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A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report (2017)

Chapter: Appendix D: Committee Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
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Appendix D

Committee Biographies

Brian L. Strom, M.D., M.P.H., is the inaugural chancellor of Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences (RBHS) and the executive vice president for health affairs at Rutgers University. RBHS is composed of eight schools and five centers/institutes, and includes academic, patient care, and research facilities. Dr. Strom was formerly the executive vice dean of institutional affairs, founding chair of the Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, founding director of the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and founding director of the Graduate Program in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, all at the Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania (Penn).

Dr. Strom earned a B.S. in Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry from Yale University, and an M.D. from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He was an intern and resident in Internal Medicine, then a National Institutes of Health (NIH) Fellow in Clinical Pharmacology at the University of California, San Francisco. He simultaneously earned an M.P.H. in Epidemiology at the University of California, Berkeley. He has been on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine since 1980. The Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (CCEB) that he created at Penn includes more than 550 faculty, research and support staff, and trainees. At the time Dr. Strom stepped down, CCEB research received nearly $49 million/year in extramural support.

Although Dr. Strom’s interests span many areas of clinical epidemiology, his major research interest is in the field of pharmacoepidemiology, that is, the application of epidemiologic methods to the study of drug use and effects. He is recognized as a founder of this field and for his pioneer

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

work in using large automated databases for research. He is editor of the field’s major text (now in its fifth edition) and editor in chief for Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, the official journal of the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology. As one of many specific contributions, his research was pivotal in prompting the American Heart Association and American Dental Association to reverse 50 years of guidelines, and recommend against use of antibiotics to prevent infective endocarditis, instead of recommending for this widespread practice. In addition to writing more than 600 papers and 12 books, he has been principal investigator (PI) for more than 275 grants, including more than $115 million in direct costs alone.

Dr. Strom is also a nationally recognized leader in clinical research training. At the Perelman School of Medicine, he developed graduate training programs in epidemiology and biostatistics. More than 625 clinicians have been trained or are in training through the largest of these training programs, which leads to a Master of Science in Clinical Epidemiology degree. Dr. Strom was PI or Co-PI of 11 NIH-funded training grants (T32, D43, K12, and K30), each of which supported clinical epidemiology trainees in different specialties and subspecialties. He has been the primary mentor for more than 65 former and current clinical research trainees and numerous junior faculty members. Internationally, Dr. Strom was a key contributor to the conceptualization and planning that led to the development of the International Clinical Epidemiology Network (INCLEN), created in 1979 with support provided by the Rockefeller Foundation to provide clinical research training to clinicians from selected developing country sites.

Dr. Strom was a member of the Board of Regents of the American College of Physicians, the Board of Directors of the American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, and the Board of Directors for the American College of Epidemiology. He is currently a member of the Board of Directors for the Association for Patient-Oriented Research. He was previously president of the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology and the Association for Clinical Research Training. Dr. Strom was on the Drug Utilization Review Committee and the Gerontology Committee of the U.S. Pharmacopoeia; served on the Drug Safety and Risk Management Advisory Committee for the Food and Drug Administration; chaired the Institute of Medicine (IOM) Committee to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of the Anthrax Vaccine; chaired the IOM Committee on Smallpox Vaccine Program Implementation, the IOM Committee to Review the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health’s Traumatic Injury Program, and the IOM Committee on the Consequences of Reducing Sodium in the Population; and was a member of the IOM Committee to Review the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Anthrax Vaccine Safety and Efficacy

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

Research Program, and the IOM Committee on Standards for Developing Trustworthy Clinical Practice Guidelines.

Dr. Strom is also a member of the American Epidemiology Society, and is one of a handful of clinical epidemiologists ever elected to The American Society for Clinical Investigation and American Association of Physicians. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine and National Academy of Science. Dr. Strom received the 2003 RawlsPalmer Progress in Medicine Award from the American Society for Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, the Naomi M. Kanof Clinical Investigator Award of the Society for Investigative Dermatology, the George S. Pepper Professorship of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, and the Sustained Scientific Excellence Award from the International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology. In addition, Dr. Strom was the 2008 recipient of the John Phillips Memorial Award for Outstanding Work in Clinical Medicine. This award is from the American College of Physicians and is considered to be one of the highest awards in Internal Medicine. Dr. Strom also received the 2013 Association for Clinical and Translational Science/American Federation for Medical Research National Award for Career Achievement and Contribution to Clinical and Translational Science for translation from clinical use into public benefit and policy. Penn awards that Dr. Strom received include the Class of 1992 Class Teaching Award and the Samuel Martin Health Evaluation Sciences Research Award. Dr. Strom received the 2004 Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Award, the University’s most prestigious teaching award, in recognition of the contribution he has made in his career to clinical research teaching. The 2016 Oscar B. Hunter Career Award in Therapeutics was awarded to Dr. Strom for his outstanding contributions to clinical pharmacology and therapeutics.

Jon Kim Andrus, M.D., joined the faculty at the University of Colorado’s Division of Vaccines and Immunization of the Center for Global Health as Adjoint Professor and Senior Investigator in February 2017. Based in Washington, D.C., Jon leads the University of Colorado’s efforts to advocate for the evidence-based use of life-saving vaccines in the world’s poorest communities. Dr. Andrus has more than 30 years of experience working in global health at all levels of the health system.

Prior to coming to the University of Colorado, Dr. Andrus was Executive Vice President of the Sabin Vaccine Institute. He also served as Deputy Director at the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO). At PAHO, among several duties, he oversaw departments of Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief; and Knowledge Management and Communication. Prior to that, he was the lead technical advisor for PAHO’s immunization program, providing oversight and guidance for PAHO’s technical cooperation to member countries. He also served as polio focal point for polio

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

eradication in Southeast Asia and regional advisor for immunization during the 1990s.

Dr. Andrus also holds faculty appointments at the University of California, San Francisco, and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He began his global health career as a Peace Corps volunteer, serving as a district medical officer in Malawi and has since held positions in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Global Immunization Division, as head of the Vaccinology and Immunization Program at the Institute for Global Health at the Universities of California at San Francisco and Berkeley, and as director and professor of the Global Health M.P.H. Program at George Washington University.

Currently Dr. Andrus is the co-chair of the Global Polio Partners Group and a member of the International Monitoring Board for the Polio Transition. Dr. Andrus serves on numerous World Health Organization advisory committees, including PAHO’s Technical Advisory Group for Vaccine Preventable Diseases, and SEARO’s Verification Commission for Measles and Rubella Elimination. He also has been an active member of the ROTA Council.

Dr. Andrus has published more than 100 scientific peer-reviewed papers on topics covering disease eradication, the introduction of new vaccines and primary care. He has received numerous awards, including the 2013 Transformational Leadership Award of the University of California, the 2011 Global Leadership Award of the Pneumococcal Awareness Council of Experts, and the 2000 Distinguished Service Medal—the highest award of the United States Public Health Service—for his leadership in working to eradicate polio in Southeast Asia. He has received awards for his leadership in the eradication of measles, rubella and congenital rubella syndrome, as well as the introduction of new vaccines in developing countries.

Dr. Andrus holds a B.S. from Stanford University, obtained an M.D. from the University of California, Davis, and completed his residencies in family medicine at the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine and preventive medicine at the CDC.

Andrew Aronsohn, M.D., is a specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of liver disease, including medical management of liver transplantation. He is an associate professor at the University of Chicago Center for Liver Diseases, and a faculty member at the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics. Dr. Aronsohn’s research interests involve investigation of ethical issues surrounding hepatitis C therapy which include fair distribution of resources and linkage to care. He is currently leading the HCV curriculum of ECHO Chicago, which aims to educate and empower primary care providers to effectively manage hepatitis C in a local primary care setting.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

Dr. Aronsohn also serves as a co-lead in the AASLD/IDSA guidance for hepatitis C treatment.

Daniel R. Church, M.P.H., is a senior epidemiologist in the Bureau of Infectious Disease and Laboratory Sciences at the Massachusetts Department of Health. He has helped to develop and implement the statewide viral hepatitis program, including disease surveillance; medical management services; counseling and testing programs; adult vaccination programs; educational campaigns for providers, patients, and communities; and project evaluation. He was a member of the Institute of Medicine committee that authored the report Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: A National Strategy for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis B and C. Mr. Church received his M.P.H. in Epidemiology and Biostatistics from the Boston University School of Public Health.

Seymour S. Cohen, Ph.D., has worked on bacterial viruses since 1945, offering the first systematic exploration of the biochemistry of virus-infected cells and of how viruses multiply. His subsequent research included delineating the phenomenon of thymineless death, developing derivatives of ara-A compound, working on RNA synthesis, studying the effects of poly-amines on metabolic systems, and studying plant viruses (including viral cations). Much of his research has contributed to the chemical treatment of cancer and viral infections.

Alison A. Evans, Sc.D., is an associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Drexel University Dornsife School of Public Health. She is also on the adjunct research faculty in the public health program of the Hepatitis B Foundation, Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Prior to joining Drexel, she was an associate member at the Fox Chase Cancer Center. Her research interests include the epidemiology and natural history of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) and other chronic viral infections, the association of chronic viral infections with cancer, and public health interventions to decrease the global burden of HBV infection. She received her Sc.D. in Epidemiology from the Harvard School of Public Health.

Paul Kuehnert, D.N.P., R.N., is a nurse and public health expert who currently oversees Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s work in building bridges among the health care system, public health, and other community services and agencies to improve overall population health. As a former county health officer in Illinois and former deputy state health officer in Maine, he brings extensive public health experience to the group. He has an acute awareness of the strengths of local and state public health agencies in combating conditions such as hepatitis B and C as well as the challenges

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

they face. He is very familiar with the topics of surveillance, implementation of disease control programs, screening, epidemiology, and community-based program implementation, including in the area of HIV/AIDS.

Vincent Lo Re, M.D., M.S.C.E., is an assistant professor of medicine (infectious diseases) and epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania, senior scholar in the Penn Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and co-director of the Penn Center for AIDS Research HIV/Viral Hepatitis Scientific Working Group. Dr. Lo Re leads a nationally recognized research program that examines the epidemiology of acute and chronic liver diseases in HIV-infected patients. He has conducted population-based and mechanistic studies that have helped to move the field of chronic viral hepatitis and HIV/viral hepatitis coinfection forward in a unique way. Recent research has evaluated end-stage liver disease and liver cancer events among HIV/hepatitis C–coinfected patients; examined how chronic viral hepatitis and HIV/viral hepatitis coinfection influence extra-hepatic outcomes, particularly metabolic bone disease; determined the impact that medications have on acute liver injury and progression of chronic viral hepatitis; and evaluated adherence and adverse effects of antiviral therapies of chronic hepatitis B and C. He has particular expertise in evaluating liver-related and other health outcomes among viral hepatitis-infected patients within large electronic data sources, such as the Veterans Health Administration, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Medicaid, Medicare, and Sentinel. His research has been funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Cancer Institute, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Additionally, Dr. Lo Re has been a standing member of FDA’s Antiviral Drug (now Anti-Infective) Advisory Committee since 2014 and co-chair of the Liver Core of the Veterans Aging Cohort Study since 2009. He maintains an active clinical practice devoted to the care of patients with chronic viral hepatitis, particularly those coinfected with HIV.

Kathleen Maurer, M.D., M.P.H., M.B.A., is the Connecticut Department of Correction’s (DOC’s) director of health and addiction services and medical director. Before assuming her current post in 2011, she was assistant medical director at Correctional Managed Health Care, a division of the University of Connecticut Health Center, which contracts with DOC for offender medical care. Dr. Maurer has provided hands-on clinical care and medical program management in the private sector. In correctional care, she is particularly interested in the quality of patient care, in the role of correctional health care in the broader scope of public health such as in the treatment of hepatitis C virus in offender-patients, and in facilitating reentry programs

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

through integration of community and correctional health care. Her initiatives have included working to expand Medicaid access to halfway house residents and to integrate Medicaid usage management with the correctional system. She is also developing a systemwide medication-assisted therapy program for the Connecticut DOC. Dr. Maurer is the primary author of the monograph entitled Hepatitis C in Correctional Settings: Challenges and Opportunities, published by the American Correctional Association. Dr. Maurer earned her M.D. from Yale University School of Medicine. She also earned an M.P.H. from Yale. She holds an M.B.A. from the University of Connecticut and is Board certified in Internal Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, and Addiction Medicine.

Randall R. Mayer, M.S., M.P.H., serves as chief of the Bureau of HIV, STD, and Hepatitis at the Iowa Department of Public Health. In this capacity, he oversees prevention, care, and public health surveillance programs. He currently serves on the Infectious Disease Policy Committee of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. In 2010, he served as a panel member on the Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Viral Hepatitis, which produced the report entitled, Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: A National Strategy for Prevention and Control of Hepatitis B and C. From 2012 to 2013, Mr. Mayer served as Chair of the National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors (NASTAD). In 2013, Mr. Mayer received NASTAD’s Nicholas A. Rango Leadership award, and in 2014, he received a NASTAD Program Excellence Award for his work in addressing HIV criminalization and stigma. Earlier positions in the Department included HIV Surveillance Coordinator and Interim Director for the Division of Behavioral Health. He received his M.P.H. in Epidemiology from the University of Minnesota and his M.S. in Plant Cell Physiology from Purdue University.

Shruti Mehta, Ph.D., M.P.H., is a professor in the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her primary research interests include helping hard-to-reach populations to understand the epidemiology and natural and treated history of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and HIV/HCV coinfection. Populations of interest include injection drug users and men who have sex with men as well as their sexual partners in both Baltimore and international settings, particularly India. Dr. Mehta has a special interest in identifying and overcoming barriers to care and treatment of HIV and HCV among such populations.

Stuart C. Ray, M.D., serves as vice chair of medicine for data integrity and analytics and associate fellowship program director and professor in the Division of Infectious Diseases within the Department of Medicine, with secondary appointments in Viral Oncology and Health Sciences Informatics

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He directs the virology laboratory and is a Clinical Investigator in the Center for Viral Hepatitis Research in the Division of Infectious Diseases. He is a faculty member of the graduate Immunology program, the graduate Pharmacology program, and the Janeway Firm of the Osler Medical Service. Dr. Ray received his M.D. from Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. After an internship and residency at Johns Hopkins Hospital, he continued as an assistant chief of service and Fellow in Infectious Diseases. During his Fellowship, he studied the immunology and sequence variation of HIV in the laboratory of Dr. Robert Bollinger. During that time, he developed an interest in HIV sequence variation during antiretroviral therapy in a productive collaboration with Dr. Robert Siliciano that continues to the present.

In 1997, Dr. Ray joined the Johns Hopkins faculty, and under the mentorship of Dr. David Thomas, shifted his primary research focus to hepatitis C virus (HCV). His laboratory work has focused on the sequence variation of HCV during acute and chronic infection, and developing and applying computational and molecular biology tools to underlying mechanisms, including stochastic variation, immune selection, and viral fitness. He continues to care for inpatients and outpatients with HIV, HCV, and other infectious diseases.

Arthur L. Reingold, M.D., is the Edward Penhoet Distinguished Professor of Global Health and Infectious Diseases at the School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley (UCB). He is also professor of epidemiology and biostatistics and clinical professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). His research interests include emerging and reemerging infections and vaccine-preventable diseases in the United States and developing countries. Dr. Reingold serves on the World Health Organization’s Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on vaccines and vaccine policy as vice chair. He is also director of the California Emerging Infections Program, and of the National Institutes of Health’s Fogarty AIDS International Training and Research Program at UCB/UCSF. His recent publications include articles on the impact of the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the United States and related topics. Before joining the UCB faculty, Dr. Reingold worked for 8 years at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.

Samuel So, M.D., is a professor of surgery and the Lui Hac Minh Professor at Stanford University. He is also the director of the Asian Liver Center and director of the Multidisciplinary Liver Cancer Program at the same institution. He has published numerous studies on solid organ transplantation and gastric and liver cancers. Dr. So is well known for his work on hepatitis B

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

and liver cancer education and prevention programs. Through his research, Dr. So has identified the need for a public health approach to liver cancer prevention among recent Asian immigrants and first and second generation Asians living in the United States. These populations have not been the typical focus of U.S. screening and prevention programs. Dr. So is listed among the Best Doctors in America published by Woodward/White Inc. For his work in education and prevention, he received the 2005 National Leadership Award from the New York University Center for the Study of Asian American Health and the 2008 American Liver Foundation Salute to Excellence Award. He is a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice. Dr. So received his M.B.B.S. in Medicine and Surgery from the University of Hong Kong, and did postdoctoral and Clinical Fellowships at the University of Minnesota.

Neeraj Sood, Ph.D., is the vice dean for research at the University of Southern California (USC) Price School of Public Policy. In addition, he is director of research at the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics and an associate professor at the Price School and the School of Pharmacy’s Department of Pharmaceutical and Health Economics. His prior work focused on the economics of innovation, HIV/AIDS, health care financing, and global health.

His research has been published in several peer-reviewed journals and books, including leading journals in economics, medicine, and health policy. He has testified frequently on health policy issues before state legislators. His work also has been featured in media outlets such as The New York Times, Washington Post, U.S. News & World Report, and Scientific American. Dr. Sood was the finalist for the 16th and 21st Annual National Institute for Health Care Management Health Care Research Award, recognizing outstanding research in health policy. He was also the 2009 recipient of the Eugene Garfield Economic Impact Prize, recognizing outstanding research demonstrating how medical research impacts the economy.

Dr. Sood is on the editorial boards of Health Services Research and Forum for Health Economics and Policy and is a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Prior to joining USC, Dr. Sood was a senior economist at RAND and professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School.

Grace Wang, M.D., M.P.H., is a board-certified family physician for International Community Health Services in Seattle. Dr. Wang graduated from the University of Michigan with a degree in Early Childhood Education. She received her medical training at Cornell University Medical College in New York City and has an M.P.H., also from the University of Michigan.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×

Dr. Wang has worked in primary care and public health in New York City and Seattle. She is a member of the Executive Committee for the National Association of Community Health Centers Board of Directors and serves on the boards for Project Access Northwest and Kin On.

Lucy E. Wilson, M.D., Sc.M., is a medical epidemiologist and infectious disease physician at the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, where she serves as chief of the Center for Surveillance, Infection Prevention, and Outbreak Response. Dr. Wilson implements surveillance and prevention of reportable infectious diseases (including hepatitis B and C infections), consults on infection control issues across the health care continuum and in the general community, and oversees Maryland’s outbreak responses, including food-related outbreaks, novel influenza pandemic response, and Ebola virus disease response. Dr. Wilson is the Principal Investigator of the Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI) branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/Maryland Emerging Infections Program, conducting HAI surveillance and prevention research. She is also the medical advisor for the CDC grant “Community-based Programs to Test and Cure Hepatitis C” in Maryland. Dr. Wilson is an adjunct assistant professor at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Previously, she was on the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine Division of Infectious Diseases faculty as medical director of the Johns Hopkins HIV County Program. Her research focused on the natural history of hepatitis C in injection drug users and HIV clinical outcomes.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
Page 275
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
Page 276
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
Page 278
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
Page 279
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24731.
×
Page 280
A National Strategy for the Elimination of Hepatitis B and C: Phase Two Report Get This Book
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Hepatitis B and C cause most cases of hepatitis in the United States and the world. The two diseases account for about a million deaths a year and 78 percent of world’s hepatocellular carcinoma and more than half of all fatal cirrhosis. In 2013 viral hepatitis, of which hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are the most common types, surpassed HIV and AIDS to become the seventh leading cause of death worldwide.

The world now has the tools to prevent hepatitis B and cure hepatitis C. Perfect vaccination could eradicate HBV, but it would take two generations at least. In the meantime, there is no cure for the millions of people already infected. Conversely, there is no vaccine for HCV, but new direct-acting antivirals can cure 95 percent of chronic infections, though these drugs are unlikely to reach all chronically-infected people anytime soon. This report, the second of two, builds off the conclusions of the first report and outlines a strategy for hepatitis reduction over time and specific actions to achieve them.

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