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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
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Appendix D

Guidance Documents

Throughout the report, the committee has discussed numerous disaster plans currently being employed at academic research institutions. In an effort to guide disaster resilience planning at academic research institutions, the committee has assembled the following list of guidance documents (see Table D-1). Please note that this list is not exhaustive, but it includes information that the committee identified as being contributory to disaster resilience planning at academic research institutions.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
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TABLE D-1 Governmental and Nonprofit Guidance Documents

Guidance Document Abbreviated Description Website
Association of Academic Health Centers (AAHC): Managing Emergency Preparedness General checklist of issues and topics that academic health centers should consider when they develop their own emergency preparedness plan. http://www.aahcdc.org/Default.aspx?TabID=176
Association of Public Health Laboratories (APHL): Guidelines for the Public Health Laboratory Continuity of Operations Plan Developed to ensure continuation of essential public health activities during events that may disrupt normal operations in state public health laboratories. https://www.aphl.org/programs/preparedness/Crisis-Management/Pages/default.aspx
Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories Offers best practices for the safe conduct of work in biomedical and clinical laboratories from a biosafety perspective. https://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Laboratory Security and Emergency Response Guidance for Laboratories Working with Select Agents Recommends that laboratories working with select agents conduct facility risk assessments and develop comprehensive security plans to minimize the probability of misuse of the agents. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5119a1.htm
Contingency Planning Guide for Federal Information Systems Provides instructions, recommendations, and considerations for federal information system contingency planning using interim measures, i.e., relocation of information systems and operations to an alternate site, recovery of information system functions using alternate equipment, and performance of information system functions using manual methods. https://www.nist.gov/publications/contingency-planning-information-systems-updated-guide-federal-organizations
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
×
Guidance Document Abbreviated Description Website
Department of Homeland Security: School Preparedness Information Sheet Advances school preparedness nationwide by offering several planning and training resources to help local schools prepare comprehensive all-hazard emergency preparedness plans that are practiced regularly and developed in partnership with their community leaders and first responders. https://www.dhs.gov/active-shooter-preparedness
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Building a Disaster-Resistant University (DRU) Building a Disaster-Resistant University is both a how-to guide and a distillation of the experiences of six universities and colleges that have been working to become more disaster resistant. This guide provides basic information designed for institutions just getting started as well as concrete ideas, suggestions, and practical experiences for institutions that have already begun to take steps to becoming more disaster resistant. https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/2288
FEMA Business Continuity and Disaster Preparedness Planning: Patterns and Findings from Current Research To help assess the level of business continuity planning and disaster resilience, this document provides a summary of publicly available survey data on disaster preparedness and business continuity planning conducted between September 11, 2001, and November 2009. https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/29269
International Association of Emergency Managers—Universities and Colleges Caucus (IAEM–UCC) Crosswalk of National Standards for Higher Education IAEM–UCC published a crosswalk of 13 public and private standards, organized by common themes to assist institutions with considering how their disaster plans align with any or all of the referenced standards. https://app.smartsheet.com/b/publish?EQBCT=db9a84eaaa7748a58fbc105faccb059c
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
×
Guidance Document Abbreviated Description Website
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Community Resilience Planning Guide for Buildings and Infrastructure Systems The Guide provides a practical and flexible approach to help communities improve their resilience by setting priorities and allocating resources to manage risks for their prevailing hazards. Using the Guide, communities will be able to integrate resilience plans into their economic development, zoning, mitigation, and other local planning activities that affect buildings, public utilities, and other infrastructure systems. https://www.nist.gov/topics/community-resilience/community-resilience-planning-guide
National Institutes of Health (NIH) Design Requirements Manual (DRM) The DRM establishes policy, design requirements, standards, and technical criteria for use in planning, programming, and designing NIH-owned, -leased, -operated, and -funded buildings and facilities. https://www.orf.od.nih.gov/PoliciesAndGuidelines/Bio-medicalandAnimalResearchFacilitiesDesignPoliciesandGuidelines/Pages/DesignRequirementsManual2016.aspx
U.S. Department of Education (ED) Guide for Emergency Management at Institutions of Higher Education The guide was developed to give higher education institutions a useful resource in the field of emergency management. It is intended for community colleges, 4-year colleges and universities, graduate schools, and research institutions associated with higher education entities, both public and private. https://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/33597
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
×
Page 395
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
×
Page 396
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
×
Page 397
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Guidance Documents." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community: Protecting the Nation's Investment. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24827.
×
Page 398
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The academic biomedical research community is a hub of employment, economic productivity, and scientific progress. Academic research institutions are drivers of economic development in their local and state economies and, by extension, the national economy. Beyond the economic input that the academic biomedical research community both receives and provides, it generates knowledge that in turn affects society in myriad ways.

The United States has experienced and continues to face the threat of disasters, and, like all entities, the academic biomedical research community can be affected. Recent disasters, from hurricanes to cyber-attacks, and their consequences have shown that the investments of the federal government and of the many other entities that sponsor academic research are not uniformly secure. First and foremost, events that damage biomedical laboratories and the institutions that house them can have impacts on the safety and well-being of humans and research animals. Furthermore, disasters can affect career trajectories, scientific progress, and financial stability at the individual and institutional levels.

Strengthening the Disaster Resilience of the Academic Biomedical Research Community offers recommendations and guidance to enhance the disaster resilience of the academic biomedical research community, with a special focus on the potential actions researchers, academic research institutions, and research sponsors can take to mitigate the impact of future disasters.

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