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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
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F

Acronyms

AED Ammunition Equipment Directorate
AMCOM Aviation and Missile Command
ANAD Anniston Army Depot
ANMC Anniston Munitions Center
AoA analysis of alternatives
AP ammonium perchlorate
APCS air pollution control system
APE ammunition peculiar equipment
ARMD Ammonium Perchlorate Rocket Motor Destruction facility
BEDS Bulk Energetics Disposal System
BGAD Blue Grass Army Depot
BGCAPP Blue Grass Chemical Agent Destruction Pilot Plant
CAA Clean Air Act
CAAA Crane Army Ammunition Activity
CAD cartridge actuated device
CB contained burning
CBI Clean Burning Igniter
CD contained detonation
CDC Controlled Detonation Chamber
CDT contained disposal technology
CFR Code of Federal Regulations
COCO contractor owned, contractor operated
CWM chemical warfare material
CWP Contaminated Waste Processor
DAVINCH Detonation of Ammunition in a Vacuum Integrated Chamber
DDESB Department of Defense Explosives Safety Board
DoD Department of Defense
DODIC Department of Defense Identification Code
DOE Department of Energy
DU depleted uranium
EDS Explosive Destruction System
E-ILS Enterprise Integrated Logistics Strategy
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EWI Explosive Waste Incinerator
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FMEA failure modes and effects analysis
FTE full-time equivalent
GAO Government Accountability Office
GOCO government owned, contractor operated
GOGO government owned, government operated
HC hexachloroethane
HE high-explosive
HEAT high-explosive anti-tank
HHERA Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment
HWAD Hawthorne Army Depot
ID induced draft
iSCWO industrial supercritical water oxidation
JMC Joint Munitions Command
LCC life cycle cost
LEAD Letterkenny Army Depot
LEMC Letterkenny Munitions Center
LMP Logistics Modernization Program
MACT maximum achievable control technology
MCAAP McAlester Army Ammunition Plant
MIDAS Munitions Items Disposition Action System
MLRS Multiple Launch Rocket System
MMR Military Munitions Rule
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
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NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NDAA National Defense Authorization Act
NEW net explosive weight
NRC National Research Council
OB open burn/open burning
OD open detonation
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense
PAD propellant actuated device
PAS pollution abatement system
PCH packing, crating, and handling
PD Demil Office of the Product Director for Demilitarization
PM particulate matter
PODS Plasma Ordnance Demilitarization System
PPE personnel protective equipment
QASAS Quality Assurance Specialist (Ammunition Surveillance)
R3 reclamation, recycling, and reuse
RAMSLIC remote automated motor sealing, loading, and ignition completion
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RDT&E research, development, testing, and evaluation
RKI rotary kiln incinerator
SAA small arms ammunition
SDC Static Detonation Chamber
SMCA Single Manager for Conventional Ammunition
SOP standard operating procedure
SOT statement of task
TAMR Total Army Munitions Requirement
TEAD Tooele Army Depot
TFF Transportable Flashing Furnace
TRL technology readiness level
TSDF treatment, storage, and disposal facility
TTC thermal treatment chamber
TTCDP thermal treatment closed disposal process
UXO unexploded ordnance
VOC volatile organic compound
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×
Page 114
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
×
Page 115
Suggested Citation:"Appendix F: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25140.
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Page 116
Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions Get This Book
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The U.S. military has a stockpile of approximately 400,000 tons of excess, obsolete, or unserviceable munitions. About 60,000 tons are added to the stockpile each year. Munitions include projectiles, bombs, rockets, landmines, and missiles. Open burning/open detonation (OB/OD) of these munitions has been a common disposal practice for decades, although it has decreased significantly since 2011.

OB/OD is relatively quick, procedurally straightforward, and inexpensive. However, the downside of OB and OD is that they release contaminants from the operation directly into the environment. Over time, a number of technology alternatives to OB/OD have become available and more are in research and development. Alternative technologies generally involve some type of contained destruction of the energetic materials, including contained burning or contained detonation as well as contained methods that forego combustion or detonation.

Alternatives for the Demilitarization of Conventional Munitions reviews the current conventional munitions demilitarization stockpile and analyzes existing and emerging disposal, treatment, and reuse technologies. This report identifies and evaluates any barriers to full-scale deployment of alternatives to OB/OD or non-closed loop incineration/combustion, and provides recommendations to overcome such barriers.

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