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Triennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative (2016)

Chapter: Appendix D: List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Triennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23603.
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D

List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation

TABLE D.1 Programs, by Country, That Promote the Return of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Talent Back to Their Home Country

Country Program Program Description
Argentina R@ICES A program under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Productive Innovation of Argentina. The goals of the program are to strengthen the link between Argentine researchers in the country and abroad, bring Argentines abroad back to Argentina to develop research, and implement retention policies that promote the return of Argentines.
Bavaria Return to Bavaria Sponsored by the Bavarian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Media, Energy and Technology, the program was initiated in 2012 to motivate Bavarian and German professions to return home.
Brazil Science Without Borders “Young Talent Program” (i.e., Jovens Talentos) A joint effort from Brazil’s Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Technology, the program aims to (1) place 100,000 Brazilian students and researchers in top universities worldwide by 2014 and (2) to attract talented young researchers from outside the country, especially Brazilians, to Brazil.
Chile Start-up Chile Program started by the Chilean government in 2010 to attract early stage entrepreneurs to build their startup companies in Chile.
China 1000 Talents Program Launched by the Central Organization Department of the Chinese Communist Party in 2008, the program aims to recruit 1,000 outside Chinese talents to return to China.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Triennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23603.
×
Country Program Program Description
Europe Horizon 2020 Commencing in 2014, Horizon 2020 is an initiative aimed at securing Europe’s global competitiveness. There are many different programs (e.g., European Research Council Starting Grants, European Research Council Advanced Grants, Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions Program, etc.) that facilitate the return of young European scientists back to Europe.
Germany German Academic International Network (GAIN) Created by the Deutscher Akademischer Austausch Dienst (i.e., German Academic Exchange Service) in cooperation with the German Research Foundation and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, the program provides support, networking opportunities, workshops, and job postings for German scholars and scientists working in North America. GAIN promotes the dissemination of information across the Atlantic and prepares German scientists to return to Germany.
Israel Gvahim Initiated in 2006, this nongovernmental organization promotes Israel’s “Brain Bain” efforts by offering highly-skilled Olim with opportunities and networking in Israel.
Italy Dulbecco Telethon Institute Founded in 1999, the institute provides funding to early stage researchers who work on human genetic diseases.
Moldova Gsorm Gala Studenilor Moldovan students abroad competed in the competition “Academic Excellence Moldova.” The program encourages Moldovan students abroad to return to Moldova.
Portugal Cienca 2007 An international call for 1,000 post-doctoral research positions, both Portuguese and foreign nationals, at Portuguese scientific institutions. The program was launched and closed in 2007.
Russia Mega Grant (i.e., Resolution No. 220) Launched in 2010 by the Government of the Russian Federation, the program provides grants of up to $5 million USD to conduct research in Russia. The program hopes to bring Russian scientists residing abroad as well as foreign scientists to Russian institutions.
South Korea Brain Return 500 Established by the Institute for Basic Science, the goal of the program is to attract 500 talented young scholars and scientists back to South Korea by 2017.
Spain Spanish Ramón y Cajal Program Funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, the program provides financial support to PhD researchers for a period of 5 years
Sub-Saharan Africa Homecoming Revolution Started in 2003, the goal of Homecoming Revolution is to bring highly skilled Africans back to their homelands.
Sweden Study in Sweden Swedish Institute The institute is a public agency that provides grants to researchers around the world in order to establish cooperating and lasting relations with other countries. A variety of programs and grants are available depending on the applicant’s nationality.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Triennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23603.
×
Country Program Program Description
Thailand Reverse Brain Drain (RBD) The RBD initiative by Thailand’s National Science and Technology Development Agency began in 1990. Initially, the primary goal of the initiative was to promote the permanent return of overseas Thai professionals. In 1997, the RBD’s main objective shifted to the promotion of temporary returns of science and technology professionals. As of 2007, RBD promotes the brain circulation of Thai professionals overseas.
Turkey 2232 Repatriation Research Scholarship Program Enacted by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, the program encourages the return of successful Turkish researchers from abroad to continue their work in their home country.

SOURCE: X. Han, H. Stocking, M. Gebbie, and R. Appelbaum, 2015, Will they stay or will they go? International graduate students and their decisions to stay or leave the US upon graduation, PLoS One, http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0118183.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Triennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23603.
×
Page 113
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Triennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23603.
×
Page 114
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: List of International Programs That Promote STEM Repatriation." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Triennial Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23603.
×
Page 115
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Nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, often referred to simply as “nanotechnology,” is the understanding, characterization, and control of matter at the scale of nanometers, the dimension of atoms and molecules. Advances in nanotechnology promise new materials and structures that are the basis of solutions, for example, for improving human health, optimizing available energy and water resources, supporting a vibrant economy, raising the standard of living, and increasing national security.

Established in 2001, the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is a coordinated, multiagency effort with the mission to expedite the discovery, development, and deployment of nanoscale science and technology to serve the public good. This report is the latest triennial review of the NNI called for by the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act of 2003. It examines and comments on the mechanisms in use by the NNI to advance focused areas of nanotechnology towards advanced development and commercialization and on the physical and human infrastructure needs for successful realization in the United States of the benefits of nanotechnology development.

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