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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
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Appendix

Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

MARK J. LEWIS, Chair, is director of the Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI) at the Institute for Defense Analyses. He went to the STPI directorship from the University of Maryland, College Park, where he was the Willis Young Professor and chair of the Aerospace Engineering Department. He was chief scientist of the U.S. Air Force in 2004 and held this position until 2008, making him the longest-serving chief scientist in Air Force history. During his tenure as chief scientist, Dr. Lewis expanded basic research support; focused efforts on high-speed flight, sustainment, launch vehicle technologies, and operational space; established major international programs; and was a coauthor of the Presidential National Aeronautics Executive Order. Dr. Lewis is the author of some 300 technical publications and is active in national and international professional societies with responsibilities for research and educational policy and support. His research has contributed directly to several programs in the areas of high-speed vehicle and aircraft design. Dr. Lewis is a member of the Air Force Studies Board and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, as well as the Space Technology Round Table. In addition to his service on various advisory boards, he also served as the president of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). Dr. Lewis holds bachelor degrees in Earth and planetary science and a bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate of science in aeronautics and astronautics, all from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

THOMAS R. BUSSING is vice president of the Advanced Missile Systems (AMS), Raytheon. Before joining Raytheon in 2010 as deputy of AMS, Dr. Bussing served

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Tactical Technology Office. In that position, he acted as a government venture capitalist responsible for establishing and building virtual companies around enabling technologies and funded programs. While at DARPA, he established programs with a combined value exceeding $400 million. Previously, Dr. Bussing was general manager of Pratt & Whitney’s Seattle Aerosciences Center and Pulsedyne, where he was responsible for all financial and technical oversight of the two subsidiaries of the United Technologies Corporation. Before joining Pratt & Whitney, Dr. Bussing was vice president/general manager with Adroit Systems, Inc., where he was responsible for conceiving, developing, managing, securing capital, managing finances, executing programs, negotiating deals, and transitioning key technologies/products to the Department of Defense (DoD). He started his career in the defense industry in 1985 with Boeing, where he served on several programs, including the national aerospace plane program, the Boeing 777 program, and various classified programs. Dr. Bussing has a bachelor of science with honors in mechanical engineering from McGill University and a master’s degree and Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from MIT. He has been awarded 14 U.S. patents and more than 30 international patents. Dr. Bussing was elected on October 1, 2010, as a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (SAB). He was a member of the 2011 SAB summer study committee evaluating Air Force munitions requirements for 2025 and beyond.

RICHARD P. HALLION received his B.A. and Ph.D. in history from the University of Maryland. He also graduated from executive training programs at the Federal Executive Institute and the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Dr. Hallion has been a curator at the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution; a historian with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the U.S. Air Force; a policy analyst for the Secretary of the Air Force; senior adviser for air and space issues for the Air Force’s Directorate for Security, Counterintelligence, and Special Programs; and special adviser for aerospace technology for the Air Force chief scientist. He also serves as a research associate in aeronautics for the National Air and Space Museum and is a member of the board of trustees of Florida Polytechnic University. He is a fellow of the AIAA, the Royal Aeronautical Society, and the Royal Historical Society.

TERRY J. JAGGERS is chief scientist at Decisive Analytics Corporation. Mr. Jaggers is a former Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering (DASD/SE) and former Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Science, Technology and Engineering. He graduated from the Industrial College of the Armed Forces with a master’s degree in national security, the Florida Institute of Technology with a master’s degree in business administration, the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, with a bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering,

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

and Western Illinois University with a bachelor’s degree in mathematics. He serves on numerous professional societies and advisory boards, including the University of Illinois Aerospace Engineering Department, the University of Maryland System Research Institute, and the Institute for Defense Analyses’ STPI, where he provides science, technology, engineering, and mathematics workforce advice to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Mr. Jaggers is the owner and president of Excela Ventures Group, which provides technical and management consultation to select national security clients. As chief scientist at Decisive Analytics, he provides strategic advice on systems engineering for major defense acquisition programs, the application of target discrimination algorithms for missile defense, battle space awareness, and space situational awareness. Prior to this, he was the director for the Air Force Studies Board and Intelligence Community Programs at the National Academies, where he led experts and staff to develop unclassified and classified study reports on a host of strategic national security topics for senior Air Force and Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Mr. Jaggers has been responsible for overseeing the Air Force Research Laboratory’s X-51 hypersonic program, launching the inaugural defense against high-speed weapons workshop at the National Academies, participating in a review of U.S. hypersonic test infrastructure for the DoD, and deploying algorithms for real-time joint battle space awareness and fusion of intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.

ERIC D. KNUTSON is director of Lockheed Martin Corporation, Skunk Works—Advanced Projects. He is responsible for maturing seedling programs through executable production programs of both prototype and operationally capable product lines. This is inclusive of all hypersonic vehicle programs such as HTV-2, high-speed programs such as RATTLRS, the UAS program, and classified efforts. Additional responsibilities are the creation and deployment of program management processes and leadership development throughout Advanced Development Programs (Skunk Works) distributed sites. He is responsible for the execution of classified prototype and production programs. His primary focus area is the inception, creation, design, fabrication, and fielding of specialized high-technology systems. In this role, he has created and produced 11 different aircraft systems that are currently operational and several additional systems that have been transferred to other areas of Lockheed Martin for continued production and operation. Additional contracts and technologies have been spun off of core work to create several projects and programs, one of which was nominated by the USAF for the Collier trophy award. The success of these programs has been pivotal in Skunk Works receiving the president’s National Medal for Innovation. Mr. Knutson is a recipient of a unit meritorious service award from the U.S. government and the Distinguished Engineering Achievement Award from the national Engineering Council. He was awarded Engineer of the Year and featured on the Military Channel’s “Skunk

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

Works” and Discovery Channel’s “Jet Engines.” He has an M.S. in aeronautics from Embry Riddle Aeronautical University.

RICHARD W. MIES (USN, Ret.) is CEO of The Mies Group, Ltd., and provides strategic planning and risk assessment advice and assistance to clients on international security, energy, defense, and maritime issues. A distinguished graduate of the Naval Academy, he completed a 35-year career as a nuclear submariner in the U.S. Navy and commanded U.S. Strategic Command for 4 years prior to retirement in 2002. Admiral Mies served as a senior vice president of the Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) as president and CEO of Hicks and Associates, Inc., a subsidiary of SAIC, from 2002 to 2007. He also served as chairman of the DoD Threat Reduction Advisory Committee from 2004 to 2010 and as chairman of the boards of the Navy Mutual Aid Association from 2003 to 2011 and the Naval Submarine League from 2007 to 2016. He presently serves as chairman of the Strategic Advisory Group of U.S. Strategic Command and is a member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academies, the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, the board of governors of Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); and the board of directors of BWX Technologies Company, Exelon Corporation, the U.S. Naval Academy Foundation, and the U.S. Naval Institute. He also serves on numerous other advisory boards. Admiral Mies completed postgraduate education at Oxford University, the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Harvard University. He holds a master’s degree in government administration and international business.

GARY O’CONNELL is a consultant/program manager at SAIC. Mr. O’Connell served as a Defense Intelligence senior leader in the position of chief scientist for the National Air and Space Intelligence Center, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. As chief scientist, he guided the 3,000-person center’s analytic production mission, ensuring timely delivery of relevant intelligence data products and services to Air Force and joint operational warfighters, acquisition and force modernization communities, and senior defense and intelligence community policymaking customers. Mr. O’Connell began his government career as a co-op student with the Naval Surface Weapons Center in Dahlgren, Virginia. Upon graduation from the University of Cincinnati, he started work as an air-to-air missile analyst for the Foreign Technology Division, now NASIC. Prior to his appointment as chief scientist, he was associate chief scientist of the Air and Electronics Directorate, NASIC. Mr. O’Connell received his B.S. in 1981 in aerospace engineering from the University of Cincinnati and an M.S. in aeronautical engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology in 1986. In 1997, he received an M.S. in national resource strategy from the Industrial

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

College of the Armed Forces, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C., and in 2004 completed the Intelligence Community Senior Leadership Program.

MALCOLM O’NEILL served as Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology); Army acquisition executive, and chief scientist of the Army. Previously, Dr. O’Neill was the chief technical officer of Lockheed Martin Corporation. He served 34 years in the U.S. Army, including two tours of duty in Vietnam. His assignments included DARPA project manager, Talon Gold Space Experiment; deputy project manager, NATO Patriot Air Defense System; project manager, Army Multiple Launch Rocket System; chief of staff, Army Missile Command; and commander of the Army Laboratory Command. He retired as an Army lieutenant general. In his last uniformed position he served as director of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (“Star Wars”). He holds a Ph.D. in physics from Rice University and is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.

BRIAN R. SHAW is dean of the School of Science and Technology Intelligence at the National Intelligence University in Washington, D.C. The school is the focus for science and technology (S&T) analytic education, research, and external engagement across the intelligence and international national security communities. He joined the university in 2007 to organize its S&T Intelligence program and developed and established the S&T School in 2010. The National Intelligence University was chartered by DoD in 1962, and the university’s degrees—the M.S. of strategic intelligence and the B.S. in intelligence—are authorized by Congress. Dr. Shaw received his B.S. from Western Michigan University in 1973, his M.S. from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 1975, and a Ph.D. from Syracuse University in 1978. His principal areas of study were geology and mathematics. After serving briefly as a lecturer at the University College at Syracuse University, he joined the petroleum industry in a variety of research, development, and exploration positions. He later formed and was the managing partner of an energy-consulting firm in Houston, Texas. In 1991, Dr. Shaw joined the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington, and Washington, D.C. He was a senior adviser in the Field Intelligence Element, where he managed several research and special programs. Dr. Shaw was appointed as Deputy National Intelligence Officer for Science and Technology to the National Intelligence Council. His primary research focus is on threats to national security arising from globalization of science and technology; evaluating disruptive consequences of adversarial technology adaptations; examining geostrategic resource issues; and identifying frameworks for effective collection, warning, and analysis.

SUZANNE VAUTRINOT (USAF, Ret.) is currently president of Kilovolt Consulting, Inc., a cybersecurity strategy and technology consulting firm located in San

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

Antonio, Texas. She retired from the U.S. Air Force in October 2013 after 31 years of distinguished service, including as major general and commander, 24th Air Force, Air Force Cyber and Air Force Network Operations from April 2011 to October 2013, where she oversaw a multibillion dollar cyber enterprise responsible for operating, extending, maintaining, and defending the Air Force portion of the DoD global network. General Vautrinot also served as director of plans and policy, U.S. Cyber Command and deputy commander, Network Warfare, U.S. Strategic Command (June 2008 to December 2010), and commander, Air Force Recruiting Service (July 2006 to June 2008). She has been awarded numerous medals and commendations, including the Defense Superior Service Medal and Distinguished Service Medal. General Vautrinot is a member of the board of directors of Wells Fargo, Battelle Board, Ecolab, Inc., Symantec Corporation, and Parsons Corporation. She earned her B.S. from the U.S. Air Force Academy and an M.S. in systems management from the University of Southern California and was a national security fellow at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

DAVID A. WHELAN is vice president of engineering with the Boeing Company, Defense, Space and Security. Dr. Whelan has responsibility to create, seek out, and explore new technology and business growth vectors for the Boeing Company. Boeing’s technology and systems span a wide range of government missions ranging from space systems, to airborne systems, to ground systems to undersea systems. Both manned and unmanned systems have been developed to solve Boeing’s customer challenges. Leveraging his in-depth knowledge of science, technology, systems, and future customer requirements, Dr. Whelan enables Boeing to find new solutions to the world’s most challenging problems. He serves as a member of the board of directors for Boeing’s Madrid Research and Technology Center and HRL Laboratories, the legacy research and development (R&D) laboratory of the former Hughes Aircraft Company, an LLC jointly owned by Boeing and GM. Prior assignments include vice president-general manager and deputy to the president of Boeing Phantom Works, the advanced R&D organization of Boeing; he started his career with Boeing as chief technology officer for its Space and Communications Group. Before joining Boeing, Dr. Whelan served as director of the Tactical Technology Office (SES-5) of DARPA. While at DARPA, he created many legacy joint programs with the Air Force, Navy, and Army, most notably the Discoverer II Space Radar Program, the Army’s Future Combat System, and the Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle. Previously he worked at the Hughes Aircraft Company as program manager and chief scientist for the B-2 Bomber Air-to-Air Radar Imaging Program. He also worked as a physicist for LLNL on X-ray lasers and the Advanced Nuclear Weapons program, and he started his career at Northrop where he was one of the key designers of the B-2 Stealth Bomber and contributed to the YF-23 Advanced Tactical Fighter. Dr. Whelan earned his Ph.D. (1983) and M.S. (1978) in

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

physics from the University of California, Los Angeles; he received his B.A. (1977) from the University of California, San Diego. He has numerous publications on electromagnetic radiation, laser plasma phenomena, and defense systems. He holds 14 patents on navigation systems, radar systems, antenna, and low-observable technology. He is currently a member of the National Academy of Engineering, the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, and the Naval Studies Board of the National Academies. He is standing member of the American Physical Society, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the AIAA. Dr. Whelan was honored for his government service and received the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Civil Service in 2001 and the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service in 1998.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23667.
×
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A Threat to America's Global Vigilance, Reach, and Power–High-Speed, Maneuvering Weapons: Unclassified Summary Get This Book
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The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine was asked by the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Science, Technology and Engineering to assess the threat of high-speed weapons and recommendations to counter the threat. This report reviews the current and evolving threats, and the current and planned U.S. efforts and capabilities to counter these threats, identifies current gaps and future opportunities where the United States Air Force (USAF) could provide significant contribution to the U.S. effort to counter high-speed threats, and recommends actions the USAF could take in terms of materiel, non-materiel, and technology development to address the identified opportunities and gaps in U.S. efforts to address these threats.

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