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The Impact of Legislation, Enforcement, and Sanctions on Safety Belt Use (2007)

Chapter: Appendix E - Estimated Costs of Fatalities and MAIS 2 5 Injuries

« Previous: Appendix D - Trends in Observed and FARS Use Rates in 15 States that Participated in Statewide or Regional HVE Programs
Page 65
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E - Estimated Costs of Fatalities and MAIS 2 5 Injuries." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2007. The Impact of Legislation, Enforcement, and Sanctions on Safety Belt Use. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23127.
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Page 65
Page 66
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E - Estimated Costs of Fatalities and MAIS 2 5 Injuries." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2007. The Impact of Legislation, Enforcement, and Sanctions on Safety Belt Use. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23127.
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Page 66

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65 Table 1. Estimated costs of fatalities, by year: 1990–2007. A P P E N D I X E Estimated Costs of Fatalities and MAIS 2–5 Injuries Component Proportions of Costs Component Costs Unit Cost Lost Medical Lost Medical per Fatality Productivity and EMS Other Productivity and EMS Other 1990 693,836 0.807 0.007 0.186 560,264 4,635 128,937 1991 725,960 0.807 0.007 0.186 586,203 4,850 134,907 1992 758,083 0.807 0.007 0.186 612,143 5,064 140,876 1993 790,207 0.807 0.007 0.186 638,082 5,279 146,846 1994 822,330 0.862 0.016 0.122 708,896 13,144 100,290 1995 844,906 0.862 0.016 0.122 726,358 13,505 103,043 1996 867,482 0.862 0.016 0.122 747,820 13,866 105,797 1997 890,059 0.862 0.016 0.122 767,282 14,227 108,550 1998 912,635 0.862 0.016 0.122 786,744 14,587 111,303 1999 935,211 0.862 0.016 0.122 806,206 14,948 114,057 2000 957,787 0.822 0.024 0.154 786,899 22,928 147,960 2001 980,363 0.822 0.024 0.154 805,447 23,468 151,448 2002 1,002,939 0.822 0.024 0.154 823,995 24,009 154,935 2003 1,025,516 0.822 0.024 0.154 842,543 24,549 158,423 2004 1,048,092 0.822 0.024 0.154 861,092 25,090 161,910 2005 1,070,668 0.822 0.024 0.154 879,640 25,630 165,398 2006 1,093,244 0.822 0.024 0.154 898,188 26,171 168,886 2007 1,115,820 0.822 0.024 0.154 916,736 26,711 172,373 Costs for 1990 are derived from cost data from Blincoe & Faigin (1992); 1994 from Blincoe (1996); and 2000 from Blincoe, Seay, Zaloshnja, Miller, Romano, Luchter, & Spicer (2002). Estimates for all other years are interpolated. (An alternative approach would have been to use CPI index for post-2000 years. In such case, estimates through 2005 would vary by less than 1%. After 2005, however, the CPI would have provided 2% to 3% higher estimates). Note that these estimates do not include non-injury-related costs such as property damage and travel delay.

66 Table 2. Estimated costs of MAIS 2–5 injuries (per fatality): 1990–2007. MAIS 2-5 MAIS 2-5 Component Proportions Component Costs Cost per Injuries Lost Productivity Medical Other Lost Productivity Medical and EMS Other Fatality per Fatality 1990 846,138 17.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $410,251 $246,493 $189,394 1991 865,134 17.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $419,461 $252,027 $193,646 1992 884,130 17.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $428,672 $257,560 $197,898 1993 903,125 17.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $437,882 $263,094 $202,150 1994 922,121 14.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $447,092 $268,628 $206,402 1995 1,057,836 14.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $512,893 $308,164 $236,779 1996 1,193,551 14.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $578,695 $347,699 $267,157 1997 1,329,266 14.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $644,497 $387,235 $297,534 1998 1,464,981 14.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $710,298 $426,771 $327,912 1999 1,600,696 14.5 0.485 0.291 0.224 $776,100 $466,307 $358,290 2000 1,736,412 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $866,135 $511,555 $358,721 2001 1,872,127 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $933,831 $551,537 $386,758 2002 2,007,842 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $1,001,527 $591,520 $414,796 2003 2,143,557 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $1,069,222 $631,502 $442,833 2004 2,279,272 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $1,136,918 $671,484 $470,870 2005 2,414,987 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $1,204,614 $711,467 $498,907 2006 2,550,702 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $1,272,309 $751,449 $526,944 2007 2,686,417 14.5 0.499 0.295 0.207 $1,340,005 $791,431 $554,981 Injury ratios and costs for 1990 are derived from cost data from Blincoe & Faigin (1992); 1994 from Blincoe (1996); and 2000 from Blincoe, Seay, Zaloshnja, Miller, Romano, Luchter, & Spicer (2002). Injury ratios remain fixed from one study year to another. Cost estimates for all nonstudy years are interpolated. (An alternative approach would have been to use CPI index for post-2000 years. In such case, estimates through 2005 would vary by less than 1%. For 2006 and 2007, however, the CPI would have provided 2% to 3% higher estimates). Note that these estimates do not include non-injury-related costs such as property damage and travel delay.

Next: Appendix F - Distribution of States by 2005 Observed SBU (Horizontal Axis) and by 2005 Usage among Crash Victims (FARS Use) (Vertical Axis) »
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TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 601: The Impact of Legislation, Enforcement, and Sanctions on Safety Belt Use explores the effectiveness of mandatory approaches to increase safety belt usage.

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