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Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers (2018)

Chapter: Appendix A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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Page 125
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25109.
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A-1 APPENDIX A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations A-1 APPENDIX A: State TNC Statutes and Regulations This appendix provides citations to the 49 TNC statutes that had been enacted as of the end of 2017. (Only Oregon and Vermont had not enacted TNC statutes.) References to identified regulatory activity are also included. The appendix highlights more aspects of the statutes: whether the statute only governs insurance requirements (IO), covers more than insurance requirements (I+), or preempts local regulation—albeit in many cases making exceptions for airports (P). Less common aspects are limiting local regulation (Illinois and Maryland), specifically excluding workers’ compensation coverage (Arkansas), and sunsetting the legislation (Hawaii and Illinois). States for which no regulatory activity was identified are also flagged (X). Links to citations are provided for convenience; transit agencies should verify current statutory language from official sources. NB: in the case of states whose codes are administered by LexiNexis, links to free access version may not work with all browsers. • Alabama (IO; X): Act 2016-409 (SB 262) Transportation Network Companies Motor Vehicle Liability Insurance Requirements, ALA. CODE §§32-7C-1 to 32-7C-4 [Title 32 is accessible from http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/alison/codeofalabama/1975/coatoc.htm] • Alaska (I+; P): Chapter No. 10, SLA 2017, is accessible from http://www.akleg.gov/basis/Journal/Pages/30?Chamber=H&Bill=HB%20132&Page= 01642#1642, revised the Alaska Statutes by adding the following: ALASKA STAT. §09.65.350 (2017) [tort immunity], ALASKA STAT. §21.96.018 (2017) [insurance], ALASKA STAT. §§28.23.010 through 28.23.190 (2017) [Chapter 23, Transportation Network Companies and Drivers], ALASKA STAT. §29.35.148 (2017) [preemption], and by amending the following: ALASKA STAT. §23.30.230(a), (c) (2017) [exclusion from workers’ compensation], and ALASKA STAT. § 29.10.200 [limitation on home rule powers]; Alaska Department of Commerce and Economic Development, Div. of Corp., Business, and Professional Licensing, Transportation Network Drivers FAQs, https://www.commerce.alaska.gov/web/cbpl/businesslicensing/transportationnetwork drivers.aspx. • Arizona (I+; P): ARIZ. REV. STAT. §§28-142, 28-9551 through 28-9558). [Title 28 is accessible from http://www.azleg.gov/arsDetail/?title=28]; Arizona Department of Transportation, Professional Services, Vehicles for Hire Licensing, https://www.azdot.gov/mvd/professional-services/vehicle-for-hire- licensing/transportation-network-companies-(tnc). • Arkansas (I+; P): Transportation Network Company Services Act of 2015, ARK. CODE ANN. §§23-13-701 to 23-13-722 (2016), https://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/arcode/; Public Service Commission's Transportation Network Company Service Rules, http://www.apscservices.info/Rules/TNCrules2016.pdf • California (I+): CAL. PUB. UTIL. CODE §§5430-5445.2 (2016), https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displayText.xhtml?lawCode=PUC&divi sion=2.&title=&part=&chapter=8.&article=7; California Public Utilities Commission, Transportation Network Companies, http://www.cpuc.ca.gov/General.aspx?id=787.

A-2 A-2 • Colorado (I+): Transportation Network Company Act,1 COLO. REV. STAT. §§40- 10.1-601 to 40-10.1-608 and §8-41-211 (2017) [re worker’s compensation applicability], http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/Colorado/; Transportation Network Company Rules of the Rules Regulating Transportation by Motor Vehicle, 723-6-6700, 4 CCR 723-6 [4 CCR 723-6 is accessible from https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B8qvU2knU8BkRHhad0EwZVVuVTA/view]. • Connecticut (I+; X): Public Act No. 17-140, An Act Regulating Transportation Network Companies and Taxicabs (June 27, 2017), https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/act/pa/2017PA-00140-R00HB-07126-PA.htm, as amended by Public Act No. 17-203, An Act Concerning Transportation Network Companies and Taxicabs (July 10, 2017), https://www.cga.ct.gov/2017/act/pa/2017PA-00203-R00SB-00807-PA.htm. • Delaware (I+; P): DEL. CODE, tit. 2, §§1901-1915, 1917-1922, http://delcode.delaware.gov/title2/c019/; Division of Motor Vehicles, http://regulations.delaware.gov/AdminCode/title2/2000/2200/Vehicle/2289.pdf. • District of Columbia (I+; X): Vehicle-for-Hire Innovation Amendment Act of 2014, District of Columbia Laws 20-197 (Act 20-489), codified at D.C. Code §§50-301.29a to 50-301.29g, 50-301.34, https://beta.code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/50/chapters/3/subchapters/I/. • Florida (I+; P): FLA. STAT. §627.748 (2017), http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&Search_S tring=&URL=0600-0699/0627/Sections/0627.748.html; Department of Financial Services, see DFS 2017=2018 regulatory plan, https://www.myfloridacfo.com/division/RuleReview/documents/DFS2017- 2018RegulatoryPlan.pdf. • Georgia (I+; P): Ride Share Network Services and Transportation Referral Services, GA. CODE § 33-1-24 (5) [insurance], §§40-1-190 through 40-1-200, §40-5-39 [background check] (2017), https://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/; Georgia Department of Public Safety, For Hire Transportation Service FAQs, http://www.gamccd.net/Documents/DPS_HB225_FAQ.pdf; For Hire Transportation Service Licenses, http://gamccd.net/Documents/HB225_Application_Instructions.pdf • Hawaii (I+; X): Act 236, 2016 HAW. SESS. LAWS [contains preamble and adds Part VII to Chapter431, article 10C, Hawaii Revised Statutes], http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/session2016/bills/GM1345_.pdf, HAW. REV. STAT. §§431:10C-701 to 431:10C-705, http://www.capitol.hawaii.gov/hrscurrent/Vol09_Ch0431- 0435H/HRS0431/HRS_0431-0010C-701.htm • Idaho (I+; P; X): Transportation Network Company Services Act, Idaho Code, codified at §§49-3701 to 49-3715, https://legislature.idaho.gov/statutesrules/idstat/Title49/T49CH37/ • Illinois (I+; X): Transportation Network Providers Act (Public Act 098-1173, 2014; amended by Public Act 99-56, 2015), codified at 625 ILCS 57, 1 Senate Bill 14-125, Concerning the Regulation of Transportation Network Companies, https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3u7jb_duOQ2MzdjdGYxN0FjUlk/view, added part 6 (Transportation Network Company Act) to article 10.1 of title 40 and made conforming changes to other sections of articles 10 and 10.1 of title 40.

A-3 A-3 http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs3.asp?ActID=3589&ChapterID=49; City of Chicago retains regulatory authority for TNCs within the city, https://www.cityofchicago.org/city/en/depts/bacp/supp_info/transportation-network- providers.html. • Indiana (I+): IND. CODE §8-2.1-17 (2015) (Definitions), §§8-2.1-19.1-1 through 8- 2.1-19.1- 20 (2015) (Transportation Network Companies), http://iga.in.gov/legislative/laws/2017/ic/titles/008#8-2.1; Permit requirements administered by Indiana Department of Revenue, http://www.in.gov/legislative/iac/20150826-IR-045150275NRA.xml.pdf. • Iowa (I+; P): Iowa Code §§321N.1-321N11 (2016), https://www.legis.iowa.gov/docs/code/321N.pdf; State Department of Transportation, Administrative Rule – 761 IAC 540, Transportation Network Companies, https://www.legis.iowa.gov/docs/iac/chapter/761.540.pdf. • Kansas (I+; X): Kansas transportation network company services act, KAN. STAT. §§8-2701 through 8-2720 (2016), http://www.kslegislature.org/li/b2017_18/statute/008_000_0000_chapter/008_027_00 00_article/. • Kentucky (I+; P):2 KY. REV. STAT. §§281.010, Definitions for chapter; 281.630, Certificates issued by department; 281.6301, Criminal background checks; 281.830, Fees and taxes under this chapter are in addition to others—Limitations on fees and taxes imposed by cities and counties, http://www.lrc.ky.gov/statutes/chapter.aspx?id=38607; Department of Vehicle Regulation, http://drive.ky.gov/motor-carriers/Pages/Passenger-Vehicles.aspx (passenger carrier application). • Louisiana (I+; X): The Transportation Network Company Motor Vehicle Responsibility Law, LA. REV. STAT. §§45:201.1-45:201.13 (2015), http://legis.la.gov/legis/Laws_Toc.aspx?folder=119&title=45. • Maine (IO; X): Transportation Network Company Insurance Act, ME. REV. STAT. tit. 24-A, §§7301-7305 (2016), https://legislature.maine.gov/legis/statutes/24-A/title24- Ach93.pdf. • Maryland (I+): MD. CODE ANN., PUB. UTIL, §§10-101 to 10-112, 10-401-10-407, 10-501, 10-502 (2017), accessible from http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mdcode/; Public Service Commission, COMAR § 20.95.01, http://www.dsd.state.md.us/COMAR/SearchTitle.aspx?scope=20 • Massachusetts (I+; P): MASS. GEN. LAWS ch. 159A1/2, §§1-11 (2016), (TNC general law), https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleXXII/Chapter159A1~2; MASS. GEN. LAWS ch. 25, §23 (2016), (enforcement), enforhttps://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleII/Chapter25/Section23; MASS. GEN. LAWS ch. 6, § 172(a)(3) (2016), (maintenance of criminal records), https://malegislature.gov/Laws/GeneralLaws/PartI/TitleII/Chapter6/Section172; MASS. ACTS (2016), ch. 187, (regulating act), https://malegislature.gov/Laws/SessionLaws/Acts/2016/Chapter187; Dep’t of Public 2 TNC-related provisions are included throughout chapter 281; the most relevant provisions are listed here.

A-4 A-4 Utilities, 220 C.M.R. § 274.00: Transportation Network Companies, https://www.mass.gov/files/documents/2017/10/25/220cmr274.pdf. • Michigan (I+; P [with certain exceptions]): Limousine, Taxicab, and Transportation Network Company Act, Act 345 of 2016, MICH. COMP. LAWS §§ 257.2101-257.2153, http://legislature.mi.gov/doc.aspx?mcl-Act-345-of-2016; Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, Uber and Lyft Now Regulated Under New State Law, March 21, 2017, http://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-61343_35414_60647_78748-407411-- ,00.html. • Minnesota (IO; X): Transportation Network Financial Responsibility, MINN. STAT. §65B.472 (2016), https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes/?id=65B.472; Persons Entitled to Participate in Assigned Claims Plan, MINN. STAT. §65B.64 (2016), https://www.revisor.mn.gov/statutes?id=65B.64&year=2016&keyword_type=exact& keyword=transportation+network+company. • Mississippi (I+; P): (2016) MISS. CODE ANN. §§77-8-1 through 77-8-39, https://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/mscode/; 19 MISS. ADMIN. CODE, Part 9, Chapter 1, http://www.mid.ms.gov/legal/regulations/20169reg.pdf. • Missouri (IO; X): House Bill 130; MO. REV. STAT. §§379.1700, 379.1702, 379.1704, 379.1706, 379.1708 (2016), accessible from http://revisor.mo.gov/main/OneChapter.aspx?chapter=379. • Montana (I+[barely]; P): MONT. CODE ANN. §§69-12-340 through 69-12-345 (2017), http://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/title_0690/chapter_0120/part_0030/sections_index.html; see also MONT. CODE ANN. §69-12-415 (carrier fitness), http://leg.mt.gov/bills/mca/69/12/69-12-415.htm. • Nebraska (I+): NEB. REV. STAT. §§75-323 through 75-343 (2015), http://nebraskalegislature.gov/laws/browse-chapters.php?chapter=75; Public Service Commission, NEB. ADMIN. CODE §§291-3-012.01 through 291.3-12.20 (2016), http://www.psc.nebraska.gov/rules/rules_transportation.pdf. • Nevada (I+; P): NEV. REV. STAT. §§690B.400 through 690B.495 (2015) [insurance], https://www.leg.state.nv.us/NRS/NRS-690B.html; NEV. REV. STAT. §§706A.010 through 706A.310 (2015) [permits, driver, ADA, etc.], https://www.leg.state.nv.us/Nrs/NRS-706A.html; Nevada Transportation Authority, NEV. ADMIN. CODE §§706A.010 through 706A.770 (2015), https://www.leg.state.nv.us/NAC/NAC-706A.html. (click top link to view updates). • New Hampshire (I+; P; X): N.H. REV. STAT. §§ 376-A:1 through 376-A:19 (2016), http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/xxxiv/376-a/376-a-mrg.htm. • New Jersey (I+; P; X): Transportation Network Company Safety and Regulatory Act, P.L.2017, CHAPTER 26, approved Feb. 10, 2017, N.J. STAT. §§C.39:5H-1 to 39:5H-27 (2017), accessible from http://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&vid=Publish: 10.1048/Enu. (search form). • New Mexico (IO; P): N.M. STAT. §§65-7-1 to 65-7-22 (2017), (§65-7-2- amended in 2017 to exclude entity receiving funding to supplement transportation services through Title III B of the federal Older Americans Act of 1965, https://www.nmlegis.gov/Sessions/17%20Regular/final/HB0077.pdf); Public

A-5 A-5 Regulation Commission, NMAC §§18.7.1.1- 18.7.1.10, (general provision) http://www.nmprc.state.nm.us/transportation/docs/TNC%2018%207%201%20NMA C.pdf. • New York (I+; P except for NYC, limited preemption for Nassau, Westchester, and Suffolk Counties): N.Y. VEH. & TRAF. §§1691-1700 (2017); Department of Motor Vehicles FAQs for TNC Applicant, https://dmv.ny.gov/more-info/faq-tnc- applicants. • North Carolina (I+; P; X): N.C. GEN.STAT. §§20-280.1 through 20-280.10 (2016), http://www.ncleg.net/gascripts/statutes/StatutesTOC.pl?Chapter=0020; N.C. GEN.STAT. §160A-304(c), Regulation of taxis, http://www.ncleg.net/EnactedLegislation/Statutes/PDF/BySection/Chapter_160A/GS _160A-304.pdf. • North Dakota (I+; P): Transportation Network Company Insurance, N.D. CENT. CODE §§26.1-40.1-01 to 26.1-40.1-11 (2015), http://www.legis.nd.gov/cencode/t26- 1c40-1.pdf; N.D. CENT. CODE §§39-34-01 to 39-34-06, http://www.legis.nd.gov/cencode/t39c34.pdf; §39-34-06 amended in 2017, http://www.legis.nd.gov/assembly/65-2017/session- laws/documents/MTRVH.pdf#CHAPTER276; Guidance re: Secretary of State (registration) and Department of Transportation (reporting), https://www.nd.gov/ndins/uploads/57/FINALforWeb20170314TransportationNetwor kCompanyGuidance.pdf. • Ohio (I+; P): OHIO REV. CODE §§3942.01-3942.04 (2016) [insurance], http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/3942; §§4925.01-4925.10 (2016) [all other], http://codes.ohio.gov/orc/4925. Public Utilities Commission of Ohio, https://www.puco.ohio.gov/be-informed/consumer-topics/transportation-network- companies/. • Oklahoma (I+; P): OKLA. STAT. §§47-1010 through 47-1030 (2016). [Title 47 may be downloaded from http://www.oklegislature.gov/osStatuesTitle.html.] Oklahoma Corporation Commission (application form), http://occeweb.com/TR/TRAppsList.htm#TNC. • [Oregon: No statute as of 2017] • Pennsylvania (I+; P except for Philadelphia): 53 PA. CONST. STAT. §§57A01- 57A22 (2106), http://www.legis.state.pa.us/CFDOCS/LEGIS/LI/consCheck.cfm?txtType=HTM&ttl =53&div=00.&chpt=057A; Philadelphia Parking Authority regulates TNCs in Philadelphia, http://www.philapark.org/wp-content/uploads/Board-Order-No.-16- 002-TNCs-7.26.16-1.pdf; PUC regulates TNCs elsewhere in Pennsylvania, http://www.puc.state.pa.us/utility_industry/transportation/motor_carrier.aspx. • Rhode Island (I+; P): R. I. GEN. LAWS §§39-14.2-1 through 39-14.2-22 (2016), http://webserver.rilin.state.ri.us/Statutes/TITLE39/39-14.2/INDEX.HTM; Public Utilities Commission, http://www.ripuc.org/eventsactions/docket/D_17_27.html. • South Carolina (I+; P): S.C. CODE §§58-23-1610 through 58-23-1720 (2015), http://www.scstatehouse.gov/code/t58c023.php; Office of Regulatory Staff, http://www.regulatorystaff.sc.gov/Transportation/Pages/TransportationNetworkComp anies.aspx.

A-6 A-6 • South Dakota (I+; P, only as to insurance; X): S.D. CODIFIED LAWS §§32-40-1 through 32-40-23, http://sdlegislature.gov/Statutes/Codified_Laws/DisplayStatute.aspx?Type=Statute& Statute=32-40. • Tennessee (I+; P): TENN. CODE ANN. §55-12-141 (2015) [mandatory levels of insurance coverage], http://search.mleesmith.com/tca/55-12-0141.html; §56-7-1119 (2015) [authorization for insurers to exclude coverage from personal vehicle policy for time TNC driver is logged onto network or providing ride], http://search.mleesmith.com/tca/56-07-1119.html; §§65-15-0301 through 65-15-0311 (2015), http://search.mleesmith.com/tca/65-15-0300.html. • Texas (IO, except for control of TNC provision; P; X): TEX. INS. CODE ANN. §§1954.001- 1954.155 (2015), http://www.statutes.legis.state.tx.us/Docs/IN/htm/IN.1954.htm; TEX. OCC. CODE ANN. §§2402.001-2402.201 (1917), https://www.tdlr.texas.gov/tnc/tnclaw052917.pdf. • Utah (I+; P): UTAH CODE §§13-51-201 through 13-51-204 (2017), https://le.utah.gov/xcode/Title13/Chapter51/C13-51_2015051220150512.pdf. • [Vermont: No statute as of 2017] • Virginia (I+; P): VA. CODE, §§46.2-2099.45 through 46.2-2099.47, 46.2-2099.51 to 46.2-2099.53 (2015), http://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacode/title46.2/chapter20/; VA. CODE §46.2-2000, §46.2-2099.19:1, §§46.2-2099.48 through 46.2-2099.50 (2017) http://law.lis.virginia.gov/vacodeupdates/title46.2/. • Washington (IO; X): WASH. REV. CODE §§ 48.177.005, 48.177.010 (2016), http://app.leg.wa.gov/rcw/default.aspx?cite=48.177&full=true; TNCs also appear under Washington’s statute governing for-hire passenger vehicles, WASH. REV. CODE §§ 46.72.001 to 48.72.180 (2016), http://app.leg.wa.gov/RCW/default.aspx?cite=46.72. • West Virginia (I+; P): W. VA. CODE §§17-29-1 through 17-29-16 (2016), http://www.legis.state.wv.us/WVCODE/ChapterEntire.cfm?chap=17&art=29. Division of Motor Vehicles, http://www.transportation.wv.gov/DMV/DMVFormSearch/TNC_memo_and_applica tion_4-16_wf.pdf. • Wisconsin (I+; P): WIS. STAT. §§440.40-440.49, 440.495 (2015), https://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/statutes/statutes/440/IV/40/7; WIS. ADMIN. CODE SPS §§ 210.01-210.40, http://docs.legis.wisconsin.gov/code/admin_code/sps/professional_services/210/210.p df. • Wyoming (I+; P; X): WY. STAT. ANN. §§31-20-101 through 31-20-111 (2017), http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/wystatutes/.

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TRB's Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Legal Research Digest 53: Legal Considerations in Relationships Between Transit Agencies and Ridesourcing Service Providers explores the efforts made by public transit agencies to provide on-demand services to the public.

It also provides transit agencies with legal guidance for considering whether to enter into relationships with ridesourcing service providers (RSPs).

The report includes a description of ridesourcing services in the United States, state and municipal legislative and regulatory schemes, procurement and procurement processes, contractual and partnership provisions in agreements between RSPs and a public transit agency, issues of compliance with federal legislation and civil rights requirements and those under the Americans with Disabilities Act, legal claims and litigation, and risk management issues stemming from relationships between RSPs and transit agencies.

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