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Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions (2019)

Chapter: Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
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E

Committee Biographical Information

TODD A. KIMMELL, Chair, is a principal investigator with the Environmental Science Division at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory. Mr. Kimmell is an environmental scientist and policy analyst, with more than 35 years’ experience in solid and hazardous waste management, permitting and regulatory compliance, cleanup programs, environmental programs policy development, and emergency management and homeland security. He has supported the Army’s chemical and conventional munitions management programs, and has contributed to the Army’s Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives Program and the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program. Mr. Kimmell also has a strong technical background in analytical and physical/chemical test method development, and analytical quality assurance and control. He has served the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Homeland Security Research Center on environmental test methods for chemical, biological, and radiological assessment for emergency response. He was involved in the Army’s first coordinated effort to permit open burning/open detonation (OB/OD) operations nationwide, supported the Pentagon’s Operational Executive Environmental Steering Committee for Munitions and contributed to several Department of Defense (DoD) manuals, including the Military Munitions Rule Implementation Procedures Manual and Management and Disposition of Material Potentially Presenting an Explosive Hazard Procedures Manual. Mr. Kimmell has also supported a number of environmental permitting programs at Army chemical weapons storage sites and at OB/OD sites. He graduated from George Washington University with an M.S. in environmental science.

DOUGLAS M. MEDVILLE, Vice Chair, retired from MITRE as program leader for chemical materiel disposal and remediation. Mr. Medville has led many analyses of risk, process engineering, transportation, and alternative disposal technologies and has briefed public and senior military officials on the results. Mr. Medville was responsible for evaluating the reliability and performance of the demilitarization machines used by the Army to disassemble stockpile chemical munitions and wrote several test plans and protocols for alternative chemical munition disposal technologies. He also led the evaluation of the operational performance of the Army’s chemical weapon disposal facility on Johnson Atoll and directed an assessment of the risks, public perceptions, environmental aspects, and logistics of transporting recovered non-stockpile chemical warfare materiel to candidate storage and disposal destinations. Before that, he worked at Franklin Institute Research Laboratories and General Electric. Mr. Medville earned a B.S. in industrial engineering and an M.S. in operations research, both from New York University.

JUDITH A. BRADBURY is a retired technical manager from Battelle, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Dr. Bradbury graduated from the University of Pittsburgh with a Ph.D. in public and international affairs and has an M.A. in public affairs from the Indiana University of Pennsylvania and a B.S. in sociology from the London School of Economics. In her work, she has emphasized the relevance of social science insights and tools to the analysis and resolution of science policy issues. She has extensive experience in both the practice and research of public involvement and institutional activities. Her experience includes responsibility for planning and implementing outreach and education activities for the Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration partnership. Previous work includes evaluation of selected U.S. Army Restoration Advisory Boards; a series of evaluations of the effectiveness of the Department of Energy (DOE) Site-Specific Advisory boards; evaluation of a training program in public participation for DOE managers; meeting facilitation, planning, and program evaluation for the DOE nuclear waste transportation program; and research into community perspectives of the risks of incineration for disposing of the nation’s stockpile of chemical weapons.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
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GAIL CHARNLEY is the principal at HealthRisk Strategies, LLC. Dr. Charnley is an internationally recognized scientist specializing in environmental health risk assessment and risk management science and policy. She has 30 years of experience in the biological, chemical, and social policy aspects of environmental and public health protection, writing and speaking extensively on issues related to the roles of science and risk analysis in environmental and public health risk management decision making. Dr. Charnley focuses on strategic analysis and risk communication of complex scientific and regulatory issues to both nontechnical and scientific audiences. She works primarily on the safety of chemicals in food, environmental media, work environments, and consumer products. She served two terms on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, and she served on the Army Science Board, for which she chaired numerous committees and was responsible for managing the conduct of critical evaluations of the Army’s environmental and toxicological practices. She has also served on numerous peer review panels convened by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and Health and Welfare Canada. From 1994 to 1997 she was executive director of the Presidential/Congressional Commission on Risk Assessment and Risk Management, mandated by Congress to evaluate the roles that risk assessment and risk management play in federal regulatory programs. Before her appointment to the commission, she worked at the National Research Council (NRC) and served as acting director of the Toxicology and Risk Assessment Program at the NRC. Dr. Charnley holds an A.B. in biochemistry from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. in toxicology from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

HEREK L. CLACK is a research associate professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Michigan. Previously, Dr. Clack was an associate professor in the Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering Department at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT). He received his B.S. in aeronautical and astronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1987), and his M.S. (1997) and Ph.D. (1998) in mechanical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Prior to joining the IIT faculty, Dr. Clack was a National Research Council (NRC) postdoctoral fellow in residence at the National Institute of Standards and Technology in Gaithersburg, Maryland (1998-1999) and a member of the technical staff at the Rocketdyne Division of Boeing Corporation (1987-1992). He is engaged in research and publication in the areas of emission and control of air pollutants, aerosols, nonthermal plasmas, and transport phenomena within dispersions.

DEBORAH L. GRUBBE is the owner and president of Operations and Safety Solutions, LLC. Previously, Ms. Grubbe was vice president of safety change management at BP, where she was accountable to establish overall safety leadership and cultural improvement for five U.S. refineries. Prior to that, Ms. Grubbe was the vice president of group safety at BP in London, where she assessed, developed, and executed the group safety strategy. Ms. Grubbe graduated with a B.S. in chemical engineering with highest distinction from Purdue University. She received a Winston Churchill Fellowship to attend Cambridge University in England, where she received a Certificate of Post-Graduate Study in Chemical Engineering. She is a registered professional engineer in Delaware. Ms. Grubbe has been a member of several National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committees related to the demilitarization of chemical weapons, including Closure and Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Report (National Academies, 2002), authored by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program.

REBECCA A. HAFFENDEN currently serves part-time as a program’s attorney at Argonne National Laboratory through Global Empire, LLC. Ms. Haffenden’s professional experience has included work for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to evaluate legislation and regulations associated with security vulnerabilities and providing legal expertise to programs involving federal facility site remediation and hazardous waste compliance and corrective actions under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). She also co-authored a working paper on the application of federal and state hazardous waste regulatory programs to waste chemical agents, in addition to being a co-author of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives program. Ms. Haffenden has served on several National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chemical demilitarization committees, providing critical permitting and environmental law expertise and drafting key parts of the reports. Ms. Haffenden received a B.A. in psychology from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, and a J.D. from Suffolk Law School, Boston.

PETER R. JAFFE is a professor of civil engineering and environmental engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the associate director for research at the Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment at Princeton University. Dr. Jaffe’s research interests relate to the physical, chemical, and biological processes that govern the transport and transformation of pollutants in the environment and their application toward the remediation of contaminated systems. Dr. Jaffe received a B.S. in chemical engineering from the Universidad Simón Bolívar in Caracas, Venezuela, and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in environmental and water resources engineering from Vanderbilt University in 1980 and 1981, respectively.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
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RICHARD S. MAGEE is the executive director of the New Jersey Corporation for Advanced Technology (NJCAT), a not-for-profit public/private partnership designed to develop, verify, and commercialize emerging, innovative environmental and energy technologies. Dr. Magee is also a research professor at the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey. Prior to NJCAT and the Stevens Institute, he was the vice president and co-founder of Carmagen Engineering, Inc., located in Rockaway, New Jersey. The Carmagen Engineering company offers a wide range of engineering consulting services to the chemical and petrochemical industry and the federal government: mechanical engineering, instrumentation and controls, process design and safety assessments, fire investigations and damage assessments, and environmental engineering. Dr. Magee received his B.E. in engineering and an M.S. and a Sc.D. in mechanical engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology. He has served on many National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chemical demilitarization ad hoc committees. He is also a licensed professional engineer in the state of New Jersey, and a board certified environmental engineer with the American Academy of Environmental Engineers.

JAMES PASTORICK is an unexploded ordnance (UXO) technician with more than 30 years of active explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) and UXO experience at UXO Pro, Inc. Mr. Pastorick has served in various missions as an officer in U.S. armed forces EOD, including officer-in-charge of an EOD unit deployed in the Mediterranean Sea and tasked with providing emergency EOD response to the Sixth Fleet. Since leaving the military he has continued his EOD technical activities as senior UXO project manager for UXB International, Inc., at IT Corporation, and as president of the specialty UXO consulting companies Geophex UXO Ltd. and UXO Pro, Inc. Mr. Pastorick has served on numerous National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committees on the disposal of non-stockpile chemical warfare material (CWM). These important committees investigated methods to safely handle and dispose of UXO containing CWM in an efficient manner to allow cost-effective cleanup of non-stockpile CWM burial sites. He also served as a member of the Department of Defense (DoD) Geophysical Classification Advisory Group, which is advising and steering the DoD in its efforts to develop and implement use of this new technology designed to identify hazardous subsurface ordnance using only geophysical data. He has served on numerous Interstate Technology Regulatory Council UXO teams, where he developed and presented UXO training courses and assisted in the development of technical guidance documents related to UXO technical issues of interest to state regulators. He is also a certified manager of quality and organizational excellence by the American Society for Quality.

SETH P. TULER is an associate teaching professor in the Interdisciplinary and Global Studies Division at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Dr. Tuler’s research interests have focused on public participation, risk communication, risk governance, and developing tools to characterize human impacts and vulnerabilities to risk events. He seeks to apply insights emerging from research to practical applications in a wide range of policy arenas, including climate change adaptation planning, nuclear waste management, marine fisheries management, and cleanup of contaminated sites. He previously served on the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine Committee on Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel and High Level Radioactive Waste and the Federal Advisory Committee on Energy-Related Epidemiologic Research, chairing its Subcommittee for Community Affairs for 2 years, and an ad hoc committee to advise the National Cancer Institute in its efforts to inform people about health risks from iodine-131 nuclear weapons testing fallout. Dr. Tuler also recently served on the National Academies Committee on Review of Criteria for Successful Treatment of Hydrolysate at the Pueblo and Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plants. Dr. Tuler has an extensive publication record in peer-reviewed journals, book chapters, and peer-reviewed technical reports. He was a co-author of two technical reports for President Barack Obama’s Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future. Dr. Tuler received a B.A. in mathematics from the University of Chicago, an M.S. in technology and policy from the interdisciplinary Technology and Policy Program of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. from the Environmental Science and Policy Program, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts.

WILLIAM J. WALSH is a senior counsel at Clark Hill PLC, working within the firm’s Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources practice. Mr. Walsh principally focuses his practice in the areas of government policy advocacy, regulatory compliance and counseling, and environmental litigation. Previously, he was an attorney in the Washington, D.C., office of Pepper Hamilton LLP. Prior to joining Pepper, he was section chief in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Office of Enforcement. His legal experience includes environmental regulatory advice and advocacy and defense of environmental injury litigation involving a broad spectrum of issues pursuant to a variety of environmental statutes, including the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and the Toxic Substances Control Act. Mr. Walsh holds a J.D. from George Washington University Law School and a B.S. in physics from Manhattan College. He represents trade associations, including the U.S. Tire Manufacturers Association and the American Dental Association, in rule-making and other public policy advocacy. He has negotiated protective yet cost-effective remedies in pollution cases

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×

involving water, air, and hazardous waste; and he has advised technology developers and users on taking advantage of the incentives for, and eliminating the regulatory barriers to, the use of innovative environmental technologies. Mr. Walsh has also served, among others, on the following: the Committee on Future Options for Management in the Nation’s Subsurface Remediation Effort; the Committee on Review of the Conduct of Operations for Remediation of Recovered Chemical Warfare Materiel from Burial Sites; the Committee on Review and Evaluation of International Technologies for the Destruction of Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel; the Committee on Review and Assessment of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Demilitarization Program: Pine Bluff; the Committee for Review and Assessment of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Demilitarization Program: Workplace Monitoring; the Committee for the Review and Evaluation of the Army Non-Stockpile Chemical Materiel Disposal Program; the Committee on Ground Water Cleanup Alternatives; the Committee on Future Options for Management in the Nation’s Subsurface Remediation Effort; and 6 years on the Standing Committee on Chemical Demilitarization.

LAWRENCE J. WASHINGTON is a retired corporate vice president for Sustainability and Environmental Health and Safety (EH&S), who worked for the Dow Chemical Company for more than 37 years. Among his many distinctions, Mr. Washington chaired the Corporate Environmental Advisory Council and the EH&S Management Board and the Crisis Management Team. He also served as an officer of the company. In his previous role as corporate vice president, EH&S, Human Resources and Public Affairs, Mr. Washington led the creation of the Genesis Award Program for Excellence in People Development. His career within Dow included many roles in operations, including leader of Dow’s Western Division and general manager and site leader for Michigan operations. Mr. Washington has also served on National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chemical demilitarization committees from 2008 to 2012. Mr. Washington earned bachelor’s and master’s degrees in chemical engineering from the University of Detroit.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×
Page 110
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×
Page 111
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×
Page 112
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×
Page 113
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The U.S. military has a stockpile of approximately 400,000 tons of excess, obsolete, or unserviceable munitions. About 60,000 tons are added to the stockpile each year. Munitions include projectiles, bombs, rockets, landmines, and missiles. Open burning/open detonation (OB/OD) of these munitions has been a common disposal practice for decades, although it has decreased significantly since 2011.

OB/OD is relatively quick, procedurally straightforward, and inexpensive. However, the downside of OB and OD is that they release contaminants from the operation directly into the environment. Over time, a number of technology alternatives to OB/OD have become available and more are in research and development. Alternative technologies generally involve some type of contained destruction of the energetic materials, including contained burning or contained detonation as well as contained methods that forego combustion or detonation.

Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions reviews the current conventional munitions demilitarization stockpile and analyzes existing and emerging disposal, treatment, and reuse technologies. This report identifies and evaluates any barriers to full-scale deployment of alternatives to OB/OD or non-closed loop incineration/combustion, and provides recommendations to overcome such barriers.

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