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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

REVIEW OF THE

U.S. GLOBAL CHANGE
RESEARCH PROGRAM’S
UPDATE TO THE
STRATEGIC PLAN DOCUMENT

Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Division on Earth and Life Studies

Board on Environmental Change and Society
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

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This study was supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under award numbers NNH14CK78B and NNH14CK79D. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-43746-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-43746-6
DOI: 10.17226/23396

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program’s Update to the Strategic Plan (USP) Document. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. DOI: 10.17226/23396.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

COMMITTEE TO ADVISE THE U.S. GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH PROGRAM

WARREN WASHINGTON (Chair), National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

KAI LEE (Vice Chair), David and Lucile Packard Foundation (ret.), Los Altos, California

DOUG ARENT, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado

SUSAN AVERY, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Massachusetts

ARRIETTA CHAKOS, Urban Resilience Strategies, Berkeley, CA

PETER DASZAK, EcoHealth Alliance, New York, New York

THOMAS DIETZ, Michigan State University, East Lansing

KRISTIE L. EBI, University of Washington, Seattle

BARUCH FISCHHOFF, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

NANCY B. GRIMM, Arizona State University, Tempe

HENRY D. JACOBY, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge

ANTHONY C. JANETOS, Boston University, Massachusetts

HAROON S. KHESHGI, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company, Annandale, New Jersey

RICHARD H. MOSS, University of Maryland, College Park

IAN NOBLE, ND-GAIN, Vienna, Virginia

MARGO OGE, Environmental Protection Agency (ret.), Maclean, Virginia

KATHLEEN SEGERSON, University of Connecticut, Storrs

KATHLEEN TIERNEY, University of Colorado, Boulder

CHARLES J. VÖRÖSMARTY, City University of New York, New York

National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine Staff:

EDWARD DUNLEA, Senior Program Officer, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

PAUL STERN, Senior Scholar, Board on Environmental Change and Society

AMANDA PURCELL, Associate Program Officer, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

BOARD ON ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES AND CLIMATE

A.R. RAVISHANKARA (Chair), Colorado State University, Fort Collins

GERALD A. MEEHL (Vice Chair), National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

LANCE F. BOSART, State University of New York, Albany

MARK A. CANE, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

SHUYI S. CHEN, University of Miami, Florida

HEIDI CULLEN, Climate Central, Princeton, New Jersey

PAMELA EMCH, Northrup Grumman Aerospace Systems, Redondo Beach, California

ARLENE FIORE, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

WILLIAM B. GAIL, Global Weather Corporation, Boulder, Colorado

LISA GODDARD, Columbia University, Palisades, New York

MAURA HAGAN, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado

TERRI S. HOGUE, Colorado School of Mines, Golden

ANTHONY JANETOS, Boston University, Massachusetts

EVERETTE JOSEPH, SUNY University at Albany, New York

RONALD “NICK” KEENER, JR., Duke Energy Corporation, Charlotte, North Carolina

JOHN R. NORDGREN, The Kresge Foundation, Troy, Michigan

JONATHAN OVERPECK, University of Arizona, Tucson

ARISTIDES A.N. PATRINOS, New York University, Brooklyn

S.T. RAO, North Carolina State University, Raleigh

DAVID A. ROBINSON, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway

CLAUDIA TEBALDI, Climate Central, Princeton, New Jersey

Ocean Studies Board Liaison

DAVID HALPERN, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California

Polar Research Board Liaison

JENNIFER FRANCIS, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Marion, Massachusetts

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

AMANDA STAUDT, Director

EDWARD DUNLEA, Senior Program Officer

LAURIE GELLER, Senior Program Officer

KATHERINE THOMAS, Senior Program Officer

LAUREN EVERETT, Program Officer

ALISON MACALADY, Associate Program Officer

AMANDA PURCELL, Associate Program Officer

ALEX MORGAN, Christine Mirzayan Fellow

RITA GASKINS, Administrative Coordinator

SHELLY FREELAND, Financial Associate

ROB GREENWAY, Program Associate

MICHAEL HUDSON, Senior Program Assistant

ERIN MARKOVICH, Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

BOARD ON ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND SOCIETY

RICHARD H. MOSS (Chair), University of Maryland, College Park

JOSEPH ARVAI, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada

ANTHONY J. BEBBINGTON, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts

WILLIAM U. CHANDLER, Transition Energy, Annapolis, Maryland

F. STUART CHAPIN III, University of Alaska, Fairbanks

RUTH DEFRIES, Columbia University, New York, New York

KRISTIE L. EBI, University of Washington, Seattle

MARIA CARMEN LEMOS, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

RICHARD NEWELL, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

DENNIS OJIMA, Colorado State University, Fort Collins

JONATHAN OVERPECK, University of Arizona, Tucson

STEPHEN POLASKY, University of Minnesota, St. Paul

J. TIMMONS ROBERTS, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island

MAXINE L. SAVITZ, Honeywell, Inc. (Retired), Los Angeles, California

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Staff

MARY ELLEN O’CONNELL, Acting Director

PAUL C. STERN, Senior Scholar

JENNY HEIMBERG, Senior Program Officer

HEATHER BREINER, Associate Program Officer

TINA LATIMER, Program Coordinator

MARY GHITELMAN, Program Assistant

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

Acknowledgments

This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in their review of this report:

PETER BACKLUND, Colorado State University, Fort Collins

HEIDI CULLEN, Climate Central, Princeton, NJ

ROBERT E. DICKINSON, University of Texas, Austin

DENNIS P. LETTENMAIER, University of California, Los Angeles

J. MICHAEL MCQUADE, United Technologies Corporation, East Hartford, CT

ROBERT J. SERAFIN, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Marvin A. Geller, Emeritus, Stony Brook University, Sarasota, Florida, and David M. Karl, University of Hawaii at Manoa. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×

Table of Contents

Summary

Chapter 1: Introduction and Overview

Chapter 2: Setting Priorities for Global Change Research

2.1 Recognition of the Role of USGCRP as a Facilitator of Boundary Spanning

2.2 Articulation of Research Accomplishments

2.3 Better Process for Developing Priorities and Learning from Stakeholder Engagement

Process for Developing Priorities

What Has Been Learned from Users and Researchers?

2.4 Better Articulation of Priorities

How Do the Identified Objectives Fit Together?

Describing Near-Term Priorities Within the Context of Sustained Long-Term Commitments

2.5 Need to Plan Integration of Social Science to Address Specific Aspects of Human-Induced Forcing, Vulnerability, and Capacity for Response

Chapter 3: Science Focus and Scope

3.1 Template for Consistent Presentation of Targeted Research Challenges and Topics

3.2 Earth System Understanding (Objective 1.1)

3.3 Science for Adaptation and Mitigation (Objective 1.2)

3.4 Integrated Observations (Objective 1.3)

3.5 Integrated Modeling (Objective 1.4)

3.6 Information Management (Objective 1.5)

Chapter 4: Review of Decision Support Objectives and Plans

4.1 Research on Decision Support and Assessment Processes

4.2 Inform Decisions (Goal 2)

4.3 Conduct Sustained Assessment (Goal 3)

4.4 Communicate and Educate (Goal 4)

4.5 International Cooperation (Chapter IV)

Chapter 5: Concluding Comments

References

Appendix A: Statement of Task for This Report

Appendix B: Overall Charge for the Advisory Committee to the U.S. Global Change Research Program

Appendix C: Committee Biographies

Appendix D: Line-by-line Comments Submitted by Committee Members

Appendix E: Goals and Objectives in the 2012 USGCRP Strategic Plan

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23396.
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The Update to the Strategic Plan (USP) is a supplement to the Ten-Year Strategic Plan of the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) completed in 2012. The Strategic Plan sets out a research program guiding thirteen federal agencies in accord with the Global Change Research Act of 1990. This report reviews whether USGCRP’s efforts to achieve its goals and objectives, as documented in the USP, are adequate and responsive to the Nation’s needs, whether the priorities for continued or increased emphasis are appropriate, and if the written document communicates effectively, all within a context of the history and trajectory of the Program.

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