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38 GLOSSARY Airport Improvement Program Grant program for the planning and development of public use airports that are included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems airport layout plan A depiction of both existing facilities and planned development for an airport Airport Privatization Pilot Project Congressionally authorized FAA program to allow up to five U.S. airports to be privatized to explore privatization as a means of generating access to various sources of private capital for airport improvement and development Base Realignment and Closure A congressionally authorized process the Department of Defense has used to reorganize its base structure to more efficiently and effectively support the armed forces cold port Refrigerated warehousing facility commercial service airport Nonprimary, non-hub airport serving at least 2,500 enplanements but not more than 10,000 enplanements An enplanement is one revenue passenger boarding an aircraft at an airport. general aviation All civil aviation operations other than scheduled air services and nonscheduled air transport operations for remuneration or hire. General aviation airports are public-use airports that do not have scheduled service or have fewer than 2,500 passenger enplanements each year. industrial aviation activity An industrial activity directly related to aviation but not part of airline, air cargo, air courier, or ground support activities. In this study, industrial aviation includes the following: â¢ Aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) services â¢ Specialized aviation services such as painting and interior completion (single service operators, SSOs) â¢ Aircraft manufacturing and assembly â¢ Aircraft fabrication and development â¢ Aviation warehousing â¢ Cold ports â¢ Spaceports â¢ UAS platform development (There appears to be no official definition for industrial aviation.) large-hub airport An airport with 1% or more of total U.S. enplanements maintenance, repair, and overhaul Aircraft maintenance activity, typically of the whole aircraft (as opposed to specialized avia- tion service operation, which deals with a single system) master plan An airport master plan represents the airportâs blueprint for long-term development. medium-hub airport An airport with at least 0.25% but less than 1% of total U.S. enplanements Military Airport Program A grant set-aside from the Airport Improvement Program to develop civilian facilities at for- mer military airfields National Airspace System The airspace, navigation facilities, and airports of the United States, along with their associ- ated information, services, rules, regulations, policies, procedures, personnel, and equipment National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems Program to identify existing and proposed airports that are significant to national air transpor- tation and thus eligible to receive federal grants under the Airport Improvement Program non-hub primary airport An airport with more than 10,000 enplanements, but less than 0.05% of total U.S. enplanements nonprimary airport Not a primary airport or a nonprimary commercial service airport; applies to general aviation and reliever airports primary airport An airport that has more than 10,000 passenger enplanements each year reliever airport An airport designated by the FAA to relieve congestion at commercial service airports and to provide improved general aviation access to the overall community return on investment A measure of the gain or loss generated on an investment relative to the amount of money invested small-hub airport An airport with at least 0.05% but less than 0.25% of total U.S. enplanements spaceport A base at which spacecraft are tested, launched, sheltered, maintained, or landed specialized aviation service operator/operation (SASO) A single-service provider or special fixed-based operator performing less than full services; for example, avionic services or engine rebuilding unmanned aerial vehicle An aircraft with no human pilot aboard