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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
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AGING AND DISABILITY

Beyond Stereotypes
to Inclusion

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Caroline M. Cilio and Tracy A. Lustig, Rapporteurs

Forum on Aging, Disability, and Independence

Board on Health Sciences Policy

Health and Medicine Division

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

images

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Washington, DC
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by a contract between the National Academy of Sciences and AARP (#10001270). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-47229-6
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-47229-6
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25029

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and disability: Beyond stereotypes to inclusion: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25029.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR A WORKSHOP ON DISRUPTING STEREOTYPES OF AGING AND DISABILITY: SOCIETAL IMPACTS AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR CHANGE1

NANCY LUNDEBJERG (Chair), Chief Executive Officer, American Geriatrics Society

MARGARET CAMPBELL, Consultant, Campbell & Associates Consulting

JOHN DOVIDIO, Car Iver Hovland Professor of Psychology and Public Health, Yale University

JANNI LEHRER-STEIN, Independent Consultant on Disability Policy and Advocacy

BECCA LEVY, Professor of Epidemiology and Psychology, Yale University

BRENDAN MCCARTHY, Director of the Fashion Design Program for Systems and Materiality and Assistant Professor of Fashion, Parsons School of Design

REBECCA STOECKLE, Vice President, Health and Human Development Division, Education Development Center

Project Staff

TRACY A. LUSTIG, Forum Director (from July 2017)

SARAH DOMNITZ, Forum Director (until July 2017)

CAROLINE M. CILIO, Senior Program Assistant

ANDREW M. POPE, Director, Board on Health Sciences Policy

__________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

FORUM ON AGING, DISABILITY, AND INDEPENDENCE1

TERRY T. FULMER (Co-Chair), The John A. Hartford Foundation

FERNANDO TORRES-GIL (Co-Chair), Luskin School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles

JAMES C. APPLEBY, The Gerontological Society of America

JOHN AUERBACH, Trust for America’s Health

MARIE BERNARD, National Institute on Aging

KENNETH BRUMMEL-SMITH, American Geriatrics Society and Florida State University College of Medicine

JULIE BYNUM, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

MARGARET L. CAMPBELL, Campbell & Associates, Consultants in Aging, Disability, and Technology Research and Policy

THOMAS E. EDES, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

ROBERT ESPINOZA, Paraprofessional Healthcare Institute

STEVE EWELL, Consumer Technology Association Foundation

DONNA FICK, The Pennsylvania State University College of Nursing

KATHY GREENLEE, Center for Practical Bioethics

ROBERT JARRIN, Qualcomm Inc.

SUSAN JENKINS, Administration for Community Living

JANNI LEHRER-STEIN, Disability Policy Consultant and Advocate

SARAH RUIZ, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research

PRABHJOT SINGH, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Health System

KATIE SMITH SLOAN, LeadingAge

JACK W. SMITH, U.S. Department of Defense

REBECCA STOECKLE, Education Development Center

ERWIN TAN, AARP

MICHELLE M. WASHKO, Health Resources and Services Administration

Forum on Aging, Disability, and Independence Staff

TRACY A. LUSTIG, Forum Director (from July 2017)

SARAH DOMNITZ, Forum Director (until July 2017)

CAROLINE M. CILIO, Senior Program Assistant

GOOLOO WUNDERLICH, Senior Program Officer

ANDREW M. POPE, Director, Board on Health Sciences Policy

__________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

JAMES C. APPLEBY, The Gerontological Society of America

DONNA FICK, The Pennsylvania State University College of Nursing

WALTER R. FRONTERA, University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine

SUSAN PESCHIN, Alliance for Aging Research

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings, nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by DAVID B. REUBEN, University of California, Los Angeles. He was responsible for making certain

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
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Many different groups of people are subject to stereotypes. Positive stereotypes (e.g., “older and wiser”) may provide a benefit to the relevant groups. However, negative stereotypes of aging and of disability continue to persist and, in some cases, remain socially acceptable. Research has shown that when exposed to negative images of aging, older persons demonstrate poor physical and cognitive performance and function, while those who are exposed to positive images of aging (or who have positive self-perceptions of aging) demonstrate better performance and function. Furthermore, an individual’s expectations about and perceptions of aging can predict future health outcomes. To better understand how stereotypes affect older adults and individuals with disabilities, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, with support from AARP, convened a public workshop on October 10, 2017. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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