, 43, 150

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

Drugs, 43, 102

controlled-release, 38-41, 95, 104, 109

Dyes, 53, 104

E

Education in polymer science, 4, 18-22, 83

see also Universities

Elastin, 33, 78

Elastomers, 28, 67, 73, 76-78, 82, 85, 102

see also Bioelastomers;

Fluoroelastomers

Electronics, 2, 4, 5, 7, 32, 52

see also Compact disk technology;

Conducting polymers and synthetic metals;

Dielectrics;

Electrophotography;

Integrated circuits;

Light-emitting diodes;

Multichip modules;

Photonics;

Printed circuit boards;

Resist materials;

Semiconductors;

Sensors;

Silicon chips

Electron spin resonance, 43

Electron tomography, 146-147

Electrophotography, 59-61, 63

Electrotransport systems, 39

Emulsion polymerization, 111

End-group structure, 123-125

Energy consumption and savings, 2, 5, 10, 23, 24, 26-29, 63, 114

Energy devices and equipment, 29

Engineering plastics, 3, 5, 32, 65, 68-69, 114

Environmental applications and issues, 3, 7, 10, 22-26, 95, 109,111, 113

government policies, 6, 7, 99-100

research needs, 6-7, 114, 115

synthesis control, 6, 138-139

see also Incineration;

Recycling

Enzymes, 32, 34, 53, 131

Epoxies, 10, 47, 48, 73, 82

Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer (EPDM) rubbers, 78

Exports, see Trade and trade balances

Extrusion processes, 67, 72, 105, 107, 112

F

Fabrics, see Clothing;

Textiles and fabrics

Factory-built structures, see Prefabricated structures

Federal research funding, 3, 4, 10

see also National laboratories

Ferroelectric polymers, 54, 104

Fiberglass, 45, 48

Fiber optics, 53, 58, 63, 107

Fibers, 5, 48, 65, 66, 67, 72, 78-81, 90, 105

environmental issues, 23, 79

international competitiveness, 17

reinforcement, 88-89, 105

see also Textiles and fabrics

Fillers, 67, 78, 107

Films, 6, 17, 51, 53, 54, 59, 65, 67, 72, 78, 92, 103, 105, 107,159

see also Barrier polymers

Flammability resistance, 75-76, 107

Flocculants, 111

Fluorescent imaging, 144

Fluoroelastomers, 17, 78

Fluoropolymers, 33, 46, 47, 54, 102, 130

"Folding problem," 152

Force-field simulation, 163-165

Foreign corporations, 16-17

Foreign expenditures for research, 3, 12

Fracture mechanics, 114

Free radical polymerization, 121, 122

Fuel cells, 28

Funding for research and development, 1, 2, 3-4, 5, 6, 11-16

academic, 10, 12, 14

government sources, 3, 5, 8, 10, 11

industry sources, 3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 12-16, 57

and international competitiveness, 3, 10, 12, 16, 17

G

Gas separation, 95, 96

Gel electrophoresis, 150

Gel spinning, 72

Gelation, 73

Genetic engineering, 34, 120, 132

Geometrical isomers, 120-121

Glass and glass fibers, 17, 23, 37, 47, 48, 67, 75, 89, 104

see also Fiber optics

Global competition, see International competitiveness

Glucose sensors, 53, 54, 63

Government policies and legislation, 3, 5, 10

environmental, 6, 7, 99-100

Government research support, 3, 5, 8, 10, 11

see also National laboratories

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

H

Health applications, see Medical applications

High-density polyethylene (HDPE), 70, 72, 108

Holography, 61-62, 63

Homopolymers, 42

Household furnishings, 26, 27, 65, 105

Housing and construction materials, 5, 10, 26, 27, 88-89

see also Household furnishings

Hydrocarbons, 10, 82, 121

Hydrogel, 37

Hydrophilic coatings, 35, 102

Hydrophones, 54

Hyperbranched macromolecules, 117

I

Implants and prostheses, 3, 9, 33, 34-37, 102

for controlled drug delivery, 38, 39, 63

Imports, see Trade and trade balances

Incineration, 7, 25, 94, 114

Industry

collaboration with universities, 4, 5, 12, 14, 22

infrastructure, 3, 10

research facilities and groups, 3, 5, 10, 12, 16

research support and priorities, 3, 4, 5, 10, 11, 12-16, 57

revenues and sales, 5, 15, 16

see also Manufacturing and production technologies;

Processing methods

Informational polymers, 33, 42-43

Information technology applications, 5, 32, 46-47, 63, 153

see also Compact disk technology;

Conducting polymers and synthetic metals;

Dielectrics;

Electronics;

Electrophotography;

Holography;

Light-emitting diodes;

Photonics;

Resist materials;

Sensors

Injection molding, 105-107, 137

Inorganic polymers, 2, 9, 100-104, 133-137

network-forming, 135-136

Insulators, 29, 46, 48, 49-50, 65, 102

Insulin pumps, 54, 63

Integrated circuits, 46, 63

Interdisciplinary studies and research, 6, 32, 138, 152-153

see also Collaborative research

International competitiveness, 1, 2-3, 10, 16-17, 63, 65, 153

and research funding, 3, 10, 12, 16, 17

Intrinsically conducting polymers (ICPs), 50-51

K

Kevlar, 10, 29, 89, 108, 109, 161

L

Laboratories, see National laboratories

Landfills, 7, 23, 114

Lasers, 57, 61, 104, 111, 146

Lateral force microscope (LFM), 150

Light-emitting diodes (LEDs), 3, 59, 61, 63

Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), 72, 117

Liquid crystalline polymers, 27, 45, 63, 67, 77, 79, 80, 89-92, 104

processing, 105, 106, 110

theory, 156-157

Lithography, 49, 59, 63

see also Pattern formation;

Photolithography;

Resist materials

Long-term research, see Basic and long-term research

Low-density polyethylene (LDPE), 70, 71, 72

Lubricants, 28, 67, 107

Lyotropic polymers, 89-90

M

Manufacturing and production technologies, 3, 5, 6, 10, 65-66, 115

environmental and health issues, 3, 7, 10, 23, 24

inorganic polymers, 100-104

minimization of waste, 7, 114

structural polymers, 66-92

see also Processing methods

Mechanical properties and processes, 6, 46, 51, 66, 114, 147, 161-162

biopolymers, 42, 44

blends and alloys, 84-86

elastomers, 77-78

failure modes, 6, 28, 161

Medical applications, 2, 4, 5, 6, 33-34, 35, 37, 39, 54, 63, 102, 104, 114

see also Dental applications;

Diagnostic

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

applications;

Drugs;

Implants and prostheses

Melt processing, 67, 81, 105

extrusion, 67, 72, 105, 107, 112

molding, 105-107

solid-state forming, 108

Membranes, 38, 92, 94-98, 102, 104

international competitiveness, 95

Merrifield-type synthesis, 43

Metallocenes, 72

Metals, 7, 23, 36, 65

see also Conducting polymers and synthetic metals

Microbial synthesis, 131-132

Microelectronics and micromachinery, 54, 55, 63

Microporous materials, 35, 40, 95, 104

Microspheres, 38

Military and defense applications, 2, 5, 10, 29-31, 105

aircraft, 29-30, 31, 88, 101

vehicles, 30, 88

Modeling, 6, 73, 153-155, 162-168

processing methods, 6, 105, 110, 112-113, 115, 153

Molding and molding materials, 17, 67, 72, 105-107, 112, 137

Molecular recognition, 6, 43

Molecular structures and processes, 1, 6, 9-10, 33, 42, 43, 65, 66, 72

and processing, 106, 107, 109, 112-113

characterization of, 139-144

elastomers, 78

weight control, 119, 120

see also Chain architecture;

End-group structures

Monomers, 2, 9, 39, 42, 49, 62, 137

Monte Carlo statistical methods, 165-166

Multichip modules (MCMs), 47, 49

N

National defense, see Military and defense applications

National laboratories, 3, 5, 10, 152

Natural polymers, see Biological polymers

Naval structures, 29, 30-31

Near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM), 146

Nematogenic polymers, 90-91

Neuronal tissue, 34

Neutron scattering, 144

NICALON, 103

Nitrile, 82

Nitrosoureas, 39

NOMEX, 108

Nonaqueous dispersion (NAD), 110, 111

Nondestructive testing, 61, 83

Nonlinear polymers, 58-59, 104

Nonprofit organizations

research support, 12, 14

Novolac, 47

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging, 73, 142-143, 150

Nucleating agents, 67

Nylon, 2, 10, 68, 79, 93, 100

Nylon acrylamide, 38

O

Ocular materials and implants, 33, 34, 37, 38

Oligomers, 68, 69, 114, 119

Optical technologies, 46, 58-59, 91, 104

see also Compact disk technology;

Electrophotography;

Fiber optics;

Holography;

Photonics

''Optical tweezers," 43

Organic polymers, 2, 9, 23, 47, 50-51, 100

Organometallic macromolecules, 133, 134, 136

ORMOCERS, 103

P

Packaging and containers, 5, 24, 27, 33, 46, 65, 67-68, 72, 84, 92-94, 114, 132

Paint, see Coatings

Pattern formation, 55-56

Pervaporation, 95, 96-97

Petroleum derivatives, 9, 23, 65, 114

Phosphorylcholines, 35

Photocuring, 35, 36

Photodegradation, 25

Photoduplication, 59-61

Photolithography, 46, 47, 53

Photonics, 58-59, 63

Photoreceptors, 60, 61

Piezoelectric materials, 46, 54, 121

Plasticizers, 35, 67, 107

Plastics, 10, 16, 66, 67-76

environmental issues, 23, 24

Plexiglas, 10, 36, 55

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

Poled polymeric systems, 59

Pollution, see Disposal of materials;

Environmental applications and issues

Polyacetals, 50, 51, 68, 75, 127

Polyacrylamide, 30, 111

Polyacrylonitrile, 93, 108

Polyamides, 33, 51, 69, 82, 85, 100

Polyanhydrides, 38

Polyaniline, 51-52, 59, 127

Polyaryl sulfones, 106

Polybenzimidazoles, 108

Polyborazines, 136

Polybutadiene, 121, 122

Poly(butylene terephthalate), 27, 85

Polycarbonate, 27, 33, 57-58, 67, 68, 69, 84, 85, 96, 106

Polycarbosilanes, 136

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), 96, 102

Polyesters, 25, 33, 47, 67-68, 73, 75, 79, 82, 84, 89, 94, 100, 109

Polyetherimides, 68, 106

Polyetherketones, 69, 75, 130

Poly(ether urethanes), 38

Polyethylene, 2, 10, 46, 51, 67, 69-70, 82, 84, 93, 100, 125, 130

medical applications, 33, 35, 37

Poly(ethylene oxide), 100

Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), 27, 35, 59, 67, 68, 94, 107,114

Polyfuran, 51

Polyglycols, 123, 125

Poly-HEMA hydrogel, 37

Polyheteroaromatic vinylenes, 51

Polyimides, 49, 75, 82, 96, 130

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 150

Polymerization, development of new methods for, 132

Polymer Recycling Consortium, 25

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), 35, 37, 55, 57, 86, 100, 103

Polynucleic acids, 43

Polyolefins, 70, 72, 79, 125

Polyols, 123-125

Polyoxymethylene, 100

Polyparaphenylene, 51, 127

Poly(paraphenylene terephthalamide), 109

Polypeptides, 32, 38, 43, 100, 120

Poly(phenylene oxide), 27, 84, 85

Poly(phenylene sulfide), 69, 75

Poly(phenylene vinylene) (PPV), 51, 52, 59, 127

Polyphosphazenes, 78, 102, 104, 133, 134

Polypropylene, 35, 67, 68, 82, 86, 93, 125, 130

Polypyrrole, 51, 52

Polysaccharides, 33, 42

Polysilanes, 102-103, 133, 134-135

Polysilazanes, 136

Polysiloxanes, 78, 100, 102, 104, 133, 135

Polystyrene, 38, 67, 76-77, 84, 85, 86, 100

Polysulfide elastomers, 35

Polysulfones, 68, 69, 130

Poly(tetrafluoroethylene), 35, 54, 110

Polythiophene, 51, 52, 127

Poly(trimethylsilyl propyne), 92

Polyurethanes, 33, 34, 35, 73, 124

Poly(vinyl acetate), 83, 121

Poly(vinyl alcohol), 92, 93

Poly(vinyl chloride), 25, 35, 67, 86, 93, 100, 121

Poly(vinylidene fluoride), 54, 121

Powder dispersion, 110-111

Precollege education, 21

Prefabricated structures, 26, 27

Pressure-sensitive adhesives, 82

Primary education, 21

Printed circuits boards (PCBs), 46, 47, 48

Processing methods, 18, 66, 91, 104-105

computer-assisted design, 6, 112

dispersion, 110-111

environmental issues, 7, 23, 109, 110

equipment, 3, 10, 17, 105

fibers, 80-81

films, membranes, and coatings, 92-100, 110

and international competition, 17

melt, 105-108

modeling, 6, 105, 110, 112-113, 115, 153

reactive, 137

research needs, 6, 72, 73, 75, 105-106, 110

solution, 108-110

Prostheses, see Implants and prostheses

Pumps, for controlled drug delivery, 38

R

Raman spectroscopy, 143-144

Rayon, 108

Reaction injection molding (RIM), 137

Recreational applications, 9, 31, 65

Recycling, 23, 24, 25, 67, 68, 94, 105, 113-114

research needs, 7, 113-114

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

Regioisomerism, 120, 121

Resist materials, 54-57, 63, 121

Reverse osmosis, 95, 96

Rheology, 100, 106, 107, 112, 113, 115, 144

liquids, 160-161

Ribosome assemblies, 43

Ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP), 69, 119, 125

RNA (ribonucleic acid), 33, 42, 43, 150

Robotics, 54, 55

Rotational molding, 72

Rotaxanes, 117

Rubber products, 5, 35, 65, 66, 75, 78, 82, 90, 111

see also Elastomers

S

Scanning electron microscopes (SEMs), 146, 147, 151

Semiconductors, 49, 50, 53-55, 56, 57

Sensors, 52-54, 63, 88, 104

Silane, 36

Silicate cement, 36

Silicon chips, 46, 47, 54-55

Silicones, 2, 9, 17, 34, 57, 82, 100, 101, 133

medical applications, 33, 34, 35

rubbers, 35

Simulation, see Computation and simulation;

Modeling

Skin grafts and replacement, 34, 102

Smart materials, 63, 88, 92

Sol-gel processing, 135-136

Solution processing, 108-110, 155

Spandex, 73

Specialty polymers, 2, 3, 5, 46-47, 57, 108

international competitiveness, 17, 65

Spectra, 29

Stabilizers, 67

Starch-based polymers, 2, 25-26, 83

Stealth design, 31, 88

Steel substitutes, 27, 28, 30, 88, 104, 109

Structural polymers, 5, 42, 66, 66-67, 114

composites, 87-89, 94

see also Adhesives;

Blends and alloys;

Elastomers;

Fibers;

Liquid crystalline polymers;

Plastics

Styrofoam, 10, 24

Surface forces apparatus (SFA), 149

Surfaces and interfaces, 60, 114, 158, 159

and biological processes, 34, 38

blends and alloys, 84-85

treatments, 35, 83

Surlyn, 37

Switches, 58, 59, 78, 105

Synthesis control and development, 6, 18, 116-117, 132-133, 138-139

biocatalysis, 131-132, 138

chain architecture, 117-123, 138

conjugated polymers, 127

end-group structure, 123-125

polymerization, 132

inorganic polymers, 133-137

reactive processing, 137

supramolecular chemistry, 137-138

surface modification, 129-131

thermal stability, 125, 127, 128

Synthetic rubber, see Elastomers

T

Tactile sensors, 54

TCNQ, 50

Teflon, 2, 10, 110

Telechelic polymers, 123-125

Textbook development, 19

Textiles and fabrics, 5, 10, 23, 67, 105

see also Clothing

Theory, 2, 6, 18, 153-155, 167-168

dynamics and properties, 159-162

elastomer properties, 77, 78

states of matter, 155-159

Thermal properties, 6, 47, 49, 51, 54, 108

of blends, 84, 86-87

stability, 125, 127, 128

Thermoplastics, 60, 65, 67-73, 105

Thermosets, 67, 73-76, 105

Thermotropic polymers, 89, 90, 106

Tires, 28, 65, 76, 109

Tissue engineering, 34, 104

Titansiloxane, 103

Top surface imaging, 56-57

Trade and trade balances, 2, 3, 5, 9, 16, 113

see also International competitiveness

Transdermal drug delivery, 38, 39, 40

Transmission electron microscope (TEM), 146

Transportation and transportation equipment, 2, 5, 10, 26-29

energy consumption, 23, 26-27

Transport kinetics, 53, 95, 96, 98

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×

U

Ultrasonic transducers, 54

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation and imaging, 46, 56, 60, 143

Undergraduate education, 18

Universities, 3, 4, 8, 10, 18-19

collaboration with industry, 4, 5, 12, 14, 22

faculty, 18-19, 21, 22

research budgets and funding, 10, 12, 14

V

Vascular grafts and prostheses, 33, 34, 35

Vinyl pyrrolidone, 37

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs), 98

Vulcanizates, 73

W

Water purification and desalinization, 95, 96, 111, 115

X

X-ray radiation and imaging, 56, 144-146, 147, 148, 150

Xanthum gum, 30

Z

Ziegler catalysts, 78

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1994. Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2307.
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Polymer Science and Engineering: The Shifting Research Frontiers Get This Book
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Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues.

Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications.

The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness.

The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications.

This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

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