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B Biographies of Committee Members Jeff Bingaman (Chair) is a former U.S. senator from New Mexico, serving from 1983 to 2013. He served as chairman of the Committee on Outreach for the Senate Democratic Caucus. Senator Bingaman held several committee assignments during his tenure in the U.S. Senate, including the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; Committee on Finance; Joint Economic Committee; Committee on Armed Services; and Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions. During much of his political career, he was involved in the immigration debate, and he has worked to protect wildlife and public lands. On the Senate Energy Committee, he contributed to every major piece of energy policy legislation in the last two decades. Prior to serving as a U.S. senator, he worked as a private practice attorney. He served as counsel to the New Mexico Constitutional Convention of 1969, and served as attorney general of New Mexico from 1979 to 1983. Senator Bingaman earned his B.A. from Harvard and his J.D. from Stanford University. Tom Bailey (Co-chair) is George and Abby OâNeill professor of economics and education at Teachers College, Columbia University. He is also director of the Community College Research Center (CCRC) and two national centers funded by a grant from the Institute for Education Sciences (IES): the Center for Analysis of Postsecondary Education and Employment (CAPSEE), established in 2011, and the Center for the Analysis of Postsecondary Readiness (CAPR), established in 2014. From 2006 to 2012, Dr. Bailey directed another IES-funded center, the National Center for Postsecondary Research (NCPR). His areas of expertise include labor economics, community colleges, econometrics, education policy, developmental education, assessment, educational equity, higher education and workforce preparation, school-to-work transition, and online learning. In 1996, with support from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Dr. Bailey established the CCRC at Teachers College, where he has served since 1992 as director of the Institute on Education and the Economy (IEE). In June 2010, 225
226 BUILDING AMERICAâS SKILLED TECHNICAL WORKFORCE U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan appointed him chair of the Committee on Measures of Student Success, which developed recommendations for community colleges to comply with completion rate disclosure requirements under the Higher Education Opportunity Act. Dr. Bailey and the CCRC won the Terry OâBanion Prize for Teaching and Learning at the annual conference for the League for Innovation in the Community College in 2013 and was inducted as an American Educational Research Association (AERA) fellow in the same year. He has been a member of the National Academy of Education since 2012. Dr. Baileyâs papers have appeared in a wide variety of education, policy- oriented, and academic journals, and he has authored or co-authored several books on the employment and training of immigrants and the extent and effects of on-the-job training. Along with Shanna Smith Jaggars and Davis Jenkins, he wrote Redesigning Americaâs Community Colleges: A Clearer Path to Student Success, published by Harvard University Press in 2015. Other books include Defending the Community College Equity Agenda (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006), co-edited with Vanessa Morest; Working Knowledge: Work-Based Learning and Education Reform (Routledge, 2004), co-authored with Katherine Hughes and David Moore; Manufacturing Advantage (Cornell University Press, 2000), written with Eileen Appelbaum, Peter Berg, and Arne Kalleberg; and The Double Helix of Education and the Economy (IEE, 1992), co-authored with Sue Berryman. Dr. Bailey holds a Ph.D. in labor economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Katharine Frase (Co-chair) retired from IBM after a 30-year career in 2016. Her career spanned positions in manufacturing, product and process development, strategy, research, and business development. Her most recent assignments were in support of IBM's clients and field teams in the government, cities, health care, and education industries, particularly the application of analytics and technologies such as Watson to provide actionable insights for some of the world's most important challenges. In 2006, she was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Frase received an A.B. in chemistry from Bryn Mawr College and a Ph.D. in materials science and engineering from the University of Pennsylvania. David Chu serves as president of the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA), a nonprofit corporation operating in the public interest. Its three federally funded research and development centers provide objective analyses of national security issues and related national challenges, particularly those requiring extraordinary scientific and technical expertise. Dr. Chu served in the Department of Defense as under secretary of defense for personnel and readiness from 2001 to 2009, and earlier as assistant secretary of defense and director for program analysis and evaluation from 1981 to 1993. From 1978 to 1981 he was assistant director of the Congressional Budget Office for National Security and International
APPENDIX B 227 Affairs. Dr. Chu served in the U. S. Army from 1968 to 1970. He was an economist with the RAND Corporation from 1970 to 1978, director of RANDâs Washington Office from 1994 to 1998, and vice president for its Army Research Division from 1998 to 2001. He earned his Ph.D. in economics, as well as a B.A. in economics and mathematics, from Yale University. Rita Colwell is distinguished university professor at the University of Maryland, College Park and Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, and chairman and chief science officer, CosmosID, Inc. Her interests are focused on genomics, biodiversity, and molecular microbial systematics and ecology. Dr. Colwell is an honorary member of the microbiological societies of the United Kingdom, Australia, France, Israel, Bangladesh, India, and the United States. She served as the 11th director of the National Science Foundation from 1998 to 2004. She has authored/co-authored 19 books and more than 800 scientific publications. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and has been awarded the Stockholm Water Prize; the Order of the Rising Sun, Japan; and the U.S. National Medal of Science. Gary Hoachlander is president of ConnectEd: The California Center for College and Career. Recently established by the James Irvine Foundation, ConnectEd is dedicated to advancing practice, policy, and research designed to help young people prepare for college and careerâboth goals and not one or the other. ConnectEdâs primary mission is supporting the development of multiple pathways by which young people can complete high school; enroll in postsecondary education; attain a formal credential; and embark on lasting success in work, community, and civic affairs. Having begun his career in 1966 as a brakeman for the Western Maryland Railroad, Dr. Hoachlander has devoted most of his professional life to helping young people learn by doingâconnecting education to the opportunities, challenges, and many different rewards to be found through work. Widely known for his expertise in career and technical education and many other aspects of elementary, secondary, and postsecondary education, Dr. Hoachlander has consulted extensively for the U.S. Department of Education, state departments of education, local school districts, foundations, and a variety of other clients. Dr. Hoachlander is also chairman of MPR Associates, Inc., an educational research and development organization closely affiliated with ConnectEd, and is also one of the countryâs leading policy analysts for the U.S. Department of Education, including the National Center for Education Statistics and the Office of Vocational and Adult Education. He earned a B.A. at Princeton University and holds masterâs and Ph.D. degrees from the Department of City and Regional Planning, University of California, Berkeley.
228 BUILDING AMERICAâS SKILLED TECHNICAL WORKFORCE Harry Holzer is John LaFarge Jr. SJ Professor of Public Policy at Georgetown University. He has been at Georgetown since the fall of 2000. He served as associate dean from 2004 through 2006 and was acting dean in the fall of 2006. He is currently an institute fellow at the American Institutes for Research, a senior affiliate at the Urban Institute, a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, and a research affiliate of the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. He has also been a faculty director of the Georgetown Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy. Prior to coming to Georgetown, Dr. Holzer served as chief economist for the U.S. Department of Labor and professor of economics at Michigan State University. He was a visiting scholar at the Russell Sage Foundation in 1995 and a faculty research fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Throughout most of Dr. Holzerâs career, his research has focused primarily on the low-wage labor market, particularly the problems of minority workers in urban areas. In recent years, he has worked on the quality of jobs as well as workers in the labor market, and on how job quality affects the employment prospects of the disadvantaged, as well as worker inequality more broadly. He has also written extensively about the employment problems of disadvantaged men, advancement prospects for the working poor, welfare reform, and workforce policy. His current research focuses on disadvantaged students at college and how to improve their academic and employment outcomes. His latest book, Making College Work (with Sandy Baum), is forthcoming from Brookings Press in 2017. Dr. Holzer teaches graduate courses in public policy and statistical methods for program and policy evaluation at the McCourt School, as well as courses on antipoverty policy and on labor market policy. He received his B.A. (1978) and Ph.D. (1983) from Harvard University. Francine Lawrence was elected executive vice president of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) by a unanimous vote of the AFT executive council and assumed the responsibilities of the office in September 2011. She ran for reelection in 2012 and served as executive vice president of AFT through July 2014. From 1997 to 2011, Ms. Lawrence was president of the 3,000- member Toledo (Ohio) Federation of Teachers, where she led contract negotiations that focused on what matters most: student achievement. She co- chaired the union and districtâs Intern Board of Review, which oversees Toledoâs peer assistance and review plan; the Toledo plan serves as an example of school reform that works. As AFT executive vice president, she coordinated AFTâs Program Policy Councils for Teachers, Healthcare, Higher Education, Paraprofessionals and School-related Personnel (PSRP), Public Employees, and Retirees. She guided the development of AFTâs new LEAD initiative, focused
APPENDIX B 229 on leadership education and development. She also led AFTâs Teacher Preparation Task Force and Small Local Union Task Force. Ms. Lawrence was a member of the Albert Shanker Institute and AFT Innovation Fund governing boards. She served as treasurer of the AFL-CIO Department for Professional Employees. She served on the United Way USA Board of Trustees and also served on and chaired the Learning First Allianceâa partnership of 17 national education associations dedicated to improving student learning in Americaâs public schools. Jennifer McNelly serves as president of 180 Skills, LLC, an online technical education experience supporting the nationâs manufacturers. 180 Skills offers the only industry-defined, competency-based, high-quality, low-cost solution to advance the manufacturing workforce. Ms. McNelly has extensive experience in workforce development, employer engagement, and business. Prior to joining 180 Skills, Ms. McNelly was president and executive director of The Manufacturing Institute, the nonprofit affiliate of the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM), where she advanced a national agenda to close the manufacturing skills gap and make manufacturers in America globally competitive. She is a proven leader at the Institute as the chief architect of one of the organization's flagship initiatives, the NAM-Endorsed Manufacturing Skills Certification System. Ms. McNelly is a member of the Senior Executive Service (SES) and served as an administrator for the U.S. Department of Laborâs (DOL) Employment and Training Administration. Her strong private-sector experience includes serving as senior vice president of Strategic Partnerships, LLC, an international consulting firm specializing in helping Fortune 500 corporations build strategic partnerships with government agencies in support of workforce development. In 2012, Ms. McNelly was recognized as one of the 100 inaugural Women in STEM. She is the immediate past chair of the World Economic Forumâs Global Agenda Council on Advanced Manufacturing. She previously served as a member of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Personnel Certification Accreditation Committee, the Precision Metalforming Association (PMA) Education Foundation, and the SME Education Foundation Board. Elizabeth Mertz is an associate professor at the University of California, San Francisco, with a joint appointment in the Department of Preventive and Restorative Dental Sciences, School of Dentistry, and in the Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing. She is affiliated with Healthforce Center, the Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies, and the Center to Address Disparities in Childrenâs Oral Health (CANDO).
230 BUILDING AMERICAâS SKILLED TECHNICAL WORKFORCE Dr. Mertz has researched, published, and lectured on a broad range of health professions workforce policy and analysis issues, including supply and demand of providers, health care regulation, state and federal workforce policy, access to care, and evolving professional practice models. She has served on a number of advisory and planning committees for organizations such as the Health Resources and Services Administration, the California HealthCare Foundation, the San Francisco Foundation, and the Institute of Medicine. She is the principal investigator on multiple research grants, including a National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded evaluation of standardized preventive care to reduce dental disparities in children, a set of studies on workforce diversity in dentistry, and a national center for Oral Health Workforce Research. Dr. Mertz holds a B.A. from the University of Southern California, an M.A. from the Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota, and a Ph.D. in medical sociology from the University of California, San Francisco. Paul Osterman is Nanyang Technological University (NTU) professor of human resources and management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Sloan School of Management, as well as a member of the Department of Urban Planning at MIT. From July 2003 to June 2007, he also served as deputy dean at the Sloan School. His research concerns changes in work organization within companies, career patterns and processes within firms, economic development, urban poverty, and public policy surrounding skills training and employment programs. Dr. Osterman has been a senior administrator of job training programs for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and has consulted widely for government agencies, foundations, community groups, firms, and public interest organizations. His most recent book is Good Jobs America: Making Work Better for Everyone (Russell Sage, 2011). Other recent books include The Truth about Middle Managers: Who They Are, How They Work, How They Matter (Harvard Business School Press, 2009); Gathering Power: The Future of Progressive Politics in America (Beacon Press, 2003); Securing Prosperity: The American Labor Market: How It Has Changed and What to Do about It (Princeton University Press, 1999); and Working in America: A Blueprint for the New Labor Market (MIT Press, 2001). Dr. Osterman is also the author of Employment Futures: Reorganization, Dislocation, and Public Policy; Getting Started: The Youth Labor Market; The Mutual Gains Enterprise: Forging a Winning Partnership among Labor, Management, and Government; and Change at Work. He is the editor of two books, Internal Labor Markets and Broken Ladders: Managerial Careers in the New Economy. In addition, he has written numerous academic journal articles and policy issue papers on such topics as
APPENDIX B 231 labor market policy, the organization of work within firms, careers, job training programs, economic development, and antipoverty programs. Annette Parker is president of South Central College in North Mankato, Minnesota. In September 2013, she was selected to be on the Presidentâs Advanced Manufacturing Partnership Steering Committee. Dr. Parker was one of 19 industry, academia, and labor executives selected, including co-chairs Andrew Liveris, president, chairman, and CEO of Dow Chemical; and Rafael Reif, president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Together, they were charged with identifying policies and initiatives that lead to the creation of high-quality manufacturing jobs. Prior to moving to Minnesota, Dr. Parker worked for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System (KCTCS), where she served as system director for the National Center of Excellence in Advanced Automotive Manufacturing. The objective of this organization was to create a national, standardized curriculum that supported the needs of automotive manufacturers in 12 states. Dr. Parker brought colleges together with major automakers such as Toyota, Honda, Ford, GM, and BMW to form the standards. The Center later was recognized by the National Governors Association as a national best practice. Prior to her position at KCTCS, Dr. Parker served as department chair of Manufacturing Engineering Technologies at Lansing Community College in Michigan, where skilled workers were in extremely high demand. GM had committed to building two new assembly plants in the area and needed workers in robotics and automation. The college responded by launching a $48 million campus dedicated to supporting advanced manufacturing. Dr. Parker herself is a product of on-the-job training combined with higher education. After high school, she spent 11 years working at GM before pursuing an associateâs degree in industrial drafting from Lansing Community College. She then continued her education, earning bachelorâs and masterâs degrees in technical education from Ferris State University in Michigan and a Ph.D. in educational leadership from Western Kentucky University. Susan Sclafani is retired from the Pearson Foundation, which she joined in January 2011 as vice president of programs. Previously, she served as director of state services at the National Center on Education and the Economy. Before that, she was with Chartwell Education Group, an international consulting group. She also served as assistant secretary of education for vocational and adult education from 2003 to 2005 in the U.S. Department of Education (ED). Earlier, Dr. Sclafani was counselor to U.S. Secretary of Education Rod Paige, serving as the U.S. representative to both the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation.
232 BUILDING AMERICAâS SKILLED TECHNICAL WORKFORCE Dr. Sclafaniâs passion for the task of promoting and ensuring the highest standards in education was well demonstrated during her tenure at ED. Among the highlights of her tenure there was the leadership role she played in the creation of the Mathematics and Science Initiative (MSI) to focus attention on the importance of mathematics and science in the education of all students. MSI emphasized the need for teachers knowledgeable in math and science at every level of schooling and the importance of further research in both areas. Dr. Sclafaniâs international work led to her leadership of the joint E-Language Learning Project with the Chinese Ministry of Education. She also led EDâs High School Redesign Initiative to better prepare students for 21st-century education and training and the workplace. Prior to serving at ED, Dr. Sclafani was chief academic officer of the Houston Independent School District in Texas, one of the nationâs largest urban school districts. In that capacity, she focused on a number of areas, including technology, curriculum development, mathematics and science initiatives, and construction management. She also has extensive state education and business experience. Dr. Sclafani earned a bachelorâs degree at Vassar College, a masterâs degree in Germanic languages and literature at the University of Chicago, and a master of education degree and Ph.D. in educational administration at the University of Texas, Austin. Mark Tomkins is president and CEO of the German American Chamber of Commerce of the Midwest (GACC Midwest), where in addition to his roles in building bilateral trade and investment between the United States and Germany, he has led GACC Midwest's Skills Initiative to expand the German dual- education model of workforce development in the Midwest and throughout the United States. This has included supporting the creation and ongoing implementation of the Michigan Advanced Technician Training (MAT2) program and initiating the Industry Consortium for Advanced Technical Training (ICATT), which is currently operating in Illinois and Wisconsin. These are the first programs of their kind, where apprentices receive both an associatesâ degree and a German DIHK certification in various professions, such as mechatronics, industrial maintenance, and product design and visualization, while completing apprenticeships registered to U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) standards. GACC Midwest supports additional training programs at companies in more than 10 states. GACC Midwestâs efforts have received recognition from the U.S. DOL, National Governors Association, Wall Street Journal, German Federal Government, and many others.
APPENDIX B 233 Mr. Tomkins is a frequent speaker in the United States and abroad on topics relating to workforce and economic development. Prior to joining GACC Midwest in 2006, he spent more than a decade in various roles of international trade and economic development.