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Powering Science: NASA's Large Strategic Science Missions (2017)

Chapter: Appendix A: Statement of Task

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Statement of Task." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Powering Science: NASA's Large Strategic Science Missions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24857.
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A

Statement of Task

This study will examine the role of large strategic missions within a balanced program across NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) space and Earth sciences programs. The study will consider the role and scientific productivity of such missions in advancing science, technology, and the long-term health of the field, and provide guidance that NASA can use to help set the priority of larger missions within a properly balanced program containing a range of mission classes.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine will appoint an ad hoc committee that will:

  1. Provide recommendations to help guide future prioritization by NASA of large strategic space and Earth science missions within a balanced program containing a range of mission classes. That is, what are general principles that SMD could use (e.g., a figure-of-merit approach) to trade off within a limited budget between development and operation of large strategic missions and the cadence and/or cost caps of medium-size and small principal investigator (PI)-led mission lines?

The committee will not offer prioritized recommendations on any specific current or future missions, which is a function of each science theme’s decadal survey process.

  1. In this framework, assess the impact of current and recent SMD missions with a range of life-cycle costs. A representative subset of missions within each of SMD’s four science theme areas may be selected for analysis. The committee’s analysis of each representative mission will include a discussion of the relation between mission scientific impact and mission life-cycle cost (or cost to date) in order to understand the return on expenditures for various mission classes. In describing the impact of the chosen missions the committee should consider dimensions such as:
  • Scientific productivity,
  • Impact on the current and future health of the relevant scientific community, and
  • Contribution to development and demonstration of technology applicable to future missions.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Statement of Task." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Powering Science: NASA's Large Strategic Science Missions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24857.
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NASA’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD) currently operates over five dozen missions, with approximately two dozen additional missions in development. These missions span the scientific fields associated with SMD’s four divisions—Astrophysics, Earth Science, Heliophysics, and Planetary Sciences. Because a single mission can consist of multiple spacecraft, NASA-SMD is responsible for nearly 100 operational spacecraft. The most high profile of these are the large strategic missions, often referred to as “flagships.”

Large strategic missions are essential to maintaining the global leadership of the United States in space exploration and in science because only the United States has the budget, technology, and trained personnel in multiple scientific fields to conduct missions that attract a range of international partners. This report examines the role of large, strategic missions within a balanced program across NASA-SMD space and Earth sciences programs. It considers the role and scientific productivity of such missions in advancing science, technology and the long-term health of the field, and provides guidance that NASA can use to help set the priority of larger missions within a properly balanced program containing a range of mission classes.

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