Mary E. Landry (Chair) retired from the U.S. Coast Guard’s (USCG’s) Senior Executive Service in 2015 after more than 30 years of active duty with the USCG and the rank of Rear Admiral. Until 2015, RADM Landry served as the Senior Executive Director of Incident Management Preparedness Policy, where she was responsible for establishing, developing, and implementing all hazards incident management goals, strategies, policies, and doctrines to meet USCG responsibilities in incident preparedness and response. From May 2013 to May 2014, RADM Landry also served at the White House as the Special Assistant to the President and the Senior Director for Resilience Policy. During her flag service, RADM Landry served as the Commander of the Eighth Coast Guard District and the Commander of Task Force 189.8, based in New Orleans. In this role, she was responsible for USCG operations covering 26 states, more than 1,200 miles of coastline, and 10,300 miles of inland waterways. Moreover, RADM Landry served as the Federal On-Scene Coordinator in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010. She also held the position of Executive Officer of Marine Safety Office (MSO) Boston during the 9/11 attacks and oversaw the federal response to the Buzzard’s Bay oil spill during her tour as the Commanding Officer of MSO Providence, Rhode Island. Her military decorations include the Legion of Merit (three awards), Meritorious Service Medal, Coast Guard Commendation Medal (three awards), 9-11 Medal, and Achievement Medal. Ms. Landry completed Officer Candidate School in 1980 after graduating from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1978. She holds an MA in management from Webster University and a Master of Marine Affairs from the University of Rhode Island. She is also a National Security Fellow, earning this distinction at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government in 2000. Since retiring from the USCG, Ms. Landry currently serves as an Independent Corporate Director and as part of the Member Audit Committee for the United Services Automobile Association.
E. Eric Adams serves as a Senior Lecturer and a Senior Research Engineer in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His
areas of expertise include water quality modeling and the design and environmental evaluation of effluential disposal systems. Recent research projects include modeling multiphase plumes with application to deep-sea oil spills; applying chemical dispersants to subsurface oil spills; and creating a flexible curtain to contain oil from a deep ocean blowout. Dr. Adams is a member of both the American Society of Civil Engineering and the International Association of Hydro-Environment and Research. After receiving a BS in engineering from Harvey Mudd College, Dr. Adams went on to MIT to earn an SM in civil engineering and a PhD in hydrodynamics.
Adriana C. Bejarano is the Senior Aquatic Eco-Toxicologist at Research Planning, Inc. (RPI) in Columbia, South Carolina. Her past research includes the ecological and toxicological effects of organic pollutants on marine and estuarine invertebrates, and she has developed skills in applied ecology, modeling, ecological risk assessments of contaminated sediments and complex contaminant mixtures, and statistical data analysis. During her time at RPI, Dr. Bejarano has provided technical and scientific support to various inland and marine oil spills. She also led data analyses on the potential toxicological impacts of surface dispersant use to aquatic organisms during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and co-authored a report to the U.S. Coast Guard. She also was the lead toxicologist of the Biological Assessment for the RRT4 and RRT9 Preauthorization Plan for Dispersant Use. Furthermore, Dr. Bejarano is an Adjunct Professor at the Department of Environmental Health and Sciences at the University of South Carolina and an active member of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. She received her PhD in aquatic toxicology from the Arnold School of Public Health at the University of South Carolina in 2004.
Michel Boufadel is a Professor of Environmental Engineering and the Director of the Center for Natural Resources Development and Protection at the New Jersey Institute of Technology. He also holds the title of Professor in the Department of Biological, Chemical, and Pharmaceutical Engineering. He is a professional engineer in New Jersey and Pennsylvania and a Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers. His expertise lies in environmental fluid mechanics and modeling of processes, and since 1995 he has applied that expertise in researching the behavior of oil. Dr. Boufadel was involved in addressing the persistence of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, the fate and behavior of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, and the Enbridge Pipe 6 oil spill in Michigan. He has served on several National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committees dealing with oil spills. He also served on the Royal Society of Canada Committee on the Behaviour of Oil in Aqueous Environments, in 2016 and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board on Shale Gas. He has more than 150 refereed publications in environmental fluid mechanics and modeling. He received a BS in civil engineering from the Jesuit University at Beirut in Lebanon, and an MS and a PhD in environmental engineering from the University of Cincinnati.
Gina Coelho has more than 25 years of experience in environmental research, consulting, program management, and regulatory compliance in the offshore oil and gas sector. She began working in the field of dispersant and dispersed oil research as a staff scientist for the Marine Spill Response Corporation (1993-1995). In 1996, she began working as an environmental consultant with a small firm supporting onshore and offshore oil and gas and related energy sector projects. Since that time, she has worked on projects for oil companies and associated regulatory agencies (including the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) on the use of science in supporting dispersant use, policy, and decision making. Dr. Coelho focuses on integrating dispersant and dispersed oil research into spill contingsency planning, and she serves as an expert on regulatory outreach and community engagement strategies on dispersant issues, both in the United States and abroad. She previously served as the President of Ecosystem Management & Associates, Inc., and
as a Principal Professional Associate and the Offshore Oil and Gas Sector Director for HDR Inc. Most recently, she worked as a Principal Senior Scientist for Sponson Group, Inc. Dr. Coelho was the Chief Scientist on the Deepwater Horizon oil spill monitoring of subsea dispersant injection, and she served as a scientific liaison between BP and the trustees on dispersant issues during and after the spill response. In addition, she has worked on other spills in U.S. waters. She received a BA in biology from St. Mary’s College of Maryland, completed her graduate coursework through the University of Maryland Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, and received her PhD in ecology/environmental science from Bircham International University in Madrid, Spain.
Thomas S. Coolbaugh is an Oil Spill Response Advisor for Exxon Mobil Corporation’s Safety, Security, Health and Environment Support organization where he provides technical guidance and training on the full suite of oil spill response strategies in support of global operations. Dr. Coolbaugh has extensive experience in a variety of research settings as a scientist and leader. He is a Vice Chair of IPIECA’s (formerly the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association) Oil Spill Working Group (immediate past Chair) as well as a member of the American Petroleum Industry Spills Advisory Group; the Marine Preservation Association Dispersant Advisory Committee; and the Science Advisory Panel of the University of New Hampshire/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coastal Response Research Center. He served on the National Research Council’s Committee on Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment and was an invited subject-matter expert for a Consensus Environmental Risk Assessment project led by the U.S. Coast Guard Sector Delaware Bay relating to potential incidents involving Bakken crude and diluted bitumen. His focus is often on the scientific understanding and regulatory aspects of the use of dispersants during an oil spill response and communicating with a variety of groups on the topics. Dr. Coolbaugh received his BA in chemistry from Amherst College, a PhD in chemistry from the California Institute of Technology (Advisor: Professor Robert Grubbs, 2005 Nobel Laureate), and an MS in the management of technology from New York University. He has been with ExxonMobil since 1988.
Cortis Cooper retired after more than 27 years of service as a Fellow with the Chevron Energy Technology Company, 1 of 22 Chevron scientists who advise corporate managers about science-related issues. Over his career in the offshore industry, he has focused on quantifying winds, waves, and currents that are used by engineers to operate and design offshore facilities at various locations around the world. His research has included the study of the fate of oil spills; modeling hurricane alleys in the Gulf of Mexico; forecasting the Loop Current and associated eddies in the Gulf of Mexico; supervising the development of ocean current models in the Gulf of Mexico; and investigating the fate of oil and gas from deepwater blowouts. Dr. Cooper was a member of the National Research Council’s Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects, and he formerly served as a member of the Ocean Studies Board. He earned a BS in civil engineering and an MS from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a PhD in environmental engineering from the University of Maine.
Dominic M. Di Toro (NAE) is the Edward C. Davis Professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Delaware. He has specialized in the development and application of mathematical and statistical models to stream, lake, estuarine, and coastal water as well as to sediment quality problems. He has participated in the development of water and sediment quality criteria for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; sediment flux models for nutrients and metals; and integrated hydrodynamic, sediment transport, and water quality models. Recently he has participated in developing models for predicting environmental partitioning and toxicity parameters from molecular structure. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and served on the National Research Council’s
Committee on Sediment Dredging at Superfund Megasites and the Committee on the Evaluation of Chesapeake Bay Program Implementation for Nutrient Reduction to Improve Water Quality. He received a BEE from Manhattan College, and both an MA in electrical engineering and a PhD in civil and geological engineering from Princeton University.
Julia M. Gohlke is an Associate Professor in the Department of Population Health Sciences at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Her research utilizes spatial epidemiology, risk assessment, and toxicology approaches to characterize human health implications of global environmental change and large-scale environmental disasters, including the Deepwater Horizon blowout. She has served on several advisory boards related to environmental health, including for federal agencies such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. She received a BS in biology at the University of Michigan and both an MS and a PhD in environmental health at the University of Washington.
Bernard D. Goldstein (NAM) is the Emeritus Dean and an Emeritus Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Medicine, and he has chaired more than a dozen National Research Council and National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine committees. He has also chaired committees related to environmental health for the World Health Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme. His past experience includes service as Assistant Administrator for Research and Development of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1983-1985, and President of the Society for Risk Analysis. His involvement in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill includes serving as an Advisory Board member of the National Academies Gulf Research Program and as the original chair of the Coordinating Committee of the Gulf Research Health Outreach Program. He is also active on shale gas issues and on issues related to the science/policy interface.
Terry C. Hazen currently holds a joint appointment with the University of Tennessee–Knoxville’s College of Engineering’s Civil and Environmental Engineering Department and the College of Arts and Sciences’ Microbiology and Earth and Planetary Sciences Departments. He also serves as a Faculty Fellow at the University of Tennessee–Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Joint Institute for Biological Sciences and the Center for Environmental Biotechnology. Specializing in bioremediation and bioenergy, Dr. Hazen focuses his research more narrowly on how naturally occurring bacteria can sometimes break down and detoxify hazardous material. He also works with a team of researchers who have developed a method of using bacteria to help test for the presence of a wide array of pollutants. He previously served as the Program Director for the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Systems Biology program at the Energy Biosciences Institute at the University of California, Berkeley. Dr. Hazen received both a BS and an MS in interdepartmental biology, specializing in parasitology, from Michigan State University and a PhD in parasitology-ecology from Wake Forest University.
Kenneth Lee is the National Senior Science Advisor for Oil Spill Research, Preparedness and Response for Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Until recently he was the Director of Oceans and Atmosphere in the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Australia’s national science agency) with the goal to enhance Australia’s prosperity and well-being through research to underpin sustainable economic, social, and environmental use of Australia’s marine estate and the management of its atmospheric environment. He also served on the Australian Government’s National Plan for Maritime Environmental Emergencies Committee. Dr. Lee’s research activities include studies on the transport, biotransformation, and biodegradation of organic
and inorganic contaminants; development of toxicological and modeling approaches to assess the potential impact of the offshore oil and gas industry (including accidental oil spills); and the development and validation of oil spill countermeasure technologies. He served on the National Research Council’s Committee on the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon-252 Oil Spill on Ecosystem Services in the Gulf of Mexico and the Committee on Arctic Oil Spill Response. In 2016, Dr. Lee chaired the Royal Society of Canada’s Expert Panel on the The Behaviour and Environmental Impacts of Crude Oil Released into Aqueous Environments. Dr. Lee received a BSc in biology from Dalhousie University, and both an MSc and a PhD in botany/environmental studies from the University of Toronto.
Steven A. Murawski is a Professor and the Peter Betzer Endowed Chair of Biological Oceanography in the College of Marine Science at the University of South Florida. His research group aims to understand the impacts of human activities on the sustainability of ocean ecosystems. He has developed approaches for understanding the impacts of fishing on marine fish complexes exploited in mixed-species aggregations, with the goal to help inform investments to rebuild the Gulf of Mexico from effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, loss of nursery areas, nutrient enrichment, and overfishing. Dr. Murawski serves as Director of the Center for Integrated Analysis and Modeling of Gulf Ecosystems, is a U.S. Delegate of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, and is a member of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Ocean Studies Board, in addition to being appointed to serve on the Committee for Decadal Survey of Ocean Sciences 2015. He received a BS and an MS in fisheries biology and a PhD in fisheries and wildlife biology from the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
W. Scott Pegau is a Research Scientist and a Research Program Manager at the Oil Spill Recovery Institute (OSRI). His research aims to develop novel oil spill detection and tracking approaches to understand the fate and behavior of oil spilled in the Arctic and sub-Arctic. At OSRI, he monitors grant contracts and provides leadership in planning research programs. Prior to joining OSRI, Dr. Pegau was a Senior Scientist and a Research Coordinator at the Kachemak Bay Research Reserve in Alaska. He received a BS in physics from the University of Alaska Fairbanks and a PhD in oceanography from Oregon State University.
Ronald Tjeerdema is the Associate Dean of Environmental Sciences and the Donald G. Crosby Endowed Chair in Environmental Chemistry at the University of California, Davis. With a focus on marine and freshwater ecosystems, Dr. Tjeerdema’s areas of expertise range from chemical fate in the environment, sensitive life stage bioassays, and biochemical mechanisms of toxicity. He also has worked extensively with pesticides, petroleum hydrocarbons, dispersants, and marine algal toxins. Notably, his research on oil spills and dispersants resulted in the development of the widely used standardized Chemical Response to Oil Spills: Ecological Research Forum methods for toxicity assessment. During the aftermath of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Dr. Tjeerdema served on several National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration panels advising on response plans. He currently serves as co-Editor-in-Chief on the flagship journal Aquatic Toxicology. He completed his PhD in pharmacology and toxicology, with an emphasis on environmental toxicology, in 1987 from the University of California, Davis.
David L. Valentine is a Professor of Geochemistry and Microbiology and holds the Norris Presidential Chair in Earth Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His main research interest is the interactions of microbes and the Earth system and, more specifically, the Archaea, biogeochemistry, and microbial ecology of hydrocarbons and the development of novel isotopic approaches to study microbes and geochemical processes. Dr. Valentine’s lab currently works on
projects probing the global methane and hydrogen cycles, with field sites from Alaska to the Coal Oil Point seep field in California. He is well known for his contributions to understanding the fate of hydrocarbons and bacteria from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. He was the recipient of the National Science Foundation CAREER award and is a fellow of the Aldo Leopold Leadership Program. After receiving a BS and an MS in chemistry from the University of California, San Diego, Dr. Valentine went on to earn another MS and a PhD in earth system sciences from the University of California, Irvine.
Helen K. White is an Associate Professor of Chemistry and Environmental Studies at Haverford College in Haverford, Pennsylvania. Dr. White’s research interests examine the sources, sinks, and cycling of human-derived compounds in the marine environment with a focus on how chemical structure, physical associations, and bioavailability determine the persistence of specific organic compounds. Dr. White has investigated persistent oil residues in the Gulf of Mexico following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill as well as in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Dr. White is a recipient of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Gulf Research Program’s Early-Career Fellowship and a Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award. Dr. White received her MChem in chemistry from the University of Sussex, United Kingdom, and her PhD in chemical oceanography from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Following her graduate studies, Dr. White was awarded the Microbial Science Initiative Postdoctoral Fellowship at Harvard University.
Susan Roberts is the Director of the Ocean Studies Board at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. She started as a Program Officer for the Ocean Studies Board in 1998 and became the Director of the Board in 2004. Dr. Roberts specializes in the science and management of living marine resources. She has served as the Study Director for 18 reports produced by the National Academies on topics covering a broad range of ocean science, marine resource management, and science policy issues. Her research publications include studies on fish physiology and biochemistry, marine bacterial symbioses, and cell and developmental biology. Dr. Roberts received her PhD in marine biology from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Prior to her position at the Ocean Studies Board, she worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Berkeley, and as a senior staff fellow at the National Institutes of Health. Recently, she served on the editorial panel for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Global Ocean Science Report (2017) and currently is a member of the editorial panel for the second edition. Dr. Roberts is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Washington Academy of Sciences.
Stacee Karras is a Program Officer with the Ocean Studies Board. She joined the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in 2012 as a Fellow and served as a Research Associate for the Ocean Studies Board between 2013 and 2015. She then served as an Associate Program Officer until 2016, when she took on her current role. She received both a BA in marine affairs and policy (with concentrations in biology and political science) and an MA in marine affairs and policy from the University of Miami—the latter from the university’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science. She earned her JD from the University of Virginia’s School of Law.
Trent Cummings received a BA in environmental studies/sustainability from The George Washington University in Washington, DC. Prior to working at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, he interned with the Business Network for Offshore Wind covering the completion of the Block Island Wind Farm. He joined the Ocean Studies Board as a program assistant in December 2017.