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Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary (2016)

Chapter: Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
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Appendix C

Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers

NANCY E. ADLER (Steering Committee Chair) is the Lisa and John Pritzker professor of psychology in the Departments of Psychiatry and Pediatrics, vice chair of the Department of Psychiatry, and director of the Center for Health and Community, all at the University of California, San Francisco. She also currently heads the National Program Office for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator-Initiated Research Program, Evidence for Action. Her current work examines pathways from socioeconomic status to health and interventions to address the social determinants of health. She is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is a fellow of the American Psychological Society and the American Psychological Association (APA). She served as president of the APA’s Division of Population and Environmental Psychology and is a recipient of its Superior Service Award. She has a B.A. from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. in psychology from Harvard University.

CHLOE E. BIRD (Steering Committee Member and Speaker) is a senior sociologist at RAND and professor of policy analysis at the Pardee RAND Graduate School. Her research focuses on women’s health and health care, as well as assessing the social determinants of disparities in physical and mental health and health care. She has also conducted assessments of gaps in quality of care for cardiovascular disease and diabetes within managed care settings for the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, the U.S. Department

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

of Veterans Affairs, and private-sector health plans. Her current work is focused on assessing and mapping gender differences in the quality of care for cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and she has also worked on neighborhood effects on health and health care and on social determinants of gender differences in health, allostatic load, and mortality. She is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She has a B.A. in sociology from Oberlin College and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

SARAH A. BURGARD (Speaker) is an associate professor in the Departments of Sociology and Epidemiology and a research and associate professor at the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan. Her research focuses on health disparities by socioeconomic status, gender, and race and ethnicity across the life course. She currently studies racial/ ethnic and gender-based disparities in working conditions and occupational careers, the effect of these inequalities on health, and the impact of an individual’s working life on the well-being of other family members. She has been a health and society scholar at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. She as a B.A. in international and comparative policy studies from Reed College and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of California, Los Angeles.

JANINE AUSTIN CLAYTON (Speaker) is associate director for research on women’s health and director of the Office of Research on Women’s Health at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). She is leading the NIH policy change initiative that requires scientists to include female animals and cells in preclinical research design. Previously, she was the deputy clinical director of NIH’s National Eye Institute. A board-certified ophthalmologist, her research interests include autoimmune ocular diseases and the role of sex and gender in health and disease. Her clinical research has ranged from randomized controlled trials of novel therapies for immune-mediated ocular diseases to studies on the development of digital imaging techniques for the anterior segment. She is the recipient of the senior achievement award from the Board of Trustees of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. She has an undergraduate degree with honors from Johns Hopkins University and an M.D. from Howard University College of Medicine.

TERRI L. CORNELISON (Speaker) is the associate director for clinical research in the Office of Research on Women’s Health at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and has a clinical and academic practice at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Previously, she held academic appointments at Harvard University School and the State University of

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

New York. A board-certified gynecologic oncologist, her work focuses on women’s health care, evidence-based medicine, and cancer prevention. At NIH, she oversees programs in career development, health disparities, global health, and the inclusion of women in clinical trials. She is a captain in the U.S. Public Health Service and serves as deputy director of the Medical Services Branch and lead provider on the Rapid Deployment Force 1 Team. She has an M.D. from Yale University and a Ph.D. from George Washington University.

CHRISTINE E. GRELLA (Speaker) is a professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences in the Geffen School of Medicine, co-director of the Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, and co-investigator and director of the Research and Methods Support Core of the Center for Advancing Longitudinal Drug Abuse Research at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her research focuses on the organization, delivery, and outcomes of substance abuse treatment for individuals with co-occurring disorders; youth; and women, including those in the criminal justice and child welfare systems. She has a B.A. from the University of California, Los Angeles, and an M.A. and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Cruz, all in psychology.

MARK D. HAYWARD (Steering Committee Member and Speaker) is a professor of sociology, Centennial Commission professor in the liberal arts, and director of the Population Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin. His primary research interests center on the influence of life-course exposures and events on the morbidity and mortality experiences of the older population. He is currently involved in several studies focusing on the origins of health disparities at older ages: early life influences on socioeconomic, race and gender disparities in adult morbidity and mortality; the demography of race, ethnic, and gender disparities in healthy life expectancy; social inequality in the biomarkers of aging; and the health consequences of marriage, divorce, and widowhood. He has also worked on changes in morbidity and mortality determining trends in healthy life expectancy, socioeconomic and race/ethnic differences in healthy life expectancy, the association between childhood health and adult morbidity, and the socioeconomic origins of the race gap in chronic disease morbidity. He has a Ph.D. in sociology from Indiana University.

JAMES S. HOUSE (Steering Committee Member) is the Angus Campbell distinguished university professor emeritus of survey research, public policy, and sociology at in the Survey Research Center of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan. Previously, he was on the faculty of Duke University. His research has focused on the role of social

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

and psychological factors in the etiology and course of health and illness, including the role of psychosocial factors in understanding and alleviating social disparities in health and the way health changes with age. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Medicine, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has a B.A. in history from Haverford College and a Ph.D. in social psychology from the University of Michigan.

PAULA A. JOHNSON (Speaker) is the executive director of the Connors Center for Women’s Health and Gender Biology, chief of the Division of Women’s Health, and director of the Center for Cardiovascular Disease in Women at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Her work at the Center for Cardiovascular Disease in Women has been dedicated to developing new strategies for primary and secondary prevention of heart disease in women and to spearheading research that furthers knowledge of the effects of gender on heart disease. She is recognized as a national expert in the area of defining and understanding the quality of cardiology care for women and minorities. More broadly, her research has focused on understanding disparities in health care for women and minorities. She has an M.P.H. and an M.D. from Harvard University.

NANCY L. MARSHALL (Speaker) is a senior research scientist, associate director of the Wellesley Centers for Women, and adjunct associate professor at Wellesley College. Her research examines working conditions, work-family intersections, and worker health among U.S. adults. She is interested in the variations in employment and health associated with gender, race and social class, and with different life stages. She has also conducted studies of child care policy and early care and education. She leads Wellesley College’s Work, Families & Children team and teaches courses at Wellesley College on gender, employment, and the sociology of children and youth. She has an Ed.D. in comparative human development from Harvard University.

JENNIFER KARAS MONTEZ (Steering Committee Member and Speaker) is an assistant professor of sociology and faculty affiliate of the Aging Studies Institute and the Center for Policy Research at Syracuse University. Her research examines the social determinants of mortality disparities among U.S. adults. It focuses in particular on explaining those disparities across education levels, gender, and geography. She is a member of the Network on Life Course Health Dynamics and Disparities in 21st Century America and an investigator on the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation. She is an elected council member of the American

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

Sociological Association’s Section on Aging and Life Course. She has a Ph.D. in sociology from the University of Texas at Austin.

ALINA SALGANICOFF (Speaker) is vice president and director of women’s health policy for the Kaiser Family Foundation. She directs the foundation’s work on health coverage and access to care for women, with an emphasis on challenges facing underserved populations, including low-income and uninsured women, women on Medicaid, as well as women of color. Her current work is focused on the impact of the Affordable Care Act on women’s coverage and access to care. Currently, she is a member of the board of the California Family Health Council. She has a B.S. from the Pennsylvania State University and a Ph.D. in health policy from Johns Hopkins University.

STEVEN H. WOOLF (Speaker) is director of the Center on Society and Health and professor of family medicine and population health at Virginia Commonwealth University. He is board certified in family medicine and in preventive medicine and public health. His career has focused on promoting the most effective health care services and on advocating the importance of health promotion and disease prevention and the need to address the social determinants of health. In addition to scientific publications, he has emphasized outreach to policy makers, the public, and the media to raise awareness about the factors outside of health care that shape health outcomes. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine. He has an M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University and an M.D. from Emory University.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
Page 72
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
Page 73
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
Page 74
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
Page 75
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members and Speakers." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Improving the Health of Women in the United States: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23441.
×
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The environment for women's health has changed over the last 25 years. Increased use of automobiles can lead to health risks from lack of physical activity. There has also been an increase in access to and consumption of unhealthy food. Other changes in the past 2 to 3 decades include the significant increase in the number of women who are heads of households and responsible for all aspects of a household and family. Many women now are also having children later in life, which poses interesting issues for both biology and sociology. The growing stress faced by women and the effect of stress on health and illness are issues that need a more comprehensive examination, as do issues of mental health and mental illness, which have been more common and thus increasingly prominent issues for U.S. women.

In September 2015, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop to shed light on important determinants, consequences, effects, and issues attending the relative disadvantage of women in the United States in comparison with women in other economically advanced nations. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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