National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24896.
×
Page R10

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP Anne Frances Johnson, Rapporteur National Materials and Manufacturing Board Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences National Academy of Engineering PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by Contract No. 10003191 with the Department of the Interior. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication and do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-XXXXX-X International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-XXXXX-X Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24896 Copyright 2017 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/24896. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON CONNECTOR RELIABILITY FOR OFFSHORE OIL AND NATURAL GAS OPERATIONS ROBERT SCHAFRIK, NAE,1 GE Aviation (retired), Chair ROBERT POHANKA, National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (retired), Vice Chair CLYDE BRIANT, NAE, Brown University BILL CAPEVIELLE, Innovation and Technology Consulting for the Oil and Gas Industry HOMERO CASTANEDA-LOPEZ, Texas A&M University NANCY COOKE, Arizona State University THOMAS EAGAR, NAE, Massachusetts Institute of Technology BRUN HILBERT, Exponent DEREK HORTON, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory DAVID JOHNSON, NAE, Stevens Institute of Technology DAVID MATLOCK, NAE, Colorado School of Mines JYOTIRMOY MAZUMDER, NAE, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor ROGER MCCARTHY, NAE, McCarthy Engineering JOHN SCULLY, University of Virginia POL SPANOS, NAE, Rice University NEIL THOMPSON, Det Norske Vertas (DNV GL) Staff ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer, Study Director JAMES LANCASTER, Director, National Materials and Manufacturing Board NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Associate JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant HENRY KO, Research Assistant Consultant ANNE FRANCES JOHNSON, Rapporteur 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION v

NATIONAL MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING BOARD CELIA MERZBACHER, Semiconductor Research Corporation, Chair RODNEY C. ADKINS, NAE,1 IBM Corporate Strategy (retired) MICHAEL I. BASKES, NAE, Bagley College of Engineering JIM C. I. CHANG, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan MALCOLM CHISHOLM, NAS,2 Ohio State University LEO CHRISTODOULOU, Boeing, Inc. JACK HU, NAE, University of Michigan SANDRA L. HYLAND, Consultant MICHAEL F. MCGRATH, McGrath Analytics, LLC ROBERT MILLER, IBM Almaden Research Center EDWARD MORRIS, NCDMM, NAMII NICHOLAS A. PEPPAS, NAE/NAM,3 University of Texas, Austin F. STAN SETTLES, University of Southern California HAYDN WADLEY, University of Virginia BEN WANG, Georgia Institute of Technology STEVE ZINKLE, NAE, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Staff JAMES LANCASTER, Director ERIK SVEDBERG, Senior Program Officer NEERAJ P. GORKHALY, Associate Program Officer HEATHER LOZOWSKI, Financial Associate JOSEPH PALMER, Senior Project Assistant HENRY KO, Research Assistant 1 Member, National Academy of Engineering. 2 Member, National Academy of Sciences. 3 Member, National Academy of Medicine. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vi

Acknowledgment of Reviewers This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: David Cain, Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, John Hoefler, Lloyd’s Register Group Limited, William Johnson, NAS1/NAE,2 California Institute of Technology, and James Pettigrew, Texas A&M University. Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Aziz I. Asphahani, QuesTek Innovations, LLC. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur(s) and the National Academies. 1 Member, National Academy of Sciences. 2 Member, National Academy of Engineering. PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION vii

Contents 1 INTRODUCTION 1 Opening Remarks from the National Academy of Engineering, 1 Opening Remarks from the U.S. Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, 2 2 PANEL 1: SUBSEA FASTENER DESIGN REQUIREMENTS 6 Potential Risks, Limitations, and Failure Mechanisms Arising from Fastener Design, Manufacture, Material, and Coating Selection, 6 Tim Haeberle, GE Oil & Gas Fastener Systems in Use in Critical Equipment and the Diverse Environments in Subsea Oil and Gas Drilling and Production, 10 Khlefa Esaklul, Occidental Oil & Gas High Strength Bolting versus Subsea Service Conditions, 13 Russell Kane, iCorrosion, LLC Bolt Design for High-Powered Ship Propellers, 16 Hilmar Stefansson, Rolls-Royce Naval Marine Discussion: Subsea Fastener Design Requirements, 18 3 PANEL 2: SUBSEA FASTENER DESIGN QUALITY 23 Hydrogen Embrittlement and High Strength Steel Fasteners, 23 Salim Brahimi, Industrial Fasteners Institute Removing Variables, 28 Ian MacMoy, Moy Surface Technologies Subsea Bolt Manufacturing and Processing Variables, 30 Herman Amaya, Schlumberger Materials Qualification for Bolting Applications, 33 Oliver Moghissi, DNV-GL Discussion: Subsea Fastener Design Quality, 36 4 PANEL 3: SUBSEA FASTENER IN-SERVICE PERFORMANCE 43 Mitigating BOP Failures, 43 Trent Fleece, BP A Historical View of Subsea Bolting, 47 Frank Adamek, Adamek Engineering and Technology Solutions, LLC Root Cause Failure Analysis, 49 Ken Armagost, Anadarko Bolt Manufacturing: A Look at Critical Operations, 52 Tom Goin, U.S. Bolt A Deepwater Drilling Contractor’s Perspective, 55 Peter Bennett, Pacific Drilling Discussion: Subsea Fastener In-Service Performance, 58 5 PANEL 4: STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS 63 PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION ix

Fastener Engineering Basics, 63 Fredrick Kachele, U.S. Navy API Specifications Q1 and 20E, 65 David Miller, API Insights from the Aviation Industry: Quality Oversight of Critical Titanium Engine Components, 69 Andy Woodfield, GE Aviation FAA Regulatory Requirements Promote Quality Products for Aviation Safety, 72 Angelia Collier, FAA Discussion: Standards and Regulations, 74 6 SUMMARY 81 APPENDIXES A Statement of Task 85 B Workshop Agenda 86 C Workshop Attendee List 89 D Acronyms and Abbreviations 91 E Planning Committee Member Biographies 93 PREPUBLICATION COPY – SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION x

Next: 1 Introduction »
Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $36.00
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The Planning Committee on Connector Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations held the Workshop on Bolting Reliability for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations in Washington, D.C., on April 10-11, 2017. The workshop was designed to advance and develop a comprehensive awareness of the outstanding issues associated with fastener material failures and equipment reliability issues. Speakers and participants were also encouraged to discuss possible paths for ameliorating risks associated with fasteners used for subsea critical equipment in oil and gas operations. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!