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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Improving the
Health of Women in
the United States

image

WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Thomas J. Plewes, Rapporteur

Committee on Population

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

and

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Health and Medicine Division

image

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by the Office of Research on Women’s Health of the National Institutes of Health through Order No. HHSN26300073. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-43904-6
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-43904-3
Digital Object Identifier: 10.17226/23441

Additional copies of this workshop summary are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2016 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2016). Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president.

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The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

STEERING COMMITTEE FOR WORKSHOP ON IMPROVING THE HEALTH OF AMERICAN WOMEN

NANCY E. ADLER (Chair), Departments of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco

CHLOE E. BIRD, Pardee RAND Graduate School and RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA

MARK D. HAYWARD, Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin

JAMES S. HOUSE, Survey Research Center Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

JENNIFER KARAS MONTEZ, Maxwell School, Syracuse University

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Co-Study Director

THOMAS J. PLEWES, Co-Study Director

MARY GHITELMAN, Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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COMMITTEE ON POPULATION

KATHLEEN MULLAN HARRIS (Chair), Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

MARK D. HAYWARD, Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin

JERE R. BEHRMAN, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

VICKI A. FREEDMAN, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

HILLARD S. KAPLAN, Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico

SARA S. MCLANAHAN, Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Princeton University

EMILIO A. PARRADO, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania

DAVID R. WEIR, Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan

JOHN R. WILMOTH, Population Division, United Nations

PETER DONALDSON, Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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BOARD ON POPULATION HEALTH AND
PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE

ELLEN WRIGHT CLAYTON (Chair), Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society, Vanderbilt University

HORTENSIA DE LOS ANGELES AMARO, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California

JULIE A. BALDWIN, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida

SHEILA P. BURKE, Malcolm Weiner Center for Social Policy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

BRUCE N. CALONGE, Anschutz Medical Campus, University of Colorado, Denver

SUSAN J. CURRY, College of Public Health, University of Iowa

CARLOS M. DEL RIO, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University

SUSAN DENTZER, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

GARTH GRAHAM, Aetna Foundation

KENNETH W. KIZER, Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing, University of California, Davis

GRACE M. LEE, Harvard Medical School and Boston Children’s Hospital

HOWARD MARKEL, University of Michigan Medical School

RICARDO MARTINEZ, North Highland Worldwide Consulting, Atlanta, GA

LINDA A. MCCAULEY, School of Nursing, Emory University

ELENA O. NIGHTINGALE, Scholar in Residence, Institute of Medicine

DANIEL POLSKY, Perelman School of Medicine and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania

JOHN A. RICH, Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University

JOSHUA M. SHARFSTEIN, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

STEVEN M. TEUTSCH, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles

JAMES N. WEINSTEIN, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

WINSTON F. WONG, Disparities Improvement and Quality Initiatives, Kaiser Permanente

WILLIAM A. YASNOFF, National Health Information Infrastructure Advisors, Arlington, VA

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Director

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

Acknowledgments

This document summarizes the discussions and presentations of a workshop on subject of the health of women in the United States. The workshop was convened under the direction of the Committee on Population and the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The workshop was sponsored by the Office of Research on Women’s Health at the National Institutes of Health.

We thank the experts on women’s health and demography who served on the steering committee for this workshop. They provided invaluable guidance in developing the workshop, securing expert presentations, conducting the workshop, and serving as presenters as well. Although the steering committee played a central role in designing and conducting the workshop, it did not actively participate in the writing of this workshop summary.

The presentations in the workshop were organized into four topical sessions, each designed to shed light on important determinants, consequences, effects, and issues attending the relative disadvantage of women in the United States in comparison with women in other economically advanced nations. In all, 12 presenters contributed presentations in the 1-day workshop held in Washington, D.C., September 25, 2015. The presentations provoked an extraordinarily rich discussion among the participants, and this summary attempts to capture both the formal presentations and the ensuing discussion.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

The excellent work of the staff of the Committee on Population and the Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice in developing, organizing, and supporting the workshop is very much appreciated. Thomas J. Plewes, the co-study director, and Mary Ghitelman, the project assistant, devoted long hours to ensure a successful event. Plewes also served as rapporteur, distilling the gist of the presentations and the essence of the discussions for this summary.

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary: Eileen M. Crimmins, Davis School of Gerontology and Andrus Gerontology Center, University of Southern California; Mark D. Hayward, Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin; and Afaf I. Meleis, Nursing and Sociology, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Eileen Crimmins, Davis School of Gerontology and Andrus Gerontology Center at the University of Southern California. Appointed by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, she was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the author and the institution.

Peter Donaldson, Director
Committee on Population

Rose Marie Martinez, Director
Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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The environment for women's health has changed over the last 25 years. Increased use of automobiles can lead to health risks from lack of physical activity. There has also been an increase in access to and consumption of unhealthy food. Other changes in the past 2 to 3 decades include the significant increase in the number of women who are heads of households and responsible for all aspects of a household and family. Many women now are also having children later in life, which poses interesting issues for both biology and sociology. The growing stress faced by women and the effect of stress on health and illness are issues that need a more comprehensive examination, as do issues of mental health and mental illness, which have been more common and thus increasingly prominent issues for U.S. women.

In September 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to shed light on important determinants, consequences, effects, and issues attending the relative disadvantage of women in the United States in comparison with women in other economically advanced nations. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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