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9o PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE TEACHERS Hurd, P. D. 1961. Biological Education in American Secondary Schools 1890-1960. Washington, DC: American Institute of Biological Sciences. Hurd, P. D. 1984. Reforming science education: the search for a new vision. Occasional Paper 33. Washington, DC: Council for Basic Education. Johnson, R. M. 1993. 35 keys to effective evaluating. Foundation News (May/June): 16-21. (First published in Evaluation for Foundations: Concepts, Cases Guidelines, and Resources. 1993. Developed for the Council on Foundations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.) Joyce, B., and B. Showers. 1980. Training ourselves to teach: the messages of research. Educational Leadership 37:379-385. Kennedy, D. 1990. Stanford in its second century. An address to the Stanford community at the Meeting of the Academic Council, April 5, 1990. Stanford University Campus Report (April 11): 17- 18. Kober, N. 1993. What we know about science teaching and learning. EDTALK. Washington, DC: Council for Educational Development and Research. Little, J. W. 1993. Teachers' Professional Development in a Climate of Educational Reform. New York, NY: National Center for Restructuring Education, Schools and Teaching at Teachers College, Columbia University. Mastain, R. K., ed. 1991. The NASDTEC Manual 1991: Manual on Certification and Preparation of Education Personnel in the United States. A report from the National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing. Mechling, K.R., C. H. Stedman, and K. M. Donnelan. 1982. An NSTA report: preparing and certify- ing science teachers. Science and Children (October):9-14. NRC (National Research Council). 1990. Fulfilling the Promise: Biology Education in the Nation's Schools. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1996. National Science Education Standards. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Nelson, B. H., I. R. Weiss, and L. E. Conway. 1992. Science and Mathematics Education Briefing Book. Vol. III. A report from Horizon Research Inc. Chapel Hill, NC: Horizon Research Inc. (Available from the National Science Teachers Association, Alexandria, VA.) NSTA (National Science Teachers Association). 1992-1993. Standards for the preparation & certifi- cation of teachers of science, K-12. In NSTA Handbook. Arlington, VA: National Science Teachers Association. Raizen, S. A., and A. M. Michelsohn, eds. 1994. The Future of Science in Elementary School: Educating Prospective Teachers. A report from the National Center for Improving Science Education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Roth, K. J. 1989. Science education: it's not enough to 'do' or 'relate.' American Educator (Win- ter):l6-22, 47-48. SRI International. 1988. An Approach to Assessing Initiatives in Science Education. Summary Re- port: Recommendations to the National Science Foundation prepared by M. S. Knapp, P. M. Shields, M. St. John, A. A. Zucker, and M. S. Stearns for the National Science Foundation. Menlo, CA: SRI International. Tierney, D. S. 1988. Teaching content through a multicultural lens: a social studies case study. Journal of Educational Issues of Language Minority Students, A journal of a teacher training program at Boise State University. Summer: 15-21. Tobias, S. 1992. Revitalizing Undergraduate Science: Why Some Things Work and Most Don't. Tucson, AZ: Research Corporation. Yager, R. E., and E. Zehr. 1985. Science education in U.S. graduate institutions during two decades. Science Education 69(2): 163-169.