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New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment (2016)

Chapter: Appendix C: Acronyms

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
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C

Acronyms

AAAC Astronomy and Astrophysics Advisory Committee
AAG Astronomy and Astrophysics Research Grant
ACT Atacama Cosmology Telescope
ACTA Atmospheric erenkov Telescope Array
ACTpol Atacama Cosmology Telescope polarization sensitive receiver
ADAP Astrophysics Data Analysis Program
ADMX Axion Dark Matter Experiment
AdvACT Advanced Atacama Cosmology Telescope
AFTA Astrophysics Focused Telescope Assets
AGILE Astro-Rivelatore Gamma a Immagini Leggero
AGIS Advanced Gamma ray Imaging System
ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter Array
AMS Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer
ANITA Antarctic Impulse Transient Antenna
AO Announcement of Opportunity
APOGEE Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment
APRA Astronomy and Physics Research and Analysis
APS Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences
ARA Askaryan Radio Array
ARIANNA Antarctic Ross Iceshelf Antenna Neutrino Array
ART-XC Astronomical Roentgen Telescope X-ray Concentrator
ASAS-SN All Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae
ATI Advanced Technologies and Instrumentation
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
ATP Astrophysics Theory Program
AU Astronomical Unit
AUI Associated Universites, Inc.

BAO

baryon acoustic oscillation

BICEP Background Imaging of Cosmic Extragalactic Polarization
BigBOSS Big Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey
BOSS Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey

CAA

Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics

CALET CALorimetric Electron Telescope
CARMA Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy
CASS Cranfield Astrobiological Stratospheric Sampling
CATE Cost and Technical Evaluation
CCAT Cerro Chajnantor Atacama Telescope
CCD charge-coupled device
CMB Cosmic microwave background
CSO Caltech Submillimeter Observatory
CTA Cerenkov Telescope Array

DES

Dark Energy Survey

DESI Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument
DKIST Daniel K. Inouye Solar Telescope
DOE Department of Energy
DRM Design Reference Mission
DSIAC Decadal Survey Implementation Advisory Committee

EBEX

E and B Experiment

eBOSS Extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey
E-ELT European Extremely Large Telescope
EHT Event Horizon Telescope
eLISA Evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
ELT Extremely Large Telescope
ESA European Space Agency
ESO European Southern Observatory

FASR

Frequency Agile Solar Radiotelescope

FAST Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer
FY fiscal year
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
GBT Green Bank Telescope
GMT Giant Magellan Telescope
GO Guest Observer
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
GSMT Giant Segmented Mirror Telescope
GUSTO Gal/Xray U/LDB Spectroscopic Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory

HAWC

High-Altitude Water Cherenkov Observatory

HEPAP High Energy Physics Advisory Panel
HERA Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array
HESS High Energy Stereoscopic System
HSC Subaru Hyper-Suprime Camera
HST Hubble Space Telescope

IDRM

Interim Design Reference Mission

IFU integral field unit
IPTD Inflation Probe Technology Development
ISG Infrastructure Study Group
ISS International Space Station
ISS-CREAM ISS-Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass
IXO International X-ray Observatory

JAXA

Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

JDEM-Omega Joint Dark Energy Mission Omega
JUICE JUpiter ICy moons Explorer
JVLA Jansky Very Large Array (formerly the VLA)
JWST James Webb Space Telescope

KAGRA

Kamioka Gravitational Wave Detector

KDP-A Key Decision Point A
KPNO Kitt Peak National Observatory

LBO

Long Baseline Observatory

LHC Large Hadron Collider
LIGO Advanced Laser Interferometry Gravitational-wave Observatory
LISA Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
LiteBIRD Light [Lite] satellite for the studies of B-mode polarization and Inflation from cosmic background Radiation Detection
LMT Large Millimeter Telescope
LPF LISA Pathfinder
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
LSST Large Synoptic Survey Telescope
LTSA Long Term Space Astrophysics
LUX-ZEPLIN Large Underground Xenon-ZonEd Proportional scintillation in LIquid Noble gases

MAGIC

Major Atmospheric Gamma Imaging Cherenkov Observatory

MIDEX Medium-Class Explorer
MoO Mission of Opportunity
MREFC Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction
MSIP Mid-Scale Innovations Program
MWA Murchison Widefield Array

NANOGrav

North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASA-APD NASA Astrophysics Division
NICER Neutron-star Interior Composition Explorer
NOAO National Optical Astronomy Observatory
NRAO National Radio Astronomy Observatory
NRC National Research Council
NRO National Reconnaissance Office
NSF National Science Foundation
NSF-AST NSF Division of Astronomical Sciences
NSF-PHY NSF Division of Physics
NuSTAR Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array
NWNH New Worlds, New Horizons
NWTD New Worlds Technology Development

OIR

Optical and Infrared Astronomy

ORM Roque de los Muchachos Observatory
OSS Origins of Solar Systems

P5

Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel

PAMELA Payload for Antimatter/Matter Exploration and Light-nuclei Astrophysics
Pan-STARRS Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System
PAPER Precision Array to Probe Epoch of Reionization
PI principal investigator
PIPER Primordial Inflation Polarization Explorer
PPP Project Prioritization Panels
PRAXyS Polarimeter for Relativistic Astrophysical X-ray Sources
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
PTF Palomar Transient Factory

ReSTAR

Renewing Small Telescopes

RFI Request for Information

SAT

Strategic Astrophysics Technology

SDSS Sloan Digital Sky Survey
SDT Science Definition Team
SFP Science Frontier Panel
SKA Square Kilometer Array
SMEX Small Explorer
SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
SPHEREx all-sky near IR spectral survey
SPICA Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics
SPT South Pole Telescope
SPT3G South Pole Telescope 3rd Generation
SPTpol South Pole Telescope polarization instrument
SQUID Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices
Super-CDMS Super Cryogenic Dark Matter Search
Super-TIGER Super Trans-Iron Galactic Element Recorder

TA

Telescope Array

TCAN Theoretical and Computational Astrophysics Networks
TESS Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite
TMT Thirty Meter Telescope
TRL technology readiness level
TSIP Telescope Systems Instrumentation Program

URO

University Radio Observatories

UV ultraviolet

VERITAS

Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System

VLA Very Large Array
VLBA Very Long Baseline Array
VLT Very Large Telescope

WFC3

Wide Field Camera 3

WFIRST Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope
WIMP weakly interacting massive particle
WIYN Wisconsin/Indiana/Yale/NOAO Telescope
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
WMAP Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe

XMM

NASA’s X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission

XMM-Newton European Space Agency’s X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission
XRP Exoplanet Research Program (formerly OSS)
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
Page 107
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
Page 108
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
Page 109
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
Page 110
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
Page 111
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23560.
×
Page 112
Next: Appendix D: Biographies of Committee Members and Staff »
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New Worlds, New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics (NWNH), the report of the 2010 decadal survey of astronomy and astrophysics, put forward a vision for a decade of transformative exploration at the frontiers of astrophysics. This vision included mapping the first stars and galaxies as they emerge from the collapse of dark matter and cold clumps of hydrogen, finding new worlds in a startlingly diverse population of extrasolar planets, and exploiting the vastness and extreme conditions of the universe to reveal new information about the fundamental laws of nature. NWNH outlined a compelling program for understanding the cosmic order and for opening new fields of inquiry through the discovery areas of gravitational waves, time-domain astronomy, and habitable planets. Many of these discoveries are likely to be enabled by cyber-discovery and the power of mathematics, physics, and imagination. To help realize this vision, NWNH recommended a suite of innovative and powerful facilities, along with balanced, strong support for the scientific community engaged in theory, data analysis, technology development, and measurements with existing and new instrumentation. Already in the first half of the decade, scientists and teams of scientists working with these cutting-edge instruments and with new capabilities in data collection and analysis have made spectacular discoveries that advance the NWNH vision.

New Worlds, New Horizons: A Midterm Assessment reviews the responses of NASA's Astrophysics program, NSF's Astronomy program, and DOE's Cosmic Frontiers program to NWNH. This report describes the most significant scientific discoveries, technical advances, and relevant programmatic changes in astronomy and astrophysics over the years since the publication of the decadal survey, and assesses how well the Agencies' programs address the strategies, goals, and priorities outlined in the 2010 decadal survey.

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