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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
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B

Acronyms

3D three dimensional
AIS automatic identification system
ALMA Atacama Large Millimeter/Submillimeter Array
AMR-2 Advanced Microwave Radiometer-2
AMSR2 Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2
AMSU-A Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A
APEX Atacama Pathfinder Experiment
ARO Arizona Radio Observatory
ASAR Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar
ASCAT Advanced Scatterometer
ASM Applications Specific Message
ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (JPSS)
CAMLS Compact Adaptable Microwave Limb Sounder
CEPT European Post and Telecommunications Conference
CITEL Inter-American Telecommunications Commission
CIWSIR Cloud Ice Water Sub-millimetre Imaging Radiometer
CMB cosmic microwave background
CS carbon monosulfide
DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
DOD Department of Defense
DSM dynamic spectrum management
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
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EESS Earth Exploration-Satellite Service
EoR epoch of reionization
ESIM Earth Stations in Motion
FAST Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope
FCC Federal Communications Commission
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FSS Fixed-Satellite Service
FWA fixed wireless access
FY-3 Fēngyún satellite series (China)
GBT Green Bank Telescope
GCOM-W1 Global Change Observation Mission 1st-Water
GEM Geosynchronous Microwave Sounder/Imager
GMDSS Global Maritime Distress Safety Systems
GMI GPM Microwave Imager
GOMAS Geostationary Observatory for Microwave Atmospheric Sounding
GPM Global Precipitation Measurement (NASA)
GPS Global Positioning System
GSO geostationary orbit
HAPS High Altitude Platform Stations
HERA Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array
HY-2A Second-generation ocean observation/monitoring satellite series (China)
ICI Ice Cloud Imager
IMT International Mobile Telecommunications
ITU International Telecommunication Union
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
JCMT James Clark Maxwell Telescope
JPSS Joint Polar Satellite System
LLAMA Large Latin American Millimeter Array
LOFAR Low Frequency Array
MADRAS Microwave Analysis and Detection of Rain and Atmospheric Structures
MASTER Millimetre-wave Acquisitions for Stratosphere/Troposphere Exchange Research
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
×
MetOp-SG Meteorological Operations—Second Generation
MTVZA-GY Imaging/Sounding Microwave Radiometer-Improved (Russia)
MWA Murchison Widefield Array
MWI Microwave Imager
MWRI Microwave Radiation Imager
MWRI′ Microwave Radiometer Imager
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NPP National Polar-orbiting Partnership
NSF National Science Foundation
OH hydroxyl radical
OOBE out-of-band emission
PMR passive microwave radiometry
RAS Radio Astronomy Service
RCM Radarsat Constellation Mission
RF radio frequency
RFI radio frequency interference
RISAT Radar Imaging Satellite
RLAN Radio Local Area Networks
RR radio regulations
RSS radio source scintillation
SiO silicon monoxide
SKA Square Kilometer Array
SKAMP SKA Molongolo Prototype
SMA Submillimeter Array
SMAP Soil Moisture Active Passive
SMOS Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity
SMT Submillimeter Telescope (ARO)
SPT South Pole Telescope
SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave Imager
SSMIS Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder
STEAM-R Stratosphere-Troposphere Exchange and Climate Monitor-Radiometer
TEC total electron content
TWICE Tropospheric Water Vapor and Cloud ICE
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
×
VDES VHF Data Exchange System
VLA Very Large Array
WAS wireless access system
WRC World Radiocommunication Conference
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
×
Page 61
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
×
Page 62
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
×
Page 63
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24899.
×
Page 64
Views of the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on Agenda Items of Interest to the Science Services at the World Radiocommunication Conference 2019 Get This Book
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The radio frequency spectrum is a limited resource with ever increasing demand from an expansive range of applications—all the way from commercial, such as mobile phones, to scientific, such as hurricane monitoring from space. Since radio waves do not stop at national borders, international regulation is necessary to ensure effective use of the radio spectrum for all parties.

Every 2 to 5 years, the International Telecommunication Union convenes a World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC) to review and revise the international radio regulations. This report provides guidance to U.S. spectrum managers and policymakers as they prepare for the WRC in 2019. While the resulting document is targeted primarily at U.S. agencies dealing with radio spectrum issues, other Administrations and foreign scientific users may find its recommendations useful in their own WRC planning.

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