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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24966.
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D

Acronyms

ACES Atomic Clock Ensemble in Space
ACME Advanced Combustion via Microgravity Experiments
AES Advanced Exploration Systems
AG artificial gravity
AMS Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer
ARED Advanced Resistive Exercise
ARL Army Research Laboratory
ARS acute radiation syndromes
ASI Italian Space Agency
BASS Burning and Suppression of Solids
BEC Bose-Einstein condensate
BHP Behavioral Health and Performance
BMed Behavioral Medicine
BPS Biological and Physical Sciences Program
CAL Cold Atom Laboratory
CASIS Center for the Advancement of Science in Space
CBPSS Committee on Biological and Physical Sciences in Space
CIR Combustion Integrated Rack
CNES Centre national d’études spatiales (space agency of France)
CNS central nervous system
COTS Commercial Orbital Transportation Services
CSA Canadian Space Agency
CVD cardiovascular disease
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DLR German Aerospace Center
DoD U.S. Department of Defense
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24966.
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DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DRM design reference mission
ESA European Space Agency
EVA extra-vehicular activity
EXPRESS Expedite the Processing of Experiments for Space Station
FLEX Flame Extinguishment Experiments
FLEX-ICE-GA FLEX-Italian Combustion Experiment for Green Air
FY fiscal year
GCR galactic cosmic rays
HEOMD Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate
HERA Human Exploration Research Analog
HFBP Human Factors Behavioral Performance
HHC Human health and Countermeasures
HI-SEAS Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation
HRP Human Research Program
HSRB Human System Risk Board
HZE high Z (atomic number) and energy
iRED interim resistive exercise device
ISRU in situ resource utilization
ISS International Space Station
ISSES ISS environmental simulation
JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
JSC Johnson Space Center
KSC Kennedy Space Center
LBNP lower-body negative pressure
LDEM long-duration exploration mission
LEO low Earth orbit
LET linear energy transfer
MoBE Microbiology of the Built Environment
MOU memoranda of understanding
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCI National Cancer Institute
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIMH National Institute of Mental Health
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NRA NASA Research Announcement
NRC National Research Council
NSBRI National Space Biomedical Research Institute
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24966.
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NSCOR NASA Specialized Center of Research
NSF National Science Foundation
OLMSA Office of Life and Microgravity Science and Applications
PI principal investigator
PSI Physical Sciences Informatics [data repository]
RDoC Research Domain Criteria
SAA Space Act Agreement
SANS Spaceflight-Associated Neuro-ocular Syndrome
SBIR Small Business Innovative Research
SLPSRA Space Life and Physical Sciences Research and Applications (Division of)
SLS Space Launch System
Sofie Solid Fuel Ignition and Extinction Experiment
SPE solar particle event
SSPF Space Station Processing Facility
STMD Space Technology Mission Directorate
STTR Small Business Technology Transfer
TRI Translation Research Institute
TSES Translation to Space Exploration Systems
USOS U.S. Orbital Segment
VE virtual environment
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24966.
×
Page 108
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24966.
×
Page 109
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24966.
×
Page 110
Next: Appendix E: Criteria and Table Reprinted from the 2011 Decadal Survey »
A Midterm Assessment of Implementation of the Decadal Survey on Life and Physical Sciences Research at NASA Get This Book
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The 2011 National Research Council decadal survey on biological and physical sciences in space, Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration: Life and Physical Sciences Research for a New Era, was written during a critical period in the evolution of science in support of space exploration. The research agenda in space life and physical sciences had been significantly descoped during the programmatic adjustments of the Vision for Space Exploration in 2005, and this occurred in the same era as the International Space Station (ISS) assembly was nearing completion in 2011. Out of that period of change, Recapturing a Future for Space Exploration presented a cogent argument for the critical need for space life and physical sciences, both for enabling and expanding the exploration capabilities of NASA as well as for contributing unique science in many fields that can be enabled by access to the spaceflight environment.

Since the 2011 publication of the decadal survey, NASA has seen tremendous change, including the retirement of the Space Shuttle Program and the maturation of the ISS. NASA formation of the Division of Space Life and Physical Sciences Research and Applications provided renewed focus on the research of the decadal survey. NASA has modestly regrown some of the budget of space life and physical sciences within the agency and engaged the U.S. science community outside NASA to join in this research. In addition, NASA has collaborated with the international space science community.

This midterm assessment reviews NASA’s progress since the 2011 decadal survey in order to evaluate the high-priority research identified in the decadal survey in light of future human Mars exploration. It makes recommendations on science priorities, specifically those priorities that best enable deep space exploration.

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