National Academies Press: OpenBook

An Assessment of ARPA-E: Summary (2017)

Chapter: Appendix B: Disclosure of Conflict of Interest

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Disclosure of Conflict of Interest." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. An Assessment of ARPA-E: Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24811.
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Appendix B

Disclosure of Conflict of Interest

The conflict-of-interest policy of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (www.nationalacademies.org/coi) prohibits the appointment of an individual to a committee like the one that authored this Consensus Study Report if the individual has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the task to be performed. An exception to this prohibition is permitted only if the National Academies determine that the conflict is unavoidable and the conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed.

When the committee that authored this report was established a determination of whether there was a conflict of interest was made for each committee member given the individual’s circumstances and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination that an individual has a conflict of interest is not an assessment of that individual’s actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.

Dr. Supratik Guha was determined to have a conflict of interest because he served as director of the Nanoscience and Technology Division at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) at a time while ANL received funding from ARPA-E. The National Academies determined that Dr. Guha’s experience and expertise was needed for the committee to accomplish the task for which it was established. The National Academies could not find another available individual with the equivalent experience and expertise who did not have a conflict of interest. Therefore, the National Academies concluded that the conflict was unavoidable and publicly disclosed it through the National Academies Current Projects System (www8.nationalacademies.org/cp).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Disclosure of Conflict of Interest." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. An Assessment of ARPA-E: Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24811.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Disclosure of Conflict of Interest." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. An Assessment of ARPA-E: Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24811.
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Page 25
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Disclosure of Conflict of Interest." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. An Assessment of ARPA-E: Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24811.
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In 2005, the National Research Council report Rising Above the Gathering Storm recommended a new way for the federal government to spur technological breakthroughs in the energy sector. It recommended the creation of a new agency, the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, or ARPA-E, as an adaptation of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) model—widely considered a successful experiment that has funded out-of-the-box, transformative research and engineering that made possible the Internet, GPS, and stealth aircraft. This new agency was envisioned as a means of tackling the nation’s energy challenges in a way that could translate basic research into technological breakthroughs while also addressing economic, environmental, and security issues.

Congress authorized ARPA-E in the 2007 America COMPETES Act and requested an early assessment following 6 years of operation to examine the agency’s progress toward achieving its statutory mission and goals. This publication summarizes the results of that assessment.

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