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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
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F

Acronyms

ACE Advanced Composition Explorer
ACRIMSAT Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite
ACS Advanced Camera for Surveys
AIM Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere
APL Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory
ARTEMIS Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence and Electrodynamics of the Moon’s Interaction with the Sun
ASD Astrophysics Division
ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer
CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation
Caltech California Institute of Technology
CHIPS Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer
CINDI Coupled Ion Neutral Dynamic Investigation
CO carbon monoxide
COS Cosmic Origins Spectrograph
COSTAR Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement
CXC Chandra X-Ray Center
DSN Deep Space Network
EO-1 Earth Observing-One Mission
EOS Earth Observation System
EPOXI Extrasolar Planet Observation and Deep Impact Extended Investigation
ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment
ERBS Earth Radiation Budget Satellite
ESA European Space Agency
ESD Earth Science Division
ESS Earth System Science
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
×
EUVE Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer
FAST Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer
FGS Fine Guidance Sensor
FOC Faint Object Camera
FOS Faint Object Spectrograph
FUSE Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer
FY fiscal year
GALEX Galaxy Evolution Explorer
Geotail Geomagnetic Tail Lab
GHRS Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph
GPS Science Global Positioning System Science
GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment
GRACE-FO Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment Follow-On
GRAIL Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
HD Heliophysics Division
HiRISE High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment
HSO Heliophysics System Observatory
HSP High Speed Photometer
HST Hubble Space Telescope
IBEX Interstellar Boundary Explorer
ICE International Cometary Explorer
ICESat Ice, Cloud, and Lade Elevation Satellite
IMAGE Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration
INTEGRAL International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory
IRIS Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph
ISEE-3 International Earth-Sun Explorer-3
IUE International Ultraviolet Explorer
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JWST James Webb Space Telescope
LAGEOS Laser Geodynamics Satellites
LRO Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
LROC Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera
MAVEN Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution
MaxWISE Refers to a proposed Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer mission
MER Mars Exploration Rover
MESSENGER Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and Ranging
MGS Mars Global Surveyor
MIDEX Medium-class Explorer
MISR Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MMS Magnetospheric Multiscale
MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
×
MOPITT Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere
MRO Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
MSL Mars Science Laboratory
NAC Narrow-Angle Camera
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NEN Near Earth Network
NEO near Earth object
NEOWISE Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer
NICMOS Near Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NPR NASA Procedural Requirement
NRC National Research Council
NuSTAR Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array
O3 ozone
OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission
PI principal investigator
PPBE Planning, Programming, Budget and Execution
PSD Planetary Science Division
QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer
R&A research and analysis
RapidScat Rapid Scatterometer
RHESSI Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager
ROSES Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences
RSL recurring slope lineae
RXTE Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer
SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment
SAMPEX Solar, Anomalous, and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer
SDO Solar Dynamics Observatory
SM Servicing Mission
SMD Science Mission Directorate
SMEX Small Explorer
SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory
SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment
SSR Solid State Recorder
Stardust-NExT Stardust New Exploration of Tempel 1
STEREO Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory
STIS Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph
Suomi NPP Suomi National Polar orbiting Partnership, formerly the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Preparatory Project or NPP
TDE tidal disruption event
THEMIS Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms
TIM Total Irradiance Monitor
TIMED Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
×
TOMS Total Ozone Mapping
TRACE Transition Region and Coronal Explorer
TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission
TWINS Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers
UARS Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite
WFC Wide Field Camera
WFIRST Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope
WFPC Wide Field and Planetary Camera
WISE Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer
WMAP Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe
XMM-Newton X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission-Newton
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
×
Page 81
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
×
Page 82
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
×
Page 83
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23624.
×
Page 84
Extending Science: NASA's Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process Get This Book
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NASA operates a large number of space science missions, approximately three-quarters of which are currently in their extended operations phase. They represent not only a majority of operational space science missions, but a substantial national investment and vital national assets. They are tremendously scientifically productive, making many of the major discoveries that are reported in the media and that rewrite textbooks.

Extending Science – NASA’s Space Science Mission Extensions and the Senior Review Process evaluates the scientific benefits of missions extensions, the current process for extending missions, the current biennial requirement for senior reviews of mission extensions, the balance between starting new missions and extending operating missions, and potential innovative cost-reduction proposals for extended missions, and makes recommendations based on this review.

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