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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
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C

Acronyms

3D three-dimensional
AEC Advanced Energy Conversion
AG Analysis Group
AO announcement of opportunity
ASRG Advanced Sterling Radioisotope Generators
ASTEP Astrobiology Science and Technology for Exploring Planets
ASTID Astrobiology Science and Technology Instrument Development
AVGR Ames Vertical Gun Range
C&DH command and data handling
CAESAR Comet Astrobiology Exploration Sample Return
CAPS Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Science
CAPTEM Curation and Analysis Planning Team for Extraterrestrial Materials
CATE cost and technical evaluation
CDA Cosmic Dust Analyzer
CNEOS Center for Near-Earth Object Studies
COLDTech Concepts for Ocean Worlds Life Detection Technology
CRISM Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars
DOE Department of Energy
DRA Diviner Rock Abundance
DSAC Deep Space Atomic Clock
DSN Deep Space Network
EDL entry, descent, and landing
EJSM Europa Jupiter System Mission
ELSAH Enceladus Life Signatures and Habitability
ELV Expendable Launch Vehicle
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
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EMIRS Emirates Mars Infrared Spectrometer
EMUS Emirates Mars Ultraviolet Spectrometer
ER Electron Reflectometer
ESA European Space Agency
ESI Entry Systems Instrumentation
ESSP Extreme Environment Solar Power
EXI Emirates Exploration Imager
FAN Ferroan Anorthosite
FPGA field programmable gate array
FY fiscal year
GFE government furnished equipment
GHAPS Gondola for High-Altitude Planetary Science
GNC guidance, navigation, and control
GPHS General Purpose Heat Source
GRAIL Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory
GRaND gamma ray and neutron detector
HEEET Heat-shield for Extreme Entry Environment Technology
HEOMD Human Exploration Operations Mission Directorate
HiRISE High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment
HOTTech Hot Operating Temperature Technology
HPSC High-Performance Spaceflight Computing
HST Hubble Space Telescope
INMS Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer
InSight Interior Exploration Using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy, and Heat Transport
ISE100 In-Space Engine 100 lbf
JEO Jupiter Europa Orbiter
JGO Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JUICE Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer
JWST James Webb Space Telescope
KBO Kuiper belt object
KDP-B Key Decision Point-B
KDP-C Key Decision Point-C
LADEE Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer
LARS Laboratory Analysis of Returned Samples
LCC life-cycle cost
LCRD Laser Communications Relay Demonstration
LCROSS Lunar-Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite
LDEX Lunar Dust Experiment
LEAG Lunar Exploration Analysis Group
LIBS laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
LPI Lunar and Planetary Institute
LQ Lunar Quest
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×
LRO Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
LSP Launch Services Program
LWRHU Lightweight Radioisotope Heater Unit
MAG magnetometer
MAHLI Mars Hand Lens Imager
MARCI Mars Color Imager
MatISSE Maturation of Instruments for Solar System Exploration
MAV Mars Ascent Vehicle
MAVEN Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Mission
MAX-C Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher
MCS Mars Climate Sounder
MDAP Mars Data and Analysis Program
MEP Mars Exploration Program
MEPAG Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group
MER Mars Exploration Rover
MESSENGER Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and Ranging
MGS Mars Global Surveyor
MMAMA Moon Mars Analogue and Mission Activities
MMRTG Multi-Mission Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generator
MMX Mars Moons Explorer
MOC Mars Orbiter Camera
MOLA Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter
MRO Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
MSL Mars Science Laboratory
MSR Mars sample return
NAI NASA Astrobiology Institute
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NEOCam Near Earth Object Camera
NEXT-C NASA Evolutionary Xenon Thruster-Commercial
NF New Frontiers
NF4 New Frontiers 4
NMS neutral mass spectrometer
NRC National Research Council
NSF National Science Foundation
OPAG Outer Planets Assessment Group
OSIRIS-REx Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer
Pan-STARRS Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System
PDART Planetary Data Archiving, Restoration, and Tools
PDR preliminary design review
PDS Planetary Data System
PI principal investigator
PICA Phenolic-Impregnated Carbon Ablator heat shield
PICASSO Planetary Instrument Concepts for the Advancement of Solar System Observations
PIDDP Planetary Instrument Definition and Development Program
PIXL Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry
PSD Planetary Science Division
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×
PSDS3 Planetary Science Deep Space SmallSats
PSTAR Planetary Science and Technology from Analog Research
R&A research and analysis
R&D research and development
RELAB Reflectance Lab
RIMFAX Radar Imager for Mars’s Subsurface Experiment
ROSES Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences
RSL recurring slope lineae
RTG Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator
SAM Sample Analysis at Mars
SBAG Small Bodies Assessment Group
SCAN Space Communications and Navigation
SEIS Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure
SEP solar electric propulsion
SERA Space Environments Research to Application
SHARAD Shallow Radar
SHERLOC Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals
SMD Science Mission Directorate
SME subject matter expert
SPEAR Supersonic Parachute
SRC Sample Return Capsule
SRO Sample Return Orbiter
SSERVI Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute
STMD Space Technology Mission Directorate
SWIR shortwave infrared
TES Thermal Emission Spectrometer
TGO Trace Gas Orbiter
THEMIS Thermal Emission Imaging System
TRL technology readiness level
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
UV ultraviolet
VEXAG Venus Exploration Analysis Group
VICI Venus In situ Composition Investigations
VIMS Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer
VIR visible and infrared
VIRTIS Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer
WBS Work Breakdown Structure
WFIRST Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×
Page 136
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×
Page 137
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×
Page 138
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×
Page 139
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Visions into Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022: A Midterm Review. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25186.
×
Page 140
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In spring 2011 the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine produced a report outlining the next decade in planetary sciences. That report, titled Vision and Voyages for Planetary Science in the Decade 2013-2022, and popularly referred to as the “decadal survey,” has provided high-level prioritization and guidance for NASA’s Planetary Science Division. Other considerations, such as budget realities, congressional language in authorization and appropriations bills, administration requirements, and cross-division and cross-directorate requirements (notably in retiring risk or providing needed information for the human program) are also necessary inputs to how NASA develops its planetary science program.

In 2016 NASA asked the National Academies to undertake a study assessing NASA’s progress at meeting the objectives of the decadal survey. After the study was underway, Congress passed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Transition Authorization Act of 2017 which called for NASA to engage the National Academies in a review of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program. NASA and the Academies agreed to incorporate that review into the midterm study. That study has produced this report, which serves as a midterm assessment and provides guidance on achieving the goals in the remaining years covered by the decadal survey as well as preparing for the next decadal survey, currently scheduled to begin in 2020.

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