Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Ph.D., is project manager at International Lipid Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS)-Ghana at the University of Ghana. Dr. Adu-Afarwuah’s research is in the area of maternal and infant nutrition, with a focus on the prevention and treatment of malnutrition. His previous work includes the assessment of the efficacy and acceptability of multiple micronutrient supplements used in home fortification for pregnant and lactating women and infants, and the impact of lipid-based nutrient supplements given to children attending routine growth-monitoring sessions on prevention of severe acute malnutrition. Before the iLiNS Project, Dr. Adu-Afarwuah worked with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), first as a nutrition consultant and then as a nutrition program officer. He has also been a consultant for the World Bank. In the iLiNS Project, Dr. Adu-Afarwuah is the project manager for the Ghana site.
Lindsay Allen, Ph.D., has been the center director of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service (USDA, ARS) Western Human Nutrition Research Center since 2004. She was formerly a professor in the Department of Nutrition at the University of California, Davis, where she is now an adjunct research professor. Dr. Allen’s research focuses on the prevalence, causes, and consequences of micronutrient deficiencies, primarily in developing countries. She has evaluated interventions with micronutrient supplements, food fortification, and food-based approaches to improve nutritional status, pregnancy outcomes, and child development, resulting in more than 200 publications from many countries. One of her most important achievements has been to document the widespread high prevalence
of vitamin B12 deficiency. Her research investigates the adverse functional consequences of this deficiency on infants, children, and women in developing countries, as well as the elderly in the United States, and the effects of different interventions to alleviate this deficiency. These interventions have included supplements for lactating women, infants, and children; animal source foods (meat and milk); and intramuscular injection of high doses. She is part of a team testing the use of 14C-vitamin B12, measured by accelerator mass spectrometry, for measuring vitamin B12 absorption and bioavailability in various conditions. Her laboratory is currently collaborating in the development and evaluation of a new combined indicator of vitamin B12 status, cB12. Dr. Allen’s laboratory has recently developed efficient mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography methods for the measurement of multiple vitamins simultaneously in human milk. Application of these methods is revealing poor breast milk micronutrient content in some populations consuming poor quality diets, and enabling assessment of the effect of maternal supplementation on breast milk quality. Dr. Allen has served on 10 committees of the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including the Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes. She has advised many national, bilateral, and international organizations including World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). She is principal author of the book What Works? A Review of the Efficacy and Effectiveness of Nutrition Interventions, and of WHO’s Guidelines on Food Fortification with Micronutrients. She served as president of the American Society of Nutritional Sciences and the Society for International Nutrition Research, and vice president of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. From the American Society for Nutrition she received the Kellogg Prize for International Nutrition, the Conrad A. Elvehjem Award for Public Service in Nutrition, and the McCollum International Lectureship. Dr. Allen is currently a member of the steering committee of the Micronutrient Forum and the International Nutrition Foundation, and chair of the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) Biomarkers in Nutrition and Development Expert Panel on Vitamin B12.
Stephanie Atkinson, Ph.D., D.Sc. (Hon), F.C.A.H.S., is tenured professor and nutrition clinician–scientist in the Department of Pediatrics, and associate member, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, as well as professional staff in McMaster Children’s Hospital, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Her research has focused on pediatric nutrition, particularly in relation to skeletal development in premature and term infants and in children with
boney morbidity secondary to disease process and/or drug therapy (e.g., steroids) in diseases such as lymphoblastic leukemia, nephrosis, rheumatoid disorders, cystic fibrosis, or epilepsy. Current research encompasses clinical trial and epidemiological investigations beginning in pregnancy that explore the environmental (nutrition), genetic, and biochemical factors during fetal, neonatal, and early childhood life that play a role in defining the offspring phenotype and as risk determinants for noncommunicable diseases. Professionally, Dr. Atkinson has and continues to serve on various grant review panels in Canada and Europe as well as expert and advisory panels struck by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (Food and Nutrition Board), the Office of Dietary Supplements of the National Institutes of Health or Health Canada that relate to development of the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) and Dietary Guidelines for Americans. She is chair of the Board of Directors of the Maternal, Infant, Child and Youth Health Research Network (MICYRN) and co-lead of the MICYRN Canadian Birth Cohort Coalition to harmonize data from Canadian birth cohort studies. Her professional service and achievements in nutrition research have been recognized through receipt of many national awards including election as a fellow in the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences and the American Society for Nutrition, the Governor General of Canada’s award of the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, and an Honorary Doctor of Science from her alma mater, Western University.
Francesco Branca, Ph.D., is the director of the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development in the World Health Organization in Geneva. He graduated in medicine and surgery and specialized in diabetology and metabolic diseases at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Roma. He obtained a Ph.D. in nutrition at Aberdeen University. He was a senior scientist at the Italian Food and Nutrition Research Institute, where he was responsible for the design and implementation of several studies on the effects of food and nutrients on human health at the different stages of the life cycle, and for the design, management, and evaluation of public health nutrition programs. He was president of the Federation of the European Nutrition Societies from 2003–2007.
Peter Clifton, Ph.D., is professor of nutrition at the University of South Australia and a research fellow at Baker International Diabetes Institute (IDI) Heart and Diabetes Institute. He is an internationally respected leader in the field of cardiovascular disease, nutrition, and health. To date, Dr. Clifton has contributed to informing scientific opinion through publication of 164 journal articles, more than 100 of these in the last 10 years, 6 book chapters, and many scientific presentations. Dr. Clifton actively contributes to the provision of scientific leadership to the food industry sector and has
positively influenced the health of Australians through his high profile in publications such as the Total Wellbeing Diet while at Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and more recently the Diabetes, Diet and Lifestyle Plan (Penguin 2011).
Umi Fahmida, Ph.D., M.Sc., is the deputy director for programs at the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Regional Center for Food and Nutrition (SEAMEO RECFON) at the University of Indonesia, Jakarta. At SEAMEO RECFON, she performs research-teaching-consultancy activities in community nutrition. She also teaches the Nutrition Study Program for postgraduate students in the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Indonesia. She earned her bachelor’s degree from the Faculty of Agriculture Technology, Bogor Agriculture University, and her M.Sc. in community nutrition and Ph.D. in nutrition from the Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia. She received a postdoctoral research award from the Scientific Programme Indonesia-Netherlands for her nutrigenomics/nutrigenetics study on the role of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and iron on young child cognition. Her research interest is on the use of linear/goal programming to develop and evaluate food-based recommendations and the effects of nutrient and non-nutrient (psychosocial stimulation, gene) interactions on infant and child growth and development. Dr. Fahmida and her team have done extensive work on the use of linear/goal programming to develop and evaluate complementary feeding recommendations in Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, and Myanmar and advised postgraduate students from Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and the Philippines on this topic. She is also a member of the editorial board of the Malaysian Journal of Nutrition.
Susan Fairweather-Tait, Ph.D., is a professor at Norwich Medical School at the University of East Anglia (UEA). After she received her Ph.D. at King’s College London (formerly Queen Elizabeth College), she worked in the food industry for a short while and then moved to the Institute of Food Research, Norwich, initially as a senior research scientist and later as head of the nutrition division and program leader for micronutrients. In 2006 she was offered a personal chair in the School of Medicine, Health Policy & Practice at UEA and moved to UEA in early 2007. Dr. Fairweather-Tait’s research expertise is in micronutrients, in particular iron bioavailability and requirements for optimal health, using a combination of cell/in vitro models and human studies and working in collaboration with colleagues both nationally and internationally. Her current teaching activity is focused on undergraduate medical degree students (nutrition, diet and health, and
preventive medicine) and postgraduate students. Her lectures include diet and bone health, nutritional anemias, and micronutrient requirements.
Rosalind Gibson, Ph.D., M.S.P.H., is an emerita professor in the Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. She has an M.S. in public health (nutrition) from the School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, and a Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of London, United Kingdom. She has had a lifelong interest in international nutrition, initially working in the Ethio-Swedish Children’s Nutrition Unit in Ethiopia for 3 years, and subsequently in collaborative research studies on micronutrients in Papua New Guinea, Guatemala, Ghana, Malawi, Zambia, and Ethiopia as well as Thailand, Mongolia, and more recently Cambodia, Northeastern Brazil, and Indonesia. Before joining the University of Otago, she was a faculty member in the Division of Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph. Dr. Gibson is a member of the International Zinc Nutrition Collaborative Group (IZiNCG), a fellow of the American Society of Nutrition, and a fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand. She is the author of a standard reference text, Principles of Nutritional Assessment, published by Oxford University Press and regularly teaches short courses on this topic in Indonesia and Ethiopia, and formerly in Thailand and South Africa. She has been co-director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Nutrition in the Western Pacific Region in the department until 2017 and is the recipient of the McHenry Award by the Canadian Society of Nutritional Sciences, the Rank Prize from the British Nutrition Society, and the Kellogg International Prize by the American Society of Nutrition. Her research interests focus on etiology and impact of micronutrient deficiencies on growth, development, and health, and emphasize sustainable food-based strategies to combat micronutrient deficiencies.
Hasan Hutchinson, Ph.D., N.D., is the director general of the Office of Nutrition Policy and Promotion within the Health Products and Food Branch of Health Canada. As the focal point for public health nutrition within the federal government, the office strives to promote the nutritional health and well-being of Canadians. The office’s main functions include dietary guidance, food and nutrition surveillance, research and data analysis, health promotion, and public health nutrition policy. Dr. Hutchinson is also the co-chair of the Federal/Provincial/Territorial Group on Nutrition and of the multisectoral Network on Healthy Eating. He serves on a number of nutrition-related committees at the World Health Organization and Pan American Health Organization and has served on a number of health-related committees at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and at the United Nations. He also served as chair of Canada’s Sodium Working Group.
Janet King, Ph.D., R.D., is executive director of Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute (CHORI) and professor of nutrition at the University of California, Berkeley, and Davis. Throughout a long and distinguished career, Dr. King has made substantive contributions to the body of human nutrition research, application, and policy development. In recognition of her national and international reputation, she was elected to the National Academy of Medicine in 1994, and in 2007, she was inducted into the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Research Hall of Fame. She directed the USDA Western Human Nutrition Research Center at the University of California, Davis (1995–2002) and chaired the Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of California, Berkeley (1988–1994). Dr. King’s research focuses on metabolic adjustments to changes in nutrient intakes in humans; she is especially interested in metabolism and nutrient utilization of pregnant and lactating women. Dr. King’s impact on the field of human nutrition extends well beyond her research accomplishments. For example, she chaired the USDA/U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee. The committee’s work resulted in the publication of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005 that had a significant impact on what Americans eat. When Dr. King was the chair of the Institute of Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board in 1994, the paradigm for the then new Dietary Reference Intakes was established. She recently chaired a United Nations University, Food and Agriculture Organization, World Health Organization Joint Committee on Dietary Harmonization and is a member of the United Nations International Consultative Group on Zinc.
Anura Kurpad, M.D., Ph.D., is a professor and the head of physiology and nutrition at St John’s Medical College, Bangalore, India, and was the Founding Dean of St John’s Research Institute, Bangalore, India. He is presently the head of the first International Atomic Energy Agency Collaborating Centre on Nutrition, located at St John’s, and is the past-president of the Nutrition Society of India. He is a fellow of the National Academy of Medical Sciences, fellow of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences, and Margdarshi fellow of the Wellcome Trust-DBT India Alliance. He has published 350 papers, and is co-author of the Asian Edition of Guyton’s Textbook of Physiology, co-editor of the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, and associate editor of the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. He is the chairman of the Scientific Advisory Group of the Nutrition Division of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR); Scientific Advisory Committee of the National Institute of Nutrition; ICMR Expert Committee on Tolerable Upper Limits of Nutrients; ICMR Task Force on Improving Health and Nutritional Status of Vulnerable Segments of the Population; ICMR Task Force on Indian Comprehensive Health and
Nutrition Survey; the Protein Quality Group at the Nevin Scrimshaw International Nutrition Foundation; and the Ethics Committee of the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore.
Anna Lartey, Ph.D., M.Sc., is the president of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences (2013–2017) and director of nutrition at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy (October 2013–present). She was a professor of nutrition at the University of Ghana (1986–2013). Dr. Lartey attended the University of California, Davis, as a Fulbright student and received her Ph.D. in international nutrition. She received her M.Sc. and B.Sc. degrees from the University of Guelph, and the University of Ottawa, Canada. Subsequent to this she worked as a researcher in sub-Saharan Africa for 27 years. Her research focused on maternal child nutrition. She has received several awards; among these are the University of Ghana’s “Best Researcher Award for 2004”; the International Development Research Center (IDRC, Canada) Research Chair in Nutrition for Health and Socioeconomic Development in sub-Saharan Africa (2009–2014); African Nutrition Society award (2014) for contribution to nutrition research and capacity building; Ghana Women of Excellence Award (2012) for contribution to science and nutrition research in Ghana; “Yokama” (Ideal Woman) from the Manya Krobo Traditional Council for contribution to the development of the District; and she is the recipient of the Sight and Life Nutrition Leadership Award for 2014. During her tenure as International Union of Nutritional Sciences president, the statues and rules of the organization have been completely rewritten to bring them in line with practices of a modern scientific society.
Joseph Lau, M.D., is professor in the Center for Evidence-based Medicine within the School of Public Health and codirector of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) designated Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) at Brown University. Prior to his current position, he was professor of medicine and professor of clinical and translational science at the Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies at Tufts Medical Center. He directed the Tufts EPC from 1997 until 2012 and led the production of more than 80 evidence reports, technology assessments, and comparative effectiveness reviews under contract with the AHRQ. He has served as a member of a Food and Drug Administration advisory committee, and as a member of a Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization workshop. He served as a member on two Institute of Medicine (IOM) committees including the framework to evaluate the safety of dietary supplements and standards for clinical practice guidelines. He received his M.D. from Tufts University School of Medicine and completed
a fellowship in clinical decision making and medical computer science at the New England Medical Center.
Catherine Leclercq, Ph.D., is a nutritionist and expert of food consumption studies and dietary assessment. She was previously a senior researcher at the Italian Agricultural Research Council. She served for more than 10 years as a member of a panel of the European Food Safety Authority and on Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO) expert committees as an expert of dietary exposure to food chemicals. She joined the Nutrition Division (ESN) at the Headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in August 2013. Dr. Leclercq is leading the development of a new tool FAO/WHO GIFT (FAO/WHO Global Individual Food consumption data Tool), which is aimed at dramatically enhancing the use of existing individual food consumption data for nutrition and food safety purposes worldwide. This tool will answer key information needs of policy makers at country, regional, and global levels in the field of nutrition and food safety.
Amanda MacFarlane, Ph.D., is a research scientist in the Nutrition Research Division, Food Directorate, Health Canada. She received her Ph.D. in 2004 in Biochemistry in the lab of Dr. Fraser Scott from the University of Ottawa. Her Ph.D. work focused on defining the mechanism by which diet promotes autoimmune diabetes via an abnormal immune response in the gut for which she won the 2003 Ron Oelbaum Award for an Outstanding Canadian Research Scientist under the age of 35 from the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation. She did her postdoctoral research in the lab of Dr. Patrick Stover in the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University where she examined the effect of altered folate metabolism on genome stability and gene expression in colon cancer. She joined Health Canada as a research scientist in 2008. Her research examines the biochemical, genetic, and epigenetic mechanisms that underlie relationships between folic acid and chronic disease with a focus on cancer. In addition, she uses biochemical and molecular genetics approaches to study the effect of maternal dietary folate status during pregnancy on disease susceptibility in the offspring.
Christophe Matthys, Ph.D., is an assistant professor in human nutrition at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, and Scientific Coordinator of the clinical nutrition unit of the University Hospital Leuven, Belgium. Dr. Matthys has international research experience in the different domains of human nutrition (e.g., food consumption and nutrition surveys, nutrition policy and public health nutrition, nutritional epidemiology, experimental studies in nutritional epidemiology, food safety). He is an active member of
the Belgian Nutrition Society and the European Nutrition Leadership Platform. He is currently a member of the Scientific Committee of the Belgian Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain.
Helle Margrete Meltzer, Ph.D., is the research director of the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. She has many years of experience in food, nutrition, and health research. In recent years, she has been particularly interested in looking at nutrition in a larger perspective and believes that nutritionists’ responsibility should not stop at knowledge-based dietary advice based on health, but also help solve the issues of what is a sustainable future. She is a member of the National Council for Nutrition, where she currently works specifically with sustainability issues. Dr. Meltzer received her Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of Oslo.
Suzanne Murphy, Ph.D., R.D., is a researcher emerita at the University of Hawaii Cancer Center in Honolulu. Dr. Murphy’s research interests are both national and international, and include dietary assessment methodology, food and supplement composition databases, development and use of nutrient standards, and the nutritional epidemiology of chronic diseases. Dr. Murphy was elected treasurer of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences (IUNS) for two terms and co-chaired two IUNS task forces: the International Network of Food Data Systems (INFOODS) and Dietary Quality Indicators. She has served on several Institute of Medicine panels including the Subcommittee on Interpretation and Uses of Dietary Reference Intakes (as chair then member); the Subcommittee on Upper Safe Reference Levels of Nutrients (as member), and the Panel on Calcium and Related Nutrients (as member). She chaired the Committee to Review the WIC Food Packages and the Committee to Review Child and Adult Care Food Programs, and was a member of the Committee to Review the School Meals Programs. She is a member of the National Academy of Medicine and a fellow of the American Society for Nutrition. Dr. Murphy has received the Excellence in Dietary Guidance Award from the American Public Health Association, the Monsen Award for Outstanding Research Literature from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Steering Committee of the National Nutrient Databank Conference, and the Elvehjem Award for Public Service in Nutrition from the American Society for Nutrition. Dr. Murphy earned an M.S. in molecular biology from San Francisco State University and a Ph.D. degree in nutrition from the University of California, Berkeley.
John Muyonga, Ph.D., is a professor in the Department of Food Technology and Human Nutrition at Makerere University, Uganda, and current dean of the School of Food Technology, Nutrition, and Bioengineering. He
is widely published and cited in the fields of food science and nutrition. His research covers aspects of nutritional and nutraceutical properties of understudied foods, food processing, and processing waste valorization. He has also worked on determination of nutrition and food security status in different areas in Uganda, as well as on aspects of management of malnutrition. As university leader, he has been at the forefront of promoting research application.
Chizuru Nishida, Ph.D., is the coordinator of the Nutrition Policy and Scientific Advice Unit (NPU) in the Department of Nutrition for Health and Development (NHD) at the World Health Organization Headquarters (WHO/HQ) in Geneva. Her career in WHO began in 1984 in the Maternal and Child Health Programme in the WHO/HQ where she worked on WHO’s research project on infant and young child feeding and rearing practices developed as part of the Joint United Nations Children’s Fund/WHO Nutrition Support Programme (JNSP). She also worked in the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific and on several country office programmes. In 1990, she moved back to WHO/HQ to serve as the WHO secretariat for the 1992 International Conference on Nutrition (ICN), which adopted the World Declaration and Plan of Action for Nutrition, a blueprint for member states in developing their nutrition policies and action plans. In 2014, she also served as a WHO secretariat of the 2nd International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) which adopted the Rome Declaration on Nutrition and Framework for Action and led to the proclamation of the Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016–2025) by the United Nations General Assembly in April 2016. As the coordinator of NPU, currently she leads the work on: (1) development, updating, and dissemination of science-based guidelines and policy actions for preventing obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases; and (2) provision of guidance and support to the regions and countries in translating WHO guidelines into policy and program interventions through developing operational tools (including nutrient profile models and nutrition labeling) and providing capacity building training to address all forms of malnutrition throughout the life course. She also represents WHO at several Codex committees, particularly those related to nutrition and food labeling.
Caryl Nowson, Ph.D., is a professor of nutrition and aging at Deakin University’s School of Exercise and Nutrition. She teaches at the undergraduate and postgraduate level and also supervises higher-degree students. Dr. Nowson is a member of the Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research (C-PAN) and has a specific focus on reducing risk of cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis through preventive strategies that extend throughout the life span. Dr. Nowson’s research primarily centers on nutri-
tion related to hypertension and bone health. In addition to conducting a range of dietary and lifestyle intervention studies, she has recently focused on informing and changing policy to reduce risk of chronic disease, specifically cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis.
James Ntambi, Ph.D., received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in biochemistry and chemistry from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda, and his Ph.D. degree in biochemistry and molecular biology from the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland. He did his graduate and postdoctoral work at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in the laboratories of Drs. Paul T. Englund and M. Daniel Lane, respectively, where he started his work on the molecular biology of parasites and the regulation of genes of lipid metabolism. Dr. Ntambi has made distinguished contributions to the field of nutritional biochemistry, and his pioneering work on the genetic regulation of the stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase has recently led to many new insights into the importance of this enzyme in metabolism and in disease states, such as obesity, diabetes, atherosclerosis, inflammation, and cancer. His pioneering work will help explain the complex aspects of the “metabolic syndrome” and to advance our understanding of nutrient–gene interactions. Dr. Ntambi has published more than 150 peer-reviewed scientific papers and is also involved in international research and teaching efforts, including student and faculty exchange programs between Makerere University and the University of Wisconsin–Madison. He has received numerous awards, including the Osborne and Mendel Award, the Steenbock Career Development Award, the Fogarty International Biomedical Research Award, the Fulbright Research Award, the Arthur J. Maurer Extra Mile Award, the Excellence in International Activities Award, the Distinguished Chancellor’s Teaching Award, and the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Award for Exemplary Contributions to Education. Dr. Ntambi serves in National Institutes of Health (NIH) study sections and is a member of the NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Board of Scientific Counselors. He is also a member of the Institute of Medicine Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. He has been invited to present seminars on obesity and diabetes research at conferences in the United States and other countries, serves on numerous scientific committees, and is an advisor to government agencies. He has recently been inducted into the Uganda National Academy of Sciences.
Hee Young Paik, Sc.D., currently serves as the director of the Center for Gendered Innovations Research, Korea Federation of Women’s Science and Technology Associations (KOFWST), in Korea and professor emerita of Seoul National University. Dr. Paik received a doctor of science in nutri-
tion from the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, Massachusetts. After receiving her doctoral degree, she worked as a faculty member at Sookmyung Women’s University and then at Seoul National University in Korea until February 2016. She worked in various professional organizations serving various roles including president of the Korean Home Economics Association in 2013, the Korean Nutrition Society in 2015, and the Korea Federation of Women’s Science and Technology Associations from 2014 to 2016. She was the chair of the Korean Dietary Reference Intakes Committee from 2002 to 2005, when the Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans were newly developed in Korea. She was a member of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences Council from 2005 to 2009, and received several honors including Excellent Research Awards in Science (2005), National Honor for High Achievements in Science (2008), and Asia-Pacific Clinical Nutrition Award (2009), and the Blue Ribbon National Medal for Public Service (2012). Dr. Paik served as the minister of gender equality and family, Republic of Korea, 2009–2011.
Ann Prentice, O.B.E., Ph.D., D.U.S., Hon.F.R.C.P.C.H., Hon.F.N.S., F.Med. Sci., F.Af.N., F.R.S.B., is the director at Medical Research Council Elsie Widdowson Laboratory (EWL), as well as head of the Nutrition and Bone Health Group. Her research focuses on nutrient requirements for bone health, encompassing the nutritional problems of both affluent and developing societies. She is currently involved in projects studying pregnant and lactating women, children, adolescents, and older people in the United Kingdom, West Africa, Bangladesh, South Africa, and China. Dr. Prentice is chair of the United Kingdom Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition and a member of a number of other advisory committees. She is a fellow of the Academy of Medical Science and the Society of Biology; an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health; an honorary professor of the University of Witwatersrand, South Africa, and Shenyang Medical College, China; and a visiting professor of nutritional science at the University of Southampton. Dr. Prentice was awarded the British Nutrition Foundation Prize in 2011; the Laureate de Le Prix Scientifique, Institut Candia, France, in 1998; the Robert and Edna Langholz Award for International Nutrition in 2004; and an honorary doctorate from the University of Surrey in 2014. She was president of the Nutrition Society between 2004 and 2007 and appointed an OBE in the Birthday Honours List 2006.
Hildegard Przyrembel, M.D., Ph.D., started her career at the University Children’s Hospital Ulm working on a project financed by the German Society for Research on the amino acid requirement of premature infants, combining analytical laboratory work with a clinical education in
pediatrics, with special emphasis on inborn errors of metabolism. After moving to the University Children’s Hospital Düsseldorf for the continuation of her specialization in pediatrics, Dr. Przyrembel was, in addition, head of the laboratory for inborn errors of metabolism. This work, in cooperation with the metabolic laboratories of the Hammersmith Hospital, London, and the University Children’s Hospital in Utrecht, led to the discovery and definition of two new inborn errors of lysine metabolism. This was also the basis of her inaugural dissertation in 1979. In 1980, Dr. Przyrembel moved to the University Children’s Hospital Rotterdam and the Department of Cell Biology and Clinical Genetics of the Erasmus-University, Rotterdam, to become head of the Unit for Metabolic Disorders and of the Metabolic Laboratory. In cooperation with the Department of Biochemistry, the emphasis of her work shifted to defects in fatty acid oxidation and of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and their accessability to therapeutic measures. During this period she spent 3 months at the John F. Kennedy Child Development Center in Denver, Colorado. She was a member of the Dutch Guidance Committee for the Treatment of Phenylketonuria and contributed chapters to Dutch textbooks on pediatrics and medical genetics. In 1990, Dr. Przyrembel accepted a position in the Unit Nutrition in Medicine at the Federal Institute of Health at Berlin. This included analytical laboratory work, namely the analysis of the composition of nonprotein nitrogen in infant formula. She worked predominantly as a consultant in infant and child nutrition and dietetic therapy, both on national and international panels. Since the foundation of the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment in November 2002, Dr. Przyrembel’s tasks have been on the assessment of both benefits and risks in connection with dietary habits, including breastfeeding, and connected with the use of ingredients, nutrients, whole foods, and with residues (if the latter occur in human milk or foods for infants and children). In 2000, Dr. Przyrembel started as an expert and rapporteur (biotin, calcium, protein, and carbohydrates in infant formula) in the working groups on upper levels of vitamins and minerals, on infant formula composition, and on food additives (nutrient compounds) of the Scientific Committee on Food of the European Commission. Dr. Przyrembel was appointed a member of the Scientific Panel on Nutrition, Dietetic Foods, and Allergy of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in May 2003. Recent and actual tasks for EFSA include setting nutrient reference values, including upper levels for minerals and vitamins; safety of new ingredients in infant formula; safety of trans fatty acids; safety and benefits of fish consumption; and assessment of the scientific justification of claims in connection with nutrients/foods and nutritional effects of foods consisting of or derived from genetically modified organisms (contribution to >400 EFSA Opinions).
Kostas Stamoulis, Ph.D., is currently the assistant director-general a.i. of the Economic and Social Development Department at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. He served as director, strategic programme leader, Food Security and Nutrition, in FAO. He led through 2015 the design and provided strategic guidance of FAO’s Strategic Programme on Food Security and Nutrition, which cuts across several disciplines and geographical regions. Between 2008 and 2015 he was the director of the Agricultural Development Economics Division (ESA) of FAO. ESA carries out the bulk of analytical and evidence-based policy work of FAO with about 150 staff members. From 2007 to 2015 he was the secretary of the Committee on World Food Security and played a key role in the reform of the committee. Since joining FAO he has held progressively responsible technical and management positions. Before joining FAO in 1989, he was assistant professor of agricultural economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. From 1985 to 1987 he was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. His work includes issues related to the role of agriculture in rural development and rural poverty reduction in developing countries; the impact of changes in food systems on smallholder farmers and on rural poverty; the linkages between the agricultural sector and the rural nonfarm economy; and the integration of food security and nutrition in sectorial policies and programs. He has also carried out work on the assessment of the role of macroeconomic and exchange-rate policies on agriculture and the rural sector and the interdependence between exchange rates and financial and commodity markets. He has published a large number of papers, articles, books, and monographs on a variety of subjects. He holds a degree in economics from the Economics University of Athens (Greece), a master’s degree in agricultural economics from the University of Georgia (USA), and a Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics from the University of California, Berkeley.
Patrick J. Stover, Ph.D., is a professor and the director of the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University. He is also director of the United Nations Food and Nutrition Program for Human and Social Development at Cornell University and vice president elect of the American Society for Nutritional Sciences. Dr. Stover’s research interests focus on the biochemical, genetic, and epigenetic mechanisms that underlie the relationships between folic acid and human pathologies including neural tube defects and other developmental anomalies, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Specific interests include the regulation of folate-mediated one-carbon metabolism and cellular methylation reactions, molecular basis of the fetal origins hypothesis, development of mouse models to elucidate mechanisms of folate-related pathologies, and translational control of gene expression by ferritin. In 1976, he received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and
Engineers, the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. government on outstanding scientists and engineers beginning their independent careers. He received the ERL Stokstad Award in Nutritional Biochemistry from the American Society for Nutritional Sciences in 1999 and has been selected as an Outstanding Educator four times by Cornell Merrill Presidential Scholars.
Emorn Udomkesmalee, Ph.D., is the senior advisor and former director of the Institute of Nutrition, Mahidol University, Thailand. She holds a current position of adjunct associate professor in the Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University. Her research interests include micronutrient assessment, bioavailability, and metabolism; micronutrient interaction especially of vitamin A and zinc or iron and zinc; and micronutrient and immune function. She is currently a member of several international bodies and international committees: the Country Network of the Scaling Up Nutrition Movement; World Health Organization Nutrition Guidance Expert Advisory Group on Micronutrients; the International Zinc Nutrition Consultative Group; Steering Committee of the Micronutrient Forum; the International Union of Nutritional Sciences Council; the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition Partnership Council; International Food Policy Research Institute Strategic Advisory Council; the International Obesity Task Force Scientific Advisory Council; and the Culinary Institute of America’s Worlds of Healthy Flavors Scientific and Public Health Advisory Committee, as well as the Scientific Director of International Life Sciences Institute South East Asia Region.
Hans Verhagen, Ph.D., is the head of the European Food Safety Authority’s (EFSA’s) Risk Assessment and Scientific Assistance Department, which performs risk assessments on general health and safety issues in biological hazards, chemical contaminants, plant health, animal health and welfare, and provides support on data collection, emerging risks, exposure assessment, and risk assessment methodologies. Before EFSA he worked at the Rijkinstitut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu (Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment) and Toegepast Natuurweten Schappelijk Onderzoek (Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research), in Unilever Research and at the Universities of Maastricht and Nijmegen (Netherlands). He was member of EFSA’s Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies from 2006 to 2015. He is a board-certified toxicologist and nutritionist and a visiting professor at the University of Ulster in Northern Ireland from 2009.
George Wells, Ph.D., is the director of the Cardiovascular Research Methods Centre at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute and a professor in the School of Epidemiology, Public Health and Preventive Medicine,
at the University of Ottawa. Also at the University of Ottawa, he serves as a professor in the Department of Medicine and senior scientist affiliate at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute. Dr. Wells has worked extensively with national and international government and nongovernment research organizations, as well as private pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. He has been on the executive and steering committees of national and international research programs as well as on committees with the following focus: external safety and efficacy monitoring, scientific grant review, editorial, and scientific advisory. He is currently an associate editor of the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology and on the Editorial Committee for the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Dr. Wells received the University of Ottawa Excellence in Research Award in 2014 and the Canadian Society for Clinical Investigation Distinguished Scientist Award in 2007.