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The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID (2017)

Chapter: Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
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Appendix B

Committee Member Biographies

MICHAEL T. CLEGG (NAS) is professor emeritus at the University of California, Irvine. In 1972 he joined the faculty of Brown University, moving to the University of Georgia in 1976. In 1984, he became professor of genetics at the University of California, Riverside. He also served as dean of the College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences at UC Riverside from 1994 to 2000 and was the founding director of the Genomics Institute at UC Riverside, serving from 2000 to 2004. In 2004 he became Donald Bren Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of California, Irvine. He retired from UC Irvine in 2014. During an academic career of more than 40 years, he has published approximately 180 research articles and book chapters, and he has coauthored or edited nine books. Clegg’s research specialty is population genetics and molecular evolution. His current work focuses on the molecular evolution of genes that determine flower color in plants, the genetic history of crop plant domestication and the application of molecular markers to avocado improvement. Clegg was elected to membership in the National Academy of Sciences in 1990, elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992, and elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2012. He was elected foreign secretary of the US National Academy of Sciences in 2002 and reelected in 2006 and in 2010. He is fellow of the World Academy of Sciences and a corresponding member of several academies in Latin America and Africa.

DEANDRA BECK is the associate dean for research, Michigan State University (MSU), International Studies and Programs, where she has responsibility for facilitating international research opportunities for MSU faculty and students. She currently co-chairs MSU’s Council of

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×

Research Deans and serves on the CRDF Global Advisory Council. As program director in the National Science Foundation’s Office of International Science and Engineering, she managed developing-country initiatives and the Middle East and Africa portfolios. While at NSF, she worked with the U.S. Agency for International Development to bridge the interests of science and development, including the design and implementation of the Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Research (PEER) initiative. She served as an expert group member for the OECD Global Science Forum’s initiative to advance research collaboration between developed and developing countries. Additionally, she co-managed Science Across Virtual Institutes (SAVI), a mechanism to foster global research networks, and served on NSF’s INSPIRE working group in support of transformative, multidisciplinary research. In cooperation with CRDF Global, she was instrumental in launching Newton’s List as a platform to publicize funding opportunities for international research collaboration, and she initiated an International Funding Agency Seminar to facilitate dialogue among global science funding agencies. Prior to NSF, she was the acting managing director for environment and social assessment at the U.S. Millennium Challenge Corporation. Previously, she was the assistant director for policy, U.S. Forest Service International Programs. These positions flanked work in the private sector as chief executive officer of a biotechnology start-up company. She also held positions as an international research administrator at the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service and as a AAAS Fellow at USAID after completing a Ph.D. in biochemistry from Texas A&M University.

THOMAS J. BOLLYKY is senior fellow for global health, economics, and development at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). He is also an adjunct professor of law at Georgetown University. In 2014, Mr. Bollyky directed the first CFR-sponsored independent task force devoted to global health and development, entitled The Emerging Global Health Crisis: Noncommunicable Diseases in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Prior to coming to CFR, he was a fellow at the Center for Global Development and at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), where he led negotiations on medical technology regulation in the U.S.-Republic of Korea Free Trade Agreement and represented USTR

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×

in the negotiations with China on the safety of food and drug imports. He has testified multiple times before the U.S. Senate and served on a variety of committees at the National Academy of Medicine. He has also been a consultant to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, a Fulbright scholar to South Africa, a member of the advisory committee for the Clinton Global Initiative, and a temporary legal advisor to the World Health Organization. In 2013, the World Economic Forum named him as one of its global leaders under 40.

GARGEE GHOSH is director of development policy and finance at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and leads the foundation’s international policy team that supports ideas and innovations in policy making—at the global and national levels—to advance human development and address extreme poverty. The team also provides independent analysis and recommendations to the foundation co-chairs and leaders on medium-range trends in development policy. She previously held senior positions at Google.org and in the international development practice of McKinsey & Company, as well as at the Center for Global Development. From 2005 to 2009, she worked in the Gates Foundation’s Global Health division, where she helped launch significant efforts in immunization financing and impact investing. In addition to her foundation responsibilities, she is currently serving a two-year term on President Obama’s Global Development Council. She holds graduate degrees in economics from the University of Oxford and in international relations from Georgetown University, and a bachelor’s degree in economics from the University of Victoria in Canada.

JULIE A. HOWARD is a senior advisor to the associate provost and dean, international studies and programs at Michigan State University She served as the chief scientist in the Bureau for Food Security, which leads the implementation of Feed the Future initiative, from 2011 to 2014. She previously served as deputy coordinator for development for Feed the Future, where she led a core team in elevating interagency engagement in Feed the Future strategic planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. Before joining USAID in 2011, she served as the executive director and chief executive officer of the Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa, an independent nonprofit coalition dedicated to increasing the level and effectiveness of U.S. assistance

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×

and private investment through research, dialogue, and advocacy. She is also the co-author, with Emmy Simmons, of “Improving the Effectiveness of U.S. Assistance in Transforming the Food Security Outlook in Sub-Saharan Africa” in The Global Food Crisis: Governance Challenges and Opportunities (2009). She served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in the Dominican Republic, and has written on agricultural technology development and transfer, the development of seed and fertilizer systems, and the role of farmer associations in agricultural development in Zambia, Mozambique, Ethiopia, and Somalia. She holds a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from Michigan State University, and master’s and undergraduate degrees from the University of California, Davis, and George Washington University.

CHRISTINE MOE is the Eugene J. Gangarosa Professor of Safe Water and Sanitation in the Rollins School of Public Health and the director of the Center for Global Safe Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene at Emory University. Her research focuses primarily on the environmental transmission of infectious agents, in particular, foodborne and waterborne disease. Working in the laboratory and in the field, her work addresses water, sanitation and health issues in the United States and around the world. Her field research in Ghana, India, Cambodia, Uganda, Rwanda, the Philippines, El Salvador, Bolivia, and Kenya includes studies of dry sanitation systems, fecal contamination in low-income urban environments, water, sanitation and hygiene in healthcare facilities, water quality in distribution systems, and environmental contamination of vegetable crops. She leads a team of faculty, staff, and students and is the catalyst for a flourishing interest in safe water and sanitation at Rollins. In 2006, her team received the Development Marketplace Award from the World Bank for its project on sanitation demand in Bolivia. She also received the Food Safety Leadership Award in Research Advancement from NSF International in 2008. She served on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Science Advisory Board and chaired the National Research Council committee to advise USAID on Grand Challenges in International Development. She has been a consultant for the World Health Organization and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. She was also a member of the Water Science and Technology Board of the National Research Council, USEPA Drinking Water Committee of the Science

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×

Advisory Board, and Research Advisory Council for the American Water Works Research Foundation. She received her bachelor's degree from Swarthmore College and her M.S. and Ph.D. from the Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering in the School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill.

FRANCIS J. RICCIARDONE assumed the presidency of the American University in Cairo on July 1, 2016, after concluding his service at the Washington-based Atlantic Council as vice president and director of the Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East. As a career U.S. Foreign Service Officer, he served as the U.S. ambassador to Turkey, Egypt, the Philippines, and Palau, and as chargé d’affaires and deputy ambassador to Afghanistan. He worked extensively in Iraq and with Iraqis both before and since the fall of the Saddam Hussein regime. The director general of the independent Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) awarded him the MFO's highest award for service to peace, for his leadership of its Civilian Observer Unit in the Sinai. He graduated from Dartmouth College and received a Fulbright scholarship for teaching and studying in Italy. Thereafter he lived in Iran as a teacher and traveled widely in Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Middle East until he entered the Foreign Service. He was a guest scholar at the U.S. Institute of Peace.

REBECCA RICHARDS-KORTUM (NAS/NAE) is a Malcolm Gillis University Professor, professor of bioengineering, and director, Rice 360°: Institute for Global Health. She has focused on translating research that integrates advances in nanotechnology and molecular imaging with microfabrication technologies to develop optical imaging systems that are inexpensive, portable, and provide point-of-care diagnosis. Her research has led to the development of 29 patents. She is author of the textbook Biomedical Engineering for Global Health, Cambridge University Press (2010), and more than 230 refereed research papers and 11 book chapters. Her teaching programs, research, and collaborations have been supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Defense, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and Lemelson Foundation. She is a member

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×

of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She served on the National Academies Committee on Conceptual Framework for New Science Education Standards and was an inaugural member of the National Advisory Council for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering for the National Institutes of Health. She is a fellow of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Biomedical Engineering Society, Optical Society of America, and National Academy of Inventors. In 2016, she became a MacArthur Awards Program Fellow. She was named a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Professor (2002) and received a Professor Renewal grant from HHMI (2006) to establish and expand the undergraduate education program Beyond Traditional Borders (BTB). In 2012, the BTB program was chosen as a model program by Science magazine and awarded the Science Prize for Inquiry-Based Instruction; and in 2013, the hands-on engineering education program was awarded the Lemelson-MIT Award for Global Innovation for bringing life-saving health solutions to the developing world.

MELANIE WALKER is senior advisor to President Jim Yong Kim at the World Bank Group. She joined the Group from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, where she most recently served as deputy director for special initiatives, a team charged with incubating new foundation programs across both health and development. Prior to this she worked in variety of different roles at the World Health Organization related to macroeconomics and health and as a practitioner in public facilities around the world. She maintains two board certifications and is a clinical associate professor at the University of Washington School of Medicine, with an adjunct appointment to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

AMOS WINTER is the Ratan N. Tata Career Development Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. He earned a B.S. from Tufts University (2003) and an M.S. (2005) and Ph.D. (2011) from MIT, all in mechanical engineering. His research group, the Global Engineering and Research (GEAR) Lab, characterizes the unique technical and socioeconomic constraints of emerging markets, then uses engineering science and product design to create high-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×

performance, low-cost, globally relevant technologies. The group primarily focuses on assistive devices, brackish water desalination, drip irrigation, and agricultural technologies. GEAR Lab won the 2015 USAID Desal Prize for creating a community-scale, solar-powered electrodialysis desalination system, which will be piloted in India and Gaza in 2016. He is the principal inventor of the Leveraged Freedom Chair (LFC), an all-terrain wheelchair designed for developing countries that was a winner of a 2010 R&D 100 award, was named one of the Wall Street Journal’s top innovations in 2011, and received a Patents for Humanity award from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in 2015. He also received the 2010 Tufts University Young Alumni Distinguished Achievement Award, the 2012 ASME/Pi Tau Sigma Gold Medal, and was named one of the MIT Technology Review’s 35 Innovators Under 35 (TR35) for 2013. He is a co-founder of Global Research Innovation and Technology, a company that has commercialized the LFC for developing countries and also produces the Freedom Chair, a derivative for the U.S./European market.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×
Page 185
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×
Page 186
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×
Page 187
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×
Page 188
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×
Page 189
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×
Page 190
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24617.
×
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The United States has long recognized that the nation’s prosperity and security depend on how we address challenges of disasters, poverty, famine, and disease around the world. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has played a vital role in promoting U.S. national and international interests by advancing strategies for employing science, technology, and innovation to respond to global challenges. The focus by USAID on science, technology, and innovation is critical to improve development outcomes. At the core of this progress is the engagement of science institutions and other innovative enterprises and their commitment to work in partnership with USAID to research, test, and scale solutions.

The Role of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Partnerships in the Future of USAID provides an assessment and advice on the current and future role for science, technology, and innovation in assistance programs at USAID and on the role of partnerships in the public and private sectors to expand impact. This report examines challenges and opportunities for USAID in expanding the utilization of science, technology, and innovation in development assistance; assesses how USAID has deployed science, technology, and innovation; and recommends priority areas for improvement going forward in partnership with others.

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