Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics—
Small Explorer Missions
Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics
Space Studies Board
Board of Physics and Astronomy
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences
A Report of
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This study is based on work supported by Contract No.NNH11CD57B with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Grant No. AST-1533814 with the National Science Foundation, and Contract No. DE-SC0014211 with the Department of Energy. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24808
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Suggested Citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Report Series: Committee on Astronomy and Astrophysics—Small Explorer Missions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/24808.
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COMMITTEE ON ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS
MARCIA RIEKE, NAS,1 University of Arizona, Co-Chair
STEVEN M. RITZ, University of California, Santa Cruz, Co-Chair
JEREMIAH K. DARLING, University of Colorado, Boulder
MEGAN DONAHUE, Michigan State University
THOMAS GREENE, NASA Ames Research Center
LEE W. HARTMANN, University of Michigan
VASSILIKI KALOGERA, Northwestern University
BRUCE MACINTOSH, Stanford University
CHRISTOPHER F. MCKEE, NAS, University of California, Berkeley
ANGELA V. OLINTO, University of Chicago
MARK M. PHILLIPS, Carnegie Institution for Science
JAMES M. STONE, Princeton University
ALEXEY VIKHLININ, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
ERIC M. WILCOTS, University of Wisconsin
A. THOMAS YOUNG, NAE,2 Lockheed Martin (retired)
Staff: DAVID LANG, Senior Program Officer, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Study Director; DIONNA WILLIAMS, Senior Program Coordinator, Space Studies Board; MICHAEL H. MOLONEY, Director, Space Studies Board and Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board; JAMES C. LANCASTER, Director, Board on Physics and Astronomy
SPACE STUDIES BOARD
FIONA HARRISON, NAS, California Institute of Technology, Chair
ROBERT D. BRAUN, NAE, University of Colorado Boulder, Vice Chair
DAVID N. SPERGEL, NAS, Princeton University and Center for Computational Astrophysics at the Simons Foundation, Vice Chair
JAMES G. ANDERSON, NAS, Harvard University
JEFF M. BINGHAM, Consultant
JAY C. BUCKEY, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth
MARY LYNNE DITTMAR, Dittmar Associates
JOSEPH FULLER, JR., Futron Corporation
THOMAS R. GAVIN, California Institute of Technology
SARAH GIBSON, National Center for Atmospheric Research
WESLEY T. HUNTRESS, Carnegie Institution of Washington
ANTHONY C. JANETOS, Boston University
CHRYSSA KOUVELIOTOU, NAS, The George Washington University
DENNIS P. LETTENMAIER, NAE, University of California, Los Angeles
ROSALY M. LOPES, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
DAVID J. MCCOMAS, Princeton University
LARRY PAXTON, Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory
SAUL PERLMUTTER, NAS, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
ELIOT QUATAERT, University of California, Berkeley
BARBARA SHERWOOD LOLLAR, University of Toronto
HARLAN E. SPENCE, University of New Hampshire
MARK H. THIEMENS, NAS, University of California, San Diego
MEENAKSHI WADHWA, Arizona State University
1 National Academy of Sciences.
2 National Academy of Engineering.
BOARD ON PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY
BARBARA V. JACAK, NAS, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Chair
ABRAHAM LOEB, Harvard University, Vice Chair
FRANCIS J. DISALVO, NAS, Cornell University
TODD DITMIRE, University of Texas, Austin
NATHANIEL J. FISCH, Princeton University
DANIEL FISHER, NAS, Stanford University
WENDY FREEDMAN, NAS, University of Chicago
GERALD GABRIELSE, NAS, Harvard University
JACQUELINE N. HEWITT, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
WENDELL T. HILL III, University of Maryland
ALAN J. HURD, Los Alamos National Laboratory
BARBARA JONES, IBM Almaden Research Center
HERBERT LEVINE, NAS, Rice University
LYMAN A. PAGE, JR., NAS, Princeton University
STEVEN M. RITZ, University of California, Santa Cruz
ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF REVIEWERS
This report has been reviewed in draft form by persons chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:
CHARLES ALCOCK, NAS, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
STEVEN J. BATTEL, NAE, Battel Engineering, Inc.
ROGER D. BLANDFORD, NAS, Stanford University
CLAUDE R. CANIZARES, NAS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
JAMES R. FIENUP, NAE, University of Rochester
DAVID J. MCCOMAS, Princeton University
DANIEL STERN, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JEAN H. SWANK, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of the report was overseen by Martha Haynes, Cornell University, who was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of the report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.