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Preventing Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Way Forward (2017)

Chapter: Appendix A: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Systematic Review

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Systematic Review ." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Preventing Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Way Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24782.
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A

AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY (AHRQ) SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

The AHRQ systematic review, Interventions to Prevent Age-Related Cognitive Decline, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Clinical Alzheimer’s-Type Dementia, can be found here: https://www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/search-for-guides-reviews-and-reports/?pageaction=displayproduct&productID=2417 (accessed May 22, 2017).

REFERENCE

Kane, R. L., M. Butler, H. A. Fink, M. Brasure, H. Davila, P. Desai, E. Jutkowitz, E. McCreedy, V. Nelson, J. R. McCarten, C. Calvert, E. Ratner, L. Hemmy, and T. Barclay. 2017. Interventions to prevent age-related cognitive decline, mild cognitive impairment, and clinical Alzheimer’s-type dementia. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 188. (Prepared by the Minnesota Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2015-00008-I.) AHRQ Publication No. 17-EHC008-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. www.effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/reports/final.cfm (accessed May 30, 2017).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Systematic Review ." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Preventing Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Way Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24782.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Systematic Review ." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Preventing Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Way Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24782.
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Page 141
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Systematic Review ." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Preventing Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Way Forward. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24782.
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Page 142
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Societies around the world are concerned about dementia and the other forms of cognitive impairment that affect many older adults. We now know that brain changes typically begin years before people show symptoms, which suggests a window of opportunity to prevent or delay the onset of these conditions. Emerging evidence that the prevalence of dementia is declining in high-income countries offers hope that public health interventions will be effective in preventing or delaying cognitive impairments. Until recently, the research and clinical communities have focused primarily on understanding and treating these conditions after they have developed. Thus, the evidence base on how to prevent or delay these conditions has been limited at best, despite the many claims of success made in popular media and advertising. Today, however, a growing body of prevention research is emerging.

Preventing Cognitive Decline and Dementia: A Way Forward assesses the current state of knowledge on interventions to prevent cognitive decline and dementia, and informs future research in this area. This report provides recommendations of appropriate content for inclusion in public health messages from the National Institute on Aging.

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