National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

ADVANCING OBESITY SOLUTIONS
Through Investments in the

Built Environment

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Steve Olson, Rapporteur

Roundtable on Obesity Solutions

Food and Nutrition Board

Health and Medicine Division

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported in part by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; Alliance for a Healthier Generation; the American Academy of Pediatrics; the American College of Sports Medicine; the American Council on Exercise; the American Heart Association; the American Society for Nutrition; the Bipartisan Policy Center; the Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation; The California Endowment; ChildObesity180/Tufts University; Chobani; Edelman; General Mills; the Greater Rochester Health Foundation; Health Partners, Inc.; The JPB Foundation; Kaiser Permanente; The Kresge Foundation; Mars, Inc.; the National Recreation and Park Association; Nemours; Nestlé Nutrition; Nestlé USA; Novo Nordisk; the Obesity Action Coalition; The Obesity Society; Partnership for a Healthier America; Reebok, International; The Reinvestment Fund; the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; Salud America!; Weight Watchers International, Inc.; and YMCA of the USA. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-47459-7
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-47459-0
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25074

Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2018 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing obesity solutions through investments in the built environment: Proceedings of a workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/25074.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

images

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

images

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON ADVANCING OBESITY SOLUTIONS THROUGH INVESTMENTS IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT1

MARLON G. BOARNET, Professor and Chair, Department of Urban Planning and Spatial Analysis, Sol Price School of Public Policy, University of Southern California

JAMIE F. CHRIQUI, Professor, Health Policy and Administration, University of Illinois at Chicago

JENNIFER DILL, Professor and Director, Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University

JANET FULTON, Chief, Physical Activity and Health Branch, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

KIMBERLEY HODGSON, Principal Consultant, Cultivating Healthy Places

MARJORIE INNOCENT, Senior Director for Health Programs, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

KELLIE MAY, Director, Health and Wellness, National Recreation and Park Association

MYETA M. MOON, Director, Health, United Way Worldwide

RUSSELL R. PATE, Professor, Exercise Science, and Director, Children’s Physical Activity Research Group, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina

JAMES F. SALLIS, Distinguished Professor, Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, and Director, Active Living Research, Division of Behavioral Medicine, University of California, San Diego

GISELLE SEBAG, Director, Programs, Center for Active Design

Health and Medicine Division Staff

LESLIE J. SIM, Roundtable on Obesity Solutions Director

HEATHER DEL VALLE COOK, Senior Program Officer

ELEANORE ALEXANDER, Associate Program Officer

AMANDA NGUYEN, Associate Program Officer

DARA SHEFSKA, Research Assistant (until March 2018)

CYPRESS LYNX, Senior Program Assistant

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON OBESITY SOLUTIONS1

BILL PURCELL III (Chair), Farmer Purcell White & Lassiter, PLLC, Nashville, Tennessee

RUSSELL R. PATE (Vice Chair), University of South Carolina, Columbia

MARY T. STORY (Vice Chair), Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

SHARON ADAMS-TAYLOR, American Association of School Administrators, Alexandria, Virginia

KATIE ADAMSON, YMCA of the USA, Washington, DC

ANDREA M. AZUOMA, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California

CAPT HEIDI MICHELS BLANCK, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia

JEANNE BLANKENSHIP, Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Washington, DC

DON W. BRADLEY, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina

CEDRIC X. BRYANT, American Council on Exercise, San Diego, California

HEIDI F. BURKE, Greater Rochester Health Foundation, Rochester, New York

DEBBIE I. CHANG, Nemours, Newark, Delaware

JOHN COURTNEY, American Society for Nutrition, Bethesda, Maryland

ANNE DATTILO, Nestlé Nutrition, Florham Park, New Jersey

MERRY DAVIS, Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation, Durham, North Carolina

CHRISTINA ECONOMOS, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts

IHUOMA ENELI, American Academy of Pediatrics, Columbus, Ohio

GARY FOSTER, Weight Watchers International, Inc., New York, New York

DAVID D. FUKUZAWA, The Kresge Foundation, Troy, Michigan

MONICA HOBBS VINLUAN, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, New Jersey

MARJORIE INNOCENT, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Baltimore, Maryland

SCOTT I. KAHAN, The George Washington University, Washington, DC

AMY KULL, Edelman, San Francisco, California

SHIRIKI KUMANYIKA, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

CATHERINE KWIK-URIBE, Mars, Inc., Germantown, Maryland

THEODORE KYLE, The Obesity Society, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

___________________

1 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published Proceedings of a Workshop rests with the workshop rapporteur and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

LISEL LOY, Bipartisan Policy Center, Washington, DC

KELLIE MAY, National Recreation and Park Association, Ashburn, Virginia

MYETA M. MOON, United Way Worldwide, Alexandria, Virginia

JOSEPH NADGLOWSKI, Obesity Action Coalition, Tampa, Florida

BARBARA PICOWER, The JPB Foundation, New York, New York

SUE PECHILIO POLIS, National League of Cities, Washington, DC

ROBERT C. POST, Chobani, New York, New York

AMELIE G. RAMIREZ, Salud America!, San Antonio, Texas

OLIVIA ROANHORSE, Notah Begay III Foundation, Santa Ana Pueblo, New Mexico

NANCY ROMAN, Partnership for a Healthier America, Washington, DC

KEVIN R. RONNEBERG, Health Partners, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota

SYLVIA ROWE, S.R. Strategy, LLC, Washington, DC

JAMES F. SALLIS, University of California, San Diego

EDUARDO J. SANCHEZ, American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas

PATRICIA L. SMITH, The Reinvestment Fund, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

MARION STANDISH, The California Endowment, Oakland, California

MAHA TAHIRI, General Mills, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota

KATHLEEN TULLIE, Reebok, International, Canton, Massachusetts

HOWELL WECHSLER, Alliance for a Healthier Generation, New York, New York

JAMES R. WHITEHEAD, American College of Sports Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana

TRACY ZVENYACH, Novo Nordisk, Washington, DC

Health and Medicine Division Staff

LESLIE J. SIM, Roundtable on Obesity Solutions Director

HEATHER DEL VALLE COOK, Senior Program Officer

ELEANORE ALEXANDER, Associate Program Officer

AMANDA NGUYEN, Associate Program Officer

DARA SHEFSKA, Research Assistant (until March 2018)

CYPRESS LYNX, Senior Program Assistant

ANN L. YAKTINE, Director, Food and Nutrition Board

Consultant

WILLIAM (BILL) H. DIETZ, The George Washington University, Washington, DC

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings:

KIMBERLEY HODGSON, Cultivating Healthy Places

MARJORIE INNOCENT, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People

KATRINA PIERCY, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

ANNA RICKLIN, Planning and Community Health Center

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings, nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by MARY T. STORY, Duke University. She was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R10
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R11
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R12
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R13
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25074.
×
Page R14
Next: 1 Introduction »
Advancing Obesity Solutions Through Investments in the Built Environment: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $45.00 Buy Ebook | $36.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The built environment—the physical world made up of the homes, buildings, streets, and infrastructure within which people live, work, and play—underwent changes during the 20th and 21st centuries that contributed to a sharp decline in physical activity and affected access to healthy foods. Those developments contributed in turn to the weight gain observed among Americans in recent decades. Many believe, therefore, that policies and practices that affect the built environment could affect obesity rates in the United States and improve the health of Americans.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop in September 2017 to improve understanding of the roles played by the built environment in the prevention and treatment of obesity and to identify promising strategies in multiple sectors that can be scaled up to create more healthful and equitable environments. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!