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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

A Vision for the Future of Center-Based
Multidisciplinary Engineering Research

Proceedings of a Symposium

Joe Alper, Rapporteur

National Materials and Manufacturing Board

Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

National Academy of Engineering

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

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This activity was supported by Contract No. 10002530 and Award No. EFMA-1539798 with the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication and do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

Digital Object Identifier: 10.17226/23645

Copyright 2016 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi:10.17226/23645.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

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Reports document the evidence-based consensus of an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and committee deliberations. Reports are peer reviewed and are approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

COMMITTEE ON A VISION FOR THE FUTURE OF CENTER-BASED MULTIDISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING RESEARCH

MAXINE L. SAVITZ, NAE,1 Honeywell, Inc. (retired), Co-Chair

DAVID R. WALT, NAE, Tufts University, Co-Chair

NADINE AUBRY, Northeastern University

CHERYL R. BLANCHARD, NAE, MicroCHIPS, Inc.

ROBERT D. BRAUN, NAE, Georgia Institute of Technology

CURTIS R. CARLSON, SRI International

JIM C.I. CHANG, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

MARTHA N. CYR, Worecester Polytechnic Institute

MIKE GREGORY, University of Cambridge

WILLIAM C. HARRIS, Science Foundation Arizona

FRED C. LEE, NAE, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

PHILIP M. NECHES, NAE, Teradata Corporation

MONICA OLVERA DE LA CRUZ, NAS,2 Northwestern University

DARRYLL J. PINES, University of Maryland

RICHARD RASHID, NAE, Microsoft Research

S. SHANKAR SASTRY, NAE, University of California, Berkeley

EDWIN L. THOMAS, NAE, Rice University

KARAN L. WATSON, Texas A&M University

YANNIS YORTSOS, NAE, University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering

Staff

GREG EYRING, Senior Program Officer, National Materials and Manufacturing Board (NMMB)

NEERAJ GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer, NMMB

HENRY KO, Research Assistant, NMMB

JAMES LANCASTER, Acting Director, NMMB

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant, NMMB

MARIBETH KEITZ, Senior Program Associate, National Academy of Engineering

GREG PEARSON, Senior Program Officer, National Academy of Engineering

PROCTOR REID, Director, National Academy of Engineering Program Office

RICHARD ROWBERG, Deputy Executive Director, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Consultant

JOE ALPER, Consulting Writer

__________________

1 Member of the National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member of the National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD

CELIA MERZBACHER, Semiconductor Research Corporation, Chair

RODNEY C. ADKINS, NAE,1 IBM Corporate Strategy (retired)

MICHAEL I. BASKES, NAE, Bagley College of Engineering

JIM C. I. CHANG, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan

MALCOLM CHISHOLM, NAS,2 Ohio State University

LEO CHRISTODOULOU, Boeing, Inc.

JACK HU, NAE, University of Michigan

SANDRA L. HYLAND, Consultant

MICHAEL F. MCGRATH, McGrath Analytics, LLC

ROBERT MILLER, IBM Almaden Research Center

EDWARD MORRIS, NCDMM, NAMII

NICHOLAS A. PEPPAS, NAE/NAM,3 University of Texas, Austin

F. STAN SETTLES, University of Southern California

HAYDN WADLEY, University of Virginia

BEN WANG, Georgia Institute of Technology

STEVE ZINKLE, NAE, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Staff

JAMES LANCASTER, Acting Director

ERIK B. SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer

NEERAJ GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer

HENRY KO, Research Assistant

JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant

__________________

1 Member of the National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member of the National Academy of Sciences.

3 Member of the National Academy of Medicine.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

Acknowledgments

This proceedings has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

Ann L. Lee, Genentech,

Thomas Litzinger, Pennsylvania State University,

Vilas Mujumdar, Consulting Engineer, Vienna, Virginia,

Robert M. Nerem, Georgia Institute of Technology, and

Julia M. Phillips, Sandia National Laboratories.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the proceedings before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Arden L. Bement, Jr., Purdue University, who was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this proceedings rests entirely with the author and the institution.

The symposium presentations were both interesting and stimulating, and thanks go to each of the speakers for their time and effort. Speakers, in alphabetical order, were Katherine Banks, Andreas Cangellaris, Jean-Lou Chameau, Dean Chang, France Córdova, Frederic Farina, Orin Herskowitz, John Holdren, Arvind Krishna, Richard Miller, Eoin O’Sullivan, David Parekh, Thomas Siebel, and Kelly O. Sullivan.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

Acronyms and Abbreviations

AUTM Association of University Technology Managers
DOE Department of Energy
ERC Engineering Research Center
ERIC Engineering Research and I-Corps Center
FY fiscal year
I-Corps Innovation Corps
MID multi-interdisciplinary center
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NAE National Academy of Engineering
NSF National Science Foundation
OSTP White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
PCAST President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology
PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
R&D research and development
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23645.
×
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A Vision for the Future of Center-Based Multidisciplinary Engineering Research: Proceedings of a Symposium Get This Book
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Out of concern for the state of engineering in the United States, the National Science Foundation (NSF) created the Engineering Research Centers (ERCs) with the goal of improving engineering research and education and helping to keep the United States competitive in global markets. Since the ERC program’s inception in 1985, NSF has funded 67 ERCs across the United States. NSF funds each ERC for up to 10 years, during which time the centers build robust partnerships with industry, universities, and other government entities that can ideally sustain them upon graduation from NSF support.

To ensure that the ERCs continue to be a source of innovation, economic development, and educational excellence, NSF commissioned the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a 1-day symposium in April 2016. This event featured four plenary panel presentations on: the evolving global context for center-based engineering research, trends in undergraduate and graduate engineering education, new directions in university-industry interaction, and emerging best practices in translating university research into innovation. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the symposium.

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