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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Briefers to the Committee." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Current Knowledge and Future Research Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24935.
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C

Briefers to the Committee

AUGUST 9-10, 2016

Greg Cooke, Federal Communications Commission

Harry Evans, Austin, TX Fire Department (retired)

Karen Fregberg, University of Louisville

Benjamin Krakauer, NYC Office of Emergency Management

Mark Lucero, Federal Emergency Management Agency

Paul Lupe, Fairfax County, VA Office of Emergency Management

Francisco Sanchez, Harris County, TX

Tim Schott, National Weather Service

Matthew Seegar, Wayne State University

Tim Sellnow, University of Central Florida

R.C. Smith, El Paso County, CO Office of Emergency Management

John Sorenson, Oak Ridge National Lab (retired)

Jeannette Sutton, University of Kentucky

Ben Zhao, University of California, Santa Barbara

SEPTEMBER 1, 2016

Court Corley, Pacific NW National Laboratory

Deborah Glik, University of California, LA

Dan Gonzales, RAND Corporation

Emre Gundunzhan, Johns Hopkins University of Applied Physics Lab

Bob Iannucci, Carnegie Melon University

Bandana Kar, University of Southern Mississippi

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Briefers to the Committee." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Current Knowledge and Future Research Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24935.
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Brooke Liu, National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism

Helena Mitchell, Georgia Tech Applied Research Corporation

Andrew Parker, RAND Corporation

Rich Rarey, Rareworks, LLC

Dara Ung, TeleCommunication Systems, Inc

Carol Woody, Carnegie Melon University Software Engineering Institute

NOVEMBER 1-2, 2016

Art Botterell, California Governor’s Office of Emergency Services

Peter Cottle, Facebook

Nelson Daza, Everbridge

Julie Demuth, National Center for Atmospheric Research

Pete Giencke, Google

Alex Kalicki, Facebook

Jim Moffitt, Twitter

Micah Schaffer, Snapchat

Deanna Sellnow, University of Central Florida

Michele Wood, California State University, Fullerton

JANUARY 26-27, 2017

Dave Bujak, Weather STEM

Brian Daly, AT&T

Farrokh Khatibi, Qualcomm

Karl Kotalik, NC4

John Lawson, AWARN

Christopher McIntosh, ESRI

Brenda Phillips, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

MARCH 23, 2017 (TELECONFERENCE)

Maiyan Bino, Waze

Rebecca Resnick, Waze

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Briefers to the Committee." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Current Knowledge and Future Research Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24935.
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Page 127
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Briefers to the Committee." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Current Knowledge and Future Research Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24935.
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Page 128
Emergency Alert and Warning Systems: Current Knowledge and Future Research Directions Get This Book
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Following a series of natural disasters, including Hurricane Katrina, that revealed shortcomings in the nation’s ability to effectively alert populations at risk, Congress passed the Warning, Alert, and Response Network (WARN) Act in 2006. Today, new technologies such as smart phones and social media platforms offer new ways to communicate with the public, and the information ecosystem is much broader, including additional official channels, such as government social media accounts, opt-in short message service (SMS)-based alerting systems, and reverse 911 systems; less official channels, such as main stream media outlets and weather applications on connected devices; and unofficial channels, such as first person reports via social media. Traditional media have also taken advantage of these new tools, including their own mobile applications to extend their reach of beyond broadcast radio, television, and cable. Furthermore, private companies have begun to take advantage of the large amounts of data about users they possess to detect events and provide alerts and warnings and other hazard-related information to their users.

More than 60 years of research on the public response to alerts and warnings has yielded many insights about how people respond to information that they are at risk and the circumstances under which they are most likely to take appropriate protective action. Some, but not all, of these results have been used to inform the design and operation of alert and warning systems, and new insights continue to emerge. Emergency Alert and Warning Systems reviews the results of past research, considers new possibilities for realizing more effective alert and warning systems, explores how a more effective national alert and warning system might be created and some of the gaps in our present knowledge, and sets forth a research agenda to advance the nation’s alert and warning capabilities.

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