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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. High-Performance Bolting Technology for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25032.
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Page 142
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. High-Performance Bolting Technology for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25032.
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Page 143
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. High-Performance Bolting Technology for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25032.
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Page 144
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. High-Performance Bolting Technology for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25032.
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Page 145

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

C Acronyms σ yield strength ALARP as low as reasonably practicable API American Petroleum Institute ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASTM American Section of the International Association for Testing Materials BOP blow-out preventer, safety equipment that seals the well in case of an emergency BSEE Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (Department of the Interior) BSL bolting specification levels CALPHAD Calculation of Phase Diagrams CHdiff diffusible hydrogen CHtot total hydrogen CP corrosion potential CRA corrosion resistant alloys 142

Appendix C 143 DBTT ductile-to-brittle transition temperature DER designated engineering representative DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy EAC environmentally assisted cracking FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAR Federal Aviation Regulation FDM Finite Difference Method FoS factor of safety HAC hydrogen-assisted cracking HE hydrogen embrittlement HEC hydrogen-enhanced cracking HEDE hydrogen-enhanced decohesion HELP hydrogen-enhanced local plasticity HSI Human Systems Integration IADC International Association of Drilling Contractors ICME Integrated Computational Materials Engineering IOGP International Association of Oil and Gas Producers JETQC Jet Engine Titanium Quality Consortium KIscc Fracture toughness (KI) is the stress intensity factor at a crack tip under simple uniaxial loading. The subscript I stands for Mode I loading (unixial), while the subscript SCC stands for stress corrosion cracking KPI key performance indicators LMRP Lower Marine Riser Package—the upper section of a two-section subsea blowout preventer (BOP) stack consisting of a hydraulic connector, annular BOP, ball/flex joint, riser adapter, jumper hoses for the choke, kill, and auxiliary lines, and subsea control pods. This interfaces with the lower subsea BOP stack. (from API RP 16Q, Recommended Practice for Design, Selection, Operation and Maintenance of Marine Drilling Riser Systems) LRFD load and resistance factor design

144 H i g h - P e r f o r m a n c e B o lt i n g Te c h n o l o g y MODU Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit MoS margin of safety NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NAVSEA Naval Sea Systems Command NDT non-destructive testing NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission OCS Outer Continental Shelf—all submerged lands lying seaward of state coastal waters (3 miles offshore) that are under U.S. jurisdiction (from Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, “OCS Lands Act His- tory,” https://www.boem.gov/ocs-lands-act-history/, accessed July 10, 2017) OEM original equipment manufacturer OESI Ocean Energy Safety Institute PRA Probabilistic Risk Assessment QA/QC quality assurance/quality control Q&T quenched and tempered RC Rockwell “C” (hardness measurement scale) RCA root cause analysis RKB Rotary Kelly Bushing ROI return on investment ROV remotely operated underwater vehicle SCC stress corrosion cracking SEMS Safety and Environmental Management Systems SF safety factor (see factor of safety) TDS total dissolved solids TiC titanium carbide UERR Undiscovered Economically Recoverable Resources (from Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Nation’s Outer Continental Shelf, 2016, https:// www.boem.gov/2016-National-Assessment-Fact-Sheet) UHSS ultra-high-strength steel UT ultrasonic transducer

Appendix C 145 UTM ultrasonic method UTRR Undiscovered Technically Recoverable Resources (from Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Nation’s Outer Continental Shelf, 2016, https://www. boem.gov/2016-National-Assessment-Fact-Sheet) VIV vortex induced vibration

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High-Performance Bolting Technology for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations Get This Book
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Commercially significant amounts of crude oil and natural gas lie under the continental shelf of the United States. Advances in locating deposits, and improvements in drilling and recovery technology, have made it technically and economically feasible to extract these resources under harsh conditions. But extracting these offshore petroleum resources involves the possibility, however remote, of oil spills, with resulting damage to the ocean and the coastline ecosystems and risks to life and limb of those performing the extraction. The environmental consequences of an oil spill can be more severe underwater than on land because sea currents can quickly disperse the oil over a large area and, thus, cleanup can be problematic.

Bolted connections are an integral feature of deep-water well operations. High-Performance Bolting Technology for Offshore Oil and Natural Gas Operations summarizes strategies for improving the reliability of fasteners used in offshore oil exploration equipment, as well as best practices from other industrial sectors. It focuses on critical bolting—bolts, studs, nuts, and fasteners used on critical connections.

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