National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM THROUGH
PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE

Proceedings of a Workshop

Justin Snair, Anna Nicholson, and Claire Giammaria, Rapporteurs

Forum on Medical and Public Health Preparedness for
Disasters and Emergencies

Board on Health Sciences Policy

Health and Medicine Division

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This project was jointly supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the American College of Emergency Physicians; American Hospital Association; American Red Cross; Association of Public Health Laboratories; Association of State and Territorial Health Officials; Child Care Aware of America; Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists; East West Protection; Emergency Nurses Association; GlaxoSmithKline; Healthcare Ready; Infectious Diseases Society of America; Meridian Medical Technologies; National Association of Chain Drug Stores; National Association of County and City Health Officials; National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Contract No. ID#: 73289); Seqirus; Trauma Center Association of America; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Contract No. 200-2011-38807); U.S. Department of Defense (Contract No. HHSP233201400020B/HHSP23337014); U.S. Department of Defense, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (Contract No. HU0001-16-1-0022); U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families (Contract No. HHSP233201400153P); U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Food and Drug Administration (Contract No. 1R13FD005495-01); U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ National Institutes of Health: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; National Institute of Environmental Sciences; National Library of Medicine (Contract No. HHSN26300084); U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (Contract No. HHSO100201550005A); U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Health Affairs (Contract No. HSHQDC-15-C-00079); and U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (Contract No. DTNH22-14-H-00468). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45365-3
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45365-8
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24638

Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2017 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering violent extremism through public health practice: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24638.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

Image

Reports document the evidence-based consensus of an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and committee deliberations. Reports are peer reviewed and are approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Proceedings chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other convening event. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and have not been endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit nationalacademies.org/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON EXPLORING THE USE OF HEALTH
APPROACHES IN COMMUNITY-LEVEL STRATEGIES TO
COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM AND RADICALIZATION1

MATTHEW WYNIA (Chair), Director, Center for Bioethics and Humanities, Anschutz Medical Campus, University of Colorado

DAVID EISENMAN, Professor, Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research; Director, Center for Public Health and Disasters, University of California, Los Angeles

JOHN L. HICK, Medical Director for Emergency Preparedness and Deputy Chief EMS Medical Director, Hennepin County Medical Center

LEESA LIN, Senior Program Manager, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

CYNTHIA LUM, Associate Professor, Department of Criminology, Law, and Society and Director, Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy, George Mason University

JOUMANA SILYAN-SABA, Director of the Strategies Against Violent Extremism, Los Angeles Mayor’s Office of Public Safety; adjunct assistant professor, California State University, Dominguez Hills

SUSAN SZMANIA, Senior Researcher, National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), University of Maryland

LEANA WEN, Baltimore City Health Commissioner and Physician

Health and Medicine Division Staff

JUSTIN SNAIR, Senior Program Officer, Forum Director (from August 2016)

JACK HERRMANN, Senior Program Officer (until August 2016)

ASHLEY OTTEWELL, Research Associate (until August 2016)

CLAIRE GIAMMARIA, Associate Program Officer (from February 2017)

ALEX REPACE, Senior Program Assistant

ANDREW M. POPE, Senior Director, Board on Health Sciences Policy

Consultants

ANNA NICHOLSON, Consulting Writer

LAURA RUNNELS, Consulting Facilitator and Engagement Strategist

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

FORUM ON MEDICAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH
PREPAREDNESS FOR DISASTERS AND EMERGENCIES1

DAN HANFLING (Co-Chair), Contributing Scholar and Clinical Professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security

SUZET M. McKINNEY (Co-Chair), Executive Director, Illinois Medical District Commission

ROY L. ALSON, Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine at Wake Forest School of Medicine, American College of Emergency Physicians

STACEY J. ARNESEN, Branch Chief at the Disaster Information Management Research Center, National Institutes of Health/National Library of Medicine

PAMELA BLACKWELL, Director at the Center for Emergency Preparedness and Response for Cobb/Douglas Boards of Health, National Association of County and City Health Officials

ERIC C. BLANK, Senior Director of Public Health Programs and Systems, Association of Public Health Laboratories

KATHRYN BRINSFIELD, Assistant Secretary of Health Affairs and Chief Medical Officer, U.S. Department of Homeland Security/Office of Health Affairs (until January 2017)

BROOKE COURTNEY, Senior Regulatory Counsel of the Office of Counterterrorism and Emerging Threats, U.S. Food and Drug Administration

RICHARD DANILA, Epidemiology Program Manager and Deputy State Epidemiologist at Minnesota Department of Health, Council for State and Territorial Epidemiologists

BRUCE EVANS, Fire Chief at Upper Pine River Fire Protection District, National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians

JOHN L. HICK, Medical Director for Emergency Preparedness and Deputy Chief EMS Medical Director, Hennepin County Medical Center

CLAUDIA M. KELLY, Senior Director, Value Access and Policy, Seqirus

THOMAS KIRSCH, Director of the National Center for Disaster Medicine and Public Health (NCDMP) and Professor of Military and Emergency Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, U.S. Department of Defense

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

MICHAEL G. KURILLA, Director, Office of Biodefense Research Affairs and Associate Director for BioDefense Product Development, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

DREW E. LEWIS, Meridian Medical Technologies (since February 2017)

EMILY LORD, Executive Director, Healthcare Ready

NICOLE LURIE, Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (until January 2017)

FREDA LYON, Vice President of Emergency Services at WellStar Health System, Emergency Nurses Association

NICOLE McKOIN, Senior Business Partner, Target Corporation

AUBREY K. MILLER, Senior Medical Advisor, Captain U.S. Public Health Service, Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

JOHN OSBORN, Operations Manager, Assistant Professor of Health Care Systems Engineering, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

TARA O’TOOLE, Senior Fellow, IQT

ANDREW T. PAVIA, Professor, Chief Division Pediatric Infectious Diseases, University of Utah, Infectious Diseases Society of America

JENNIFER PIPA, Senior Director of Recovery Operations, American Red Cross

ALONZO PLOUGH, Vice President, Research-Evaluation-Learning and Chief Science Officer, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

STEPHEN C. REDD, Director, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response

MARY J. RILEY, Director, Office of Human Services Emergency Preparedness Response (OHSEPR)/Captain U.S. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Administration for Children and Families (until February 2017)

ANDREW R. ROSZAK, Senior Director of Emergency Preparedness, Child Care Aware of America (until February 2017)

SARAH E. ROSZAK, Director of Research for National Association of Chain Drug Stores (NACDS) and NACDS Foundation

ROSLYNE SCHULMAN, Senior Associate Director, American Hospital Association

RICHARD A. SERINO, Distinguished Visiting Fellow and Senior Advisor, Harvard University School of Public Health

MONCEF M. SLAOUI, Chairman, Global Vaccines, GlaxoSmithKline

DAVID J. SMITH, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Readiness, Policy and Oversight, U.S. Department of Defense

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

W. CRAIG VANDERWAGEN, Co-founder and Director, East West Protection, LLC

JENNIFER WARD, President, Trauma Center Association of America

JOHN WIESMAN, Secretary of Health, Washington State Department of Health, Association for State and Territorial Health Officials

GAMUNU WIJETUNGE, EMS Specialist, Office of Emergency Medical Services, U.S. Department of Transportation/National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

MATTHEW K. WYNIA, Director, Center for Bioethics and Humanities, University of Colorado Denver

Health and Medicine Division Staff

JUSTIN SNAIR, Senior Program Officer, Forum Director (from August 2016)

JACK HERRMANN, Senior Program Officer (until August 2016)

CLAIRE GIAMMARIA, Associate Program Officer (from February 2017)

ALEXA EDMIER, Research Assistant

ALEX REPACE, Senior Program Assistant

ANDREW M. POPE, Senior Director, Board on Health Sciences Policy

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published Proceedings of a Workshop as sound as possible and to ensure that the Proceedings of a Workshop meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this Proceedings of a Workshop:

MICHAEL GERMAN, New York University Law School

JOHN OSBORN, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine

JOUMANA SILYAN-SABA, Los Angeles Mayor’s Office of Public Safety

THOMAS SIMON, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

REBECCA SKELLETT, Institute for Strategic Dialogue

MATTHEW K. WYNIA, University of Colorado

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the Proceedings of a Workshop before its release. The review of this Proceedings of a Workshop was overseen by BRUCE ALTEVOGT, Pfizer Inc. He was

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this Proceedings of a Workshop was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this Proceedings of a Workshop rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×

Acronyms and Abbreviations

APA American Psychological Association
BRAVE Building Resilience Against Violent Extremism
CAMP Case Assessment Management Program
CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CRSS Crisis Response Support Section
CVE countering violent extremism
DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security
DMH U.S. Department of Mental Health
DOJ U.S. Department of Justice
EADR Empirical Assessment of Domestic Radicalization
EMS emergency medical services
EPREP Emergency Preparedness Research, Evaluation, and Practice
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
ISIL Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
JRIC Joint Regional Intelligence Center
JTTF Joint Terrorism Task Force
LAPD Los Angeles Police Department
MCD Major Crimes Division
MEU Mental Evaluation Unit
NGO nongovernmental organization
NIJ National Institute of Justice
PEACE Promoting Engagement, Acceptance, and Community Empowerment
RENEW Recognizing Extremist Network Early Warnings
RFP request for proposal
ROC receiver operating characteristic
SAMHSA Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
SAR suspicious activity report
SMART System-wide Mental Assessment Response Team
START Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
WORDE World Organization for Resource Development and Education
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R12
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R13
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R14
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R15
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24638.
×
Page R16
Next: 1 Introduction and Overview »
Countering Violent Extremism Through Public Health Practice: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $52.00 Buy Ebook | $41.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Countering violent extremism consists of various prevention and intervention approaches to increase the resilience of communities and individuals to radicalization toward violent extremism, to provide nonviolent avenues for expressing grievances, and to educate communities about the threat of recruitment and radicalization to violence. To explore the application of health approaches in community-level strategies to countering violent extremism and radicalization, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a public workshop in September 2016. Participants explored the evolving threat of violent extremism and radicalization within communities across America, traditional versus health-centered approaches to countering violent extremism and radicalization, and opportunities for cross-sector and interdisciplinary collaboration and learning among domestic and international stakeholders and organizations. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!