National Academies Press: OpenBook

Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions (2018)

Chapter: Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms

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Page 60
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25020.
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Page 60
Page 61
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25020.
×
Page 61
Page 62
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25020.
×
Page 62

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

60 ACJA Atlantic City Jitney Association BAAQMD Bay Area Air Quality Management District BART Bay Area (CA) Rapid Transit C/CAG City/County Association of Governments of San Mateo County (CA) CID Community improvement district CPCN Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity CTA Chicago (IL) Transit Authority DRT Demand-responsive transit FAQ Frequently asked question FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FHV For-hire vehicle GPS Global positioning system KCATA Kansas City Area (MO/KS) Transportation Authority LRT Light rail transit MaaS Mobility as a service MARTA Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (Atlanta, GA) MTA Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York, NY) MTC Metropolitan Transportation Commission (Bay Area, CA) NJT New Jersey Transit NTD National Transit Database NYCDOT New York City Department of Transportation PATH Port Authority Trans-Hudson (New York/New Jersey) RTD Regional Transit District (Denver, CO) SF-CHAMP San Francisco (CA) Chained Activity Modeling Process SFCTA San Francisco County (CA) Transportation Authority SFMTA San Francisco (CA) Municipal Transportation Authority SMCTA San Mateo County (CA) Transportation Authority SOV Single-occupancy vehicle SUV Sport utility vehicle TDM Transportation demand management TLC Taxi and Limousine Commission (New York City, NY) TMA Transportation management association TNC Transportation network company VMT Vehicle miles traveled Acronyms, Abbreviations, and Initialisms

Abbreviations and acronyms used without definitions in TRB publications: A4A Airlines for America AAAE American Association of Airport Executives AASHO American Association of State Highway Officials AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials ACI–NA Airports Council International–North America ACRP Airport Cooperative Research Program ADA Americans with Disabilities Act APTA American Public Transportation Association ASCE American Society of Civil Engineers ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials ATA American Trucking Associations CTAA Community Transportation Association of America CTBSSP Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program DHS Department of Homeland Security DOE Department of Energy EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAST Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (2015) FHWA Federal Highway Administration FMCSA Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration FRA Federal Railroad Administration FTA Federal Transit Administration HMCRP Hazardous Materials Cooperative Research Program IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ISTEA Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 ITE Institute of Transportation Engineers MAP-21 Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (2012) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAO National Association of State Aviation Officials NCFRP National Cooperative Freight Research Program NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration NTSB National Transportation Safety Board PHMSA Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration RITA Research and Innovative Technology Administration SAE Society of Automotive Engineers SAFETEA-LU Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (2005) TCRP Transit Cooperative Research Program TDC Transit Development Corporation TEA-21 Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (1998) TRB Transportation Research Board TSA Transportation Security Administration U.S.DOT United States Department of Transportation

TRA N SPO RTATIO N RESEA RCH BO A RD 500 Fifth Street, N W W ashington, D C 20001 A D D RESS SERV ICE REQ U ESTED ISBN 978-0-309-44687-7 9 7 8 0 3 0 9 4 4 6 8 7 7 9 0 0 0 0

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TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Research Report 196: Private Transit: Existing Services and Emerging Directions provides information about private transit services and ways they are addressing transportation needs in a variety of operating environments. The document contains an overview and taxonomy of private transit services in the United States, a review of their present scope and operating characteristics, and a discussion of ways they may affect the communities in which they operate along with several case studies and other supporting information.

Private transit services—including airport shuttles, shared taxis, private commuter buses, dollar vans and jitneys—have operated for decades in many American cities. Recently, business innovations and technological advances that allow real-time ride-hailing, routing, tracking, and payment have ushered in a new generation of private transit options. These include new types of public-private partnership that are helping to bridge first/last mile gaps in suburban areas.

The report also examines ways that private transit services are interacting with communities and transit agencies, as well as resulting impacts and benefits.

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