National Academies Press: OpenBook

Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide (2017)

Chapter: Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?

« Previous: Front Matter
Page 1
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 1
Page 2
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 2
Page 3
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 3
Page 4
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 4
Page 5
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 5
Page 6
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 6
Page 7
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 7
Page 8
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 8
Page 9
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 9
Page 10
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 10
Page 11
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 11
Page 12
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 12
Page 13
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 13
Page 14
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 14
Page 15
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 15
Page 16
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 16
Page 17
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 17
Page 18
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 18
Page 19
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 19
Page 20
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 20
Page 21
Suggested Citation:"Chapter 1 What Is Transit System Resilience?." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24973.
×
Page 21

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

What Is Transit System Resilience? 1-1 CHAPTER 1 What Is Transit System Resilience? TOPICS: 1. Resilience as Restoration and Reinvention 2. DefiningTransit Resilience Your Way 3. Why Resilience Matters 4. Paths to Resilience

What Is Transit System Resilience? 1-2 All aspects of life entail risk, and ideas for getting up, going on and bouncing back are appealing to everyone. If risk raises the question, resilience is an answer. The idea of resilience in disasters, both natural and manmade, has become part of the national vocabulary, in the context some of the United States’ most severe weather-related events on record, as well as human-instigated events. Experts in various fields and agencies on the front lines call resilience “the new reality.” The idea of resilience is generating a great deal of inquiry and discussion in various fields, but the real question for users of this Guide goes straight to practical value. What is a resilient transit system and why does being one matter? Though the word resilience is widely used in Information Technology (IT), ecology, psychology, materials science and other fields it is just beginning to take hold in the transit industry. The term has been little used, except by a few large agencies. More often, transit agencies talk about sustainability, or emergency preparation or management, or asset management and Adoption of resilience measures may arise from necessity after disaster strikes or may come from forward-thinking planning that leads to strategic preparedness and adaptation. WHAT IS TRANSIT SYSTEM RESILIENCE?

What Is Transit System Resilience? 1-3 safety. Certainly, any of these can contribute to resilience, especially when intentionally targeted to that end. 1. Resilience as Restoration and Reinvention Definitions of resilience usually include the idea of managing misfortune and offer opportunities to do that. These range from returning to the way things were before the disruptive event to making changes that will make the system stronger for the future. These two faces of resilience––one looking backwards and the other forward–– may seem contradictory, but they are both critical to ensuring resilient transit service. It is clear from case studies that transit agencies think about and pursue resilience from two major perspectives. The most commonly described perspective is “operational” resilience, rooted in customer focus and resulting in efforts to keep services running safely, even under adverse circumstances. The other perspective is “infrastructure” resilience and is rooted in the agency’s physical planning, material and asset management framework. Most agencies employ both perspectives. Disruptive events and misfortunes require restoration and invite reinvention. Together these comprise resilience. Transit welcomes both faces of resilience and turns each of them toward both an agency’s operations and infrastructure requirements.

What Is Transit System Resilience? 1-4 Planning for transit system resilience always aims to restore the best of the past wherever possible. Overall, this means providing reliable, customer-centric service. Specifically, it can apply to both operations and infrastructure. For example, operationally, resilience might mean recovery of service: getting the same buses back on the same routes as soon as possible. In infrastructure, it could mean getting a transit hub repaired so passengers can safely transfer from one route or mode to another. But resilience efforts in those examples can also be used to transform future possibilities. Maybe the transit hub or the bus route in a flood plain is relocated, or training and operating protocols for major snow events are revised. Maybe damaged infrastructure leads to equipment upgrades or infrastructure improvements, or perhaps longer-range planned capital projects are prioritized for shorter-range execution. What matters for the future is that agencies see resilience in operations and infrastructure as planning to restore AND to reinvent. Whether or not agencies use the term resilience, all are engaged in work to build restorative and regenerative ways to withstand disruption and manage change. All transit systems have to address not only their likely risks from extreme weather events or other emergencies, but they also need to serve communities that are more and more focused on security (readiness) and sustainability (endurance).

What Is Transit System Resilience? 1-5 This guide is designed to help you assess your system and the policies, plans, programs and management functions where resilience strategies can be put into practice. The lessons, examples and tools included in the guide are presented to help your agency recover from weather- and climate-related disruptions and to build back stronger. 2. Defining Transit Resilience Your Way Talking about resilience is not easy. The topic centers on risk and points out vulnerabilities; plus, it mostly comes up when an undesirable event threatens to warp a comfortable status quo––or has already. But however uncomfortable, the resilience discussion needs to take place in agencies of every size, because disruption happens. Resilience can be defined in many ways. This Guide used the NAS definition as a basis, but every transit agency needs a definition it can put to work to meet its own resilience planning needs. However, to be most effective, a The ability to prepare and plan for, absorb, respond, recover from, and more successfully adapt to adverse events… enhanced resilience allows better anticipation of disasters and better planning to reduce disaster losses — rather than waiting for an event to occur and paying for it afterward. (National Academy of Sciences, 2012) “ ”

definitio crafted No “co Most d service agency your ag the futu 3. W Most sc already CASE n that fit by transit Los A Transp resilie in the major TRAN prepa extrem use te “robus “keepi and “p Autho activity rrect” defi efinitions recovery a . The defin ency’s pa re. hy Re ientists ag occurred: s their ow agencies ngeles Co ortation nce as “th face of th shocks or SIT define red to wit e weathe rms such tness” (Sw ng service reparedn rity) to d . nition for will likely nd adapt ition that st and cur silienc ree that weather What Is T n circums . unty Met Authority e ability to reats and changing s resilienc hstand an r event or as “event edish Tr s on the ess” (Kans escribe th transit sys include as ation to t works be rent expe e Matt some leve patterns a ransit Syste tances sh ropolitan (LA Met provide recover q conditio y as “bein d recover other thr readiness ansportat street” (N as City A eir resilien tem resili pects for he threats st for you riences an ers l of clima re changi m Resilienc ould be ro) define core func uickly fro ns.” NJ g better from an eat.” Othe ” (SEPTA) ion Agen ashville M rea Trans cy-related ence exist prepared facing yo will refle d plans f te change ng, and th e? 1-6 s tions m rs , cy), TA), it s. ness, ur ct or has ese

What Is Transit System Resilience? 1-7 changes are expected to continue or accelerate in the future. Past weather and climate patterns no longer appear to be reliable indicators of future weather and climate threats, and, therefore, not reliable bases for planning. For example, in 2016, Hurricane Matthew struck in November, outside what has been considered the “normal” time frame or season for this kind of weather event. Floods and droughts are increasing in severity as weather patterns shift. For transit agencies, readiness for any emergency is important, but building resilience to climate and extreme weather events is essential to protect current and future investments and maintain safe operational capabilities of current systems. The prospect of managing both extreme weather events and severe funding shortages makes a clear argument for the value of transit agencies’ building resilience into their strategic, capital, and operational plans. After all, proactive spending on resilience can save money in the longer run, and protects many aspects of a transit system’s business model, as it enables transit agencies to rebound more quickly and serve customers more effectively. In the past decade, more than 1,200 major disasters, emergency and fire management declarations have occurred in the United States (FEMA 2016A). These disasters, which resulted in deaths, injuries and hundreds of billions of dollars in damage and economic losses, have been largely weather/climate related. Between 1980 and 2016, 203 weather/climate disaster events in the United

Fi States–– (includi 2017)–– In 2016 related billion d Nationa this wa numbe such ev flood e events damage estimat systems gure 1.2 . B at more ng Consu cost an e , between disaster e ollars or l Oceanic s an unus r of billion ents). The vents, sev led to 138 s. (NOAA es are mil . i l l ion-Dol l than a bil mer Price stimated t January a vents acro more eac and Atm ual year, w -dollar ev disasters ere storm deaths a 2017). In lions of d ar Weather What Is T lion dollar Index as o otal of m nd Decem ss the Un h (Figure ospheric A ith the se ents ever included and a tro nd an est cluded in ollars in d and Cl ima ransit Syste s in dama f January ore than$ ber, 15 w ited State 1.2). Acco dministra cond hig recorded drought, pical cyclo imated $4 these cum amage to te Events m Resilienc ge each 2017) (N 1.1 trillion eather- s cost a rding to t tion (NOA hest annu (2011 had wildfire, in ne. These 6 billion i ulative public tra f rom Janua e? 1-8 OAA . he A), al 16 land 15 n nsit ry through December 2016

TOOL 4. P Adoptio after di plannin adaptat researc charact areas o how the or “min resilienc cases, a rather b reflecte the Imp to your resilienc A qui defin 4 and aths to n of resil saster stri g that lea ion. Case h for this eristics, ag f impleme ir engage dset” got y adoptio gency eff y a comb d in the c roving Tr agency to e in your ck-refere ition that available Resil ience mea kes or ma ds to stra study age Guide refl ency stru ntation a ment wit its start, a n exist w orts are m ination of ase studie ansit Resil think ab own term What Is T nce wor works fo in the D ience sures may y result fr tegic prep ncies that ect a varie ctures, thr nd geogra h a resilie nd many ithin the t otivated events a s availabl ience We out in pre s. ransit Syste ksheet to r your ag atabase. arise fro om forwa aredness participa ty of tran eat/hazar phy. They nce frame potential ransit indu not just by nd factors e in the D bsite and paration m Resilienc help yo ency is d m necess rd-thinkin and ted in the sit system d profiles also diffe of refere drivers of stry. In m one reas . These ar atabase o may be u for definin e? 1-9 u write a escribed ity g , r in nce ost on, e n seful g resilienc in Chapte e r

P A E S U E N Four ke researc i. Pa Adversi adoptio given th extreme the cas natural primary their op CASE S T D I S A X P E R I E S T A I N A A N D V I R O N M P R O G R F y paths to hed for th st disas ty is one n among e increas weather e study ag disasters motivatin erations a In 201 region record S T E R N C E B I L T Y E N T A L A M S igure 1.3 . resilienc is Guide i ter exp key driver transit ag ing freque events in encies re and/or ex g factor i nd/or inf 5, the Bos experien ed history What Is Tra L E O R M A S Paths to R e describe nclude: erience of resilien encies. Th ncy of na the Unite ported pa treme wea n their wo rastructur ton, Mass ced its sn when m nsit System A D E R S G A N I Z A C U L T A S S N A G E M T A T E O R E P A esi l ience d among cy thinkin is is not s tural disa d States. st experie ther even rking tow e more re achusetts owiest win ore than 1 Resilience H I P A N D T I O N A L U R E E T E N T A N F G O O D I R the agen g and urprising, sters and More than nce with ts as a ard maki silient. , metropo ter in 00 inches ? 1-10 D cies half ng litan of

CASE CASE snow for lon weath stretch MBTA facete infrast purcha chang Nashv 2010 t prima and m third o any se trigge steps faciliti signed depart which bus st In 200 that co Louisia fell and b ger than er caused ed over a develope d Winter ructure up ses and m es to a ra ille MTA hat result ry bus sto aintenanc f its bus rvices for red greate were take es more r an MOU ment to u is located orage whe 5, Hurrica vered 80 na, and d What Is Tra elow freez 30 days. T transit se 60-day p d and is Resilience grades, n aintenan nge of op experienc ed in exte rage facili e facility. fleet and w two week r awarene n to make esilient. Fo with the se a park outside o n floodin ne Katrina percent o ecimated nsit System ing temp he extrem rvice disru eriod. In implemen Plan that ew equip ce protoc erational ed severe nsive dam ty, admini MTA lost as unabl s. The flo ss of pre MTA’s se r example Nashville ing lot at f flood p g is antic resulted f New Or public tra Resilience eratures la e winter ptions th response, ting a mu includes ment ols, as we procedure flooding age to it strative o almost on e to prov oding paredness rvices and , the age water serv their faci rone area ipated. in floodin leans, nsportati ? 1-11 sted at lti- ll as s. in s ffices e- ide and ncies ices lity, s, for g on

CASE infrast percen rende New O month utilitie been e “safe h areas equipm whole prepa NORT comm manag system virtual in plac harm’s is now Evacua Over t impac and d Septem blacko recent ructure in t of NOR red inope rleans we . As part s such as levated a ouses” lo have been ent. The sale chang redness p A/RTA no unication e emerge shutdow ly any loc e for mov way whe a key pla tion Plan he last 15 ted by a s isasters, in ber 11, 2 ut, Tropic ly, Hurrica What Is Tra the Gulf TA/RTA’s rable. Pub re shut d of rebuild generator bove floo cated out identified disaster a es to the lanning an w has mo capabilitie ncy evacu n and ser ation. The ing vulne n flooding yer in Ne . years, NJ uccession cluding: t 001, the al Storm I ne Sandy nsit System Coast reg fleet was lic transit own for m ing effort s and sub d levels a side of flo for mov lso result agency’s d proced bile comm s that all ation ope vice recov y also hav rable equ is expec w Orleans TRANSIT of emerg he terror 2003 Nort rene in 2 in 2012. Resilience ion. Eighty destroye services in ore than s, support stations h nd remote od prone eable ed in emergenc ures. and and ow it to rations, ery from e proced ipment ou ted and R ’ City-Ass has bee ency even attacks of heast 011 and The ? 1-12 -five d or a ave y ures t of TA isted n ts most

CASE devast storms focus operat resilie the ag and, m and o agenc The Lo North chang buildin SFMTA resilie these of new using events manda efforts vulner sea lev ating imp in 2011 many of N ional vuln ncy has be ency’s Hu ore impo perations y departm ma Prieta ridge eart es in struc g codes /Muni a ncy progra programs and retr designs a . More re tes have that are ability and el rise. What Is Tra acts of ba and 2012 J TRANSI erabilities come a c rricane Sa rtantly, it philosoph ents. earthqua hquake in tural desi in Californ nd BART ms. Over have invo ofitting of nd materi cently, sta set in mo focused o adaptati nsit System ck-to-bac brought i T’s infrast . Transit s entral com ndy rebu has beco y that spa ke in 198 1994 pro gn standa ia. In resp initiated s the past lved the existing i als resilien te environ tion curre n climate on and, in Resilience k coastal nto sharp ructure an ystem ponent o ilding effo me a plan ns mode 9 and the mpted m rds and onse, bot eismic 20 years, constructi nfrastruct t to seism mental nt resilien change particula ? 1-13 d f rts ning s and any h on ure, ic cy r,

CASE CASE SEPTA devast heat a and su downe and tr sectio impac partici Chang and to effecti their i make resilie stabiliz and sl flood infrast equipm redun proced substit Transp out of incide inunda ’s experie ating floo nd winter spension d catenar ack beds, ns of rail. ts prompt pate in FT e Adaptat look for ve ways to nfrastructu its service nt. Examp ing rail e opes, elev proofing v ructure an ent, putt dant powe ures for ute servic ort for L necessity nts, past f ted rail tu What Is Tra nces with ds, plus e storms, r of service ies’ wires, and buck These ed SEPTA A’s Clima ion Initiat cost harden re and s more les include mbankme ating and ulnerable d ing in pla r supplie implemen es. ondon’s f . Several t looding e nnels and nsit System Pennsylva xtended p esulted in , stranded damaged led to te ive : nts ce s, and dev ting temp ocus on r ransit sys xperience undergr Resilience nia’s eriods of disruptio custome rail bridg eloping n orary esiliency g tem bomb s that ound stat In 2011, Climate Initiative seven ge locations agencies Authority (Houston Transit), and Cen Transit A Seattle. A 2014 rep the obje 2014). ? 1-14 high n rs, es ew rew ing ions, FTA lau Change for pilo ographic involvin : BART, C (CTA), G Metro, LA Metro tral Puge uthority s summ ort abstr ctive of a nched its Adaptati t projects ally-dive g nine tr hicago T ulf Coas HART, an , MARTA t Sound (Sound T arized in act, resili daptatio on in rse ansit ransit t d Island , SEPTA, Regional ransit), the ence is n. (FTA,

ii. L Determ culture study in in drivin exampl leaders levels, i CASE and ex down greate In add system Summ ongoi of bei disturb eadersh ined leade create a c terviewee g resilien es. In add hip can co ncluding e In Hill beginn adopt execut particu (CFO), efforts tended p services a r operatio ition, the s were sa er Olymp ng, consta ng ready t ances. ip and o rship and lear path s mention cy adopti ition, the me in a v xecutive, sborough ing stage ion, but th ive level s lar, the a who was , is leadin What Is Tra eriods of ll highligh nal and in need to e fe and ef ics contrib nt state o o deal wi rganiza a recept to resilien ed the im on, severa case studi ariety of f mid-level County, F s of resili ey have t upport an gency’s C inspired b g the cha nsit System high heat ted the n frastructu nsure pub ficient dur uted to t f prepare th operati tional c ive organi ce. While portance l stand ou es made orms and , and fron lorida, HA ency plan he advant d leaders hief Finan y SEPTA’ rge. As an Resilience that shut eed for re resilien lic transit ing the 2 he agency dness in t onal ulture zational many cas of leader t as clear that at a rang tline work RT is at t ning and age of hip. In cial Office s resilienc executive ? 1-15 ce. 012 ’s erms e ship e of ers. he r y ,

CASE CASE the CF to bea At Na newly Office are co “prepa winter passed implem develo At MA execut collab provid At LA middle years, and su directo even f Swedi crews, engag restora O can rea r the reso shville MT elected M r (CEO) an mmitted t redness.” season, t legislatio ented at p and im RTA in A ive leader oration an ed a foun Metro, le -level of cultivated pport fro rs. Top-le rontline w sh Transp who incre ed in larg tion, repa What Is Tra ch out cr urces nee A, with e ayor, MTA d Chief O o expand In Massac he Govern n requirin MBTA an plement a tlanta and ship have d forward dation fo adership a managem buy-in fr m the age vel suppo orkers ca ortation asingly fo er and mo ir and rec nsit System oss-functi ded to ge ncourage ’s Chief perating ing transi husetts, a or and Le g reform d that the Winter R SFMTA/ cultivated -thinking r resiliency nd succe ent have, om senior ncy’s boa rt is very n lead the Agency, m und them re freque onstructio Resilience onally to t things d ment from Executive Officer (CO t service a fter the 2 gislature s be agency esilience Muni, a “cultu ” that has adoptio sses at th over seve managem rd of effective, way. At aintenan selves ntly occu n project ? 1-16 bring one. the O) nd 015 Plan. re of n. e ral ent but ce rring s

iii. S pr Agencie sustaina well sui agencie natural environ to adap CASE were t chang the m operat ustaina ograms s that ha bility and ted to adv s, resilien outgrowt mental st ting infra KCATA sustain use of green impac involv throug have b For ex includ fleet a reduce he first to es in clim ission and ions. bility an ve a demo environm ancing re ce plannin h or prog ewardship structure t (MTA) i ability ini green inf house gas ts of clima ement in t h how su enefits in ample, M ed diversi nd installi depende What Is Tra recogniz ate and w business d envir nstrated ental pro silience a g and ad ression of initiatives o a chang s participa tiative foc rastructur emission te chang his initiat stainabilit terms of TA’s susta fying the ng solar p nce on p nsit System e the dire eather we of the ag onment commitm grams see doption. A option ap sustainab , especial ing clima ting in a used on e e to both s and mit e. The age ive has led y improve operation inability p power nee ower inst ower gene Resilience ct effect t re having ency’s al ent to m particu t these pear to b ility and ly with reg te. citywide xpanding reduce igate the ncy’s it to thin ments ca al resilien rojects ha ds of its allations t rated or ? 1-17 hat on larly e a ard the k n cy. ve bus hat

CASE CASE suppli install practic localiz and b help M precip The Fe promo appro adopt (EMS). structu efforts rule co enviro agenc Metro LA Me and, s in usin for inc recent decisio of inco ed by out green inf es to ma ed floodin us fleet st TA maint itation ev deral Tra tes more aches by e Environm EMS pro re for ma , improvin mpliance nmental p ies have a , SEPTA a tro bega ince that t g the EM orporatin ly, resilien n making rporating What Is Tra side sourc rastructure nage storm g near its orage faci ain its ser ents. nsit Adm sustainab ncouragi ental Man grams pro naging en g organiz by conso rograms. ctive EMS nd HART n develop ime, has S as an o g sustaina ce consid . The age resilience nsit System es. It has best ma water a parking lities. This vices duri inistratio le manag ng transit agement vide a ce vironmen ational ef lidating sy Several ca program . ing its EM been an in rganizatio bility and erations in ncy is at t -related d Resilience also begu nagement nd mitiga lots, bus s will, in tu ng extrem n (FTA) ement agencies Systems ntralized tal protec ficiency a stem-wid se study s, includin S in 2008 dustry le nal framew , more agency he forefro ata and ? 1-18 n to te tops rn, e to tion nd e g LA ader ork nt

iv. A re For som manage and inf of good CASE metric on sus framew sset ma pair e agencie ment and rastructure repair. MART agenc progra Manag FTA’s MART coord capita resilie system MART for bro resilie deploy they u s into its tainability ork for a nagem s, resilien their effo are brou A is a lea ies can us ms to pro ement Pi Climate C A has bee inate its e l planning ncy using . A has fou ad initiat nce are m ing new se a “fold What Is Tra EMS. HAR and thei dvancing ent and ce is a na rts to en ght up to ding exam e asset m mote res lot site an hange Ad n able to fforts on b , asset ma add-on m nd that in ives such ore succe standalon -in” appro nsit System T is also r EMS as a resiliency state o tural exte sure that t and rema ple of ho anagemen ilience. As d a pilot aptation I leverage oth front nagemen odules to crementa as sustain ssful than e systems ach to re Resilience using a fo n organiz efforts. f good nsion of a ransit ass in in a st w transit t systems an FTA A participan nitiative, and s to integ t and its EAM l approach ability an creating . As a resu silience th ? 1-19 cus ing sset ets ate and sset t in rate es d and lt, at

CASE uses r “Capit system captur resilie can af infrast collect trackin mainte Severa to dev alread and in system Admin develo monit climat of the to inco resilie its flee sustain isk manag al” tab, wh . The new e data rel nce, and o fect the li ructure. T ion, MAR g measur nance wo l other ca elop asse y begun t frastructu s. For exa istration ping an a or state o e/weather ir system; rporate t nce into a t to ensu ability. What Is Tra ement co ich has b tab allow ated to su ther envi fecycle of o facilitate TA incorp es into its rksheets se study t manage o build as re resilien mple, Ma , while stil sset mana f good rep risk data and VRT, he concep gency dec re service nsit System ncepts an een adde s asset m stainabilit ronmenta various a resilienc orates we operatio and proce agencies a ment syst pects of o ce into th ryland Tr l in the ea gement s air, is inc and asses in Idaho, t of oper isions abo readiness Resilience d a new d to its EA anagers y, climate l factors th ssets and e-related ather- imp ns and dures. re beginn ems and h perationa eir emerg ansit rly stages ystem to orporating sment as is beginn ational ut manag and ? 1-20 M to at data act ing ave l ing of part ing ing

In conc task. In most im term, yo already doing t A g mak Roos “Do TOOL lusion, pla deed, it w portant t ur agenc doing, as hrough a ood start e the eve evelt’s fa what y The exam syste nning tow ill require hing to re y doesn’t much as resilience toward re ryday ada mous co your pla ou ca where Resilienc ples of “ m’s orga What Is Tra ard resili commitm member need to a you need lens. silience is pt to the unsel can nning act n, with you a e Lens T resil ience nization. nsit System ence seem ent and e is that, in dd to wh to review to figure extraordi be a star ivities: what y re.” ool desc lenses” Resilience s a daun ffort. But the short at you are what you out how nary. Ted ting point ou ha ribed in C for differe ? 1-21 ting the are to dy for ve, hapter 4 nt parts provides of a trans it

Next: Chapter 2 Chart Your Agency s Path to Resilience »
Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide Get This Book
×
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Web Only Document 70: Improving the Resilience of Transit Systems Threatened by Natural Disasters, Volume 1: A Guide offers practices for transit systems of all sizes to absorb the impacts of disaster, recover quickly, and return rapidly to providing the services that customers rely on to meet their travel needs. The report shows how to identify and implement appropriate resilience strategies to strengthen operations and infrastructure throughout an agency. It explores ways that agencies can become more resilient through incremental adjustments in planning and small changes in what they do every day. The guide also shows how to identify critical transit-related interdependencies and engage in broader regional resilience efforts. The guide is accompanied by Volume 2: Research Overview, Volume 3: Literature Review and Case Studies, and a database called resilienttransit.org to help practitioners search for and identify tools to help plan for natural disasters.

This website is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine or the Transportation Research Board (collectively "TRB") be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operation of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.

TRB hosted a webinar that discusses the research on March 12, 2018. A recording is available.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!