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SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy (2016)

Chapter: Appendix G: Glossary

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23406.
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Appendix G

Glossary

ARRA—American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

ASCR—Advanced Scientific Computing Research

BER—Biological and Environmental Research

BES—Basic Energy Sciences

COTR—Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative

CRADA—Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

DNP—Office of Defense Nuclear Nonprolifieration

DoD—Department of Defense

DoE—Department of Energy

EERE—Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

EIN—Employer Identification Number

EM—Office of Environmental Management

FAR—Federal Acquisition Regulation

FE—Office of Fossil Energy

FES—Fusion Energy Sciences

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23406.
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FOA—Funding Opportunity Announcement

FY—Fiscal Year

GAO—Government Accountability Office

HEP—High Energy Physics

IP—Intellectual Property

ITAR—International Traffic in Arms Regulations

LOI—Letter of Intent

MOSB—Minority-owned Small Business

NASA—National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NE—Nuclear Energy

NIH—National Institutes of Health

NP—Nuclear Physics

NRC—National Research Council

NREL—National Renewable Energy Laboratory

NSF—National Science Foundation

PAMS—Portfolio Analysis and Management System

PI—Principal Investigator

PNNL—Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

R&D—Research and Development

RI—Research Institution

SBA—Small Business Administration

SBC—Small Business Concern

SBIR—Small Business Innovation Research Program

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23406.
×

SC—Office of Science

STTR—Small Business Technology Transfer Program

TM—Topic Manager

TTM—Technical Topic Monitor

TPM—Technical Project Manager

TPOC—Technical Point of Contact

TRL—Technology Readiness Level

WOSB—Woman-owned Small Business

Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23406.
×
Page 393
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23406.
×
Page 394
Suggested Citation:"Appendix G: Glossary." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. SBIR/STTR at the Department of Energy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23406.
×
Page 395
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The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program is one of the largest examples of U.S. public-private partnerships, and was established in 1982 to encourage small businesses to develop new processes and products and to provide quality research in support of the U.S. government’s many missions. The Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program was created in 1992 by the Small Business Research and Development Enhancement Act to expand joint venture opportunities for small businesses and nonprofit research institutions by requiring small business recipients to collaborate formally with a research institution. The U.S. Congress tasked the National Research Council with undertaking a comprehensive study of how the SBIR and STTR programs have stimulated technological innovation and used small businesses to meet federal research and development needs, and with recommending further improvements to the programs. In the first round of this study, an ad hoc committee prepared a series of reports from 2004 to 2009 on the SBIR and STTR programs at the five agencies responsible for 96 percent of the programs’ operations -- including the Department of Energy (DoE). Building on the outcomes from the first round, this second round presents the committee’s second review of the DoE SBIR program’s operations.

Public-private partnerships like SBIR and STTR are particularly important since today's knowledge economy is driven in large part by the nation's capacity to innovate. One of the defining features of the U.S. economy is a high level of entrepreneurial activity. Entrepreneurs in the United States see opportunities and are willing and able to assume risk to bring new welfare-enhancing, wealth-generating technologies to the market. Yet, although discoveries in areas such as genomics, bioinformatics, and nanotechnology present new opportunities, converting these discoveries into innovations for the market involves substantial challenges. The American capacity for innovation can be strengthened by addressing the challenges faced by entrepreneurs.

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