TIMOTHY S. BASTIAN, Chair, is assistant director and head of the Science Support and Research department at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory, where he has been an astronomer since 1990. He is also an adjunct faculty member in the Astronomy Department at the University of Virginia. Dr. Bastian’s research interests include solar and stellar radiophysics; planetary/exoplanetary radio emission; radio propagation phenomena as probes of the solar wind; radio interferometry; and the physics of flares and coronal mass ejections. He is currently the principal investigator on the ALMA Development Study to implement solar observing modes with ALMA. He serves as chair of the AAS Publications Board, and is a member of the NASA Living With a Star Steering Committee. Dr. Bastian previously served as scientific editor of the Astrophysical Journal. He earned his Ph.D. in astrophysics from the University of Colorado. For the National Academies of Sciences, Enginering, and Medicine, Dr. Bastian served on the Panel on Solar and Heliospheric Physics for the Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), and he is currently a member of the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
SUSAN K. AVERY, Vice Chair, is the former president and director of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, having served in the position from 2008-2015. Avery was on the faculty of the University of Colorado, Boulder, from 1982 to 2008, most recently holding the academic rank of professor of electrical and computer engineering. Her research interests include studies of atmospheric circulation and precipitation, climate variability and water resources, and the development of new radar techniques and instruments for remote sensing. She also has a keen interest in scientific literacy and the role of science in public policy. She is the author or co-author of more than 80 peer-reviewed articles. A fellow of CIRES since 1982, Dr. Avery became its director in 1994. In that role, she facilitated new interdisciplinary research efforts spanning the geosciences and including the social and biological sciences. She spearheaded a reorganization of the institute and helped establish a thriving K-12 outreach program and a Center for Science and Technology Policy Research. She also worked with NOAA and the Climate Change Science Program to help formulate a national strategic science plan for climate research. She currently serves on the Committee to Advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Dr. Avery is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and of the American Meteorological Society, for which she also served as president. She is a past chair of the board of trustees of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research. She holds a master’s in physics and a doctorate in atmospheric science from the University of Illinois. Recently she served on the Committee on a Survey of the
Active Scientific Use of the Radio Spectrum and as the chair of the Committee on the Review of the NSF’s Division on Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences Draft Science Goals and Objectives.
MARCEL AGÜEROS is an assistant professor of astronomy at Columbia University. His research uses new data sets and technologies to address classic questions in stellar astrophysics. Dr. Agüeros’s current focus is on combining large-scale, time-domain photometric surveys, spectroscopic campaigns, and X-ray observations to place observational constraints on the evolution of low-mass stars, and in particular to explore the relationship between a star’s age, its angular-momentum content, and its magnetic activity. Previously, Dr. Agüeros was a National Science Foundation (NSF) Astronomy and Astrophysics post-doctoral fellow in Columbia’s Astrophysics Laboratory. He received a NSF Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award in 2013 and a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE) in 2016. Dr. Agüeros also directs the Bridge to the Ph.D. in the Natural Sciences Program, which is increasing the number of underrepresented minorities moving into STEM graduate programs. In 2008, the National Society of Black Physicists awarded him a Certificate of Excellence “in recognition of distinguished personal initiative on diversity in astronomy.” Dr. Agüeros served on the NSF Astronomy Division’s Portfolio Review Committee in 2011-2012. He earned his Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Washington in 2006.
PETER M. BANKS assists the development of early-stage technology companies and is currently a member of the Board of Directors of Visual Communications, Inc. and Liberty Plugins, Inc. Dr. Banks provides expertise and advice for challenges facing young companies relative to their development plans, personnel, technologies, intellectual properties, financial needs, and fundraising. He is also active in the Academies, having served on the Reports Review Committee and as a senior advisor to the president of the National Academy of Sciences. Previously, Dr. Banks was a Partner in Red Planet Capital of Palo Alto, California. This venture capital investment firm was funded by NASA and provided the agency and employees with access to emergent high-technology developments of Silicon Valley and other technology-rich areas. During this period, Dr. Banks was a trustee and chair of the board of trustees of the Universities Space Research Organization, located in Greenbelt, Maryland. Prior to the above activities and over two decades, Dr. Banks was a director of two public companies (Tecumseh Products and X-Rite Corporation) and partner of XR Ventures, Inc., of Grand Rapids, Michigan. In the 1990s, Dr. Banks was dean of engineering and professor in the Atmospheres, Oceans and Space Science Department at the University of Michigan, then CEO of the Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Dr. Banks’ scientific expertise lies in the areas of space science, Earth remote sensing, climate change science, ionospheric physics, computer systems, and environmental science. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) and an affiliate of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). He has received the Appleton Prize of the Royal Society (London), is a fellow of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), is a recipient of the AGU’s Nicolet Award, and is a recipient of the Distinguished Public Service Award from NASA (for activities relating to the definition of scientific needs of the International Space Station). He has published over 200 articles in scientific literature. Dr. Banks received M.S.E.E. and Ph.D. (physics) degrees from Stanford and Pennsylvania State University, respectively. His university experience includes faculty appointments at the University of California, San Diego, Utah State University, Stanford University, and the University of Michigan. He has served on many National Academies activities, including the Committee on Assessment of NASA Laboratory Capabilities, the Report Review Committee, and the Committee on Space-Based Additive Manufacturing of Space Hardware.
GEORGE GLOECKLER is a distinguished university professor, emeritus, of the University of Maryland and research professor in the Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering Department at the University of Michigan. Dr. Gloeckler’s research focuses on space plasma physics, particularly the properties of the local interstellar medium, such as its magnetic field, density and composition of its gas, and its interaction with the solar system. He is known for developing a new experimental measurement technique allowing observations of interstellar pickup ions and for pioneering discoveries and the invention of instruments carried on satellites and deep space probes, including the two Voyagers, Ulysses, and Cassini. Elected to the NAS in 1997, Dr. Gloeckler is also a fellow of the AGU and the American Physical Society and the recipient of the COSPAR Space Science Award. He earned
his Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago. Dr. Gloeckler’s most recent National Academies service was as a member of the Panel on Solar and Heliospheric Physics for the Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics). He currently serves on the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
J. TODD HOEKSEMA is a senior research scientist in the W.W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory at Stanford University. His primary scientific interests include the physics of the Sun and the interplanetary medium, the large-scale solar and coronal magnetic fields, solar velocity fields and rotation, helioseismology, solar-terrestrial relations, and education and public outreach. His professional experience includes research administration, system and scientific programming, and the design, construction, and operation of instruments to measure solar magnetic and velocity fields from both ground and space. He is co-investigator and magnetic team lead for the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) on NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory and was instrument scientist for the Michelson Doppler Imager on the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. He directs the Wilcox Solar Observatory at Stanford, with which he has been associated for more than three 11-year sunspot cycles. Dr. Hoeksema has chaired the Solar Physics Division of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) and the Solar Observatory Council of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA). He is currently the Secretary of the Solar and Heliophysics (SH) subsection of the Space Physics and Aeronomy (SPA) Section of the American Geophysical Union (AGU). He has served on the Heliophysics subcommittee of the NASA Advisory Council Science Committee. In 2004, NASA recognized Dr. Hoeksema’s leadership in developing the roadmap for “Heliophysics” by awarding him NASA’s Distinguished Public Service Medal. Dr. Hoeksema earned his B.A. from Calvin College and Ph.D. from Stanford University in applied physics. Dr. Hoeksema was a member of the Committee on Survey of Surveys: Lessons Learned from the Decadal Survey Process, the steering committee for the Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), and the Astro2010 Panel on Optical and Infrared Astronomy from the Ground. He currently serves as co-chair of the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
JUSTIN C. KASPER is an associate professor in the Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering Department in the University of Michigan’s College of Engineering. Prior to his recent appointment at the University of Michigan, Dr. Kasper was an astrophysicist in the Solar and Stellar X-Ray Group in the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics and a Lecturer in the Department of Astronomy at Harvard University. Dr. Kasper has worked on the development, construction, and analysis of instrumentation for the in situ and remote measurement of particles and fields, including space-based plasma probes and particle telescopes such as the Faraday Cups on Wind, and ground-based radio telescopes including the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). His major results concern heating, instabilities, and helium in the solar corona and solar wind, and the impact of space weather on society. He is currently the principal investigator (PI), SWEAP Investigation, Solar Probe Plus; instrument lead, Faraday Cup, Deep Space Climate Observatory; co-investigator, FIELDS, Solar Probe Plus; instrument lead, Solar Wind Experiment Faraday Cup, Wind spacecraft; co-investigator, Cosmic Ray Telescope for the Effects of Radiation, LRO; and PI of NASA and NSF grants to conduct investigations into the fundamental physics of solar corona and solar wind, including heating, instabilities, composition, shocks, magnetic reconnection, and radio emission. Dr. Kasper received his Ph.D. in physics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was a member of the U.S. organizing and instrumentation committees for the 2007 International Heliophysical Year and the project scientist for the Cosmic Ray Telescope for the Effects of Radiation (CRaTER), on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Dr. Kasper served on the steering committee for the Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics and was the committee’s liaison to, and member of, the decadal survey’s Panel on Solar and Heliospheric Physics. He currently serves on the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
KRISTINA A. LYNCH is a professor of physics in the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Dartmouth College. At Dartmouth, Dr. Lynch has led the design, manufacturing, testing, and launch of a number of NASA auroral sounding rocket payloads. Her research interests include instruments that measure ionospheric plasma particles and fields, the plasma physics of the lower thermal ionosphere, laboratory plasma physics used to develop space instrumentation, and developing and analyzing space mission architectures for low-resource ionospheric multi-point missions. Previously, Dr. Lynch was on the research faculty of the University of New Hampshire, in the Department of Physics and the Institute for Earth Oceans and Space. She is a recipient of an NSF Career Award.
She earned her Ph.D. in physics from the University of New Hampshire. She has served on several National Academies activities, including the Panel on Atmosphere-Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Interactions for the Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics), the Committee on Heliophysics Performance Assessment, the Committee on Solar and Space Physics, and the Committee on Plasma 2010: An Assessment of and Outlook for Plasma and Fusion Science.
TERRANCE G. ONSAGER is a physicist with the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center. His research includes solar wind-magnetosphere coupling, modeling the signatures of magnetic reconnection at Earth’s magnetopause and in the magnetotail, and the dynamics of the electron radiation belts. His recent efforts include coordinating the capabilities and priorities of international space weather organizations to improve global space weather services and working to bridge the gap between research and operations. Currently he is the director of the International Space Environment Service. He serves as co-chair of the World Meteorological Organization Inter-Programme Coordination Team on Space Weather. He received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Washington with a focus on shock waves in collisionless plasma, using Earth’s bow shock as a natural laboratory. Dr. Onsager has previously served as a member of the Committee on the Assessment of the Role of Solar and Space Physics in NASA’s Space Exploration Initiative and a member of the Panel on Education and Society, and he is currently a member of the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
AARON RIDLEY is a professor in the Department of Climate and Space Science and Engineering at the University of Michigan (UM). He previously served as a research scientist at the Southwest Research Institute. His research interests include modeling of the near-Earth space environment, ground-based instrumentation, and small satellites. Dr. Ridley currently has an active program for Fabry-Perot Interferometers in North America. He has been PI of three CubeSats, including CADRE and two CubeSats for the European QB50 mission, each of which will measure the state of the upper atmosphere. Dr. Ridley has received the UM’s College of Engineering Monroe-Brown Foundation Education Excellence Award, the NASA Group Achievement Award, the UM’s College of Engineering Outstanding Research Scientist Award, and the Most Cited Paper (2005-2010) for the Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Research. He earned a B.S. from Eastern Michigan University, and a M.S. and Ph.D. in atmospheric and space science from the University of Michigan. He currently serves on the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
NATHAN A. SCHWADRON is a professor at the University of New Hampshire’s (UNH) Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space and in UNH Department of Physics in the Space Science Center. He also serves as the PI for the Cosmic Ray Telescope for the Effects of Radiation (CRaTER) on the LRO mission and the PI for the Dose Spectra from Energetic particles and Neutrons (DoSEN) instrument. He serves as the science operations lead for the Interstellar Boundary Explorer Mission, and the science operations lead on Solar Probe Plus (SPP) Integrated Science Investigation of the Sun. Dr. Schwadron is the PI for NASA/NSF/LWS Strategic Capability Earth-Moon-Mars Radiation Environment Module (EMMREM) and is the co-lead of the NSF/FESD Sun-2-Ice project that studies particle acceleration and radiation interactions from the Sun through the Earth system. Dr. Schwadron is the NASA/NSF/LWS strategic capability lead of the recently selected Chromosphere-Solar-Wind and Energetic Particle Acceleration (C-SWEPA) Model. Dr. Schwadron’s previous experience includes positions as an associate professor of astronomy at Boston University; senior research scientist, principal scientist, and staff scientist at the Southwest Research Institute; assistant research scientist at the University of Michigan; senior research scientist at the International Space Science Institute in Bern, Switzerland; and postdoctoral scholar at the University of Michigan’s Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Science Department. Dr. Schwadron’s research interests include heliospheric phenomena related to the solar wind, the heliospheric magnetic field, pickup ions, cometary X-rays, energetic particles, cosmic rays, energetic neutral atoms, space weather and radiation hazards and effects. He received a B.A. with honors in physics from Oberlin College and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Michigan. Dr. Schwadron served as a member of the National Academies Panel on Solar and Heliospheric Physics for the Committee for a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics) and the Committee on Priorities for Space Science Enabled by Nuclear Power and Propulsion: A Vision for Beyond 2015. He currently serves on the Committee on Solar and Space Physics.
MARIA SPASOJEVIC is a senior research scientist at Stanford University in the Department of Electrical Engineering. Her research focuses on global aspects of space weather including the dynamics of the plasma populations in the Earth’s inner magnetosphere (plasmasphere, ring current, and radiation belts), the generation of plasma waves, and the interaction of these waves with ions and electrons over a wide range of energy. She has served on the NSF’s Geospace Environment Modeling steering committee as a student representative and as a member and was leader for the focus group on Plasmasphere-Magnetosphere Interactions. She served as Magnetospheric Physics representative for the AGU’s Outstanding Student Paper Award organizing committee and as community representative on the Management Operations Working Group for the Geospace Sciences cluster of NASA’s Heliophysics division. Dr. Spasojevic earned her B.S. in electrical engineering from Worcester Polytechnic Institute and her M.S. and Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Stanford University.
ABIGAIL A. SHEFFER, Study Director, is a program officer for the Space Studies Board (SSB) of the National Academies. In fall 2009, Dr. Sheffer served as a Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellow for the National Academies and then joined the SSB. Since coming to the National Academies, she has been the staff officer and study director on a variety of activities such as the Committee on Solar and Space Physics, Achieving Science With CubeSats: Thinking Inside the Box, Sharing the Adventure with the Student: Exploring the Intersections of NASA Space Science and Education—A Workshop Summary, Landsat and Beyond—Sustaining and Enhancing the Nation’s Land Imaging Program, and The Effects of Solar Variability on Earth’s Climate: A Workshop Report. Dr. Sheffer has been an assisting staff officer on several other reports, including Pathways to Exploration—Rationales and Approaches for a U.S. Program of Human Space Exploration and Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society. Dr. Sheffer earned her Ph.D. in planetary science from the University of Arizona and A.B. in geosciences from Princeton University.
ANESIA WILKS is a senior program assistant. Ms. Wilks began working at the National Academies in the conference management office and later transferred to the Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, where she began working on administrative roles for different projects. She is currently working on the Committee on Propulsion and Energy Systems to Reduce Commercial Aviation Carbon Emissions and the Space Technology Industry-Government-University Roundtable, among various other projects. Ms. Wilks has a B.A. in psychology, magna cum laude, from Trinity University in Washington, D.C.
CHARLES HARRIS was a research associate for the SSB and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board (ASEB) until August 2016. He graduated from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, in 2014 with a double major in public policy and communication studies, and a minor in astronomy. He has served as an intern with NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters and with the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology in the U.S. House of Representatives. He has also worked as a junior associate with an independent policy firm focused on providing clients in the commercial space sector with government relations services and strategic consulting.
CHERIE ACHILLES was a Lloyd V. Berkner Space Policy Intern with the SSB. Dr. Achilles is a Ph.D. student studying geosciences at the University of Arizona. Her research focuses on Martian surface materials, specifically the crystalline and amorphous phases comprising rocks and sediments analyzed by the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover. Prior to entering graduate school, Dr. Achilles received a B.Sc. in molecular and cellular biology and in microbiology from the University of Arizona. From 2005-2008, she was a member of the engineering and operations team for the Surface Stereo Imager on the Phoenix Mars Lander. Following the Phoenix mission, Dr. Achilles joined the Astromaterials and Research Exploration Science group at NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC). While at JSC, she was involved in several Mars-related research projects and became a member the MSL Science Team working with the CheMin instrument. In addition to her involvement with the Mars research group, she contributed to the analysis of interplanetary dust particles as well as the sampling and analysis of hypervelocity
impact structures from space hardware (e.g., space shuttle, the International Space Station). Dr. Achilles left JSC in 2013 to pursue her Ph.D. but continues her involvement in CheMin operations and research while at Arizona.
CAROLINE JUANG was a Lloyd V. Berkner Space Policy Intern with the SSB for summer 2016. Ms. Juang is studying Earth and planetary sciences with a minor in environmental science and public policy at Harvard University. She is most interested in climate, energy, space, and their intersections with public policy. In the past, Ms. Juang has interned with NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, and the Joint U.S.-China Collaboration on Clean Energy. Most recently she interned at Harvard Forest, where she curated a mobile-friendly, online virtual tour for their newest recreational trail that includes both historical knowledge and ongoing research in the forest.
MICHAEL H. MOLONEY is the director for Space and Aeronautics at the SSB and the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board (ASEB) of the National Academies. Since joining the ASEB/SSB Dr. Moloney has overseen the production of more than 60 reports; including five decadal surveys—in astronomy and astrophysics, Earth science and applications from space, planetary science, microgravity sciences, and solar and space physics—prioritizations of NASA space technology roadmaps, a major report on the rational for and future direction of the U.S. human spaceflight program, as well as reports on issues such as NASA’s Strategic Direction, lessons learned from the decadal survey processes, the science promise of CubeSats, the challenge of orbital debris, the future of NASA’s astronaut corps, NASA’s aeronautical flight research program, and national research agendas for autonomy and low-carbon propulsion in civil aviation. Since joining the Academies in 2001, Dr. Moloney has also served as a study director at the National Materials Advisory Board, the Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA), the Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, and the Center for Economic, Governance, and International Studies. Dr. Moloney has served as study director or senior staff for a series of reports on subject matters as varied as quantum physics, nanotechnology, cosmology, the operation of the nation’s helium reserve, new anti-counterfeiting technologies for currency, corrosion science, and nuclear fusion. Before joining the SSB and ASEB in 2010, Dr. Moloney was associate director of the BPA and study director for the 2010 decadal survey for astronomy and astrophysics (New Worlds New Horizons in Astronomy and Astrophysics). In addition to his professional experience at the Academies, Dr. Moloney has more than 7 years’ experience as a foreign-service officer for the Irish government—including serving at the Irish Embassy in Washington and the Irish Mission to the United Nations in New York. A physicist, Dr. Moloney did his Ph.D. work at Trinity College Dublin in Ireland. He received his undergraduate degree in experimental physics at University College Dublin, where he was awarded the Nevin Medal for Physics. Dr. Moloney is a corresponding member of the International Academy of Astronautics and a Senior Member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. He is also a recipient of a distinguished service award from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.