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96 AFFF Aqueous film-forming foam ANAB ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board APEC Area of potential environmental concern APFO Ammonium pentadecafluorooctanoate ARFF Aircraft rescue and firefighting ASTM ASTM International BOD Biochemical oxygen demand C6 Carbon chain consisting of six carbons C8 carbon chain consisting of eight carbons Ca2+ Calcium ion CALA Canadian Association for Laboratory Accreditation Inc. CARs Canadian Aviation Regulations CASRN Chemical Abstract Services Registry Number CEPA Canadian Environmental Protection Act CFR Code of Federal Regulations COD Chemical oxygen demand CSM Conceptual site model Â°C Degrees Celsius DEPA Danish Ministry of the Environment DoD United States Department of Defense EC50 Half maximal effective concentration (EC50) is the concentration of a substance that gives half-maximal response. Used as a measure of the substanceâs potency. ELAP Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program enHealth Environmental Health Standing Committee (Australia) EPTDS Entry points to the distribution system EQSD Environmental Quality Standards Directive EU European Union FCSAP Federal Contaminated Sites Action Plan (Canada) FFTA Firefighting training area FRB Field reagent blank FTOH Flurorotelomer alcohol FTS Fluorotelomer sulfonic acid GAC Granulated activated carbon GIS Geographic information system HDPE High-density polyethylene HPA Health Protection Agency (UK) IMAC Interim maximum allowable concentration Abbreviations, Acronyms, Initialisms, and Symbols
Abbreviations, Acronyms, Initialisms, and Symbols 97 ISE Ion-selective electrode ISO International Organization for Standardization kg Kilogram L Liter L-A-B Laboratory Accreditation Bureau LC-MS/MS Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry LC-QTOF-MS/MS Liquid chromatography/quadrupole time of flight/tandem mass spectrometry LC50 Lethal concentration at 50 percent. LC50 is the lethal concentration required to kill 50 percent of the population (longer-term exposure). LD50 Lethal dose at 50 percent (LD50) is the amount of an ingested substance that kills 50 percent of a test sample (short-term exposure). MAPA Managing AFFF and PFASs at Airports (Screening Tool) mg Milligram MIL-SPEC United States Military Specification MIL-F-24385 (Fire Extinguishing Agent, Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF), Liquid Concentrate, for Fresh and Seawater) mL Milliliter MPC Maximum permissible concentration NCSAB North Carolina Science Advisory Board NFPA National Fire Protection Association ng Nanogram OEHHA Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (California) PAC Powdered activated carbon PFAA Perfluoroalkyl acid PFASs Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances PFBA Perfluorobutanoic acid PFBS Perfluorobutane sulfonic acid PFCA Perfluoroalykl carboxylic acid (e.g., PFOA) PFCs Perfluorinated compounds PFHpA Perfluoroheptanoic acid PFHxA Perfluorohexanoic acid PFHxS Perfluorohexane sulfonic acid PFNA Perfluorononanoic acid PFOA Perfluorooctanoic acid PFOS Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid PFOSA Perfluorooctane sulfonamide PFPeA Perfluoropentanoic acid PFSA Perfluoroalkyl sulfonic acid pH Measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution PHC Petroleum hydrocarbon PIGE Particle-induced gamma-ray emission PJLA Perry Johnson Laboratory Accreditation POCIS Polar organic chemical integrative sampler POP Persistent organic pollutant PPE Personal protective equipment PRB Permeable reactive barrier PTFE Polytetrafluoroethylene PVDF Polyvinyl fluoride QA/QC Quality assurance/quality control QPD Qualified Products Database (U.S. Department of Defense)
98 Use and Potential Impacts of AFFF Containing PFASs at Airports RfD Reference dose RIVM National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Netherlands) RO Reverse osmosis SCC Standards Council of Canada SDS Safety data sheet SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act SNUR Significant New Use Rule TDS Technical data sheet TGD Technical Guidance Document TOP Total oxidizable precursor TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act UCMR 3 Third Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule Âµg microgram UK United Kingdom UL Underwriters Laboratory Inc. UN United Nations UNEP United Nations Environment Programme