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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2312.
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Acronyms


ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act

AHCPR

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

AHIMA

American Health Information Management Association

AIDS

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AMA

American Medical Association

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

ATM

Automated teller machine


BCBSA

Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association


CABG

Coronary artery bypass graft

CHMIS

Community Health Management Information System

CPR

Computer-based patient record


DRG

Diagnosis-related group

DVA

Department of Veterans Affairs


EDS

Electronic Data Systems

EFT

Electronic funds transfer

ERISA

Employment Retirement Insurance Security Act

ESRD

End-stage renal disease

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2312.
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FCRA

Fair Credit Reporting Act

FOIA

Freedom of Information Act

FOIL

Freedom of Information Law


HCFA

Health Care Financing Administration

HDO

Health database organization

HIC

Health Insurance Claim (number, for Medicare beneficiaries)

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus

HMO

Health maintenance organization

HSA

Health Security Act


ICD-9-CM

International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, clinical modifications (for use in the United States)

ID

Personal identifier

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IPA

Independent practice association

IRB

Institutional review board

IRS

Internal Revenue Service


MEDTEP

Medical Treatment Effectiveness Program (of AHCPR)


NAHDO

National Association of Health Data Organizations

NAIC

National Association of Insurance Commissioners

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NRC

National Research Council


OTA

Office of Technology Assessment


PHCCCC

Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council

PIC

Personal identification code

PIN

Personal identification number

PORT

Patient Outcomes Research Team (in MEDTEP program)

PPO

Preferred provider organization

PPRC

Physician Payment Review Commission

PPSC

Privacy Protection Study Commission

PRO

(Medicare) Peer Review Organization


QA/QI

Quality assurance/quality improvement


RHIG

Rochester Health Information Group


SPARCS

Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System

SSA

Social Security Administration

SSN

Social Security number

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2312.
×

TPA

Third-party administrator

TPP

Third-party payer


UB-82

Uniform Bill (1982) (a HCFA-mandated claim form for inpatient care)

UB-92

Uniform Bill (1992)

UCDS

Uniform Clinical Data Set

UHDDS

Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set

UPIN

Universal physician identification number

USDHEW

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

USDHHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


VHCA

Vermont Health Care Authority


WEDI

Workgroup for Electronic Data Interchange

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2312.
×
Page 244
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2312.
×
Page 245
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 1994. Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/2312.
×
Page 246
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Health Data in the Information Age: Use, Disclosure, and Privacy Get This Book
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Regional health care databases are being established around the country with the goal of providing timely and useful information to policymakers, physicians, and patients. But their emergence is raising important and sometimes controversial questions about the collection, quality, and appropriate use of health care data.

Based on experience with databases now in operation and in development, Health Data in the Information Age provides a clear set of guidelines and principles for exploiting the potential benefits of aggregated health data--without jeopardizing confidentiality.

A panel of experts identifies characteristics of emerging health database organizations (HDOs). The committee explores how HDOs can maintain the quality of their data, what policies and practices they should adopt, how they can prepare for linkages with computer-based patient records, and how diverse groups from researchers to health care administrators might use aggregated data.

Health Data in the Information Age offers frank analysis and guidelines that will be invaluable to anyone interested in the operation of health care databases.

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