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Page 146
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 147
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 148
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 149
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 150
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 150
Page 151
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 152
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 153
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 154
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 155
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 156
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 156
Page 157
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 157
Page 158
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 158
Page 159
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 159
Page 160
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 160
Page 161
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 162
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 162
Page 163
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 164
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 165
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 165
Page 166
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 166
Page 167
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 168
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 168
Page 169
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 169
Page 170
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 170
Page 171
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 172
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 173
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 174
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 175
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 176
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 177
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 177
Page 178
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 178
Page 179
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 179
Page 180
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 180
Page 181
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 181
Page 182
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 182
Page 183
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 184
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 185
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 185
Page 186
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 187
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 188
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 189
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 189
Page 190
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 191
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 192
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 193
Page 194
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 195
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Page 201
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 202
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 202
Page 203
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 206
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 208
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Page 209
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 209
Page 210
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
Page 210
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B - Final Models Including Statistics." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24602.
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146 A p p e n d i x B Final Models Including Statistics

FREIGHT TRIP ATTRACTION (FTA) Table 138: Freight Trip Attraction (FTA) Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction 2.132 2.57 0.059 2.83 0.11 8.03 66 3 28 201 31-33 Manufacturing 1.427 2.57 0.087 10.62 0.36 112.80 202 1 41 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 1.825 6.06 0.032 6.26 0.43 39.19 54 2 39 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 0.153 12.08 0.70 145.98 65 2 38 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 2.276 2.31 0.075 5.88 0.30 34.60 83 1 44 350 42 Wholesale Trade 3.669 4.55 0.081 3.20 0.04 10.27 227 1 20 200 44-45 Retail Trade 2.756 5.33 0.118 6.62 0.15 43.78 259 1 17 173 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 2.793 4.19 0.143 6.49 0.19 42.12 180 1 18 173 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 3.375 5.81 - - - - 79 1 15 98 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 10.157 2.49 - - - - 14 3 36 151 72 Accommodation and Food 1.918 4.23 0.070 6.06 0.27 36.74 102 3 27 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 3.061 9.53 0.079 9.77 0.10 95.45 872 1 26 350 NYC and CR - FTA [deliveries/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat R2 F-stat Obs. Employment

Table 138 (cont.): Freight Trip Attraction (FTA) Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction 2.168 2.29 0.059 2.64 0.11 6.96 57 3 30 201 31-33 Manufacturing 1.144 1.81 0.096 10.39 0.40 107.87 166 1 41 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 1.705 5.31 0.035 6.23 0.45 38.82 49 2 37 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 0.157 11.07 0.71 122.55 50 2 42 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 2.056 1.84 0.082 5.57 0.32 30.99 67 1 43 350 42 Wholesale Trade 3.910 4.27 0.079 2.91 0.04 8.46 198 1 21 200 44-45 Retail Trade 2.871 5.06 0.117 6.21 0.14 38.57 232 1 17 173 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 2.970 4.00 0.144 6.07 0.19 36.90 158 1 19 173 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 3.400 5.51 - - - - 74 1 15 98 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 11.291 2.19 - - - - 11 3 39 151 72 Accommodation and Food 2.081 4.32 0.069 5.76 0.26 33.20 95 3 28 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 3.072 9.01 0.078 9.25 0.10 85.48 760 1 26 350 Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction 2.789 2.86 - - - - 9 4 16 40 31-33 Manufacturing 2.674 2.68 0.043 2.85 0.19 8.14 36 3 38 300 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 3.400 5.01 - - - - 5 6 51 175 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 3.315 4.05 - - - - 15 3 22 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 0.070 3.36 0.43 11.29 16 5 48 300 42 Wholesale Trade 3.282 4.12 - - - - 29 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade 1.905 2.06 0.113 2.30 0.17 5.29 27 1 14 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 2.042 1.79 0.105 1.83 0.14 3.36 22 1 15 50 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.262 6.67 0.92 44.51 5 3 10 26 72 Accommodation and Food 1.141 3.00 - - - - 7 4 15 51 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 2.932 3.03 0.093 3.19 0.08 10.20 112 1 26 350 F-stat t-stat R2 NYC - FTA [deliveries/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat F-stat Obs. Employment Obs. Employment CR - FTA [deliveries/day] R2 NAICS Description ` t-stat a

Table 139: Freight Trip Attraction (FTA) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 0.275 7.31 0.896 0.825 2.981 0.45 53.49 66 3 28 201 31-33 Manufacturing -0.521 -3.25 0.499 9.91 0.736 0.949 2.970 0.33 98.19 202 1 41 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.298 12.41 0.312 0.886 2.998 0.74 154.13 54 2 39 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals -0.815 -2.47 0.603 5.62 0.312 0.903 2.887 0.33 31.55 65 2 38 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. -0.602 -2.42 0.540 7.09 0.767 1.027 3.017 0.38 50.28 83 1 44 350 42 Wholesale Trade -0.378 -1.99 0.539 7.71 1.021 0.990 2.533 0.21 59.44 227 1 20 200 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.427 17.81 0.915 0.947 2.249 0.55 317.27 259 1 17 173 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.465 16.82 0.904 1.073 2.354 0.61 283.01 180 1 18 173 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.316 6.92 0.865 0.659 2.011 0.38 47.84 79 1 15 98 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 0.470 4.21 1.803 1.480 3.040 0.58 17.70 14 3 36 151 72 Accommodation and Food -0.471 -1.74 0.477 5.17 0.772 0.858 2.810 0.21 26.77 102 3 27 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) -0.150 -1.73 0.428 13.78 0.957 0.950 2.624 0.18 189.91 872 1 26 350 Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 0.280 7.02 0.908 0.855 3.046 0.47 49.31 57 3 30 201 31-33 Manufacturing -0.500 -2.93 0.495 9.24 0.722 0.953 2.960 0.34 85.42 166 1 41 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.292 11.07 0.335 0.860 2.974 0.72 122.51 49 2 37 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals -0.805 -2.14 0.606 5.07 1.080 0.954 2.952 0.35 25.66 50 2 42 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. -0.574 -2.26 0.540 6.85 0.704 1.020 2.954 0.42 46.98 67 1 43 350 42 Wholesale Trade -0.360 -1.72 0.538 7.09 1.054 1.035 2.588 0.20 50.33 198 1 21 200 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.431 16.94 0.930 0.964 2.248 0.55 286.88 232 1 17 173 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.477 16.29 0.898 1.112 2.361 0.63 265.47 158 1 19 173 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.307 6.40 0.899 0.645 2.008 0.36 40.92 74 1 15 98 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 0.448 3.22 2.297 1.458 3.094 0.51 10.35 11 3 39 151 72 Accommodation and Food - - 0.342 11.51 0.742 0.935 2.847 0.59 132.49 95 3 28 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) - - 0.380 30.18 0.949 0.974 2.638 0.55 910.88 760 1 26 350 Mean Ln E Mean Ln Et-stat S 2 Mean Ln FTA Obs. Employment S2 Mean Ln FTA Obs. Employment NYC - Ln (FTA) [deliveries/day] a t-stat R2 F-statNAICS Description ` NYC and CR - Ln (FTA) [deliveries/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat R2 F-stat

Table 139 (cont.): Freight Trip Attraction (FTA) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 0.230 1.91 0.909 0.630 2.568 0.31 3.64 9 4 16 40 31-33 Manufacturing - - 0.332 6.82 0.869 0.932 3.018 0.57 46.49 36 3 38 300 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.346 10.53 0.064 1.141 3.241 0.97 110.78 5 6 51 175 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 0.304 3.44 0.921 0.732 2.665 0.46 11.87 15 3 22 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 0.345 4.44 1.141 1.054 3.278 0.57 19.72 16 5 48 300 42 Wholesale Trade - - 0.338 4.66 0.825 0.683 2.166 0.44 21.68 29 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.386 5.43 0.803 0.804 2.258 0.53 29.50 27 1 14 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.372 4.49 0.928 0.792 2.305 0.49 20.20 22 1 15 50 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.467 4.12 0.302 0.855 2.052 0.81 16.96 5 3 10 26 72 Accommodation and Food -1.398 -1.71 0.521 1.58 0.608 -0.195 2.308 0.33 2.50 7 4 15 51 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) -0.776 -2.92 0.639 6.40 0.975 0.785 2.532 0.27 40.91 112 1 22 300 Employment CR - Ln (FTA) [deliveries/day] t-stat a Obs.` MeanLn ES 2 Mean Ln FTA R 2 F-statNAICS Description t-stat FREIGHT TRIP PRODUCTION (FTP) Table 140: Freight Trip Production (FTP) Linear Models Min Mean Max 23 Construction - - 0.092 8.07 0.77 65.17 20 6 39 201 31-33 Manufacturing 5.321 4.34 0.063 4.34 0.17 18.80 96 1 51 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.117 4.37 0.53 19.08 18 2 43 150 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 5.511 2.58 0.135 4.97 0.42 24.71 36 2 45 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 5.769 3.93 0.021 1.42 0.05 2.03 42 1 59 350 42 Wholesale Trade 6.455 8.18 - - - - 68 2 22 200 44-45 Retail Trade 2.314 2.18 0.242 5.53 0.33 30.55 63 1 15 94 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.321 7.55 0.58 56.94 42 1 15 77 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 3.956 2.05 0.179 2.39 0.23 5.71 21 2 15 94 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 8.500 3.14 - - - - 8 9 53 151 72 Accommodation and Food - - 0.114 5.89 0.76 34.68 12 5 35 159 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 3.800 6.86 0.085 6.12 0.18 37.51 268 1 33 350 t-stat a t-stat F-statR2 Obs. Employment NYC and CR - FTP [shipments/day] `DescriptionNAICS

Table 140 (cont.): Freight Trip Production (FTP) Linear Models Min Mean Max 23 Construction - - 0.091 10.39 0.87 107.96 17 3 34 250 31-33 Manufacturing 5.441 3.33 0.065 3.62 0.16 13.14 69 1 41 300 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.110 4.06 0.54 16.47 15 2 47 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 7.394 2.34 0.126 3.73 0.39 13.92 24 2 61 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 6.612 4.94 - - - - 30 1 81 400 42 Wholesale Trade 6.021 6.27 - - - - 44 1 21 200 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.279 6.96 0.49 48.44 51 1 17 173 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.295 5.69 0.51 32.34 32 1 20 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 3.490 1.71 0.186 2.47 0.26 6.11 19 1 15 98 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 7.667 2.12 - - - - 6 3 39 151 72 Accommodation and Food - - 0.115 5.64 0.76 31.80 11 3 28 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 3.386 5.34 0.087 5.94 0.21 35.33 199 1 28 400 Min Mean Max 31-33 Manufacturing 5.181 3.44 0.048 2.16 0.04 4.68 27 3 38 300 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 2.564 1.43 0.140 2.55 0.39 6.48 12 3 22 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 6.041 2.01 0.037 1.19 0.12 1.41 12 5 48 300 42 Wholesale Trade 7.250 5.21 - - - - 24 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.432 5.92 0.76 35.07 12 1 14 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.418 7.57 0.86 57.36 10 1 15 50 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 5.189 4.44 0.090 1.88 0.11 3.53 69 1 22 300 NAICS Description ` t-stat a NYC - FTP [shipments/day] CR - FTP [shipments/day] Employment NAICS Description ` t-statt-stat a Employment R2 t-stat R2 F-stat Obs. F-stat Obs.

Table 141: Freight Trip Production (FTP) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction -2.283 -1.90 0.896 2.53 1.989 0.641 3.263 0.26 6.39 20 6 39 201 31-33 Manufacturing - - 0.445 12.14 1.495 1.355 3.136 0.61 147.32 96 1 51 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.369 5.57 0.917 1.118 3.204 0.65 31.06 18 2 43 150 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 0.572 8.80 1.578 1.601 2.934 0.69 77.36 1.58 2 45 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 0.385 7.21 1.515 1.246 3.281 0.56 51.97 42 1 59 350 42 Wholesale Trade 1.320 9.96 - - 1.195 1.320 2.494 - - 68 2 22 200 44-45 Retail Trade -0.589 -2.10 0.737 6.06 1.109 0.909 2.032 0.38 36.68 63 1 15 94 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing -0.773 -2.26 0.762 5.16 1.115 0.785 2.046 0.40 26.67 42 1 15 77 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.603 6.12 1.048 1.157 2.004 0.65 37.44 21 2 15 94 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 1.750 4.84 - - 1.047 1.750 3.559 - - 8 9 53 151 72 Accommodation and Food -1.047 -1.51 0.706 3.15 0.740 0.987 2.880 0.50 9.91 12 5 35 159 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) -0.322 -2.08 0.544 9.67 1.240 1.178 2.714 0.26 93.43 268 1 33 350 Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction -1.196 -1.89 0.639 3.54 0.446 0.971 3.391 0.45 12.50 17 3 34 250 31-33 Manufacturing - - 0.446 11.19 1.331 1.406 3.184 0.65 125.20 69 1 41 300 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.337 4.63 0.949 0.995 3.223 0.60 21.41 15 2 47 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 0.608 8.58 1.416 1.884 3.077 0.76 72.64 24 2 61 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 0.379 6.88 1.155 1.230 3.250 0.62 47.32 30 1 81 400 42 Wholesale Trade 1.228 7.37 - - 1.222 1.228 2.743 - - 44 1 21 200 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.702 5.27 1.235 0.777 1.961 0.49 47.43 51 1 17 173 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.404 4.42 1.345 0.585 1.927 0.39 19.50 32 1 20 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.583 5.85 1.003 1.100 2.019 0.66 34.24 19 1 15 98 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 0.413 3.72 1.082 1.535 3.707 0.73 13.81 6 3 39 151 72 Accommodation and Food - - 0.421 4.94 0.768 1.077 2.875 0.71 24.40 11 3 28 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) -0.409 -2.59 0.557 9.81 1.049 1.147 2.775 0.33 96.19 199 1 28 400 Description NYC and CR - Ln (FTP) [shipments/day] NYC - Ln (FTP) [shipments/day] Description S2 Mean Ln E R 2 Mean Ln E R 2 Mean Ln FTP t-stat Obs. Employment F-stat`NAICS t-stat a t-stat S2 Employment NAICS Mean Ln FTP Obs.F-stat` t-stat a

Table 141 (cont.): Freight Trip Production (FTP) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 31-33 Manufacturing - - 0.4420 5.20 1.979 1.22 3.01 0.510 27.04 27 3 38 300 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 0.4660 3.27 1.929 1.04 2.65 0.493 10.69 12 3 22 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 0.403 3.05 2.595 1.29 3.36 0.458 9.30 12 5 48 300 42 Wholesale Trade - - 0.644 5.85 1.393 1.49 2.04 0.598 34.25 24 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.653 6.18 0.816 1.470 2.333 0.78 38.18 12 1 14 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.6277 6.13 0.694 1.42 2.43 0.807 37.57 10 1 15 50 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) - - 0.4994 7.69 1.956 1.27 2.54 0.465 59.14 69 1 22 300 Employment Obs.F-statMeanLn E R 2NAICS Description Mean Ln FTP` t-stat a t-stat S 2 CR - Ln (FTP) [shipments/day]

SERVICE TRIP ATTRACTION (STA) Table 142: Service Trip Attraction (STA) Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 4.07E-03 4.10 0.68 16.77 9 9 55 201 31-33 Manufacturing 0.236 6.15 - - - - 47 3 68 309 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 0.197 2.77 - - - - 6 28 104 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 0.251 4.15 - - - - 23 3 48 223 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 0.230 3.73 - - - - 18 5 82 309 42 Wholesale 0.304 4.31 - - - - 31 2 46 355 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.010 5.15 0.57 26.50 21 1 38 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.012 5.17 0.64 26.74 16 1 39 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 0.174 2.74 - - - - 6 3 35 91 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 9.30E-03 6.15 0.86 37.83 7 8 37 100 51 Information 0.595 3.78 - - - - 20 2 142 900 52 Finance and Insurance 0.850 3.10 - - - - 13 5 707 4000 53 Real Estate - - 9.23E-04 3.02 0.48 9.15 11 6 93 405 54 Professional and Technical Services 0.391 2.51 7.99E-04 2.36 0.22 5.57 22 1 181 2000 56 Administrative and Waste Services 0.291 3.82 - - - - 22 4 86 523 61 Education Services 0.439 2.49 - - - - 15 5 68 177 62 Health Care and Social Assistance 1.179 2.80 - - - - 14 11 136 500 71 Entertainment 0.763 3.18 - - - - 14 3 62 300 72 Accommodation and Food Services - - 0.022 5.50 0.67 30.21 16 4 28 79 81 Other Services (except Public Admin) 0.571 5.28 - - - - 7 31 114 305 All All Sectors - Weighted 0.408 9.18 1.09E-03 3.71 0.05 13.78 260 1 111 4000 t-stat a NYC and CR - STA [trips/day] t-stat R2 F-statNAICS Description ` Employment Obs.

Table 142 (cont.): Service Trip Attraction (STA) Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 3.92E-03 4.49 0.80 20.19 6 12 72 201 31-33 Manufacturing 0.251 5.20 - - - - 29 3 89 309 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 0.167 1.68 - - - - 3 100 142 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 0.233 3.83 - - - - 15 3 61 223 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 0.298 3.12 - - - - 11 12 115 309 42 Wholesale 0.266 4.50 - - - - 13 10 92 355 44-45 Retail Trade 0.248 2.83 - - - - 13 11 52 125 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 0.295 2.68 - - - - 10 11 48 125 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 0.091 2.00 - - - - 3 45 68 91 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 9.25E-03 5.66 0.87 32.07 6 8 42 100 51 Information 0.804 3.73 - - - - 13 15 209 900 52 Finance and Insurance 0.428 2.79 3.22E-04 3.13 0.55 9.77 10 15 844 4000 53 Real Estate - - 9.15E-04 2.51 0.51 6.29 7 17 137 405 54 Professional, Sci, and Tech Services - - 1.10E-03 5.64 0.84 31.78 7 65 514 2000 56 Administrative and Waste Services 0.393 3.07 - - - - 11 40 159 523 61 Education Services - - 2.77E-03 4.93 0.71 24.32 11 10 84 177 62 Health Care and Social Assistance 1.126 1.91 - - - - 9 40 152 500 71 Entertainment 0.879 3.30 - - - - 12 13 75 300 72 Accommodation and Food Services - - 0.017 5.95 0.76 35.44 12 6 32 79 81 Other Services (except Public Admin) 0.571 5.28 - - - - 7 31 114 305 All All Sectors - Weighted 0.42 10.15 4.10E-04 1.82 0.02 3.32 156 3 167 4000 NYC - STA [trips/day] ` F-statt-stat a t-stat R2 Obs.NAICS Description Employment

Table 142 (cont.): Service Trip Attraction (STA) Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction 0.258 1.73 - - - - 3 9 21 40 31-33 Manufacturing 0.212 3.29 - - - - 18 3 36 175 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 0.227 1.89 - - - - 3 28 78 175 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 0.284 2.07 - - - - 8 3 25 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 0.123 4.48 - - - - 7 5 30 85 42 Wholesale - - 0.021 3.74 0.45 14.00 18 2 13 53 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.018 39.52 0.99 1561.91 11 1 25 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 0.018 52.00 1.00 2704.44 8 1 30 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.017 2.91 0.81 8.46 3 3 13 26 51 Information - - 0.013 7.63 0.91 58.29 7 2 18 60 53 Real Estate 0.080 2.33 - - - - 4 6 16 41 54 Professional, Sci, and Tech Services 0.500 2.74 - - - - 16 1 26 103 56 Administrative and Waste Services 0.190 2.45 - - - - 11 4 20 82 61 Education Services - - 0.036 10.59 0.97 112.18 4 5 25 76 62 Health Care and Social Assistance 0.466 3.55 8.53E-03 12.16 0.99 147.90 4 11 105 373 72 Accommodation and Food Services - - 0.054 11.98 0.98 143.55 4 4 17 51 All All Sectors - Weighted 0.184 2.78 0.012 11.47 0.56 131.56 104 1 26 373 t-stat R2 F-stat Employment CR - STA [trips/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat Obs.a

Table 143: Service Trip Attraction (STA) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction -1.712 -4.95 - - 1.075 -0.890 4.294 - - 9 9 55 201 31-33 Manufacturing -2.803 -6.24 0.233 1.97 0.992 -1.419 3.756 0.08 3.86 45 3 68 309 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel -2.014 -4.90 - - 1.014 -2.629 3.999 - - 6 28 104 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals -1.959 -8.61 - - 1.192 -1.298 4.078 - - 23 3 48 223 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. -3.248 -4.79 0.347 2.04 0.808 -1.362 3.150 0.21 4.15 18 5 82 309 42 Wholesale Trade -2.564 -5.53 0.263 1.84 1.107 -2.085 3.222 0.10 3.39 31 2 46 355 44-45 Retail Trade -2.180 -8.09 - - 1.743 -0.633 4.138 - - 24 1 38 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing -2.184 -6.49 - - 2.038 -0.535 3.970 - - 18 1 39 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores -2.167 -5.09 - - 1.089 -0.828 4.854 - - 6 3 35 91 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities -5.261 -4.81 1.073 3.27 0.691 -2.744 3.756 0.68 10.66 7 8 37 100 51 Information -3.541 -6.65 0.582 4.67 0.831 -1.627 3.115 0.55 21.83 20 2 142 900 52 Finance and Insurance -0.891 -2.22 - - 2.101 -1.383 2.841 - - 13 5 707 4000 53 Real Estate -2.120 -5.66 - - 1.685 -1.288 3.598 - - 12 6 93 405 54 Professional and Technical Services -1.497 -4.97 - - 2.085 -1.357 3.405 - - 23 1 181 2000 56 Administrative and Waste Services -3.150 -4.46 0.362 1.99 1.167 -1.710 3.413 0.17 3.95 21 4 86 523 61 Education Services -1.575 -4.89 - - 1.555 -1.481 3.389 - - 15 5 68 177 62 Health Care and Social Assistance -0.730 -1.75 - - 2.439 -1.841 3.649 - - 14 11 136 500 71 Entertainment -1.155 -2.84 - - 2.315 -1.615 3.304 - - 14 3 62 300 72 Accommodation and Food -3.002 -3.74 0.697 2.69 0.956 -1.051 4.082 0.34 7.26 16 4 28 79 81 Other Services (except Public Admin) -0.692 -3.10 - - 0.348 -2.629 2.548 - - 7 31 114 305 All All Sectors - Weighted -2.730 -13.30 0.362 6.18 1.487 -1.502 3.528 0.13 38.17 260 1 111 4000 NYC and CR - Ln (STA) [trips/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat S2 Mean Ln STA F-stat Mean Ln E R 2 Obs. Employment

Table 143 (cont.): Service Trip Attraction (STA) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction -1.668 -3.91 - - 1.093 -1.244 4.322 - - 6 12 72 201 31-33 Manufacturing -1.851 -9.95 - - 1.004 -1.397 3.677 - - 29 3 89 309 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel -2.167 -3.54 - - 1.121 -3.091 3.417 - - 3 100 142 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals -1.894 -7.38 - - 0.988 -1.383 4.089 - - 15 3 61 223 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. -1.707 -5.28 - - 1.148 -1.165 3.163 - - 11 12 115 309 42 Wholesale Trade -1.727 -6.04 - - 1.061 -2.233 2.958 - - 13 10 92 355 44-45 Retail Trade -2.172 -6.18 - - 1.606 -1.205 3.607 - - 13 11 52 125 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing -2.035 -4.66 - - 1.909 -1.302 3.440 - - 10 11 48 125 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores -2.629 -5.69 - - 0.641 -1.012 4.444 - - 3 45 68 91 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities -6.126 -6.08 1.278 4.40 0.462 -2.744 3.909 0.83 19.38 6 8 42 100 51 Information -0.692 -2.33 - - 1.144 -2.099 2.857 - - 13 15 209 900 52 Finance and Insurance -0.889 -2.36 - - 1.561 -2.167 2.832 - - 11 15 844 4000 53 Real Estate -4.720 -3.79 0.567 2.07 0.615 -1.094 3.824 0.46 4.30 7 17 137 405 54 Professional, Sci, and Tech Services -1.088 -2.07 - - 1.929 -1.794 3.090 - - 7 65 514 2000 56 Administrative and Waste Services -1.554 -4.13 - - 1.554 -2.596 2.333 - - 11 40 159 523 61 Education Services -4.208 -4.25 0.592 2.47 0.673 -1.936 3.137 0.40 6.10 11 10 84 177 62 Health Care and Social Assistance -1.078 -1.81 - - 3.204 -2.342 3.619 - - 9 40 152 500 71 Entertainment -0.890 -2.09 - - 2.177 -1.600 3.351 - - 12 13 75 300 72 Accommodation and Food -0.742 -3.48 - - 0.592 -1.705 3.590 - - 13 6 32 79 81 Other Services (except Public Admin) -0.692 -3.10 - - 0.348 -2.629 2.548 - - 7 31 114 305 All All Sectors - Weighted -1.440 -15.05 - - 1.566 -1.864 3.302 - - 171 3 167 4000 Mean Ln E F-statS2 Mean Ln STANAICS Obs. Employment Description ` t-stat a t-stat R2 NYC - Ln (STA) [trips/day]

Table 143 (cont.): Service Trip Attraction (STA) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction -1.801 -2.50 - - 1.551 -0.004 4.238 - - 3 9 21 40 31-33 Manufacturing -2.130 -8.63 - - 1.096 -1.597 3.787 - - 18 3 36 175 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel -1.861 -2.78 - - 1.344 -2.398 4.387 - - 3 28 78 175 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals -2.082 -4.46 - - 1.744 -1.238 4.057 - - 8 3 25 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. -3.521 -5.37 0.433 1.99 0.368 -2.051 3.127 0.44 3.95 7 5 30 85 42 Wholesale Trade -3.448 -5.90 0.742 3.01 0.920 -1.966 3.408 0.36 9.04 18 2 13 53 44-45 Retail Trade -4.170 -10.36 0.973 5.78 0.491 -0.251 4.847 0.79 33.42 11 1 25 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing -4.274 -9.36 0.960 5.06 0.536 -0.024 4.728 0.81 25.65 8 1 30 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores -1.705 -2.46 - - 1.441 -0.706 5.263 - - 3 3 13 26 51 Information -3.977 -5.72 0.749 2.73 0.646 -1.061 3.787 0.60 7.48 7 2 18 60 53 Real Estate -2.744 -7.92 - - 0.480 -0.982 3.885 - - 4 6 16 41 54 Professional, Sci, and Tech Services -1.675 -4.54 - - 2.175 -1.138 3.540 - - 16 1 26 103 56 Administrative and Waste Services -2.215 -7.21 - - 1.038 -1.090 4.614 - - 11 4 20 82 61 Education Services -3.946 -2.63 1.198 2.22 1.266 -0.799 3.956 0.71 4.92 4 5 25 76 62 Health Care and Social Assistance -2.221 -7.41 0.602 7.62 0.050 -2.051 3.538 0.97 58.02 4 11 105 373 72 Accommodation and Food -4.748 -3.79 1.546 2.98 1.163 -0.888 5.340 0.82 8.89 4 4 17 51 All All Sectors - Weighted -3.828 -16.82 0.846 9.83 1.058 -1.158 3.898 0.49 96.64 104 1 26 373 Obs. Employment a t-stat R2 F-statS2 Mean Ln STA Mean Ln E CR - Ln (STA) [trips/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat

160 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 144: Freight Attraction (FA) Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 31-33 Manufacturing 46.492 2.25 0.06 5.06 75 2 82 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 109.978 3.26 0.57 10.61 9 10 99 200 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 25.427 1.77 0.089 3.13 33 2 106 607 42 Wholesale Trade 431.221 2.1 0.086 4.41 48 2 38 355 44-45 Retail Trade 74.999 2.38 0.12 5.68 44 3 38 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 100.519 2.91 0.20 8.49 34 3 36 202 72 Accommodation and Food 8.853 2.7 0.212 7.27 28 4 36 180 Min. Mean Max. 31-33 Manufacturing 42.723 1.9 0.07 3.6 46 2 110 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 137.905 3.67 0.77 13.49 5 10 129 200 42 Wholesale Trade 351.038 3.40 0.37 11.57 21 10 72 355 44-45 Retail Trade 60.822 1.82 0.16 3.32 19 3 68 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 87.484 1.9 0.217 3.60 14 3 64 202 72 Accommodation and Food 8.135 2.32 0.19 5.38 24 5 38 180 Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction 153.338 3.72 0.66 13.85 8 4 16 40 32 Manufacturing - Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 818.186 3.31 0.50 10.98 12 3 23 70 42 Wholesale Trade 3089.543 2.16 0.15 4.65 27 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade 299.423 2.5 0.21 6.23 25 3 15 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 248.448 2.82 0.29 7.93 20 3 16 50 72 Accommodation and Food 26.734 3.64 0.82 13.26 4 4 20 51 NAICS Description a t-stat R2 CR - FA [pounds/day] NAICS Description a t-stat F-stat R2 NYC - FA [pounds/day] NYC and CR - FA [pounds/day] NAICS Description a t-stat F-stat Obs. EmploymentR2 F-stat Obs. Employment Obs. Employment

Table 145: Freight Attraction (FA) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 1.627 10.28 7.83 6.033 3.389 0.82 105.58 24 4 78 810 31-33 Manufacturing 3.264 3.91 0.962 4.39 7.049 6.728 3.538 0.21 19.23 75 2 82 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 1.645 7.23 8.449 6.908 4.103 0.87 52.23 9 10 99 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 4.012 2.83 0.982 2.40 8.697 7.316 3.234 0.16 5.76 34 3 54 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 2.329 2.47 1.029 4.35 4.276 6.117 3.687 0.38 18.91 33 2 106 607 42 Wholesale Trade 4.967 4.55 0.802 2.29 8.766 7.267 2.867 0.10 5.23 48 2 38 355 44-45 Retail Trade - - 1.886 11.98 11.181 6.316 2.979 0.77 143.45 44 3 38 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 3.899 3.23 0.733 1.92 6.489 6.164 2.950 0.10 3.70 34 3 36 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 1.900 4.18 22.808 6.840 3.080 0.66 17.46 10 3 45 200 48-49 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 2.042 5.54 27.108 7.626 3.546 0.70 30.71 14 4 91 700 72 Accommodation and Food - - 1.691 11.64 6.156 5.720 3.059 0.83 135.54 28 4 36 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 4.952 10.36 0.452 3.14 6.883 6.627 3.222 0.04 9.83 233 2 59 810 Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 1.484 8.31 8.1527 6.0225 3.791 0.822 69.12 16 5 109 810 31-33 Manufacturing 3.299 2.81 0.929 3.28 8.059 6.938 3.876 0.20 10.78 46 2 110 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 1.615 5.09 10.773 7.154 4.486 0.87 25.89 5 10 129 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 1.867 9.28 12.18 7.393 3.553 0.81 86.12 21 3 71 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 2.385 1.73 1.031 3.27 5.363 6.415 4.062 0.37 10.68 20 2 145 607 44-45 Retail Trade - - 1.496 8.61 8.956 5.943 3.819 0.80 74.12 19 3 68 202 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 1.559 7.62 8.775 6.177 3.716 0.82 58.14 14 3 64 202 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 1.342 3.76 11.057 5.243 4.107 0.78 14.16 5 30 80 200 48-49 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 2.029 4.21 28.483 5.699 3.139 0.66 17.70 10 4 47 151 72 Accommodation and Food - - 1.645 10.41 6.537 5.699 3.139 0.82 108.33 24 5 38 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 4.306 5.87 0.532 2.68 7.053 6.599 3.678 0.05 7.16 136 2 81 810 NYC and CR - Ln (FA) [pounds/day] NYC - Ln (FA) [pounds/day] R2 F-statS2 Mean Ln E Obs.Mean Ln FA Mean Ln E Obs.Mean Ln FA Employmentt-stat EmploymentNAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat R2 F-statS2 NAICS Description ` t-stat a

Table 145 (cont.): Freight Attraction (FA) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 2.271 8.38 4.16 6.054 2.586 0.91 70.22 8 4 16 40 31-33 Manufacturing 2.757 2.04 1.180 2.78 5.826 6.370 3.002 0.22 7.71 29 3 39 300 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 1.701 4.49 8.076 6.479 3.625 0.87 20.14 4 13 62 175 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 2.664 12.37 4.470 7.176 2.676 0.93 152.91 12 3 23 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 2.490 1.64 0.947 2.05 3.247 5.648 3.111 0.28 4.21 13 5 47 300 42 Wholesale Trade 4.123 2.64 1.304 1.91 8.874 6.894 2.126 0.13 3.65 27 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade - - 2.637 11.72 7.81 6.673 2.341 0.85 137.28 25 3 15 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 3.330 2.33 1.169 2.09 4.469 6.152 2.413 0.20 4.36 20 3 16 50 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 3.958 6.54 8.60 8.757 2.052 0.91 42.82 5 3 10 26 48-49 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 2.061 3.20 32.003 9.403 4.118 0.77 10.26 4 10 200 700 72 Accommodation and Food - - 2.091 6.14 3.493 5.848 2.574 0.93 37.68 4 4 20 51 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 4.383 6.42 0.913 3.53 6.020 6.669 2.582 0.12 12.45 97 2 29 700 Obs.Mean Ln FA CR - Ln (FA) [pounds/day] EmploymentNAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat R2 F-statS2 Mean Ln E

Final Models including Statistics 163 FREIGHT PRODUCTION (FP) Table 146: Freight Production (FP) Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 31-33 Manufacturing 41.065 2.47 0.08 6.08 67 2 83 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 216.084 4.10 0.74 16.83 7 13 84 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 119.151 2.41 0.16 5.82 31 3 54 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 9.993 1.98 0.12 3.93 29 2 54 607 44-45 Retail Trade 46.849 1.64 0.10 2.68 25 3 35 200 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 91.439 2.83 0.30 8.03 20 3 31 125 72 Accommodation and Food 1.855 5.45 0.79 29.67 9 6 30 100 Min. Mean Max. 31-33 Manufacturing 35.817 2.15 0.11 4.6 38 2 121 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 212.291 3.35 0.79 11.25 4 80 128 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 88.971 1.94 0.19 3.78 17 3 82 300 42 Wholesale Trade 229.101 2.17 0.22 4.72 18 10 79 355 72 Accommodation and Food 1.867 5.09 0.79 25.87 8 6 31 100 Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction 16.302 2.38 0.74 5.64 3 9 14 20 31-33 Manufacturing 97.083 1.62 0.09 2.63 29 3 33 300 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 698.234 3.63 0.50 13.15 14 3 21 70 42 Wholesale Trade 4442.041 2.76 0.24 7.61 25 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade 158.223 1.79 0.18 3.21 16 4 16 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 125.219 2.39 0.32 5.70 13 4 18 50 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 1588.257 1.74 0.6 3.03 3 6 7 9 CR - FP [pounds/day] NAICS Description a t-stat R2 F-stat Obs. Employment NYC - FP [pounds/day] NAICS Description a t-stat R2 F-stat Obs. Employment NYC and CR - FP [pounds/day] NAICS Description a t-stat R2 F-stat Obs. Employment

Table 147: Freight Production (FP) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 1.060 7.33 3.187 3.852 3.431939 0.83 53.7 12 9 47 201 31-33 Manufacturing 4.814 5.360 0.571 2.42 7.556 6.897 3.524 0.08 5.84 67 2 83 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 1.916 8.71 5.919 7.678 4.077 0.93 75.79 7 13 84 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 2.185 11.49 13.296 8.161 3.192 0.81 131.91 31 3 54 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 1.366 13.83 4.656 5.271 3.745 0.87 191.41 29 2 54 607 42 Wholesale Trade 5.44 5.01 0.673 1.93 8.316 7.360 2.850 0.08 3.74 43 2 40 355 44-45 Retail Trade - - 1.644 7.13 12.973 5.304 2.908 0.68 50.83 25 3 35 200 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 1.695 8.51 7.540 4.973 2.883 0.79 72.34 20 3 31 125 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 1.462 1.67 41.450 6.758 3.005 0.41 2.80 5 6 53 200 48-49 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 2.000 4.77 31.678 7.835 3.830 0.69 22.73 11 4 111 700 72 Accommodation and Food - - 0.693 3.43 3.582 1.955 3.001 0.60 11.79 9 6 30 100 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 2.54 3.35 0.653 2.81 11.279 6.366 3.244 0.05 7.92 167 2 61 700 Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 0.932 8.18 1.693 3.464 3.706 0.89 66.90 9 10 58 201 31-33 Manufacturing - - 1.639 12.63 11.764 7.375 4.020 0.81 159.60 38 2 121 607 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 1.838 7.26 5.931 8.243 4.802 0.95 52.75 4 80 128 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 1.983 7.62 17.748 8.740 3.681 0.78 58.06 17 3 82 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 1.323 12.24 4.030 5.649 4.175 0.90 149.70 17 2 160 607 42 Wholesale Trade - - 1.914 10.33 9.916 7.823 3.884 0.86 106.73 18 10 79 355 44-45 Retail Trade - - 1.199 3.810 13.821 4.568 3.763 0.65 14.55 9 3 69 200 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 1.468 4.03 12.913 4.907 3.537 0.73 16.21 7 3 54 125 48-49 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 1.950 3.61 31.527 6.691 3.496 0.65 13.04 8 4 54 151 72 Accommodation and Food - - 0.650 2.94 3.871 1.797 3.009 0.55 8.64 8 6 31 100 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) - - 1.110 12.15 9.707 6.265 3.799 0.62 147.64 90 2 87 607 NYC and CR - Ln (FP) [pounds/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat S2 Mean Ln FP Mean Ln E F-stat R2 F-stat Obs. Employment NYC - Ln (FP) [pounds/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat a Obs. Employment t-stat S2 Mean Ln FP Mean Ln E R 2

Table 147 (cont.): Freight Production (FP) Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction - - 1.890 5.55 2.421 5.016 2.608282 0.9391 30.82 3 9 14 20 31-33 Manufacturing 3.38 2.14 0.977 1.88 7.713 6.186 2.874 0.12 3.55 29 3 33 300 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 2.163 4.24 7.673 6.548 3.112 0.90 18.00 3 13 24 31 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 3.87 2.16 1.350 2.07 4.666 7.379 2.597 0.26 4.28 14 3 21 70 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 1.476 7.08 5.787 4.704 3.137 0.82 50.13 12 5 49 300 42 Wholesale Trade 4.09 2.57 1.393 1.99 8.900 7.026 2.106 0.15 3.97 25 2 12 53 44-45 Retail Trade - - 2.239 7.59 9.085 5.810 2.426 0.79 57.55 16 4 16 50 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing - - 1.934 8.66 4.622 5.019 2.532 0.86 74.95 13 4 18 50 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 4.644 10.70 2.208 9.236 1.970 0.98 114.47 3 6 7 9 48-49 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 2.070 2.55 47.714 11.268 4.723 0.76 6.49 3 40 264 700 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 4.11 4.15 0.699 1.89 8.158 6.495 2.594 0.05 4.31 77 2 31 700 Employment CR - Ln (FP) [pounds/day] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat S2 Mean Ln FP Mean Ln E R 2 F-stat Obs.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FREIGHT GENERATION (FG) AND FREIGHT TRIP GENERATION (FTG) Table 148: Relationship between FA and FTA Linear Models Min Mean Max 23 Construction 4.24E-04 2.31 0.20 5.34 22 4 37 201 31-33 Manufacturing 1.86E-04 2.60 0.09 6.75 67 2 63 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 4.11E-04 3.30 0.61 10.88 8 10 93 200 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 6.90E-04 4.36 0.41 18.98 28 2 69 350 44-45 Retail Trade 3.81E-04 2.42 0.14 5.87 38 3 25 125 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 5.55E-04 2.69 0.21 7.24 29 3 24 125 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 8.40E-05 17.94 0.97 321.96 10 7 46 151 72 Accommodation and Food 3.66E-03 4.10 0.38 16.77 28 4 36 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 3.15E-05 6.03 0.15 36.31 213 2 42 350 F-stat Obs. Employment NYC and CR - FTA [deliveries/day] NAICS Description k t-stat R2 Table 149: Relationship between FA and FTA Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 23 Construction 0.184 6.68 0.728 6.144 1.085 0.68 44.57 22 4 37 201 31-33 Manufacturing 0.215 10.95 1.283 6.416 1.414 0.65 119.96 67 2 63 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 0.207 5.38 0.590 6.274 1.432 0.81 28.95 8 10 93 200 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 0.180 6.46 1.420 7.010 1.292 0.58 41.78 31 3 50 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 0.272 8.39 1.186 5.800 1.543 0.72 70.31 28 2 69 350 44-45 Retail Trade 0.196 7.85 1.121 6.387 1.298 0.63 61.69 38 3 25 125 44 Motor vehicle, furniture, electronics, clothing 0.208 7.18 1.020 5.962 1.277 0.65 51.56 29 3 24 125 45 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores 0.170 3.33 1.541 7.756 1.365 0.58 11.12 9 3 28 91 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 0.227 8.99 0.409 6.765 1.644 0.90 80.84 10 7 46 151 72 Accommodation and Food 0.193 6.17 0.980 5.720 1.051 0.59 38.07 28 4 36 180 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 0.194 18.67 1.098 6.512 1.293 0.62 348.44 213 2 42 350 Obs. Employment NYC and CR - Ln (FTA) [deliveries/day] NAICS Description k t-stat S2 Mean Ln FA Mean Ln FTA R 2 F-stat

Table 150: Relationship between FP and FTP Linear Models Min Mean Max 31-33 Manufacturing 5.10E-04 4.05 0.23 16.44 56 2 59 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel 1.93E-03 3.59 0.72 12.78 6 13 73 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals 3.36E-04 2.58 0.20 6.65 27 3 45 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. 9.68E-04 2.33 0.20 5.44 23 2 72 350 42 Wholesale Trade 8.45E-05 1.84 0.11 3.40 30 2 32 200 44-45 Retail Trade 7.22E-04 1.80 0.21 3.22 13 3 18 50 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities 1.55E-04 5.03 0.84 25.34 6 9 66 151 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 1.02E-04 12.70 0.57 161.20 123 2 46 350 Employment NYC and CR - FTP [shipments/day] NAICS Description t-stat R2 F-stat Obs. Table 151: Relationship between FP and FTP Non-Linear Models Min. Mean Max. 31-33 Manufacturing 1.021 2.05 0.129 1.90 2.075 6.694 1.893 0.06 3.60 56 2 59 350 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel - - 0.347 5.31 1.570 7.314 2.699 0.85 28.19 6 13 73 184 32 Wood, paper, chemical, plastics, nonmetals - - 0.231 6.57 2.349 8.026 1.959 0.62 43.12 27 3 45 300 33 Metal, machinery, electronic, furniture & misc. - - 0.280 5.22 2.147 5.042 1.606 0.55 27.26 23 2 72 350 42 Wholesale Trade - - 0.235 9.66 0.919 6.617 1.670 0.76 93.39 30 2 32 200 44-45 Retail Trade - - 0.293 5.14 1.782 5.509 1.973 0.69 26.40 13 3 18 50 44 Sporting goods, hobby, book, & music stores - - 0.319 4.69 1.620 4.881 1.903 0.71 22.02 10 3 17 50 48 Modal Transportation & Support Activities - - 0.240 6.39 0.485 5.970 1.603 0.89 40.78 6 9 66 151 72 Accommodation and Food - - 0.398 3.21 1.041 2.113 1.166 0.63 10.31 7 6 32 100 All All Freight Intensive Sectors (FIS) 0.816 3.59 0.160 4.28 1.553 6.025 1.705 0.13 18.36 123 2 46 350 F-stat Obs. Employment NYC and CR - Ln (FTP) [shipments/day] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat S 2 Mean Ln FP Mean Ln FTP R 2` k k

168 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips FREIGHT GENERATION (FG) – COMMODITY FLOW SURVEY (CFS) 2007 NEW YORK Table 152: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 26,126,448 5.39 0.538 29.05 4.52E+08 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 876,226 5.67 0.474 32.13 7.82E+07 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 62,289 1.29 0.003 1.66 1.88E+08 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 48,081 2.37 0.057 5.60 3.28E+07 540 42 Wholesale Trade 565,253 7.82 0.065 61.11 6.97E+07 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music 266,125 2.05 0.251 4.19 2.40E+07 80 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 838,638 3.20 0.520 10.27 7.31E+07 30 51 Information 39,166 6.85 0.635 46.95 5.31E+06 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 231,546 1.61 0.179 2.60 7.25E+07 35 CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description Adj. R2 t-stat F-stat RMSE Obs.a

Final Models including Statistics 169 Table 153: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 26,126,448 5.39 0.538 29.05 4.52E+08 65 311 Food Manufacturing 736,479 8.41 0.511 70.81 8.68E+07 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 2,178,828 13.11 0.892 171.91 5.70E+07 25 313 Textile Mills 35,721 1.61 0.296 2.59 1.88E+06 15 314 Textile Product Mills 39,006 3.19 0.595 10.18 1.68E+06 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing 5,359 1.38 0.086 1.90 6.77E+05 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 652,905 4.34 0.441 18.81 1.97E+07 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 703,119 3.58 0.282 12.82 1.48E+08 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 332,054 2.65 0.505 7.01 2.18E+07 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 17,085,653 3.00 0.216 9.02 4.59E+08 20 325 Chemical Manufacturing 17,968 1.56 -0.005 2.42 1.16E+08 100 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 144,649 6.89 0.512 47.50 1.52E+07 90 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,074,852 4.58 0.178 21.02 1.20E+08 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 628,500 3.51 0.351 12.29 1.35E+08 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 60,080 3.70 0.166 13.71 1.04E+07 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 40,849 1.65 0.254 2.72 1.03E+07 95 334 Computer and Electronic Product 1,669 9.64 0.247 92.97 8.52E+05 70 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10,610 1.92 0.211 3.69 1.97E+06 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 109,445 2.09 0.373 4.37 4.51E+07 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 27,090 3.61 0.238 13.06 4.01E+06 50 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 6,579 4.31 0.131 18.54 1.68E+06 80 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 240,429 4.71 0.076 22.20 2.06E+07 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 723,241 6.24 0.074 38.92 1.03E+08 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 266,125 2.05 0.251 4.19 2.40E+07 80 493 Warehousing and Storage 838,638 3.20 0.520 10.27 7.31E+07 30 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 39,166 6.85 0.635 46.95 5.31E+06 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 231,546 1.61 0.179 2.60 7.25E+07 30 CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description Adj. R2 t-stat F-stat RMSE Obs.a

170 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 154: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 25,335,647 5.20 0.542 27.02 4.4E+08 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 856,281 5.52 0.468 30.49 7.7E+07 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 53,399 1.32 0.002 1.74 1.8E+08 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 37,748 2.35 0.062 5.51 2.5E+07 540 42 Wholesale Trade 548,908 7.78 0.066 60.49 6.7E+07 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 255,977 2.06 0.249 4.23 2.3E+07 80 51 Information 39,140 6.85 0.636 46.95 5.3E+06 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 231,297 1.61 0.178 2.60 7.3E+07 30 CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description Adj. R2 t-stat F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 155: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 25,335,647 5.20 0.542 27.02 4.36E+08 65 311 Food Manufacturing 722,970 8.28 0.506 68.61 8.61E+07 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 2,115,619 10.29 0.873 105.91 6.05E+07 25 314 Textile Product Mills 38,337 3.26 0.602 10.66 1.63E+06 15 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 640,232 4.24 0.431 17.99 1.97E+07 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 591,017 5.16 0.466 26.64 8.42E+07 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 323,522 2.71 0.514 7.34 2.09E+07 55 325 Chemical Manufacturing 11,948 2.34 0.011 5.47 3.64E+07 100 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,044,915 4.53 0.174 20.54 1.18E+08 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 520,289 3.48 0.428 12.13 9.58E+07 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 59,649 3.68 0.164 13.52 1.04E+07 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 35,581 1.57 0.236 2.47 9.40E+06 95 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10,050 1.83 0.190 3.34 1.98E+06 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 76,299 2.05 0.364 4.20 3.20E+07 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 26,976 3.61 0.236 13.02 4.02E+06 50 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 206,510 5.36 0.093 28.75 1.59E+07 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 715,443 6.23 0.078 38.77 9.94E+07 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 255,977 2.06 0.249 4.23 2.32E+07 80 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 39,140 6.85 0.636 46.95 5.30E+06 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 231,297 1.61 0.178 2.59 7.26E+07 30 CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.t-stata a

Final Models including Statistics 171 Table 156: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 246,867,379 7.91 0.450 62.58 4.94E+08 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 16,281,311 6.84 0.175 46.74 9.80E+07 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 20,645,218 6.66 0.081 44.37 1.80E+08 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 2,401,143 5.12 0.035 26.23 3.32E+07 540 42 Wholesale Trade 8,529,135 7.67 0.054 58.77 7.01E+07 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music 6,315,305 6.26 0.253 39.18 2.40E+07 80 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 25,309,371 2.85 0.186 8.15 9.52E+07 30 51 Information 1,594,972 3.17 0.204 10.06 7.85E+06 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10,991,421 2.46 0.099 6.07 7.60E+07 35 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 Table 157: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 16.11 17.01 1.28 3.45 0.259 11.87 5.67 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 9.34 11.48 1.40 6.59 0.447 43.45 5.95 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 11.42 11.87 1.12 4.04 0.179 16.32 11.29 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7.60 18.56 1.35 12.47 0.540 155.61 3.93 540 42 Wholesale Trade 10.58 29.95 1.06 8.61 0.127 74.21 10.10 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 11.50 7.90 1.14 2.29 0.220 5.23 8.96 80 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 13.20 7.39 0.64 1.30 0.053 1.68 9.05 30 51 Information 6.37 20.58 1.34 9.69 0.601 93.89 4.15 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.10 10.6 0.838 112.11 21.70 35 t-stat CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.t-stat a ` a

172 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 158: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes-Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 17.54 26.19 0.049 3.26 0.074 10.66 7.09 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 11.77 25.37 0.024 7.77 0.307 60.43 7.46 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 13.85 33.44 0.002 1.41 0.008 1.99 13.64 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 10.27 36.06 0.006 3.22 0.119 10.37 7.53 540 42 Wholesale Trade 11.96 58.45 0.029 8.02 0.068 64.28 10.77 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 13.26 17.05 0.014 1.90 0.034 3.62 11.09 80 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 13.82 10.92 0.010 3.26 0.057 10.65 9.02 30 51 Information 8.37 10.41 0.010 3.90 0.256 15.22 7.74 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10.1 4.80 0.009 2.2 0.045 4.91 23.99 35 Obs. CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2

Final Models including Statistics 173 Table 159: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 246,867,379 7.91 0.450 62.58 4.94E+08 65 311 Food Manufacturing 20,865,881 7.17 0.327 51.42 1.02E+08 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 37,826,939 3.16 0.225 10.01 1.52E+08 25 313 Textile Mills 419,055 1.95 0.124 3.80 2.10E+06 15 314 Textile Product Mills 468,595 2.52 0.227 6.36 2.32E+06 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing 178,778 2.60 0.268 6.77 6.06E+05 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 6,033,498 5.27 0.296 27.73 2.21E+07 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 20,232,004 3.86 0.189 14.93 1.57E+08 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 2,634,454 1.86 0.024 3.46 3.06E+07 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 180,043,872 3.78 0.351 14.26 4.18E+08 20 325 Chemical Manufacturing 11,510,364 2.91 0.055 8.44 1.12E+08 100 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 3,146,431 5.48 0.224 30.05 1.91E+07 90 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 30,485,284 6.98 0.340 48.78 1.07E+08 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 18,595,964 3.40 0.169 11.58 1.53E+08 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 1,412,150 4.21 0.103 17.69 1.08E+07 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 964,732 2.25 0.047 5.05 1.16E+07 95 334 Computer and Electronic Product 153,129 3.66 0.131 13.37 9.15E+05 70 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 335,552 2.33 0.097 5.45 2.11E+06 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 5,384,491 2.13 0.086 4.55 5.44E+07 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 701,716 3.52 0.184 12.39 4.15E+06 50 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 328,636 4.39 0.157 19.26 1.66E+06 80 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 2,798,542 7.31 0.066 53.44 2.07E+07 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 16,085,108 6.45 0.087 41.62 1.02E+08 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 6,315,305 6.26 0.253 39.18 2.40E+07 80 493 Warehousing and Storage 25,309,371 2.85 0.186 8.15 9.52E+07 30 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 1,594,972 3.17 0.204 10.06 7.85E+06 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10,991,421 2.46 0.099 6.07 7.60E+07 30 CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

174 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 160: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 16.11 17.01 1.28 3.45 0.259 11.87 5.67 65 311 Food Manufacturing 9.00 17.04 1.76 18.53 0.618 343.21 4.61 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 11.97 16.92 1.13 6.33 0.431 40.03 4.13 25 313 Textile Mills 9.63 18.38 0.84 2.84 0.243 8.07 2.56 15 314 Textile Product Mills 7.01 17.28 1.66 10.06 0.768 101.11 0.90 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing 8.12 15.86 0.97 4.39 0.504 19.25 1.75 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 9.83 7.62 1.86 4.30 0.586 18.45 3.72 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 9.60 9.56 1.71 7.86 0.704 61.85 1.72 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.84 7.85 1.48 4.76 0.690 22.66 1.93 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing - - 9.08 7.62 0.735 58.01 94.33 20 325 Chemical Manufacturing 8.89 14.20 1.57 9.76 0.562 95.24 4.20 100 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 6.29 8.34 2.09 11.14 0.783 124.21 2.05 90 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.62 8.81 0.59 1.28 0.053 1.63 9.63 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 9.86 13.42 1.40 8.92 0.496 79.63 3.66 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 8.77 8.60 1.19 4.28 0.426 18.32 4.87 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.61 25.15 1.31 19.22 0.722 369.41 1.72 95 334 Computer and Electronic Product 6.98 20.08 1.06 11.60 0.650 134.50 1.43 70 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 8.32 8.47 1.12 4.28 0.596 18.31 1.67 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 9.85 16.89 0.96 8.44 0.515 71.21 3.01 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 7.72 22.82 1.49 14.96 0.748 223.82 1.13 50 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 6.60 7.57 1.39 5.66 0.482 31.99 4.35 80 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 9.28 18.11 1.21 6.58 0.143 43.32 10.53 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 12.09 30.34 0.97 6.99 0.177 48.83 6.21 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 11.50 7.90 1.14 2.29 0.220 5.23 8.96 80 493 Warehousing and Storage - - 5.33 7.92 0.497 62.78 104.01 30 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 6.37 20.58 1.34 9.69 0.601 93.89 4.15 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.10 10.59 0.838 112.11 21.70 30 Obs. CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2

Final Models including Statistics 175 Table 161: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 17.54 26.19 0.049 3.26 0.074 10.66 7.09 65 311 Food Manufacturing 13.12 16.83 0.020 5.76 0.351 33.18 7.84 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 13.42 17.14 0.020 2.70 0.259 7.29 5.38 25 313 Textile Mills 10.83 28.58 0.029 3.55 0.228 12.62 2.61 15 314 Textile Product Mills 10.63 25.44 0.034 6.32 0.562 39.92 1.69 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing - - 0.083 1.83 0.116 3.35 87.18 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 12.51 13.55 0.074 3.54 0.277 12.57 6.48 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 14.90 27.52 0.013 3.93 0.333 15.42 3.88 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 10.22 15.42 0.023 3.98 0.327 15.88 4.20 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing - - 0.638 3.20 0.232 10.22 273.05 20 325 Chemical Manufacturing 12.13 19.61 0.001 1.89 0.015 3.57 9.44 100 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 11.78 13.41 0.018 3.47 0.288 12.05 6.71 90 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing - - 0.141 8.16 0.205 66.61 208.60 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 13.92 22.08 0.012 4.92 0.329 24.21 4.87 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 10.77 17.11 0.017 4.42 0.179 19.57 6.95 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 10.35 20.02 0.010 4.91 0.292 24.11 4.38 95 334 Computer and Electronic Product 8.85 22.56 0.003 2.73 0.128 7.47 3.56 70 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10.11 12.92 0.010 3.08 0.214 9.51 3.26 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 12.06 16.28 0.005 4.16 0.319 17.35 4.23 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 11.17 18.39 0.015 3.44 0.286 11.86 3.20 50 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 8.66 13.60 0.012 4.57 0.151 20.91 7.14 80 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.80 37.08 0.045 6.80 0.081 46.20 11.29 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 13.36 56.09 0.021 6.23 0.083 38.87 6.92 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 13.26 17.05 0.014 1.90 0.034 3.62 11.09 80 493 Warehousing and Storage 13.82 10.92 0.010 3.26 0.057 10.65 9.02 30 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 8.37 10.41 0.010 3.90 0.256 15.22 7.74 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10.12 4.80 0.009 2.22 0.045 4.91 23.99 30 Obs. CFS - New York - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2

176 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 162: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 235,396,875 7.75 0.438 60.08 4.8E+08 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 15,786,981 6.72 0.170 45.22 9.7E+07 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 18,982,265 6.41 0.077 41.07 1.7E+08 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 2,007,680 5.62 0.043 31.59 2.5E+07 540 42 Wholesale Trade 8,006,293 7.48 0.052 55.95 6.7E+07 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 6,132,574 6.29 0.255 39.55 2.3E+07 80 51 Information 1,590,763 3.17 0.203 10.02 7.8E+06 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10,981,410 2.46 0.098 6.06 7.6E+07 30 CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a Adj. R2 t-stat F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 163: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 16.12 17.01 1.26 3.41 0.255 11.60 5.64 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 9.32 11.39 1.41 6.62 0.455 43.79 5.82 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 11.42 11.82 1.11 3.98 0.174 15.87 11.42 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7.55 17.94 1.34 12.04 0.521 144.87 4.15 540 42 Wholesale Trade 10.55 30.22 1.04 8.49 0.124 72.14 9.98 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 11.51 7.91 1.111 2.21 0.200 4.90 9.50 80 51 Information 6.34 20.88 1.359 9.99 0.616 99.83 3.98 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.08 10.62 0.839 112.83 21.43 30 CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 177 Table 164: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 17.51 26.22 0.048 3.25 0.233 28.54 7.01 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 11.74 25.37 0.024 7.80 0.312 60.81 7.32 180 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 13.82 33.21 0.002 1.42 0.008 2.00 13.72 470 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 10.20 35.34 0.006 3.10 0.111 9.59 7.69 540 42 Wholesale Trade 11.90 58.97 0.029 8.05 0.068 64.83 10.59 985 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 13.23 17.00 0.014 1.90 0.031 3.62 11.51 80 51 Information 8.35 10.48 0.010 3.89 0.264 15.17 7.58 40 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10.08 4.80 0.009 2.2 0.045 4.84 23.95 30 CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs. Table 165: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 235,396,875 7.75 0.438 60.08 4.83E+08 65 311 Food Manufacturing 20,343,134 7.05 0.319 49.67 1.01E+08 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 36,277,995 3.08 0.214 9.48 1.51E+08 25 314 Textile Product Mills 462,165 2.55 0.233 6.51 2.26E+06 15 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 5,896,322 5.16 0.286 26.60 2.21E+07 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 17,231,624 5.49 0.326 30.16 9.46E+07 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 2,562,800 1.87 0.025 3.50 2.96E+07 55 325 Chemical Manufacturing 6,318,337 4.74 0.188 22.44 3.30E+07 100 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 29,737,028 6.88 0.335 47.29 1.06E+08 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 15,281,532 3.74 0.205 13.97 1.13E+08 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 1,396,123 4.16 0.100 17.29 1.08E+07 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 881,285 2.28 0.049 5.20 1.05E+07 95 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 323,614 2.27 0.090 5.15 2.09E+06 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 3,715,722 2.07 0.082 4.28 3.84E+07 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 696,881 3.49 0.181 12.20 4.16E+06 50 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 2,456,332 7.88 0.083 62.08 1.60E+07 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 15,324,097 6.35 0.084 40.32 9.90E+07 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 6,132,574 6.29 0.255 39.55 2.31E+07 80 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 1,590,763 3.17 0.203 10.02 7.84E+06 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10,981,410 2.46 0.098 6.06 7.60E+07 30 CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a Adj. R2 t-stat F-stat RMSE Obs.

178 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 166: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 16.12 17.01 1.26 3.41 0.255 11.60 5.64 65 311 Food Manufacturing 9.01 17.09 1.75 18.46 0.614 340.61 4.64 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 11.97 16.92 1.13 6.32 0.431 39.91 4.11 25 314 Textile Product Mills 7.02 17.32 1.66 10.04 0.767 100.76 0.90 15 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 9.84 7.61 1.85 4.27 0.585 18.21 3.69 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 9.65 9.66 1.69 7.81 0.697 60.93 1.73 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.84 7.82 1.46 4.69 0.683 21.97 1.95 55 325 Chemical Manufacturing 8.91 14.04 1.54 9.49 0.551 90.09 4.22 100 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing - - 5.45 20.86 0.730 435.04 71.04 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 9.89 13.41 1.37 8.70 0.458 75.70 4.08 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 8.76 8.59 1.17 4.21 0.416 17.77 4.92 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.64 25.34 1.27 17.78 0.690 316.13 1.89 95 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 8.35 8.44 1.09 4.15 0.581 17.22 1.70 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 9.88 16.96 0.88 7.68 0.442 58.96 3.38 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 7.82 20.91 1.43 11.95 0.687 142.92 1.41 50 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 9.19 18.10 1.20 6.56 0.141 43.06 10.51 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 12.16 32.26 0.94 7.07 0.179 49.97 5.74 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 11.51 7.91 1.11 2.21 0.200 4.90 9.50 80 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 6.34 20.88 1.36 9.99 0.616 99.83 3.98 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.08 10.62 0.839 112.83 21.43 30 CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description Obs.` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Table 167: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 17.51 26.22 0.048 3.25 0.073 10.58 2.65 65 311 Food Manufacturing 13.09 16.91 0.020 5.79 0.352 33.49 2.79 100 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 13.38 17.19 0.020 2.72 0.258 7.41 2.30 25 314 Textile Product Mills 10.62 25.49 0.034 6.31 0.562 39.87 1.30 15 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 12.50 13.57 0.073 3.53 0.276 12.46 2.54 60 322 Paper Manufacturing 14.89 27.70 0.013 3.95 0.329 15.63 1.96 60 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 10.16 15.51 0.023 4.01 0.332 16.08 2.03 55 325 Chemical Manufacturing 12.09 19.62 0.001 1.91 0.015 3.66 3.04 100 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing - - 0.140 8.19 0.203 67.01 14.42 90 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 13.86 22.02 0.012 5.01 0.312 25.09 2.28 40 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 10.73 17.18 0.017 4.42 0.179 19.54 2.63 125 333 Machinery Manufacturing 10.31 20.26 0.009 4.48 0.267 20.10 2.12 95 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10.10 12.94 0.010 2.99 0.205 8.94 1.80 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 11.88 17.42 0.005 4.47 0.311 19.96 2.04 50 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 11.13 18.60 0.014 3.46 0.268 12.01 1.82 50 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.70 36.97 0.044 6.79 0.079 46.04 3.35 545 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 13.38 59.36 0.020 6.31 0.086 39.79 2.52 440 454 Nonstore Retailers 13.23 17.00 0.014 1.90 0.031 3.62 3.39 80 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 8.35 10.48 0.010 3.89 0.264 15.17 2.75 40 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 10.08 4.80 0.009 2.20 0.045 4.84 4.89 30 Obs. CFS - New York - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2

Final Models including Statistics 179 CALIFORNIA Table 168: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 31,294,508 3.52 0.113 12.36 2.24E+09 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 590,798 7.91 0.271 62.63 1.45E+08 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 551,889 1.65 0.021 2.72 5.31E+08 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 42,751 2.20 0.019 4.82 5.44E+07 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 610,208 8.22 0.032 67.54 1.32E+08 1890 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music 65,478 3.99 0.167 15.94 4.28E+06 70 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 962,702 6.32 0.303 39.90 1.27E+08 125 51 Information 126,226 10.62 0.834 112.74 9.73E+06 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 212,740 2.45 0.014 6.00 1.62E+08 95 RMSE Obs. CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat

180 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 169: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 31,294,508 3.52 0.113 12.36 2.24E+09 65 311 Food Manufacturing 526,756 8.15 0.270 66.42 1.58E+08 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 1,350,394 2.95 0.488 8.72 1.65E+08 70 313 Textile Mills 21,340 1.59 0.181 2.53 3.25E+06 20 314 Textile Product Mills 109,208 3.02 0.473 9.15 9.10E+06 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 10,790 2.41 0.181 5.83 2.14E+06 50 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 2,921 2.79 0.218 7.77 3.52E+05 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 713,111 4.70 0.317 22.09 6.81E+07 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 689,784 7.22 0.513 52.08 6.77E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 180,576 5.03 0.597 25.34 8.36E+06 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 9,622,939 3.48 0.293 12.12 8.58E+08 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing 31,388 1.21 0.002 1.47 1.01E+08 170 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 117,861 6.15 0.247 37.87 2.65E+07 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 3,393,056 4.66 0.173 21.72 4.69E+08 155 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 1,961,209 3.27 0.600 10.72 2.01E+08 45 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 88,210 4.43 0.102 19.59 1.73E+07 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 18,939 2.94 0.386 8.67 2.58E+06 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product 1,913 2.48 0.119 6.15 1.55E+06 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 55,085 2.22 0.096 4.94 1.44E+07 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 30,664 1.38 0.081 1.91 3.76E+07 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 89,697 5.73 0.156 32.79 1.74E+07 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 3,444 2.51 0.076 6.29 1.82E+06 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 293,427 5.04 0.061 25.44 3.85E+07 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 852,945 7.13 0.037 50.89 2.06E+08 815 454 Nonstore Retailers 65,478 3.99 0.167 15.94 4.28E+06 70 493 Warehousing and Storage 962,702 6.32 0.303 39.90 1.27E+08 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 126,226 10.62 0.834 112.74 9.73E+06 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 212,740 2.45 0.014 6.00 1.62E+08 95 CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] F-statNAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 RMSE Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 181 Table 170: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 22,824,611 4.64 0.393 21.57 7.6E+08 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 523,136 8.02 0.252 64.33 1.3E+08 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 282,044 1.76 0.010 3.08 3.8E+08 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 27,392 2.49 0.028 6.21 2.9E+07 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 569,334 8.60 0.034 73.91 1.2E+08 1890 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 952,758 6.32 0.303 39.98 1.3E+08 125 51 Information 126,123 10.58 0.834 111.95 9.7E+06 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 202,911 2.46 0.014 6.06 1.6E+08 95 CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

182 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 171: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 22,824,611 4.64 0.393 21.57 7.62E+08 65 311 Food Manufacturing 465,422 9.54 0.255 91.07 1.45E+08 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 1,200,033 2.73 0.442 7.45 1.61E+08 70 313 Textile Mills 21,301 1.59 0.181 2.53 3.25E+06 20 314 Textile Product Mills 104,372 2.89 0.532 8.37 7.75E+06 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 9,366 2.71 0.189 7.36 1.81E+06 50 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 590,528 4.63 0.313 21.40 5.68E+07 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 644,367 7.35 0.552 53.97 5.84E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 178,115 4.93 0.590 24.34 8.36E+06 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 3,187,020 3.36 0.058 11.29 6.83E+08 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing 21,700 1.31 0.001 1.71 7.57E+07 165 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 108,286 5.85 0.227 34.25 2.58E+07 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 2,955,178 4.39 0.211 19.28 3.62E+08 155 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 78,014 4.37 0.091 19.07 1.62E+07 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 17,012 2.80 0.357 7.84 2.46E+06 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product 1,489 2.01 0.078 4.05 1.51E+06 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 47,240 2.33 0.102 5.44 1.20E+07 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 25,276 1.13 0.053 1.28 3.76E+07 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 78,845 8.36 0.478 69.86 7.01E+06 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 2,795 2.48 0.053 6.13 1.75E+06 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 270,730 4.98 0.059 24.78 3.60E+07 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 798,142 7.59 0.039 57.58 1.87E+08 815 493 Warehousing and Storage 952,758 6.32 0.303 39.98 1.25E+08 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 126,123 10.58 0.834 111.95 9.74E+06 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 202,911 2.46 0.014 6.06 1.55E+08 95 CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] F-statNAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 RMSE Obs.a

Final Models including Statistics 183 Table 172: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes-Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 424,606,800 3.35 0.182 11.24 2.15E+09 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 23,567,728 11.14 0.191 124.01 1.52E+08 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 60,417,115 8.86 0.087 78.54 5.13E+08 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 2,347,140 4.21 0.013 17.75 5.46E+07 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 14,215,616 10.19 0.052 103.83 1.31E+08 1890 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music 1,069,771 4.44 0.203 19.70 4.18E+06 70 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 35,170,984 7.00 0.290 48.97 1.28E+08 125 51 Information 3,831,102 3.12 0.133 9.75 2.22E+07 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 27,776,524 3.91 0.163 15.29 1.49E+08 95 CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 173: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) a` 21 Mining 16.13 18.56 1.29 4.50 0.378 20.28 2.71 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 9.54 12.85 1.55 8.77 0.458 76.97 7.31 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.92 16.97 0.94 4.44 0.097 19.73 15.42 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7.22 26.44 1.32 18.11 0.508 327.84 4.17 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 10.80 45.46 1.30 16.22 0.236 263.03 7.58 1890 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 7.95 9.13 1.82 6.08 0.320 36.99 6.26 70 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 16.00 30.48 0.29 2.01 0.038 4.05 3.50 125 51 Information 7.06 9.16 1.27 6.45 0.450 41.63 4.54 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.06 13.28 0.611 176.42 95.53 95 S 2 Obs. CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat

184 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 174: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.46 33.76 0.036 2.72 0.132 7.40 3.77 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 13.22 31.43 0.010 6.99 0.142 48.86 11.58 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing - - 0.024 1.92 0.049 3.70 230.55 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 10.00 54.97 0.005 5.04 0.096 25.40 7.66 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 12.84 95.07 0.023 9.15 0.070 83.77 9.23 1890 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 10.85 18.31 0.032 4.41 0.072 19.44 8.53 70 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 16.42 50.81 0.006 4.27 0.052 18.23 3.44 125 51 Information 9.12 14.41 0.009 4.22 0.239 17.82 6.28 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.031 3.09 0.045 9.54 234.58 95 NAICS Description t-stat CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] Obs.t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2a`

Final Models including Statistics 185 Table 175: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 424,606,800 3.35 0.182 11.24 2.15E+09 65 311 Food Manufacturing 29,286,811 10.96 0.294 120.09 1.56E+08 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 39,038,842 4.49 0.185 20.14 2.08E+08 70 313 Textile Mills 455,842 2.03 0.104 4.13 3.40E+06 20 314 Textile Product Mills 2,048,024 2.90 0.196 8.43 1.12E+07 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 313,203 3.32 0.133 11.04 2.20E+06 50 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 81,061 2.88 0.417 8.27 3.04E+05 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 13,875,575 5.68 0.204 32.30 7.35E+07 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 15,858,188 7.29 0.417 53.13 7.40E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 2,023,073 4.19 0.113 17.53 1.24E+07 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 299,851,573 6.33 0.289 40.05 8.61E+08 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing 13,397,054 5.10 0.125 26.02 9.44E+07 170 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 4,263,735 7.31 0.245 53.40 2.65E+07 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 103,187,661 7.42 0.287 54.99 4.36E+08 155 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 23,286,173 2.11 0.050 4.43 3.10E+08 45 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 2,189,669 5.23 0.099 27.37 1.73E+07 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 471,154 4.45 0.120 19.79 3.09E+06 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product 159,577 5.19 0.087 26.96 1.57E+06 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 1,394,323 2.65 0.056 7.02 1.47E+07 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 3,002,591 2.44 0.053 5.94 3.81E+07 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 2,124,498 3.46 0.099 11.94 1.80E+07 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 267,461 4.44 0.097 19.73 1.80E+06 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 5,556,032 10.97 0.088 120.25 3.79E+07 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 26,492,275 8.18 0.079 66.94 2.01E+08 815 454 Nonstore Retailers 1,069,771 4.44 0.203 19.70 4.18E+06 70 493 Warehousing and Storage 35,170,984 7.00 0.290 48.97 1.28E+08 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 3,831,102 3.12 0.133 9.75 2.22E+07 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 27,776,524 3.91 0.163 15.29 1.49E+08 95 CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] RMSE Obs.F-statNAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 a

186 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 176: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 16.13 18.56 1.29 4.50 0.378 20.28 2.71 65 311 Food Manufacturing 11.65 10.53 1.31 5.07 0.474 25.66 4.72 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 9.14 16.30 1.77 11.88 0.763 141.09 2.99 70 313 Textile Mills 8.80 7.35 1.20 3.60 0.397 12.94 1.81 20 314 Textile Product Mills 10.78 41.85 0.89 6.95 0.438 48.29 2.38 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 4.96 2.61 1.87 3.86 0.570 14.86 4.25 50 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 6.27 9.21 1.48 7.69 0.715 59.17 1.36 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 10.03 7.59 1.69 4.79 0.522 22.94 5.31 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 11.27 15.54 1.37 8.65 0.429 74.85 1.99 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.46 12.16 1.66 8.20 0.711 67.22 2.01 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing - - 8.75 16.09 0.761 258.86 82.73 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing 9.79 10.63 1.61 6.07 0.372 36.80 7.24 170 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 6.92 3.23 1.97 3.84 0.564 14.75 4.82 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing - - 5.52 22.47 0.725 505.03 84.06 155 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 8.22 10.24 1.71 8.67 0.413 75.13 4.57 45 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 7.32 11.43 1.48 7.66 0.524 58.63 4.32 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.35 16.22 1.24 11.03 0.613 121.77 2.11 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 6.48 9.58 1.07 7.12 0.532 50.72 3.19 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 6.60 6.50 1.47 5.43 0.501 29.47 3.53 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 8.27 9.30 1.11 5.45 0.491 29.74 4.38 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 8.94 18.52 1.29 9.97 0.654 99.33 2.13 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 6.69 13.87 1.25 8.84 0.568 78.12 2.48 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 9.82 38.18 1.43 15.95 0.297 254.25 6.16 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 12.35 31.90 1.09 8.73 0.199 76.24 7.49 815 454 Nonstore Retailers 7.95 9.13 1.82 6.08 0.320 36.99 6.26 70 493 Warehousing and Storage 16.00 30.48 0.29 2.01 0.038 4.05 3.50 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 7.06 9.16 1.27 6.45 0.450 41.63 4.54 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.06 13.28 0.611 176.42 95.53 95 CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.NAICS Description t-stat t-stata`

Final Models including Statistics 187 Table 177: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 18.46 33.76 0.036 2.72 0.132 7.40 3.77 65 311 Food Manufacturing 15.20 29.15 0.006 4.98 0.128 24.80 7.84 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 12.05 16.28 0.015 2.39 0.230 5.70 9.72 70 313 Textile Mills 11.96 20.51 0.010 2.28 0.124 5.19 2.63 20 314 Textile Product Mills 12.45 19.97 0.015 4.07 0.240 16.56 3.21 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 9.24 8.03 0.016 3.05 0.197 9.30 7.93 50 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing - - 0.103 3.32 0.408 11.02 72.82 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 13.20 15.10 0.025 3.76 0.190 14.11 9.00 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 15.59 42.31 0.014 4.75 0.283 22.59 2.50 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 9.95 23.32 0.029 5.52 0.341 30.48 4.59 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 18.37 42.72 0.006 3.40 0.004 11.54 5.95 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing - - 0.007 1.84 0.015 3.40 194.7 170 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 12.71 12.62 0.012 2.99 0.172 8.95 9.14 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 16.71 22.97 0.012 2.45 0.023 6.00 15.23 155 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 13.38 25.87 0.013 4.99 0.263 24.87 5.74 45 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 9.92 25.47 0.024 6.05 0.235 36.56 6.95 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 9.50 25.79 0.011 4.87 0.242 23.70 4.14 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 8.91 21.94 0.004 2.96 0.151 8.75 5.79 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 9.74 17.78 0.016 4.56 0.257 20.82 5.24 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 10.98 15.53 0.003 3.31 0.102 10.96 7.72 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 11.43 28.56 0.019 4.45 0.343 19.79 4.04 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 8.71 25.23 0.006 3.06 0.135 9.34 4.97 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 12.04 72.84 0.027 5.17 0.079 26.71 8.08 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 14.09 66.43 0.017 7.81 0.063 61.01 8.76 815 454 Nonstore Retailers 10.85 18.31 0.032 4.41 0.072 19.44 8.53 70 493 Warehousing and Storage 16.42 50.81 0.006 4.27 0.052 18.23 3.44 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 9.12 14.41 0.009 4.22 0.239 17.82 6.28 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.031 3.09 0.045 9.54 234.6 95 S2 Obs. CFS - California - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat

188 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 178: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 285,150,949 8.59 0.514 73.71 6.8E+08 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 21,286,700 10.85 0.185 117.81 1.4E+08 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 48,684,193 9.27 0.113 85.99 3.6E+08 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 1,780,223 5.99 0.028 35.82 2.9E+07 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 13,291,802 10.04 0.055 100.85 1.2E+08 1890 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 34,563,636 6.93 0.287 47.97 1.3E+08 125 51 Information 3,821,957 3.12 0.132 9.70 2.2E+07 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 26,140,670 3.80 0.156 14.40 1.4E+08 95 CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 179: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 16.16 18.54 1.22 4.31 0.352 18.61 2.71 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 9.42 12.59 1.57 8.78 0.467 77.08 7.22 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 13.23 17.99 0.83 4.07 0.083 16.56 14.55 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7.24 26.41 1.27 17.31 0.475 299.47 4.40 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 10.67 44.38 1.30 16.06 0.230 257.94 7.83 1890 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 15.99 30.4 0.29 2 0.037 3.9993 3.49 125 51 Information 6.999 9.09 1.32 7.22 0.513 52.18 3.86 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.06 13.3 0.611 176 95.5 95 CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 189 Table 180: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.37 34.23 0.034 2.64 0.120 6.98 3.68 65 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 13.14 30.84 0.010 6.93 0.140 48.00 11.62 470 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing - - 0.024 1.93 0.048 3.71 226.5 810 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 9.96 55.10 0.005 4.80 0.081 23.03 7.65 1000 42 Wholesale Trade 12.72 93.19 0.023 8.86 0.068 78.50 9.44 1890 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 16.41 50.63 0.01 4.28 0.053 18.33 3.43 125 51 Information 9.05 14.63 0.01 4.22 0.264 17.79 5.69 50 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.03 3.09 0.044 9.55 232.12 95 S2 Obs. CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat Table 181: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode-Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 22,824,611 4.64 0.393 21.57 7.62E+08 65 311 Food Manufacturing 465,422 9.54 0.255 91.07 1.45E+08 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 1,200,033 2.73 0.442 7.45 1.61E+08 70 313 Textile Mills 21,301 1.59 0.181 2.53 3.25E+06 20 314 Textile Product Mills 104,372 2.89 0.532 8.37 7.75E+06 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 9,366 2.71 0.189 7.36 1.81E+06 50 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 590,528 4.63 0.313 21.40 5.68E+07 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 644,367 7.35 0.552 53.97 5.84E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 178,115 4.93 0.590 24.34 8.36E+06 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 3,187,020 3.36 0.058 11.29 6.83E+08 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing 21,700 1.31 0.001 1.71 7.57E+07 165 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 108,286 5.85 0.227 34.25 2.58E+07 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 2,955,178 4.39 0.211 19.28 3.62E+08 155 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 78,014 4.37 0.091 19.07 1.62E+07 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 17,012 2.80 0.357 7.84 2.46E+06 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product 1,489 2.01 0.078 4.05 1.51E+06 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 47,240 2.33 0.102 5.44 1.20E+07 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 25,276 1.13 0.053 1.28 3.76E+07 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 78,845 8.36 0.478 69.86 7.01E+06 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 2,795 2.48 0.053 6.13 1.75E+06 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 270,730 4.98 0.059 24.78 3.60E+07 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 798,142 7.59 0.039 57.58 1.87E+08 815 493 Warehousing and Storage 952,758 6.32 0.303 39.98 1.25E+08 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 126,123 10.58 0.834 111.95 9.74E+06 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 202,911 2.46 0.014 6.06 1.55E+08 95 CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] F-statNAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 RMSE Obs.

190 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 182: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 16.16 18.54 1.22 4.31 0.352 18.61 2.71 65 311 Food Manufacturing 11.64 10.55 1.29 5.02 0.476 25.16 4.58 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 8.92 15.61 1.81 12.30 0.771 151.17 3.00 70 313 Textile Mills 8.81 7.34 1.19 3.57 0.395 12.74 1.80 20 314 Textile Product Mills 10.33 37.00 0.99 7.72 0.500 59.53 2.33 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 4.74 2.61 1.91 4.14 0.580 17.10 4.27 50 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 10.05 7.58 1.67 4.71 0.518 22.22 5.27 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 11.31 15.58 1.35 8.55 0.423 73.05 1.98 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.91 19.33 1.53 10.52 0.737 110.61 1.50 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 17.21 16.16 0.74 1.52 0.074 2.31 5.44 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing 9.84 10.59 1.58 5.89 0.369 34.73 7.05 165 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 6.76 2.96 1.99 3.66 0.554 13.38 5.13 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 15.57 10.05 0.63 1.42 0.047 2.01 14.71 155 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 7.35 11.53 1.46 7.58 0.516 57.43 4.34 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.36 15.63 1.20 10.03 0.574 100.61 2.31 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 6.45 9.33 0.99 6.49 0.476 42.08 3.48 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 6.67 6.56 1.42 5.22 0.476 27.30 3.64 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 8.39 9.31 1.02 4.89 0.42 23.91 4.84 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 8.76 15.18 1.29 8.57 0.589 73.36 2.79 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 6.73 14.37 1.18 8.53 0.546 72.69 2.44 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 9.62 37.47 1.44 16.20 0.296 262.53 6.33 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 12.23 31.04 1.10 8.66 0.195 74.99 7.77 815 493 Warehousing and Storage 15.99 30.38 0.29 2.00 0.037 4.00 3.49 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 6.999 9.09 1.32 7.22 0.513 52.18 3.86 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.06 13.27 0.611 176.00 95.51 95 CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] DescriptionNAICS Obs.` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2

Final Models including Statistics 191 Table 183: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 18.37 34.23 0.034 2.64 0.120 6.98 3.68 65 311 Food Manufacturing 15.13 29.38 0.006 4.99 0.129 24.94 7.60 290 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 11.90 15.40 0.015 2.38 0.221 5.64 10.20 70 313 Textile Mills 11.95 20.55 0.010 2.28 0.123 5.18 2.61 20 314 Textile Product Mills 12.22 16.93 0.015 3.73 0.246 13.95 3.51 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 9.11 8.02 0.016 3.11 0.196 9.65 8.17 50 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 13.18 15.11 0.025 3.72 0.186 13.81 8.88 105 322 Paper Manufacturing 15.58 42.01 0.014 4.64 0.274 21.52 2.49 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 10.29 30.71 0.027 5.79 0.385 33.47 3.36 90 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 18.34 42.65 0.004 2.66 -0.004 7.06 5.89 80 325 Chemical Manufacturing 13.59 25.06 0.001 1.61 -0.002 2.58 11.17 165 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 12.64 12.05 0.012 2.85 0.159 8.11 9.67 140 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 16.70 22.95 0.011 2.28 0.020 5.21 15.12 155 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 9.93 25.48 0.023 5.97 0.225 35.67 6.95 225 333 Machinery Manufacturing 9.47 24.95 0.011 4.90 0.219 24.05 4.21 105 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 8.73 21.46 0.003 2.92 0.129 8.53 5.78 230 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 9.70 17.90 0.016 4.58 0.249 20.97 5.21 80 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 10.91 15.61 0.002 2.20 0.048 4.84 7.86 95 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 11.24 27.72 0.019 4.49 0.324 20.15 4.59 100 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 8.70 26.23 0.005 3.15 0.124 9.94 4.60 115 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 11.90 71.30 0.027 4.93 0.075 24.31 8.24 1075 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 13.97 64.71 0.018 7.82 0.063 61.14 9.04 815 493 Warehousing and Storage 16.41 50.63 0.006 4.28 0.053 18.33 3.43 125 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 9.05 14.63 0.009 4.22 0.264 17.79 5.69 50 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.030 3.09 0.044 9.55 232.12 95 CFS - California - Road Modes [pounds/year] Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat

192 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips TEXAS Table 184: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 48,689,606 8.07 0.571 65.11 1.25E+09 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 580,353 5.01 0.279 25.15 1.78E+08 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 4,371,744 3.04 0.169 9.21 1.08E+09 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 64,431 2.01 0.041 4.04 8.30E+07 700 42 Wholesale Trade 757,778 3.68 0.015 13.52 2.73E+08 1245 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music 37,277 3.49 0.139 12.20 2.31E+06 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 1,329,914 4.00 0.390 15.98 1.13E+08 85 51 Information 42,013 5.78 0.858 33.40 2.24E+06 25 CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 193 Table 185: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 48,689,606 8.07 0.571 65.11 1.25E+09 60 311 Food Manufacturing 429,910 8.64 0.430 74.59 1.12E+08 165 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 3,736,219 8.04 0.859 64.63 2.48E+08 25 314 Textile Product Mills 65,915 2.21 0.527 4.90 3.66E+06 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing 40,207 1.35 0.076 1.82 7.06E+06 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 913,417 3.77 0.448 14.19 6.74E+07 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 1,352,247 3.67 0.586 13.49 1.76E+08 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 168,462 2.26 0.288 5.13 1.40E+07 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 23,145,410 4.87 0.731 23.67 1.68E+09 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 1,473,751 2.74 0.205 7.50 4.38E+08 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 288,629 5.83 0.669 33.97 2.85E+07 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 3,725,196 2.76 0.163 7.63 5.17E+08 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 973,844 3.52 0.378 12.38 2.67E+08 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 155,994 7.48 0.264 55.91 2.54E+07 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 93,585 5.50 0.471 30.30 1.97E+07 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 6,505 0.92 0.096 0.85 1.26E+07 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 51,356 3.40 0.391 11.53 9.91E+06 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 48,289 1.65 0.224 2.74 3.30E+07 60 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 98,524 7.38 0.637 54.53 6.40E+06 75 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 37,210 3.07 0.295 9.40 6.13E+06 65 423 Merchan Wholesalers, Durable Goods 409,823 1.82 0.013 3.33 1.37E+08 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 1,080,614 4.91 0.018 24.11 3.99E+08 510 454 Nonstore Retailers 37,277 3.49 0.139 12.20 2.31E+06 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 1,329,914 4.00 0.390 15.98 1.13E+08 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 42,013 5.78 0.858 33.40 2.24E+06 25 CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] Obs.NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE

194 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 186: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 31,516,621 5.47 0.444 29.97 1.0E+09 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 539,411 4.75 0.264 22.55 1.7E+08 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 719,978 4.19 0.064 17.56 3.0E+08 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 47,611 2.01 0.045 4.02 5.9E+07 700 42 Wholesale Trade 588,205 4.05 0.034 16.39 1.4E+08 1245 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 1,325,751 3.98 0.390 15.87 1.1E+08 85 51 Information 41,393 5.67 0.841 32.13 2.4E+06 25 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 187: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS for Road Modes - Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 31,516,621 5.47 0.444 29.97 1.04E+09 60 311 Food Manufacturing 385,644 9.26 0.464 85.70 9.42E+07 165 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 769,736 3.45 0.442 11.91 5.75E+07 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 809,648 4.94 0.753 24.42 7.23E+07 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 166,740 2.24 0.285 5.00 1.40E+07 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 1,413,470 2.58 0.110 6.64 4.53E+08 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 298,897 4.07 0.275 16.60 7.33E+07 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 265,060 5.98 0.677 35.78 2.57E+07 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 3,459,746 2.74 0.157 7.50 4.90E+08 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 638,526 2.98 0.342 8.86 1.89E+08 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 152,537 7.44 0.267 55.37 2.47E+07 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 89,553 5.41 0.459 29.30 1.93E+07 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 6,456 0.92 0.095 0.84 1.26E+07 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 50,557 3.38 0.384 11.40 9.90E+06 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 22,877 1.50 0.124 2.26 2.18E+07 60 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 26,335 3.47 0.320 12.01 4.10E+06 65 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 368,432 1.77 0.011 3.13 1.35E+08 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 792,114 12.21 0.068 149.18 1.51E+08 510 493 Warehousing and Storage 1,325,751 3.98 0.390 15.87 1.13E+08 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 41,393 5.67 0.841 32.13 2.36E+06 25 CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 195 Table 188: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 522,087,613 7.14 0.446 50.94 1.41E+09 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 28,930,812 7.42 0.180 55.04 1.90E+08 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 103,692,655 7.09 0.052 50.29 1.15E+09 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 5,554,549 6.08 0.040 36.93 8.31E+07 700 42 Wholesale Trade 21,107,112 6.47 0.028 41.89 2.72E+08 1245 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music 799,771 4.68 0.348 21.93 2.01E+06 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 30,201,083 5.01 0.186 25.12 1.30E+08 85 51 Information 1,273,006 3.04 0.245 9.23 5.16E+06 25 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 58,485,178 2.18 0.069 4.74 4.68E+08 60 Obs. CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSENAICS Description Table 189: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 15.86 14.74 1.30 4.33 0.347 18.78 5.01 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 10.02 14.29 1.55 9.24 0.521 85.45 5.76 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.32 23.18 1.18 8.46 0.228 71.56 10.50 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 8.20 23.11 1.38 16.65 0.534 277.30 4.57 700 42 Wholesale Trade 11.70 34.72 1.17 10.21 0.167 104.14 8.99 1245 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 9.20 12.91 1.52 5.12 0.330 26.18 5.09 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 14.69 20.13 0.54 2.17 0.074 4.73 5.36 85 51 Information 8.25 17.33 1.19 7.94 0.702 63.12 1.92 25 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.22 13.33 0.644 177.58 85.93 60 CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat Obs.a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2

196 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 190: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 17.66 25.28 0.055 4.03 0.222 16.22 5.97 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 13.73 30.23 0.007 4.70 0.127 22.06 10.48 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.57 49.72 0.010 4.10 0.078 16.80 12.55 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 11.59 46.34 0.003 2.23 0.078 4.98 9.04 700 42 Wholesale Trade 13.70 78.98 0.016 3.75 0.041 14.09 10.36 1245 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 11.28 19.11 0.027 3.25 0.038 10.56 7.31 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 15.46 35.78 0.008 4.47 0.036 19.95 5.58 85 51 Information 9.85 19.15 0.012 4.58 0.349 20.96 4.19 25 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 2.80 0.026 7.85 234.95 60 CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.a`

Final Models including Statistics 197 Table 191: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 522,087,613 7.14 0.446 50.94 1.41E+09 60 311 Food Manufacturing 26,101,350 8.50 0.319 72.29 1.23E+08 165 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 96,413,378 3.48 0.297 12.09 5.55E+08 25 314 Textile Product Mills 929,959 2.10 0.131 4.42 4.97E+06 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing 1,067,738 1.59 0.104 2.52 6.96E+06 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 16,340,824 5.26 0.198 27.66 8.12E+07 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 31,730,237 3.28 0.178 10.78 2.48E+08 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 1,887,651 2.57 0.057 6.63 1.61E+07 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 657,510,948 3.83 0.175 14.68 2.95E+09 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 75,026,632 7.97 0.174 63.59 4.46E+08 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 6,805,859 5.29 0.186 27.98 4.46E+07 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 114,875,348 8.11 0.259 65.73 4.86E+08 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 39,519,914 3.51 0.153 12.34 3.11E+08 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 4,397,262 7.58 0.193 57.41 2.66E+07 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 2,889,300 4.32 0.122 18.64 2.54E+07 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 707,755 1.41 0.021 2.00 1.31E+07 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 2,389,584 4.36 0.357 18.99 1.02E+07 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 3,672,614 2.57 0.096 6.62 3.56E+07 60 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 1,939,961 5.38 0.243 28.94 9.24E+06 75 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 983,396 3.58 0.129 12.80 6.82E+06 65 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 9,157,917 5.13 0.021 26.29 1.36E+08 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 39,588,964 5.10 0.045 26.03 3.93E+08 510 454 Nonstore Retailers 799,771 4.68 0.348 21.93 2.01E+06 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 30,201,083 5.01 0.186 25.12 1.30E+08 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 1,273,006 3.04 0.245 9.23 5.16E+06 25 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 58,485,178 2.18 0.069 4.74 4.68E+08 60 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2a

198 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 192: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 15.86 14.74 1.30 4.33 0.347 18.78 5.01 60 311 Food Manufacturing 11.49 18.19 1.35 8.86 0.607 78.48 3.04 165 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 9.25 9.27 2.09 10.63 0.661 112.92 3.15 25 314 Textile Product Mills 9.13 11.56 0.97 3.72 0.346 13.83 2.87 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing 7.32 8.12 1.43 4.17 0.389 17.41 3.55 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 8.45 11.53 1.99 10.29 0.709 105.87 2.97 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 9.69 4.50 1.77 3.90 0.697 15.23 2.25 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 8.42 17.44 1.27 7.72 0.671 59.56 1.30 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 14.08 13.70 1.46 5.18 0.404 26.87 5.78 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 12.42 21.41 1.26 8.65 0.418 74.90 5.82 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 9.20 11.78 1.56 7.89 0.731 62.21 2.20 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 15.74 13.96 0.71 2.30 0.081 5.31 10.47 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 6.91 12.19 2.08 18.13 0.825 328.58 3.10 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 8.89 12.26 1.48 8.10 0.529 65.69 3.84 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.46 13.42 1.50 12.53 0.745 157.02 2.78 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 5.89 5.04 1.30 5.04 0.580 25.41 3.72 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10.02 7.75 1.01 3.70 0.508 13.66 3.13 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 8.77 16.94 1.03 8.77 0.543 76.96 2.81 60 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 8.94 15.03 1.37 8.58 0.802 73.65 1.13 75 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 7.69 9.67 1.11 5.74 0.489 32.92 3.81 65 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.83 24.87 1.24 8.12 0.191 65.90 7.88 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 12.86 25.45 1.16 6.90 0.186 47.64 8.57 510 454 Nonstore Retailers 9.20 12.91 1.52 5.12 0.330 26.18 5.09 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 14.69 20.13 0.54 2.17 0.074 4.73 5.36 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 8.25 17.33 1.19 7.94 0.702 63.12 1.92 25 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.22 13.33 0.644 177.58 85.93 60 CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] Obs.NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2a`

Final Models including Statistics 199 a` Table 193: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 17.66 25.28 0.055 4.03 0.222 16.22 5.97 60 311 Food Manufacturing 14.97 32.67 0.005 4.56 0.131 20.80 6.72 165 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 16.03 17.01 0.011 2.87 0.262 8.22 6.88 25 314 Textile Product Mills 10.65 20.10 0.022 3.66 0.331 13.36 2.94 15 315 Apparel Manufacturing 10.65 13.07 0.017 2.50 0.154 6.24 4.92 10 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 11.82 21.87 0.032 5.70 0.370 32.46 6.42 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 15.17 14.54 0.012 2.83 0.306 8.02 5.16 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 10.37 37.44 0.027 7.16 0.476 51.20 2.07 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 16.22 21.40 0.010 5.39 0.138 29.07 8.35 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 14.95 37.70 0.007 2.39 0.094 5.69 9.07 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 13.01 20.06 0.010 4.22 0.210 17.77 6.47 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 16.99 28.48 0.011 2.32 0.027 5.38 11.09 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 12.01 9.42 0.012 3.86 0.314 14.93 12.17 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 12.10 29.95 0.016 7.36 0.258 54.15 6.06 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 10.85 17.62 0.010 5.60 0.293 31.39 7.69 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 9.40 12.74 0.001 1.93 0.075 3.72 8.21 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 12.08 17.58 0.010 3.42 0.285 11.67 4.54 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 11.40 26.17 0.003 3.31 0.214 10.94 4.83 60 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 11.37 25.93 0.019 5.09 0.408 25.94 3.36 75 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 9.45 17.49 0.016 5.26 0.329 27.70 5.00 65 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 13.01 57.85 0.016 1.92 0.036 3.69 9.39 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 14.76 54.90 0.014 5.73 0.044 32.87 10.06 510 454 Nonstore Retailers 11.28 19.11 0.027 3.25 0.038 10.56 7.31 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 15.46 35.78 0.008 4.47 0.036 19.95 5.58 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 9.85 19.15 0.012 4.58 0.349 20.96 4.19 25 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 2.80 0.026 7.85 234.95 60 CFS - Texas - All Modes [pounds/year] Obs.NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2

200 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 194: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 359,883,900 6.35 0.395 40.36 1.1E+09 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 26,970,714 7.20 0.171 51.85 1.8E+08 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 40,781,501 10.50 0.116 110.21 3.0E+08 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 4,360,175 6.61 0.050 43.65 5.8E+07 700 42 Wholesale Trade 14,769,009 9.07 0.051 82.24 1.4E+08 1245 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storages 30,027,564 4.99 0.185 24.89 1.3E+08 85 51 Information 1,218,385 2.90 0.224 8.39 5.2E+06 25 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 58,169,092 2.17 0.068 4.69 4.7E+08 60 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 Table 195: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 15.99 15.40 1.16 4.06 0.299 16.47 4.92 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 9.95 14.04 1.55 9.17 0.513 84.07 5.92 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.23 22.58 1.12 7.89 0.206 62.18 10.79 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 8.19 23.03 1.36 16.49 0.525 271.78 4.66 700 42 Wholesale Trade 11.71 35.30 1.13 9.97 0.161 99.44 8.68 1245 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 14.30 20.10 0.68 2.80 0.117 7.84 5.30 85 51 Information 7.44 20.46 1.41 12.72 0.798 161.79 1.60 25 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.17 13.40 0.643 179.51 84.46 60 S 2 Obs. CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stata a `

Final Models including Statistics 201 Table 196: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 17.54 25.79 0.053 4.06 0.217 16.46 5.66 60 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 13.67 30.10 0.007 4.70 0.125 22.05 10.63 235 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.39 48.68 0.008 4.04 0.057 16.31 12.72 730 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 11.55 46.41 0.003 2.24 0.078 5.01 9.00 700 42 Wholesale Trade 13.63 80.06 0.015 3.63 0.040 13.19 9.91 1245 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 15.30 34.98 0.008 4.44 0.038 19.71 5.77 85 51 Information 10.17 20.16 0.011 4.87 0.335 23.72 3.67 25 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 2.75 0.026 7.54 230.67 60 CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Obs.t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2a`

202 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 359,883,900 6.35 0.395 40.36 1.08E+09 60 311 Food Manufacturing 23,451,751 8.81 0.345 77.55 1.04E+08 165 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 13,693,827 5.22 0.192 27.21 6.91E+07 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 22,038,050 4.62 0.324 21.30 1.19E+08 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 1,859,197 2.55 0.055 6.49 1.61E+07 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 105,971,020 4.44 0.210 19.69 4.27E+08 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 16,667,414 9.64 0.282 92.98 7.29E+07 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 6,293,540 5.36 0.191 28.73 4.06E+07 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 108,866,091 8.10 0.261 65.67 4.59E+08 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 26,114,569 3.27 0.139 10.69 2.16E+08 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 4,288,540 7.59 0.194 57.54 2.59E+07 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 2,771,366 4.28 0.119 18.30 2.46E+07 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 698,155 1.39 0.020 1.94 1.31E+07 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 2,346,465 4.28 0.349 18.32 1.02E+07 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 2,266,513 2.65 0.095 7.01 2.21E+07 60 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 761,226 4.10 0.171 16.83 4.53E+06 65 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 8,310,361 4.78 0.017 22.81 1.34E+08 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 24,758,619 8.00 0.120 64.07 1.47E+08 510 493 Warehousing and Storage 30,027,564 4.99 0.185 24.89 1.30E+08 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 1,218,385 2.90 0.224 8.39 5.21E+06 25 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 58,169,092 2.17 0.068 4.69 4.68E+08 60 CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] F-stat RMSE Obs.NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 197: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007)

Final Models including Statistics 203 Table 198: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 15.99 15.40 1.16 4.06 0.299 16.47 4.92 60 311 Food Manufacturing 11.49 18.23 1.34 8.78 0.602 77.16 3.04 165 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 8.49 11.61 1.96 10.18 0.704 103.72 2.96 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 9.63 4.57 1.77 3.98 0.702 15.86 2.19 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 8.23 15.51 1.24 6.58 0.489 43.25 2.58 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 14.41 13.53 1.19 3.97 0.292 15.75 6.16 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 11.99 18.34 1.19 7.42 0.399 55.13 5.68 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 8.95 12.08 1.59 8.34 0.758 69.57 1.98 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 15.76 13.99 0.69 2.24 0.076 5.02 10.51 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 7.00 12.07 2.01 16.96 0.822 287.71 2.97 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 8.92 12.31 1.46 8.01 0.520 64.11 3.88 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.47 13.49 1.49 12.52 0.743 156.73 2.77 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 5.83 5.02 1.29 5.04 0.560 25.37 4.00 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10.04 7.80 0.99 3.64 0.494 13.22 3.18 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 8.69 14.75 1.00 7.70 0.492 59.25 3.23 60 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 7.66 9.49 1.10 5.65 0.481 31.88 3.89 65 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.78 24.55 1.22 7.92 0.184 62.73 7.98 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 12.96 27.20 1.08 6.77 0.184 45.82 7.58 510 493 Warehousing and Storage 14.30 20.10 0.68 2.80 0.117 7.84 5.30 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 7.44 20.46 1.41 12.72 0.798 161.79 1.60 25 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.17 13.40 0.643 179.51 84.46 60 CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` S2 Obs.t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat

204 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 199: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 17.54 25.79 0.053 4.06 0.217 16.46 5.66 60 311 Food Manufacturing 14.96 32.79 0.005 4.56 0.129 20.79 6.63 165 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 11.81 21.92 0.031 5.70 0.364 32.52 6.36 85 322 Paper Manufacturing 15.12 14.57 0.011 2.75 0.285 7.54 5.25 40 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 10.09 33.89 0.028 7.22 0.397 52.09 3.04 65 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 16.20 21.42 0.006 3.27 0.033 10.67 8.32 60 325 Chemical Manufacturing 14.46 34.38 0.005 2.43 0.066 5.91 8.47 225 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 12.81 20.69 0.010 4.35 0.221 18.88 6.32 115 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 16.98 28.48 0.010 2.29 0.025 5.24 11.09 150 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 11.96 9.53 0.011 3.76 0.296 14.14 11.69 55 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 12.09 30.02 0.016 7.36 0.255 54.16 6.02 200 333 Machinery Manufacturing 10.83 17.71 0.010 5.62 0.289 31.57 7.60 130 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 9.27 12.86 0.001 1.97 0.069 3.90 8.24 85 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 12.07 17.62 0.010 3.42 0.279 11.69 4.53 30 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 11.24 25.97 0.003 3.31 0.186 10.97 5.18 60 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 9.41 17.28 0.016 5.18 0.316 26.84 5.11 65 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 12.93 57.42 0.015 1.85 0.033 3.41 9.42 730 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 14.74 58.69 0.014 5.87 0.047 34.43 8.81 510 493 Warehousing and Storage 15.30 34.98 0.008 4.44 0.038 19.71 5.77 85 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 10.17 20.16 0.011 4.87 0.335 23.72 3.67 25 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 2.75 0.026 7.54 230.67 60 CFS - Texas - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 205 WYOMING Table 200: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 153,230,056 3.92 0.757 15.40 1.29E+10 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 8,166,167 3.14 0.307 9.87 6.06E+08 50 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 50,544 2.08 0.145 4.32 4.93E+06 30 42 Wholesale Trade 428,427 5.29 0.112 27.95 1.38E+07 80 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 201: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 153,230,056 3.92 0.757 15.40 1.29E+10 15 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 129,651 1.47 0.301 2.15 7.23E+06 10 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 206,047 3.01 0.087 9.08 7.12E+06 40 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 660,248 5.17 0.142 26.75 1.83E+07 35 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 202: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 1,289,196 2.18 0.074 4.74 5.1E+08 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 3,329,018 4.89 0.413 23.89 2.0E+08 50 42 Wholesale Trade 409,019 5.00 0.108 25.05 1.3E+07 80 CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 203: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 1,289,196 2.18 0.074 4.74 5.12E+08 15 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 173,152 2.64 0.058 6.96 7.07E+06 40 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2

206 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 204: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 5,104,333,216 2.62 0.272 6.86 2.23E+10 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 101,518,191 2.91 0.118 8.45 6.84E+08 50 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 1,003,926 2.68 0.171 7.17 4.85E+06 30 42 Wholesale Trade 2,882,665 6.50 0.127 42.30 1.37E+07 80 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 205: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 15.56 5.67 1.53 2.49 0.543 6.21 9.72 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.80 7.24 1.10 2.14 0.153 4.60 13.11 50 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7.85 6.17 1.34 3.30 0.249 10.86 6.30 30 42 Wholesale Trade - - 6.58 23.57 0.775 555.34 44.80 80 CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs. Table 206: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 17.40 7.94 0.02 2.61 0.218 6.84 16.64 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.29 14.54 0.04 3.56 0.144 12.64 13.25 50 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 10.09 14.82 0.03 3.66 0.151 13.42 7.12 30 42 Wholesale Trade 13.43 26.12 0.06 2.15 0.024 4.63 6.66 80 CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 207 Table 207: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 5,104,333,216 2.62 0.272 6.86 2.23E+10 15 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 2,158,712 2.25 0.282 5.05 7.33E+06 10 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 1,404,805 3.40 0.113 11.53 7.02E+06 40 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 4,678,188 6.30 0.166 39.66 1.80E+07 35 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 208: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 15.56 5.67 1.53 2.49 0.543 6.21 9.72 15 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 10.12 10.94 0.88 1.89 0.111 3.58 6.43 10 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods - - 6.08 18.43 0.817 339.67 31.01 40 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods - - 7.19 15.11 0.746 228.21 58.72 35 CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.Description ` t-stat a t-stat Table 209: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 17.40 7.94 0.02 2.61 0.218 6.84 16.64 15 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 11.20 12.58 0.03 1.90 0.116 3.60 6.39 10 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 12.10 15.41 0.08 1.91 0.039 3.65 7.11 40 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods - - 0.83 6.26 0.419 39.17 134.36 35 CFS - Wyoming - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.Description ` t-stat a t-stat Table 210: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 94,326,921 1.90 0.212 3.61 4.7E+08 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 51,872,206 4.53 0.266 20.55 2.2E+08 50 42 Wholesale Trade 2,765,512 6.35 0.124 40.31 1.3E+07 80 CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

208 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 211: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.1 318 0.360 5.34 0.563 28.54 0.50 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.9 7.27 1.02 1.99 0.134 3.94 12.96 50 42 Wholesale Trade - - 6.50 22.8 0.769 520.03 45.26 80 CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.Description ` t-stat Table 212: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.63 67.06 0.004 6.50 0.307 42.31 0.70 15 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.31 14.54 0.032 3.22 0.113 10.35 13.26 50 42 Wholesale Trade - - 0.789 8.52 0.456 72.51 105.66 80 CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs. Table 213: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 94,326,921 1.90 0.212 3.61 4.72E+08 15 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 1,255,856 3.10 0.091 9.59 6.94E+06 40 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 214: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 18.14 317.85 0.36 5.34 0.563 28.54 0.50 15 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods - - 5.91 17.32 0.806 300.03 31.51 40 F-stat S2 Obs. CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 Table 215: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 18.63 67.06 0.004 6.50 0.307 42.31 0.70 15 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods - - 0.753 5.75 0.489 33.11 81.98 40 F-stat S2 Obs. CFS - Wyoming - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2

Final Models including Statistics 209 OHIO Table 216: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 37,433,995 5.11 0.519 26.15 1.02E+09 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 960,538 3.92 0.199 15.34 3.12E+08 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 733,006 3.35 0.045 11.23 3.44E+08 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 287,457 3.90 0.170 15.18 1.66E+08 835 42 Wholesale Trade 1,204,735 5.07 0.000 25.66 1.45E+09 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 21,156 3.10 0.094 9.61 6.47E+06 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 1,046,450 4.25 0.347 18.06 1.54E+08 70 51 Information 79,478 3.46 0.402 11.96 1.89E+07 15 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 446,118 2.02 0.110 4.08 1.86E+08 55 NAICS CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

210 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 217: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 37,433,995 5.11 0.519 26.15 1.02E+09 85 311 Food Manufacturing 746,513 3.59 0.152 12.85 3.53E+08 115 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 4,050,008 6.93 0.839 47.96 1.37E+08 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 264,828 6.89 0.343 47.50 1.37E+07 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 523,207 8.31 0.533 69.01 6.64E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 137,411 3.71 0.480 13.75 1.46E+07 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 15,587,655 2.42 0.464 5.85 7.42E+08 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 741,631 2.76 0.145 7.60 2.23E+08 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 150,044 7.88 0.575 62.14 1.97E+07 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 680,959 3.06 0.108 9.33 1.49E+08 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 1,511,607 4.23 0.522 17.86 3.85E+08 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 107,167 1.52 0.044 2.30 7.68E+07 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 249,092 2.32 0.536 5.39 4.51E+07 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 10,081 3.24 0.204 10.48 3.61E+06 45 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 160,615 6.34 0.830 40.25 3.89E+07 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 218,796 2.35 0.318 5.53 1.55E+08 160 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 57,970 2.27 0.590 5.18 1.42E+07 40 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 49,377 5.51 0.636 30.37 3.56E+06 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 840,489 2.28 -0.001 5.20 1.84E+09 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 1,657,872 7.13 0.071 50.90 2.51E+08 360 454 Nonstore Retailers 21,156 3.10 0.094 9.61 6.47E+06 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 1,046,450 4.25 0.347 18.06 1.54E+08 70 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 79,478 3.46 0.402 11.96 1.89E+07 15 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 446,118 2.02 0.110 4.08 1.86E+08 55 CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 211 Table 218: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 17,710,145 2.90 0.248 8.43 8.6E+08 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 888,331 3.84 0.269 14.76 2.4E+08 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 423,773 6.14 0.064 37.74 1.6E+08 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 160,857 4.66 0.252 21.71 7.2E+07 835 42 Wholesale Trade 855,584 7.33 0.057 53.66 1.4E+08 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 21,053 3.09 0.093 9.54 6.5E+06 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 1,040,823 4.23 0.348 17.88 1.5E+08 70 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 445,052 2.02 0.109 4.07 1.9E+08 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

212 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 219: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 17,710,145 2.90 0.248 8.43 8.61E+08 85 311 Food Manufacturing 669,639 3.51 0.258 12.31 2.30E+08 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 250,766 6.79 0.340 46.04 1.31E+07 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 514,322 8.86 0.542 78.51 6.42E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 136,961 3.68 0.477 13.52 1.47E+07 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 2,759,436 3.86 0.069 14.87 3.82E+08 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 586,343 2.50 0.133 6.26 1.85E+08 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 147,403 7.67 0.575 58.90 1.93E+07 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 609,653 3.10 0.099 9.64 1.39E+08 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 645,007 5.31 0.605 28.23 1.39E+08 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 90,393 1.56 0.063 2.43 5.41E+07 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 219,023 2.52 0.565 6.35 3.74E+07 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 8,751 2.85 0.154 8.14 3.65E+06 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 119,734 2.84 0.382 8.04 7.38E+07 160 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 47,467 5.17 0.614 26.73 3.58E+06 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 405,279 5.34 0.117 28.49 4.15E+07 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 1,415,782 6.77 0.073 45.82 2.10E+08 360 454 Nonstore Retailers 21,053 3.09 0.093 9.54 6.46E+06 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 1,040,823 4.23 0.348 17.88 1.53E+08 70 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 445,052 2.02 0.109 4.07 1.86E+08 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.a

Final Models including Statistics 213 Table 220: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 437,239,086 7.77 0.381 60.38 1.15E+09 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 45,968,090 6.19 0.175 38.27 3.17E+08 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 26,087,617 6.67 0.045 44.37 3.44E+08 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 12,291,675 6.28 0.046 39.42 1.78E+08 835 42 Wholesale Trade 40,977,856 2.23 0.004 4.96 1.45E+09 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 1,991,229 5.01 0.350 25.09 5.48E+06 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 37,221,805 4.93 0.267 24.35 1.64E+08 70 51 Information 3,781,415 2.07 0.173 4.29 2.22E+07 15 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 28,878,334 3.49 0.157 12.18 1.81E+08 55 CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 221: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 16.69 32.77 1.15 6.33 0.299 40.09 3.72 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 11.98 15.23 1.27 7.40 0.456 54.71 5.41 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 11.98 21.95 1.07 7.71 0.251 59.50 8.50 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 8.75 24.89 1.38 15.70 0.594 246.48 4.04 835 42 Wholesale Trade 12.19 29.02 1.10 8.21 0.151 67.43 8.95 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores - - 5.33 13.52 0.646 182.74 65.14 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage - - 4.95 15.15 0.643 229.50 98.97 70 51 Information 7.66 6.51 1.57 5.00 0.334 24.96 7.11 15 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.65 12.75 0.669 162.44 84.88 55 CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description F-stat S 2 Obs.t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 a a `

214 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 222: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.39 51.78 0.029 3.20 0.099 10.26 4.78 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 14.96 26.66 0.008 4.67 0.144 21.84 8.52 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.16 48.70 0.011 6.95 0.088 48.36 10.36 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 12.13 55.39 0.005 6.49 0.153 42.14 8.42 835 42 Wholesale Trade 14.15 70.03 0.021 7.39 0.053 54.64 9.98 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 13.29 25.12 0.003 3.21 0.003 10.29 5.61 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 16.29 36.32 0.006 4.04 0.088 16.29 3.57 70 51 Information 11.64 12.18 0.006 3.97 0.090 15.77 9.71 15 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.033 3.52 0.087 12.41 234.32 55 CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.a`

Final Models including Statistics 215 Table 223: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 437,239,086 7.77 0.381 60.38 1.15E+09 85 311 Food Manufacturing 47,359,757 5.62 0.200 31.56 3.43E+08 115 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 75,432,014 2.72 0.184 7.40 3.08E+08 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 4,369,943 6.33 0.376 40.12 1.34E+07 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 16,770,038 6.43 0.354 41.33 7.81E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 2,510,261 2.80 0.109 7.84 1.92E+07 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 214,026,130 2.88 0.137 8.28 9.42E+08 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 29,741,427 6.09 0.162 37.13 2.21E+08 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 4,743,365 8.69 0.299 75.45 2.53E+07 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 32,051,613 7.08 0.275 50.10 1.34E+08 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 52,192,746 3.55 0.114 12.58 5.25E+08 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 7,404,703 4.82 0.075 23.26 7.55E+07 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 4,185,654 2.16 0.033 4.68 6.52E+07 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 447,342 3.31 0.149 10.96 3.73E+06 45 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 8,397,457 2.30 0.122 5.29 8.84E+07 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 14,917,454 3.68 0.093 13.57 1.79E+08 160 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 3,617,000 2.67 0.150 7.14 2.04E+07 40 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 1,059,820 4.58 0.220 20.95 5.20E+06 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 38,025,405 1.28 0.001 1.64 1.84E+09 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 45,701,387 8.30 0.179 68.90 2.36E+08 360 454 Nonstore Retailers 1,991,229 5.01 0.350 25.09 5.48E+06 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 37,221,805 4.93 0.267 24.35 1.64E+08 70 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 3,781,415 2.07 0.173 4.29 2.22E+07 15 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 28,878,334 3.49 0.157 12.18 1.81E+08 55 CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.a

216 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 224: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 16.69 32.77 1.15 6.33 0.299 40.09 3.72 85 311 Food Manufacturing 12.02 9.59 1.33 4.76 0.509 22.67 4.18 115 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 12.15 12.86 1.62 6.45 0.605 41.60 3.23 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 10.87 18.79 1.28 6.91 0.546 47.71 3.17 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 10.48 17.91 1.51 11.18 0.846 125.01 1.04 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.66 15.16 1.54 10.70 0.746 114.46 1.47 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 7.57 9.03 0.617 81.50 128.89 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 12.15 17.65 1.18 7.59 0.395 57.66 5.71 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 9.10 9.03 1.49 6.42 0.691 41.20 2.86 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 11.25 12.94 1.61 6.92 0.391 47.83 7.22 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 9.42 15.32 1.59 12.22 0.697 149.32 3.02 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 9.24 22.91 1.40 13.53 0.594 183.17 3.39 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 8.25 13.32 1.27 7.92 0.686 62.72 2.29 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 8.11 29.98 0.98 11.65 0.607 135.71 1.76 45 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 9.37 15.81 1.15 10.12 0.649 102.32 2.14 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 9.12 15.89 1.35 10.96 0.702 120.07 2.53 160 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 10.85 13.09 0.78 3.14 0.401 9.88 2.42 40 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 5.95 7.30 1.83 9.79 0.710 95.94 4.11 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.70 24.68 1.33 9.64 0.266 93.01 6.60 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 14.68 21.48 0.68 3.10 0.064 9.59 8.27 360 454 Nonstore Retailers - - 5.33 13.52 0.646 182.74 65.14 50 493 Warehousing and Storage - - 4.95 15.15 0.643 229.50 98.97 70 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 7.66 6.51 1.57 5.00 0.334 24.96 7.11 15 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.65 12.75 0.669 162.44 84.88 55 CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 217 Table 225: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 18.39 51.78 0.029 3.20 0.099 10.26 4.78 85 311 Food Manufacturing 15.90 20.87 0.006 3.18 0.134 10.10 7.38 115 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 14.48 14.61 0.016 3.09 0.131 9.53 7.12 20 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 12.49 28.00 0.041 4.80 0.256 23.06 5.20 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 14.37 20.86 0.012 2.17 0.304 4.73 4.68 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 11.01 29.79 0.015 3.59 0.354 12.87 3.73 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 0.124 3.77 0.063 14.23 315.51 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 15.02 26.58 0.009 3.31 0.102 10.94 8.47 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 12.88 19.51 0.011 3.83 0.243 14.65 7.00 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.52 24.69 0.012 2.94 0.063 8.64 11.11 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 14.06 18.18 0.007 4.44 0.264 19.69 7.33 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 12.49 36.02 0.006 1.65 0.110 2.73 7.44 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 11.15 26.75 0.007 3.84 0.242 14.76 5.53 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 10.68 16.75 0.007 3.50 0.332 12.27 3.00 45 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 13.21 24.55 0.003 4.79 0.320 22.96 4.14 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 13.35 25.00 0.003 3.66 0.227 13.39 6.55 160 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 12.23 29.16 0.003 3.01 0.137 9.05 3.49 40 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 8.83 9.95 0.024 5.55 0.303 30.79 9.90 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 13.06 55.41 0.027 5.28 0.091 27.86 8.19 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 15.90 53.09 0.013 4.54 0.025 20.61 8.62 360 454 Nonstore Retailers 13.29 25.12 0.003 3.21 0.003 10.29 5.61 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 16.29 36.32 0.006 4.04 0.088 16.29 3.57 70 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 11.64 12.18 0.006 3.97 0.090 15.77 9.71 15 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.033 3.52 0.087 12.41 234.32 55 CFS - Ohio - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.

218 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 226: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 334,763,266 8.99 0.491 80.79 7.1E+08 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 38,278,592 6.59 0.191 43.42 2.5E+08 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 19,214,095 8.82 0.106 77.86 1.6E+08 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7,957,992 9.02 0.093 81.42 8.0E+07 835 42 Wholesale Trade 16,870,788 8.85 0.084 78.26 1.3E+08 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 1,977,430 4.97 0.346 24.65 5.5E+06 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 36,788,653 4.90 0.265 24.00 1.6E+08 70 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 28,618,068 3.46 0.154 11.94 1.8E+08 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 227: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 16.70 32.80 1.11 6.14 0.304 37.72 3.42 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 11.92 14.97 1.27 7.36 0.448 54.20 5.53 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.03 22.26 1.04 7.54 0.240 56.91 8.41 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 8.75 24.24 1.37 15.14 0.582 229.31 4.17 835 42 Wholesale Trade 12.00 31.35 1.09 8.99 0.163 80.83 8.00 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores - - 5.32 13.44 0.644 180.66 65.25 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage - - 4.95 15.13 0.642 228.78 99.04 70 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.62 12.64 0.666 159.69 85.21 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 219 Table 228: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.38 52.45 0.025 2.65 0.076 7.01 4.53 85 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 14.88 26.50 0.008 4.71 0.146 22.17 8.56 155 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.14 49.37 0.010 6.97 0.085 48.54 10.09 690 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 12.10 54.77 0.005 6.50 0.144 42.26 8.52 835 42 Wholesale Trade 13.94 73.81 0.022 7.78 0.063 60.48 8.92 935 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 13.26 25.10 0.003 3.23 0.003 10.41 5.64 50 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 16.28 36.29 0.006 4.02 0.087 16.20 3.59 70 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.033 3.53 0.086 12.44 232.91 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs. Table 229: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 334,763,266 8.99 0.491 80.79 7.08E+08 85 311 Food Manufacturing 37,033,322 6.52 0.255 42.46 2.30E+08 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 4,158,012 6.33 0.376 40.02 1.27E+07 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 16,435,129 6.46 0.358 41.77 7.60E+07 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 2,498,985 2.79 0.109 7.77 1.92E+07 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 115,068,182 3.43 0.290 11.76 3.33E+08 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 21,863,075 5.41 0.127 29.27 1.86E+08 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 4,626,915 8.62 0.294 74.22 2.49E+07 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 29,417,743 6.92 0.267 47.83 1.26E+08 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 25,651,462 4.54 0.180 20.62 2.00E+08 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 6,356,113 5.86 0.111 34.32 5.27E+07 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 3,747,734 2.27 0.037 5.16 5.57E+07 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 409,188 3.06 0.127 9.34 3.71E+06 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 10,126,744 5.46 0.178 29.85 8.52E+07 160 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 991,311 4.37 0.200 19.08 5.15E+06 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 6,943,331 10.04 0.144 100.80 4.08E+07 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 32,753,402 6.96 0.129 48.51 2.04E+08 360 454 Nonstore Retailers 1,977,430 4.97 0.346 24.65 5.48E+06 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 36,788,653 4.90 0.265 24.00 1.63E+08 70 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 28,618,068 3.46 0.154 11.94 1.81E+08 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

220 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 230: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 16.70 32.80 1.11 6.14 0.304 37.72 3.42 85 311 Food Manufacturing 11.85 9.39 1.34 4.86 0.509 23.66 4.29 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 10.89 18.85 1.26 6.85 0.541 46.86 3.17 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 10.50 17.94 1.49 11.05 0.835 122.03 1.10 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.31 13.99 1.64 11.11 0.773 123.48 1.43 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing - - 7.64 9.13 0.622 83.43 128.66 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 11.76 21.37 1.21 10.32 0.421 106.43 5.41 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 9.10 9.04 1.49 6.42 0.692 41.25 2.84 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 11.18 12.32 1.61 6.71 0.370 45.07 7.84 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 9.62 14.64 1.50 10.68 0.660 114.04 3.18 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 9.25 22.96 1.40 13.56 0.597 183.86 3.34 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 8.26 13.33 1.26 7.82 0.678 61.21 2.32 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 8.17 28.12 0.93 10.15 0.561 102.94 1.91 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 9.19 15.63 1.31 10.39 0.671 108.01 2.77 160 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 5.73 7.19 1.86 10.50 0.706 110.19 4.34 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.37 26.41 1.39 11.08 0.295 122.71 6.27 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 14.99 31.57 0.47 3.27 0.042 10.66 6.03 360 454 Nonstore Retailers - - 5.32 13.44 0.644 180.66 65.25 50 493 Warehousing and Storage - - 4.95 15.13 0.642 228.78 99.04 70 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 4.62 12.64 0.666 159.69 85.21 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 221 Table 231: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 18.38 52.45 0.025 2.65 0.076 7.01 4.53 85 311 Food Manufacturing 15.77 20.57 0.006 3.24 0.139 10.47 7.51 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 12.49 28.03 0.040 4.75 0.247 22.60 5.19 80 322 Paper Manufacturing 14.35 21.04 0.012 2.18 0.304 4.77 4.64 80 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 11.27 37.56 0.014 3.72 0.354 13.82 3.30 55 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 0.118 3.67 0.055 13.46 315.39 30 325 Chemical Manufacturing 14.73 27.68 0.009 3.53 0.111 12.44 8.27 155 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 12.87 19.54 0.011 3.83 0.243 14.64 6.95 165 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.44 23.81 0.012 2.92 0.058 8.54 11.67 120 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 14.05 18.20 0.006 4.00 0.213 16.02 7.37 95 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 12.48 36.11 0.006 1.66 0.110 2.74 7.36 250 333 Machinery Manufacturing 11.13 26.83 0.007 3.84 0.241 14.73 5.48 140 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 10.59 17.16 0.007 3.53 0.321 12.44 3.03 45 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 13.31 25.17 0.003 3.67 0.212 13.49 6.61 160 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 8.67 9.50 0.024 5.50 0.290 30.22 10.49 60 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 12.84 56.49 0.028 5.39 0.099 29.09 8.00 570 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 15.78 67.43 0.012 5.60 0.034 31.33 6.07 360 454 Nonstore Retailers 13.26 25.10 0.003 3.23 0.003 10.41 5.64 50 493 Warehousing and Storage 16.28 36.29 0.006 4.02 0.087 16.20 3.59 70 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.033 3.53 0.086 12.44 232.91 55 CFS - Ohio - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.

222 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips USA Table 232: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 30,950,434 4.52 0.281 20.39 2.27E+09 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 506,712 18.54 0.185 343.83 2.11E+08 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 1,021,071 5.51 0.041 30.36 6.04E+08 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 153,426 7.20 0.095 51.77 1.09E+08 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 787,685 16.78 0.007 281.58 3.94E+08 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 55,970 5.15 0.064 26.49 1.29E+07 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 792,551 8.71 0.186 75.85 1.83E+08 1245 51 Information 50,498 5.17 0.307 26.76 1.59E+07 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 187,803 2.57 0.002 6.61 5.38E+08 1000 CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] F-stat RMSE Obs.NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2

Final Models including Statistics 223 Table 233: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 30,950,434 4.52 0.281 20.39 2.27E+09 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 479,233 18.64 0.182 347.64 2.51E+08 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 1,247,982 4.77 0.369 22.78 2.44E+08 470 313 Textile Mills 121,735 14.92 0.558 222.59 1.60E+07 380 314 Textile Product Mills 156,603 10.43 0.627 108.77 1.24E+07 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 13,069 4.41 0.199 19.43 2.58E+06 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 26,298 2.76 0.049 7.59 7.78E+06 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 535,798 5.79 0.233 33.58 8.04E+07 1945 322 Paper Manufacturing 983,715 19.21 0.530 368.96 1.64E+08 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 206,843 11.63 0.468 135.25 1.87E+07 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 21,353,264 8.14 0.544 66.19 1.16E+09 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 331,190 3.62 0.038 13.10 3.43E+08 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 173,722 23.94 0.551 572.90 2.29E+07 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 2,324,909 9.60 0.157 92.19 3.08E+08 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 1,344,674 10.64 0.529 113.25 3.37E+08 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 124,851 7.97 0.102 63.60 3.68E+07 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 93,915 6.84 0.362 46.75 2.42E+07 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 5,551 3.06 0.098 9.36 5.58E+06 1360 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 124,671 8.14 0.265 66.22 4.70E+07 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 91,317 5.48 0.234 30.01 8.16E+07 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 79,134 7.92 0.548 62.80 1.00E+07 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 20,208 5.10 0.174 26.05 5.90E+06 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 463,162 9.49 0.001 90.04 4.53E+08 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 1,004,441 14.54 0.027 211.37 3.00E+08 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 55,970 5.15 0.064 26.49 1.29E+07 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 792,551 8.71 0.186 75.85 1.83E+08 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 50,498 5.17 0.307 26.76 1.59E+07 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 187,803 2.57 0.002 6.61 5.38E+08 1000 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2

224 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 234: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 7,745,393 8.16 0.132 66.61 9.1E+08 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 438,112 18.78 0.239 352.61 1.6E+08 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 400,204 6.51 0.041 42.39 2.4E+08 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 96,430 8.02 0.130 64.36 5.8E+07 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 634,793 19.27 0.033 371.26 1.4E+08 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 55,162 5.15 0.063 26.56 1.3E+07 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 776,337 8.63 0.256 74.40 1.5E+08 1245 51 Information 50,264 5.17 0.306 26.73 1.6E+07 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 131,126 2.74 0.008 7.53 2.2E+08 1000 CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 225 Table 235: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Modes–Linear Models (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 7,745,393 8.16 0.132 66.61 9.09E+08 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 407,308 19.88 0.288 395.31 1.58E+08 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 1,141,177 4.30 0.329 18.51 2.44E+08 470 313 Textile Mills 107,003 9.34 0.523 87.20 1.51E+07 380 314 Textile Product Mills 149,057 10.72 0.614 114.91 1.21E+07 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 12,406 4.39 0.196 19.25 2.47E+06 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 14,818 5.56 0.124 30.91 2.76E+06 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 442,228 5.96 0.219 35.53 6.90E+07 1940 322 Paper Manufacturing 681,290 23.00 0.624 529.06 9.33E+07 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 199,029 11.85 0.465 140.50 1.81E+07 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 3,049,815 6.65 0.119 44.23 4.91E+08 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 140,199 3.75 0.062 14.07 1.12E+08 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 165,006 23.60 0.538 556.94 2.23E+07 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 2,071,737 9.54 0.146 90.97 2.87E+08 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 688,961 12.13 0.573 147.05 1.58E+08 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 116,781 8.15 0.120 66.50 3.13E+07 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 79,544 6.96 0.334 48.40 2.18E+07 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 5,068 2.84 0.084 8.08 5.53E+06 1360 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 109,183 7.31 0.586 53.47 2.08E+07 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 62,432 4.84 0.189 23.39 6.39E+07 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 78,062 7.83 0.552 61.35 9.81E+06 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 18,846 5.08 0.164 25.81 5.70E+06 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 364,029 10.50 0.031 110.24 7.22E+07 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 815,641 17.16 0.038 294.39 2.02E+08 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 55,162 5.15 0.063 26.56 1.27E+07 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 776,337 8.63 0.256 74.40 1.46E+08 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 50,264 5.17 0.306 26.73 1.59E+07 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 131,126 2.74 0.008 7.53 2.18E+08 1000 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2

226 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 236: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 429,983,087 17.67 0.134 312.20 2.49E+09 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 31,333,710 32.17 0.181 1034.78 2.12E+08 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 47,847,304 25.77 0.044 663.96 6.03E+08 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 6,476,103 18.40 0.029 338.42 1.13E+08 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 22,315,863 17.35 0.016 301.06 3.93E+08 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 3,395,976 20.77 0.246 431.57 1.16E+07 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 35,471,262 15.80 0.172 249.65 1.84E+08 1245 51 Information 2,334,908 8.83 0.104 77.92 1.81E+07 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 45,286,940 6.25 0.041 39.05 5.28E+08 1000 CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] Obs.NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Table 237: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 16.83 89.4 1.04 16.3 0.324 264 3.23 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 9.67 48.17 1.60 33.53 0.521 1124.0 6.77 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.31 82.36 1.09 27.09 0.199 733.8 10.97 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7.95 91.2 1.44 66.6 0.569 4441 4.50 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 12.13 147.62 1.03 37.34 0.145 1393.9 8.62 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 11.60 44.58 1.079 10.56 0.154 111.50 6.93 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 15.52 74.79 0.384 6.48 0.066 41.99 4.60 1245 51 Information 7.52 27.58 1.221 15.59 0.462 243.06 4.57 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.27 51.8 0.650 2686 88.02 1000 CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description ` t-stat a t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S2 Obs.

Final Models including Statistics 227 Table 238: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.67 184.82 0.013 6.87 0.064 47.15 4.48 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 13.49 104.44 0.007 15.23 0.135 231.94 12.24 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.55 176.71 0.006 5.89 0.039 34.68 13.15 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 11.24 184.71 0.005 14.17 0.117 200.68 9.20 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 13.81 319.45 0.017 18.07 0.045 326.53 9.63 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 13.31 102.30 0.005 5.22 0.011 27.26 8.10 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 16.10 132.06 0.005 10.20 0.051 104.12 4.68 1245 51 Information 9.81 56.10 0.006 5.06 0.164 25.63 7.10 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 3.27 0.032 10.69 243.51 1000 CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.` a

228 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 239: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 429,983,087 17.67 0.134 312.20 2.49E+09 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 37,931,394 30.25 0.232 915.22 2.43E+08 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 57,115,808 12.91 0.250 166.72 2.66E+08 470 313 Textile Mills 3,450,167 11.19 0.247 125.29 2.09E+07 380 314 Textile Product Mills 3,225,652 7.63 0.142 58.17 1.88E+07 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 377,710 6.45 0.121 41.63 2.70E+06 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 839,479 3.09 0.064 9.56 7.71E+06 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 16,779,809 26.38 0.244 695.80 7.98E+07 1945 322 Paper Manufacturing 29,828,941 19.96 0.233 398.56 2.09E+08 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 3,131,831 12.69 0.092 161.06 2.45E+07 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 319,927,314 11.38 0.133 129.54 1.60E+09 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 38,833,673 17.04 0.097 290.39 3.33E+08 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 5,098,086 26.31 0.241 692.33 2.97E+07 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 69,302,012 31.08 0.263 966.22 2.88E+08 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 43,046,210 10.04 0.106 100.80 4.65E+08 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 4,391,241 20.51 0.102 420.69 3.68E+07 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 2,571,528 11.72 0.070 137.39 2.93E+07 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 420,467 7.83 0.048 61.37 5.73E+06 1360 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 4,105,737 7.11 0.058 50.56 5.32E+07 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 8,370,088 12.04 0.099 144.90 8.85E+07 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 2,020,253 13.62 0.141 185.59 1.38E+07 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 767,475 11.74 0.090 137.73 6.19E+06 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 11,144,484 5.71 0.003 32.58 4.53E+08 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 37,457,598 25.74 0.074 662.38 2.93E+08 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 3,395,976 20.77 0.246 431.57 1.16E+07 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 35,471,262 15.80 0.172 249.65 1.84E+08 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 2,334,908 8.83 0.104 77.92 1.81E+07 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 45,286,940 6.25 0.041 39.05 5.28E+08 1000 CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] F-stat RMSE Obs.NAICS Description a t-stat Adj. R2

Final Models including Statistics 229 Table 240: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 16.83 89.36 1.04 16.26 0.324 264.45 3.23 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 11.32 44.53 1.39 24.33 0.506 592.13 5.08 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 11.35 32.36 1.46 16.52 0.578 272.79 4.19 470 313 Textile Mills 9.38 19.58 1.28 10.90 0.638 118.71 2.25 380 314 Textile Product Mills 7.83 29.08 1.51 19.39 0.700 375.82 2.31 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 6.92 14.18 1.40 10.72 0.623 115.01 2.76 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 7.74 10.96 1.29 6.27 0.537 39.30 3.34 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 11.31 48.76 1.35 20.77 0.489 431.55 4.28 1945 322 Paper Manufacturing 10.17 22.39 1.57 15.34 0.731 235.43 2.31 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.91 53.95 1.49 34.23 0.718 1171.84 1.92 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 17.04 53.77 0.63 5.44 0.077 29.64 6.05 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 10.88 44.03 1.45 22.57 0.405 509.39 7.30 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 8.94 37.15 1.53 26.22 0.679 687.28 2.82 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.33 49.41 0.99 11.24 0.162 126.41 9.60 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 8.76 22.95 1.69 20.25 0.682 409.99 4.21 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 8.56 53.01 1.50 34.87 0.548 1215.61 4.43 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.66 36.86 1.45 29.06 0.659 844.28 3.28 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 7.10 33.00 1.07 22.18 0.551 491.75 2.99 1350 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 7.13 24.16 1.54 23.03 0.692 530.29 3.05 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 8.10 31.08 1.40 25.43 0.668 646.48 3.89 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 9.11 52.01 1.27 25.53 0.712 651.59 1.41 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 6.81 31.04 1.43 23.19 0.575 537.79 3.73 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.78 104.34 1.25 35.45 0.217 1256.47 7.32 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 13.68 123.27 0.85 23.32 0.123 544.04 7.60 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 11.60 44.58 1.08 10.56 0.154 111.50 6.93 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 15.52 74.79 0.38 6.48 0.066 41.99 4.60 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 7.52 27.58 1.22 15.59 0.462 243.06 4.57 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.27 51.83 0.650 2685.97 88.02 1000 CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.` a

230 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 241: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-All Modes–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 18.67 184.82 0.013 6.87 0.064 47.15 4.48 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 15.23 101.59 0.005 12.63 0.123 159.61 9.02 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 14.13 52.68 0.008 4.63 0.147 21.45 8.47 470 313 Textile Mills 12.58 49.76 0.011 4.80 0.345 23.06 4.07 380 314 Textile Product Mills 10.15 44.07 0.015 4.36 0.287 19.02 5.50 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 9.51 27.61 0.014 6.31 0.225 39.76 5.68 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 9.79 22.37 0.020 5.05 0.249 25.48 5.43 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 13.89 87.83 0.015 4.96 0.152 24.57 7.10 1945 322 Paper Manufacturing 14.70 59.29 0.011 10.79 0.307 116.40 5.95 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 10.35 100.10 0.019 17.96 0.352 322.60 4.40 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 17.92 105.81 0.009 10.03 0.039 100.64 6.30 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 14.18 95.51 0.003 3.55 0.029 12.59 11.91 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 12.70 80.49 0.011 13.52 0.229 182.85 6.78 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 16.09 108.47 0.013 8.04 0.042 64.64 10.97 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 13.63 42.20 0.007 6.67 0.203 44.47 10.56 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 11.58 94.27 0.014 7.71 0.181 59.43 8.01 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 10.97 72.02 0.008 10.66 0.207 113.74 7.63 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product 9.58 64.49 0.003 5.77 0.126 33.34 5.82 1350 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10.83 48.51 0.007 6.88 0.258 47.40 7.36 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 11.75 60.48 0.003 8.25 0.150 68.01 9.96 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 11.79 104.59 0.008 7.19 0.236 51.65 3.73 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 9.34 59.87 0.009 7.84 0.161 61.49 7.35 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 12.84 208.08 0.024 9.65 0.062 93.08 8.77 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 15.03 251.98 0.012 15.91 0.038 253.06 8.33 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 13.31 102.30 0.005 5.22 0.011 27.26 8.10 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 16.10 132.06 0.005 10.20 0.051 104.12 4.68 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 9.81 56.10 0.006 5.06 0.164 25.63 7.10 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 3.27 0.032 10.69 243.51 1000 CFS - United States - All Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.` a

Final Models including Statistics 231 Table 242: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 282,432,192 34.63 0.439 1199.27 7.3E+08 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 26,039,527 35.25 0.216 1242.66 1.6E+08 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 31,515,922 40.47 0.123 1637.75 2.3E+08 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 4,777,409 25.63 0.054 657.02 6.0E+07 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 16,109,203 33.37 0.060 1113.53 1.4E+08 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 3,344,522 20.66 0.244 426.66 1.1E+07 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 32,568,847 18.31 0.208 335.18 1.5E+08 1245 51 Information 2,302,358 8.71 0.101 75.94 1.8E+07 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises 27,154,413 9.91 0.090 98.17 2.1E+08 1000 CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat RMSE Obs. Table 243: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Log (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 16.90 94.60 0.96 15.93 0.286 253.85 3.27 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 9.60 46.68 1.60 32.61 0.520 1063.23 6.76 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 12.34 82.41 1.05 26.12 0.187 682.33 10.99 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 7.93 90.28 1.43 65.34 0.553 4268.96 4.68 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 12.03 148.57 1.01 37.01 0.144 1369.77 8.33 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 11.58 44.10 1.08 10.40 0.151 108.13 7.06 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 15.39 75.58 0.41 6.95 0.076 48.24 4.40 1245 51 Information 7.37 27.30 1.25 16.14 0.483 260.60 4.39 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.19 52.43 0.656 2748.57 83.09 1000 CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs. a ` a

232 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 244: Freight Production 2-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Log-Lin (CFS 2007) 21 Mining 18.61 190.65 0.011 6.45 0.045 41.66 4.34 1550 31 Food, Beverage, Tobacco, Textile, Apparel, Leather & Allied Product Manufacturing 13.43 104.08 0.007 15.20 0.135 231.12 12.07 4480 32 Wood, Paper, Printing, Petroleum & Coal Products, Chemical, Plastics, Nonmetallic & Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.50 178.17 0.006 5.89 0.035 34.72 13.01 12310 33 Metal, Machinery, Computer, Electronics, Electrical Equipment, Transportation, Furniture & Misc. Manufacturing 11.20 185.30 0.005 14.58 0.118 212.51 9.18 12700 42 Wholesale Trade 13.68 322.55 0.017 17.98 0.047 323.34 9.26 20065 45 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Books & Music Stores 13.28 101.54 0.005 5.23 0.011 27.38 8.21 1225 49 Postal Service, Couriers & Messengers, Warehousing & Storage 16.00 134.27 0.005 10.38 0.056 107.76 4.49 1245 51 Information 9.73 55.87 0.006 5.07 0.168 25.75 6.96 665 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 3.26 0.033 10.66 231.75 1000 CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.` a

Final Models including Statistics 233 Table 245: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (except Oil and Gas) 282,432,192 34.63 0.439 1199.27 7.30E+08 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 30,186,424 36.27 0.322 1315.36 1.54E+08 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 55,070,117 12.91 0.248 166.58 2.58E+08 470 313 Textile Mills 3,236,767 11.88 0.264 141.17 1.87E+07 380 314 Textile Product Mills 3,100,576 7.66 0.142 58.71 1.80E+07 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 360,950 6.42 0.120 41.23 2.59E+06 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 452,518 4.69 0.145 21.95 2.73E+06 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 14,202,550 26.17 0.242 684.71 6.80E+07 1940 322 Paper Manufacturing 22,255,566 24.03 0.319 577.35 1.26E+08 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 3,034,954 12.78 0.092 163.39 2.36E+07 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 148,268,574 17.30 0.311 299.38 4.34E+08 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 18,347,836 24.77 0.198 613.34 1.04E+08 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 4,918,655 26.46 0.243 700.36 2.86E+07 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 64,152,503 30.92 0.264 955.81 2.66E+08 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 25,910,905 12.68 0.159 160.90 2.22E+08 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 4,085,332 22.28 0.119 496.49 3.14E+07 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 2,346,774 12.38 0.075 153.29 2.57E+07 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 388,738 7.32 0.043 53.62 5.66E+06 1360 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 3,422,187 9.54 0.117 90.94 3.04E+07 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 6,425,835 12.15 0.101 147.58 6.73E+07 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 1,974,956 13.54 0.139 183.45 1.36E+07 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 718,824 11.46 0.085 131.39 5.96E+06 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 7,321,444 24.47 0.050 598.71 7.15E+07 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 28,020,169 26.78 0.089 717.35 1.97E+08 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 3,344,522 20.66 0.244 426.66 1.14E+07 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 32,568,847 18.31 0.208 335.18 1.51E+08 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 2,302,358 8.71 0.101 75.94 1.81E+07 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises 27,154,413 9.91 0.090 98.17 2.09E+08 1000 F-stat RMSE Obs. CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat Adj. R2 a

234 Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other establishment data to estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips Table 246: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 16.90 94.60 0.96 15.93 0.286 253.85 3.27 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 11.22 43.20 1.39 23.64 0.507 559.06 5.03 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 11.32 31.45 1.47 16.07 0.580 258.39 4.19 470 313 Textile Mills 9.39 19.69 1.27 10.87 0.636 118.17 2.23 380 314 Textile Product Mills 7.53 23.76 1.58 17.09 0.681 292.08 2.75 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 6.77 14.12 1.43 11.21 0.643 125.72 2.68 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 7.75 11.04 1.25 6.14 0.530 37.69 3.25 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 11.32 48.87 1.32 20.44 0.480 417.92 4.27 1945 322 Paper Manufacturing 10.23 22.64 1.54 15.15 0.726 229.42 2.28 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 7.69 51.19 1.52 34.89 0.693 1217.15 2.25 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 17.15 53.21 0.51 4.33 0.050 18.77 6.22 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 10.79 43.51 1.40 21.84 0.399 477.14 7.01 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 8.87 36.43 1.53 26.10 0.674 681.10 2.91 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 14.33 49.21 0.97 11.02 0.155 121.42 9.70 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 8.78 23.13 1.66 20.02 0.674 400.96 4.21 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 8.54 52.75 1.49 34.71 0.542 1204.90 4.50 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 7.63 37.46 1.44 29.43 0.651 866.18 3.33 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product 6.97 30.19 1.06 19.88 0.513 395.04 3.39 1350 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 7.25 26.00 1.50 23.54 0.673 554.24 3.13 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 8.06 31.06 1.37 25.09 0.646 629.41 4.14 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 9.03 49.21 1.28 24.76 0.698 612.84 1.53 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 6.77 30.32 1.41 22.55 0.551 508.58 3.98 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 10.68 104.94 1.23 35.53 0.213 1262.13 7.31 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 13.57 124.66 0.83 23.10 0.125 533.39 7.08 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 11.58 44.10 1.08 10.40 0.151 108.13 7.06 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 15.39 75.58 0.41 6.95 0.076 48.24 4.40 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 7.37 27.30 1.25 16.14 0.483 260.60 4.39 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 5.19 52.43 0.656 2748.57 83.09 1000 CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.` a

Final Models including Statistics 235 Table 247: Freight Production 3-Digit NAICS-Road Mode–Non-Linear Model-Lin-Log (CFS 2007) 212 Mining (Except Oil and Gas) 18.61 190.65 0.011 6.45 0.045 41.66 4.34 1550 311 Food Manufacturing 15.13 101.11 0.005 12.64 0.124 159.70 8.89 2930 312 Beverage and Tobacco Manufacturing 14.11 51.90 0.008 4.58 0.144 20.97 8.52 470 313 Textile Mills 12.57 49.72 0.011 4.71 0.342 22.18 4.04 380 314 Textile Product Mills 10.03 39.94 0.015 4.34 0.270 18.81 6.15 345 315 Apparel Manufacturing 9.52 27.96 0.014 6.27 0.224 39.32 5.56 245 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 9.74 22.58 0.020 5.10 0.253 26.06 5.16 115 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 13.86 88.66 0.014 4.97 0.147 24.73 6.98 1945 322 Paper Manufacturing 14.69 59.55 0.010 10.62 0.292 112.76 5.89 1210 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 10.25 96.60 0.019 17.92 0.340 320.98 4.72 1370 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 17.89 104.25 0.005 6.26 0.011 39.13 6.47 660 325 Chemical Manufacturing 13.99 95.44 0.003 3.59 0.027 12.86 11.27 2480 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 12.67 80.43 0.011 13.50 0.226 182.19 6.82 2145 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 16.06 107.94 0.013 7.94 0.039 63.06 11.03 2495 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 13.55 42.46 0.007 6.60 0.197 43.56 10.40 995 332 Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing 11.55 94.16 0.014 7.71 0.179 59.51 8.04 3365 333 Machinery Manufacturing 10.95 72.76 0.007 10.59 0.201 112.07 7.51 2075 334 Computer and Electronic Product 9.41 61.46 0.003 5.75 0.112 33.01 6.16 1350 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 10.90 50.98 0.007 6.93 0.254 47.98 7.03 835 336 Transportation Equipment Manufacturing 11.67 61.52 0.003 8.54 0.152 72.89 9.80 1755 337 Furniture and Related Product Manufacturing 11.74 100.83 0.008 7.18 0.229 51.58 3.90 1145 339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 9.32 60.10 0.009 7.83 0.152 61.35 7.32 1175 423 Merchant Wholesalers, Durable Goods 12.74 208.98 0.023 9.56 0.060 91.34 8.70 11315 424 Merchant Wholesalers, Nondurable Goods 14.88 257.40 0.013 16.04 0.043 257.15 7.73 8750 454 Nonstore Retailers 13.28 101.54 0.005 5.23 0.011 27.38 8.21 1225 493 Warehousing and Storage 16.00 134.27 0.005 10.38 0.056 107.76 4.49 1245 511 Publishing Industries (except Internet) 9.73 55.87 0.006 5.07 0.168 25.75 6.96 665 551 Management of Companies and Enterprises - - 0.018 3.26 0.033 10.66 231.75 1000 CFS - United States - Road Modes [pounds/year] NAICS Description t-stat t-stat Adj. R2 F-stat S 2 Obs.` a

Next: Appendix C - Survey Used to Collect FSA Data »
Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook Get This Book
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TRB's National Cooperative Freight Research Program (NCFRP) Research Report 37: Using Commodity Flow Survey Microdata and Other Establishment Data to Estimate the Generation of Freight, Freight Trips, and Service Trips: Guidebook provides policy makers with improved establishment-level models that estimate the Freight Trip Generation (FTG), the number of vehicle trips produced and attracted at a given establishment; the Freight Production (FP), the amount of cargo produced by the establishment; and the Service Trip Attraction (STA), and the number of vehicle trips that arrive at the establishment to perform a service activity. These models, estimated with the best data available, provide tools to assess the various facets of the overall Freight and Service Activity (FSA) that takes place in urban and metropolitan areas. The models will allow transportation practitioners to conduct sound curb-management, properly size loading and unloading areas, support traffic impact analyses, and improve transportation planning and management efforts.

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