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Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area (2017)

Chapter: Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24750.
Page 186
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24750.
Page 187
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24750.
Page 188
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24750.
Page 189

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Appendix A Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Terry F. McElwain, Chair, is a Regents Professor Emeritus in the Paul G. Allen School for Global An- imal Health in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Washington State University. He served for 22 years as the Executive Director of the Washington Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory, and was a co- founder of the School for Global Animal Health at Washington State University. Dr. McElwain is Past President of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, and serves on the Board of Directors of the World Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians. He was a key architect in the creation and development of the National Animal Health Laboratory Network. Dr. McElwain is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine, and a Fellow in the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is member of the board of directors for the Foundation for Food and Agri- cultural Research, which was authorized by Congress as part of the 2014 Farm Bill. Dr. McElwain chaired the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Committee on an Analysis of the Requirements and Alternatives for Foreign Animal and Zoonotic Disease Research and Diagnostic Laboratory Capabilities. He has also served on the NRC’s Committee on Assessing the Nation’s Framework for Addressing Ani- mal Diseases, and the Institute of Medicine and NRC’s Committee for Achieving Sustainable Global Ca- pacity for Surveillance and Response to Emerging Diseases of Zoonotic Origin. Dr. McElwain has a long and established research record in the field of veterinary infectious diseases, especially those of agricul- tural animals. He received his D.V.M. (1980) from the College of Veterinary Medicine at Kansas State University and his Ph.D. (1986) from Washington State University. L. Garry Adams is a Senior Professor and former Associate Dean of Research and Professor of Veteri- nary Pathology at the College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences at Texas A&M Universi- ty. Dr. Adams has performed research on brucellosis for almost four decades such that 90 of his 270 ref- ereed publications are focused on brucellosis in livestock and wildlife. The spectrum of his brucellosis research experience extends from the basic molecular pathogenesis of the brucellosis to genetic disease resistance against brucellosis to developing applied diagnostic assays and preventive vaccines for domes- tic animals and wildlife, including elk and bison of the Greater Yellowstone Area of the United States. Research findings of the team led by Dr. Adams have been actively implemented to improve the scientific basis of the national and international animal health regulatory programs for brucellosis. Dr. Adams is a scientific reviewer or editor for 21 national and international research journals. Dr. Adams has served on the following NRC activities: Committee on the Department of Defense’s Programs to Counter Biological Threats and Committee on Biodefense at the U.S. Department of Defense. Dr. Adams received his D.V.M. from Texas A&M University’s School of Veterinary Medicine, Ph.D. in veterinary pathology from Texas A&M University, and B.S. in animal science from Texas A&M University. Cynthia L. Baldwin is a Professor in the Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences at the Universi- ty of Massachusetts Amherst and a member of the Cellular and Molecular Biology graduate program. Dr. Baldwin has been an investigator in the area of cellular immunology for more than 30 years. Her research has focused on cellular responses to bacterial and protozoan pathogens of humans and livestock including Brucella, Leptospira, Mycobacteria and Theileria. The lab also studied Brucella abortus to evaluate how some animals, but not others, successfully control infections by intracellular pathogens. Dr. Baldwin was 186 Prepublication Copy—Subject to Further Editorial Revision

Appendix A named the 2013-2016 Distinguished Veterinary Immunologist by the International Union of Immunologi- cal Societies. She is a member of the American Association of Immunologists and served as president of the American Association of Veterinary Immunologists and chair of the international organization Brucel- losis Research Workers. Currently she is on the veterinary immunology committee of the International Union of Immunological Societies, the Technical Committee of AgResults’ $30 million prize to generate a new vaccine for brucellosis in small ruminants, section editor of the Journal of Immunology and on the editorial board of the journals Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology and Infection and Immunity. She served as a Jefferson Science Fellow for the U.S. Department of State and works specifically within the U.S. Agency for International Development, traveling to Africa in conjunction the Feed the Future program to increase world food security, which includes a research agenda for reducing infectious diseas- es in livestock. Dr. Baldwin received her Ph.D. (1983) in immunology from Cornell University. Michael B. Coughenour is Senior Research Scientist at the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory and the UV-B (ultraviolet solar radiation) Monitoring and Research Program at Colorado State University. His primary research activities have focused on ecosystems dominated by large herbivores. He has devel- oped three ecosystem models, including the SAVANNA landscape model. He carried out research on the Serengeti grazing ecosystem of Tanzania, using simulation modeling and experimental studies to deter- mine how the ecosystem supports the world’s largest ungulate herds. He was a joint principal investigator on the South Turkana Ecosystem Project, investigating a native pastoral ecosystem in northern Kenya. He has carried out several major modeling and field studies of grazing ecosystems and assessments of ungu- late carrying capacities in Yellowstone and Rocky Mountain National Parks, the Pryor Mountain Wild Horse Range, and the Teton-Jackson elk range. He was principal investigator of a large project to use in- tegrated assessments to assess wildlife-livestock interactions in East Africa. He has been involved in re- search on pastoral and grazing ecosystems in Tanzania, Kenya, South Africa, Australia, Inner Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Venezuela, Canada, and other locations around the world. Dr. Coughenour received his Ph.D. from Colorado State University specializing in systems ecology and biogeochemistry of grassland ecosystems. Paul C. Cross is a research wildlife biologist with the U.S. Geological Survey. His research integrates field ecology, epidemiology and statistics. He collaborates with a diverse team to also include genetics, microbiology, and remote sensing experts to address wildlife disease, conservation and management is- sues. There are two central themes in his research: (1) the integration of empirical data and mathematical modeling, and (2) the effects of host behavior on disease dynamics. Currently, his research focuses on several wildlife disease issues around the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem including brucellosis, chronic wasting disease, canine distemper and sarcoptic mange. His expertise is in the areas of disease ecology, ungulates, epidemiological models, and statistical analyses of observational datasets. Dr. Cross received his Ph.D. (2005) in Environmental Science, Policy, and Management from the University of California, Berkeley, and his B.A. (1998) in Environmental Science from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. Richard D. Horan is a Professor in the Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics at Michigan State University (MSU), and a 2014 recipient of MSU’s William J. Beal Outstanding Faculty Award. Dr. Horan teaches natural resource economics, and his research interests are in the areas of envi- ronmental and natural resource economics management and policy design. In particular, he concentrates on understanding feedbacks between economic and ecological systems and how these affect management opportunities. His interests are in the management of endangered and threatened species and ecosystems, the co-evolution of economic and ecological systems, prevention and control of invasive alien species, infectious disease in wildlife, and agricultural pollution and conservation. Dr. Horan has served as Editor of Resource and Energy Economics (2010-14), and as an Associate Editor of the American Journal of Agricultural Economics (2008-11) and Natural Resource Modeling (2007-08). In 2015, he has published on “Managing Dynamic Epidemiological Risks through Trade,” “Managing the Endogenous Risk of Dis- ease Outbreaks with Non-constant Background Risk,” and “Self-Protection, Strategic Interactions, and the Prepublication Copy—Subject to Further Editorial Revision 187

Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area Relative Endogeneity of Disease Risks.” His 2014 publications include “Interspecies management and land use strategies to protect endangered species,” and “Merging Economics and Epidemiology to Im- prove the Prediction and Management of Infectious Disease.” Dr. Horan received his Ph.D. and M.A. de- grees from Pennsylvania State University and his B.S. from Appalachian State University. David A. Jessup is an associate researcher and wildlife veterinarian with the Wildlife Health Center at the University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine. He is also the Executive Manager of the Wildlife Disease Association. Dr. Jessup was the first veterinarian hired by the California Department of Fish and Game, for which he served as a clinical veterinarian, pathologist, research, field veterinarian, and supervisor for more than 33 years. During that time, he worked on a wide array of North American terrestrial and aquatic issues and conservation medicine issues, and was also involved in projects in Mexi- co, Africa, and India. As an instructor with International Wildlife Veterinary Services, he taught wildlife capture and handling courses nationwide and in several other countries. Dr. Jessup is a Diplomate of the American College of Zoological Medicine and a Certified Wildlife Biologist with The Wildlife Society. Dr. Jessup has authored or co-authored more than 250 peer reviewed and/or popular publications and book chapters. He has also served in numerous leadership roles, including president and vice-president of the Wildlife Disease Association and twice president of the American Association of Wildlife Veterinari- ans. He also served on and chaired the American Veterinary Medical Association Committee on Envi- ronmental Issues. Dr. Jessup received his D.V.M. (1976) from Washington State University, Master of Preventive Veterinary Medicine degree (1984) from University of California, Davis, and B.S. (1971) in zoology from the University of Washington. Dustin P. Oedekoven is the state veterinarian for South Dakota and the executive secretary for the South Dakota Animal Industry Board. He directs the Board’s responsibilities in animal and public health and food safety. Dr. Oedekoven is a member of the U.S. Animal Health Association and currently serves as the chairman of the USAHA Bovine TB committee. He also serves on a number of review and advisory com- mittees, including the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Advisory Committee on Meat and Poultry Inspection, and the Agricultural Technical Advisory Committee for Trade in Animals and Animal Products. He previously worked in a private veterinary practice in Wyoming. He is a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Preventive Medicine. Dr. Oedekoven received his D.V.M. (2002) from Iowa State University and his B.S. in agricultural science from South Dakota State University. David W. Pascual is a professor of mucosal immunology at the University of Florida’s College of Veter- inary Medicine. His laboratory is focused on understanding the basic tenets of mucosal immunology and their application to improve targeted mucosal vaccine delivery. Dr. Pascual and his colleagues are devel- oping and testing brucellosis vaccine varieties in livestock with the hope that humans will ultimately ben- efit as well. He recently developed live vaccine prototypes for brucellosis that appear to confer high levels of protection in some animals against pulmonary Brucella infections. Dr. Pascual has served on more than 40 National Institutes of Health grant review panels with emphasis on mucosal immunology and infec- tious disease research. He previously served from 2002-2006 as a mucosal immunology section editor for The Journal of Immunology, and currently serves as one of the editors for Clinical and Vaccine Immunol- ogy, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. Dr. Pascual was previously at Montana State University’s Department of Immunology & Infectious Diseases. Dr. Pascual received his Ph.D. (1987) and M.S. (1985) degrees from the University of Mississippi Medical Center. Valerie E. Ragan is Director of the Center for Public and Corporate Veterinary Medicine with the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine (VMCVM) which trains veterinary students for public practice careers. Dr. Ragan also continues to work around the world on the control and eradication of brucellosis and on projects related to veterinary capacity building. Prior to joining VMCVM, she was the president of an agriculture and veterinary consulting company in Washington, DC, where her activities included resolving animal health issues such as disease control, eradication, and surveillance, and interna- 188 Prepublication Copy—Subject to Further Editorial Revision

Appendix A tional veterinary capacity building. Dr. Ragan previously served as the Assistant Deputy Administrator of the Veterinary Services program in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). In that role, she primarily served as the national animal health sur- veillance system coordinator for Veterinary Services, overseeing the development and implementation of a comprehensive, integrated national surveillance system, and creating the National Surveillance Unit. During her tenure at USDA-APHIS, she also served as Senior Staff Veterinarian and National Brucellosis Epidemiologist at USDA-APHIS with national responsibility related to brucellosis eradication in the United States. She has assisted with the development and evaluation of brucellosis eradication efforts in- ternationally as well by providing training and consultation on-site. Dr. Ragan also serves on the Brucel- losis Committee and the Brucellosis Scientific Advisory Subcommittee for the U.S. Animal Health Asso- ciation. She also serves on the Consortium for the Advancement of Brucellosis Science in the United States. Dr. Ragan received her D.V.M. (1983) from the University of Georgia, and has taken graduate level courses on biostatistics and epidemiology at the University of Michigan’s School of Public Health. Glynn T. Tonsor is a professor of agricultural economics at Kansas State University. Dr. Tonsor’s cur- rent efforts are primarily devoted to a range of integrated research and extension activities with particular focus on the cattle/beef and swine/pork industries. His broader interests cover aspects throughout the meat supply chain ranging from production level supply issues to end-user consumer demand issues. Dr. Tonsor joined the K-State agricultural economics faculty as an assistant professor in March 2010, and was previously an Assistant Professor in the Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics at Michigan State University from 2006-2010. Dr. Tonsor received his Ph.D. (2006) in agricultural econom- ics from Kansas State University and his B.S. (2001) in agriculture business–finance from Missouri State University. Prepublication Copy—Subject to Further Editorial Revision 189

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Brucellosis is a nationally and internationally regulated disease of livestock with significant consequences for animal health, public health, and international trade. In cattle, the primary cause of brucellosis is Brucella abortus, a zoonotic bacterial pathogen that also affects wildlife, including bison and elk. As a result of the Brucellosis Eradication Program that began in 1934, most of the country is now free of bovine brucellosis. The Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA), where brucellosis is endemic in bison and elk, is the last known B. abortus reservoir in the United States. The GYA is home to more than 5,500 bison that are the genetic descendants of the original free-ranging bison herds that survived in the early 1900s, and home to more than 125,000 elk whose habitats are managed through interagency efforts, including the National Elk Refuge and 22 supplemental winter feedgrounds maintained in Wyoming.

In 1998 the National Research Council (NRC) issued a report, Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area, that reviewed the scientific knowledge regarding B. abortus transmission among wildlife—particularly bison and elk—and cattle in the GYA. Since the release of the 1998 report, brucellosis has re-emerged in domestic cattle and bison herds in that area. Given the scientific and technological advances in two decades since that first report, Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area explores the factors associated with the increased transmission of brucellosis from wildlife to livestock, the recent apparent expansion of brucellosis in non-feedground elk, and the desire to have science inform the course of any future actions in addressing brucellosis in the GYA.

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