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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

ENVISIONING THE DATA SCIENCE DISCIPLINE:
THE UNDERGRADUATE PERSPECTIVE

Interim Report

Committee on Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective

Computer Science and Telecommunications Board
Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics
Committee on Applied and Theoretical Statistics
Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences

Board on Science Education
Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

A Consensus Study Report of

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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Contract No. 1626983 from the National Science Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24886

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Copyright 2018 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning The Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24886.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

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Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

COMMITTEE ON ENVISIONING THE DATA SCIENCE DISCIPLINE: THE UNDERGRADUATE PERSPECTIVE

LAURA HAAS, NAE,1 University of Massachusetts Amherst, Co-Chair

ALFRED O. HERO III, University of Michigan, Co-Chair

ANI ADHIKARI, University of California, Berkeley

DAVID CULLER, NAE, University of California, Berkeley

DAVID DONOHO, NAS,2 Stanford University

E. THOMAS EWING, Virginia Tech

LOUIS J. GROSS, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

NICHOLAS HORTON, Amherst College

JULIA LANE, New York University

ANDREW MCCALLUM, University of Massachusetts Amherst

RICHARD MCCULLOUGH, Harvard University

REBECCA NUGENT, Carnegie Mellon University

LEE RAINIE, Pew Research Center

ROB RUTENBAR, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

KRISTIN TOLLE, Microsoft Research

TALITHIA WILLIAMS, Harvey Mudd College

ANDREW ZIEFFLER, University of Minnesota

Staff

JON EISENBERG, Board Director, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB), Study Co-Director

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Board Director, Board on Mathematical Sciences and Analytics (BMSA), Study Co-Director

LINDA CASOLA, Associate Program Officer and Editor, BMSA

JANEL DEAR, Senior Program Assistant, CSTB (until May 2017)

RENEE HAWKINS, Financial Manager, CSTB

AMY STEPHENS, Program Officer, Board on Science Education

BEN WENDER, Program Officer, BMSA

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

COMPUTER SCIENCE AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS BOARD

FARNAM JAHANIAN, Carnegie Mellon University, Chair

LUIZ ANDRE BARROSO, Google, Inc.

STEVEN M. BELLOVIN, NAE,1 Columbia University

ROBERT F. BRAMMER, Brammer Technology, LLC

DAVID CULLER, NAE, University of California, Berkeley

EDWARD FRANK, Cloud Parity, Inc.

LAURA HAAS, University of Massachusetts Amherst

MARK HOROWITZ, NAE, Stanford University

ERIC HORVITZ, NAE, Microsoft Corporation

VIJAY KUMAR, NAE, University of Pennsylvania

BETH MYNATT, Georgia Institute of Technology

CRAIG PARTRIDGE, Raytheon BBN Technologies

DANIELA RUS, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

FRED B. SCHNEIDER, NAE, Cornell University

JOHN STANKOVIC, University of Virginia

MOSHE VARDI, NAS2/NAE, Rice University

KATHERINE YELICK, NAE, University of California, Berkeley

Staff

JON EISENBERG, Board Director

SHENAE BRADLEY, Administrative Assistant

JANEL DEAR, Senior Program Assistant (through May 2017)

EMILY GRUMBLING, Program Officer

RENEE HAWKINS, Financial and Administrative Manager

LYNETTE I. MILLETT, Associate Director

KATIRIA ORTIZ, Research Associate

VIRGINIA BACON TALATI, Program Officer

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

BOARD ON MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES AND ANALYTICS

STEPHEN M. ROBINSON, NAE,1 University of Wisconsin, Madison, Chair

JOHN R. BIRGE, NAE, University of Chicago

W. PETER CHERRY, Independent Consultant

DAVID CHU, Institute for Defense Analyses

RONALD R. COIFMAN, NAS,2 Yale University

JAMES CURRY, University of Colorado, Boulder

CHRISTINE FOX, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

MARK L. GREEN, University of California, Los Angeles

PATRICIA A. JACOBS, Naval Postgraduate School

JOSEPH A. LANGSAM, Morgan Stanley (retired)

SIMON A. LEVIN, NAS, Princeton University

ANDREW W. LO, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

DAVID MAIER, Portland State University

LOIS CURFMAN MCINNES, Argonne National Laboratory

JUAN C. MEZA, University of California, Merced

FRED S. ROBERTS, Rutgers University

ELIZABETH A. THOMPSON, NAS, University of Washington

CLAIRE TOMLIN, University of California, Berkeley

LANCE WALLER, Emory University

KAREN WILLCOX, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

DAVID YAO, NAE, Columbia University

Staff

MICHELLE K. SCHWALBE, Board Director

LINDA CASOLA, Associate Program Officer and Editor

BETH DOLAN, Financial Manager

RODNEY N. HOWARD, Administrative Assistant

BEN WENDER, Program Officer

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

2 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

COMMITTEE ON APPLIED AND THEORETICAL STATISTICS

ALFRED O. HERO III, University of Michigan, Chair

ALICIA CARRIQUIRY, Iowa State University

MICHAEL J. DANIELS, University of Texas, Austin

KATHERINE BENNETT ENSOR, Rice University

AMY HERRING, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

NICHOLAS HORTON, Amherst College

DAVID MADIGAN, Columbia University

JOSÉ M.F. MOURA, NAE,1 Carnegie Mellon University

NANCY REID, University of Toronto

CYNTHIA RUDIN, Duke University

AARTI SINGH, Carnegie Mellon University

Staff

BEN WENDER, Director

LINDA CASOLA, Associate Program Officer and Editor

BETH DOLAN, Financial Manager

RODNEY N. HOWARD, Administrative Assistant

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Engineering.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

BOARD ON SCIENCE EDUCATION

ADAM GAMORAN, William T. Grant Foundation, Chair

SUNITA V. COOKE, MiraCosta College

MELANIE COOPER, Michigan State University

RODOLFO DIRZO, NAS, Stanford University

RUSH D. HOLT, American Association for the Advancement of Science

MATTHEW KREHBIEL, Achieve, Inc.

MICHAEL LACH, University of Chicago

LYNN LIBEN, The Pennsylvania State University

CATHRYN (CATHY) MANDUCA, Carleton College

JOHN MATHER, NAS,1 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

TONYA M. MATTHEWS, Michigan Science Center

BRIAN REISER¸ Northwestern University

MARSHALL “MIKE” SMITH, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

ROBERTA TANNER, Thompson School District (retired)

SUZANNE WILSON, Michigan State University

Staff

HEIDI SCHWEINGRUBER, Board Director

KERRY BRENNER, Senior Program Officer

KENNE DIBNER, Program Officer

COREETHA ENTZMINGER, Program Assistant

LETICIA GARCILAZO GREEN, Senior Program Assistant

MARGARET HILTON, Senior Program Officer

MARGARET KELLY, Senior Program Assistant

MATTHEW LAMMERS, Program Coordinator

AMY STEPHENS, Program Officer

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

Acknowledgments

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Richard De Veaux, Williams College,

W. Eric L. Grimson, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,

C.K. Gunsalus, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign,

Iain M. Johnstone, NAS,1 Stanford University,

Brian Kotz, Montgomery College,

Peter Norvig, Google, Inc., and

Renata Rawlings-Goss, Georgia Institute of Technology.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Raghu Ramakrishnan, Microsoft Corporation. He responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

The committee would like to thank Andy Burnett, Knowinnovation, for facilitating the committee’s May workshop as well as the following staff members from the National Science Foundation for their input, assistance, and support of this study: Stephanie August, Chaitan Baru, Eva Campo, Erwin Gianchandani, Nandini Kannan, Sara Kiesler, Gabriel Perez-Giz, Earnestine Psalmonds-Easter, and Elena Zheleva.

The committee would also like to thank the following individuals for providing input to this study:

John Abowd, U.S. Census Bureau,

Deb Agarwal, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,

Jon Ahlquist, Florida State University,

Barbara Alvin, Eastern Washington University,

Barbara Anthony, Southwestern University,

David Austin, North Carolina State University,

Maria Aysa-Lastra, Winthrop University,

Tom Barr, American Mathematical Society,

Laura Bartley, University of Oklahoma,

Nina Bijedic, University “Džemal Bijedić”of Mostar,

___________________

1 Member, National Academy of Sciences.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

Sally Blake, Flagler College,

Roselie Bright, U.S. Food and Drug Administration,

Quincy Brown, American Association for the Advancement of Science,

Andy Burnett, Knowinnovation,

Dave Campbell, Simon Fraser University,

Robert Campbell, Brown University,

Robert Carver, Stonehill College,

Amy Chang, American Society for Microbiology,

Lei Cheng, Olivet Nazarene University,

Hongmei Chi, Florida A&M University,

Alok Choudhary, Northwestern University,

William Coberly, University of Tulsa,

Peyton Cook, University of Tulsa,

Bill Corey, University of Virginia,

Catherine Cramer, New York Hall of Science,

James Curry, University of Colorado, Boulder,

Nicole Dalzell, Duke University,

Juliana DeCastro, Núcleo de Planejamento Estratégico de Transporte e Turismo,

Sam Donovan, University of Pittsburgh,

Renee Dopplick, Association for Computing Machinery,

Maureen Doyle, Northern Kentucky University,

Ruth Duerr, Ronin Institute,

Arturo Duran, IVA Ventures,

Stephen Edwards, ACM Administrative Centre,

Sandra Ellis, Texas A&M University, Corpus Christi,

Paula Faulkner, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University,

Raya Feldman, University of California, Santa Barbara,

Dilberto Ferraren, Visayas State University,

William Finzer, Concord Consortium,

Julia Fisher, Coker College,

Roger French, Case Western Reserve University,

Kimberly Gardner, Kennesaw State University,

Sommer Gentry, U. S. Naval Academy,

Tara Ghazi, University of California, Berkeley,

Richard Gill, Brigham Young University,

Shana Gillette, U.S. Agency for International Development,

Juan Godoy, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas y Técnicas,

Greg Goins, North Carolina A&T State University,

Robert Gould, University of California, Los Angeles,

C. K. Gunsalus, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign,

Mirsad Hadzikadic, University of North Carolina, Charlotte,

Jim Hammerman, TERC,

Michael Harris, Bunker Hill Community College,

John Hathaway, Brigham Young University-Idaho,

Kristin Hunter-Thomson, Rutgers University,

Ambra Hyskaj, National Association of Public Health Albania,

Charles Isbell, Georgia Institute of Technology,

Mark Jack, Florida A&M University,

Bob Jecklin, University of Wisconsin, La Crosse,

Xia Jing, Ohio University,

Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

Jeremiah Johnson, University of New Hampshire,

John Johnstone, University of Alabama, Birmingham,

Ryan Jones, Middle Tennessee State University,

Sungkyu Jung, University of Pittsburgh,

Michael Kangas, Doane University,

Roxanne Kapikian, GlaxoSmithKline,

Danny Kaplan, Macalester College,

Casey Kennington, Boise State University,

Deepak Khatry, MedImmune,

Brian Kotz, Montgomery College,

Vldimir Krylov, Crimean Engineering and Pedagogical University,

Kristin Kuter, Saint Mary’s College, Notre Dame, Indiana,

Jay Labov, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,

Paula Lackie, Carleton College,

Sharon Lane-Getaz, St. Olaf College,

Duncan Temple Lang, University of California, Davis,

Jeff Leek, Johns Hopkins University,

Matthew Liberatore, University of Toledo,

Haralambos Marmanis, Marmanis Group,

Pat Marsteller, Emory University,

Abhinav Maurya, Carnegie Mellon University,

Victoria McGovern, Burroughs Wellcome Fund,

Daniel Angel Ferreira Mena, DAF-Engineering,

Chris Mentzel, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation,

Antoni Miklewski, Polish Academy of Sciences,

Ashlea Milburn, University of Arkansas,

Alex Montilla, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,

Sheri Morgan, Mental Health Association of Franklin and Fulton Counties,

Richard Morris, MGI-RamCo,

Mary Kehoe Moynihan, Cape Cod Community College,

Bhramar Mukherjee, University of Michigan,

Sherman Mumford, University of North Carolina, Charlotte,

Ivo Neitzel, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia de Birigui,

Richard Nelesen, University of California, San Diego,

Joseph Nelson, George Washington University,

Claudia Neuhauser, University of Minnesota,

Deborah Nolan, University of California, Berkeley,

Kofi Nyamekye, Integrated Activity-Based Simulation Research, Inc.,

Monika Oli, University of Florida,

Fred Oswald, Rice University,

Dennis Pearl, Pennsylvania State University,

Joan Peckham, University of Rhode Island,

Vikas Pejaver, University of Washington,

Gabriel Perez-Giz, National Science Foundation,

Patrick Perry, New York University,

Steve Pierson, American Statistical Association,

Hridesh Rajan, Iowa State University,

Louise Raphael, Howard University,

Renata Rawlings-Goss, Georgia Institute of Technology,

Peggy Rejto, Normandale Community College,

Loren Rhodes, Juniata College,

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

Patrick Riley, Google, Inc.,

Martina Rosenberg, University of New Mexico,

Kim Roth, Juniata College,

Bill Roweton, Chadron State College,

Andee Rubin, TERC,

Maya Sapiurka, Society for Neuroscience,

Karl Schmitt, Valparaiso University,

Kala Seal, Loyola Marymount University,

Arun Sharma, Wagner College,

Lauren Showalter, National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine,

Christine Smith, University of New Mexico,

S. Srinivasan, Texas Southern University,

Anil Srivastava, Open Health Systems Laboratory,

Natalya St. Clair, Concord Consortium,

Victoria Stodden, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign,

Martin Storksdieck, Oregon State University,

George Strawn, National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine,

Ralph Stuart, Keene State College,

Kalum Udagepola, Scientific Research Development Institute of Technology Australia,

Mel van Drunen, HAS University of Applied Sciences,

William Yslas Velez, University of Arizona,

Ron Wasserstein, American Statistical Association,

Cheryl Welsch, State University of New York, Sullivan,

Mary Whelan, Arizona State University,

Nekesha Williams, Louisiana State University,

Emerald Wilson, Prince George’s Community College,

Brian Wingenroth, National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, University of Maryland,

William Winter, State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry,

Mary Wright, Brown University, and

Paul Zachos, Association for the Cooperative Advancement of Science and Education.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24886.
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Envisioning the Data Science Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective: Interim Report Get This Book
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The need to manage, analyze, and extract knowledge from data is pervasive across industry, government, and academia. Scientists, engineers, and executives routinely encounter enormous volumes of data, and new techniques and tools are emerging to create knowledge out of these data, some of them capable of working with real-time streams of data. The nation’s ability to make use of these data depends on the availability of an educated workforce with necessary expertise. With these new capabilities have come novel ethical challenges regarding the effectiveness and appropriateness of broad applications of data analyses.

The field of data science has emerged to address the proliferation of data and the need to manage and understand it. Data science is a hybrid of multiple disciplines and skill sets, draws on diverse fields (including computer science, statistics, and mathematics), encompasses topics in ethics and privacy, and depends on specifics of the domains to which it is applied. Fueled by the explosion of data, jobs that involve data science have proliferated and an array of data science programs at the undergraduate and graduate levels have been established. Nevertheless, data science is still in its infancy, which suggests the importance of envisioning what the field might look like in the future and what key steps can be taken now to move data science education in that direction.

This study will set forth a vision for the emerging discipline of data science at the undergraduate level. This interim report lays out some of the information and comments that the committee has gathered and heard during the first half of its study, offers perspectives on the current state of data science education, and poses some questions that may shape the way data science education evolves in the future. The study will conclude in early 2018 with a final report that lays out a vision for future data science education.

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