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1 More than 3,000 airports in the United States have received, at one time or another, an Air- port Improvement Program (AIP) grant from FAA for airport planning or development, and many of these airports received grants on a yearly basis. Each AIP grant currently issued by FAA comes with certain requirements that must be met. The 39 numbered requirements, called âgrant assurances,â cover a broad range of topics, from construction wages paid on an AIP- funded project to fees charged for the use of an airport. To complicate the issue, many of these 39 grant assurances themselves contain multiple requirements. Complying with each require- ment can be challenging for airports, especially small airports with minimal staff, but failure to comply can disqualify airports from federal funding. The Guidebook on Understanding FAA Grant Assurance Obligations (the Guidebook)âpublished as ACRP Web-Only Document 44, Volume 1âis intended to provide a comprehensive summary of all requirements included in the 39 grant assurances applicable to airport sponsors (owners or operators of the airport that execute the AIP grant agreements containing the grant assurances). The Guidebook describes the requirements, identifies actions that are required and those that are prohibited, identifies exceptions, describes the duration and the applicability of the require- ments, and discusses the potential consequences of noncompliance. The technical appendices in Volume 2 of ACRP Web-Only Document 44 are intended to provide supplemental information that may assist airport staff and other stakeholders in understanding which grant assurances apply to a particular situation and what is required to achieve or maintain compliance. Airport sponsors are not the only entities that receive AIP grants. Planning agencies also receive grants, and jurisdictions adjacent to airports may receive noise compatibility grants. The Guidebook does not address the grant assurances associated with these categories of sponsors. In addition, federal obligations may be imposed on airport sponsors through donation of federal land to the airport. The Guidebook does not address the obligations associated with donations of federal land. S e c t i o n 1 What Is the Guidebook About?