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Suggested Citation:"GLOSSARY." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Successful Practices and Training Initiatives to Reduce Accidents and Incidents at Transit Agencies. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24686.
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Page 77

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75 GLOSSARY Assault: “Overt physical and verbal acts by a passenger that interfere with the mission of a bus operator—which is to complete his or her scheduled run safely—and that adversely affect the safety of the operator and customers” (Nakanishi and Fleming 2011, p. 9). Preventable collision: “A preventable collision is one in which the driver failed to do everything reasonably possible to avoid the collision” (National Safety Council, www.nsc.org). Safety: “The state in which the risk of injury to persons or damage to property is reduced to, and maintained at or below, an acceptable level through a continuing process of hazard identification and risk management” (Ahmed 2011). Security: “Freedom from harm resulting from intentional acts or circumstances” (NCHRP Report 525, Volume 14, Security 101: A Physical Security Primer for Transportation Agencies 2009).

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TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis 126: Successful Practices and Training Initiatives to Reduce Accidents and Incidents at Transit Agencies documents current practices and training initiatives, including bus operator training and retraining programs that have been effective in reducing accidents and incidents at transit agencies. The study also focuses on other system approaches that have been implemented to address safety hazards. These approaches include various technology applications, infrastructure modifications, and programs and initiatives such as driver incentive programs and close call/near miss reporting.

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