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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
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E

Acronyms

AAS American Astronomical Society
ACCESS Advancing Collaborative Connections for Earth System Science
ACM Association for Computing Machinery
AGU American Geophysical Union
AI artificial intelligence
AIP American Institute of Physics
AJPS American Journal of Political Science
AMS American Meteorological Society
AO Announcement of Opportunity
AON Arctic Observing Network
API application programming interface
APL Applied Physics Laboratory
ARCSS Arctic System Sciences
ARL Army Research Laboratory
ASEB Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board
BIO Directorate for Biological Sciences
BSD Berkeley Software Distribution
CAM Community Atmosphere Model
CC Creative Commons
CC0 Creative Commons license
CCM Chemistry Climate Model
CCMC Community Coordinated Modeling Center
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research
CESM Community Earth System Model
CICE Community Ice Code
CIO chief information officer
CISE Computer and Information Science and Engineering
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
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CLM Community Land Model
CNI Coalition for Networked Information
COTS commercial off-the-shelf
CPU computer processing unit
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DF/BBF dipolarization fronts and bursty bulk flows
DMP data management plan
DOD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOI digital object identifier
EAR Export Administration Regulations
EOSDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ESA European Space Agency
ESD Earth Science Division
ESDS Earth Science Data Systems
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FAR Federal Acquisition Regulations
FFT a C subroutine library for Fourier transforms
FIA-NP Future Internet Architecture-Next Phase
FTE flux-transfer events
GDP gross domestic product
GI guest investigator
GPL GNU General Public License
GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center
HAO High Altitude Observatory
HEASARC High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center
ICML International Conference on Machine Learning
IM Instructional Memorandum
IP intellectual property
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations
KHI Kelvin-Helmholtz instability
LAPACK a linear algebra software library
LGPL GNU Lesser General Public License
LWS Living with a Star
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
ML machine learning
MPL Mozilla Public License
NARA National Archives and Records Administration
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
×
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research
NExScI NASA Exoplanet Science Institute
NFS NASA FAR Supplement
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NOSA NASA Open Source Agreement
NPD NASA Policy Directive
NPG NASA Procedures and Guidelines
NPR NASA Procedural Requirements
NSF National Science Foundation
NumPy a Python Programming Language Library
OCIO Office of the Chief Information Officer
OCS Office of the Chief Scientist
OFAC Office of Foreign Asset Control
OGC Office of the General Counsel
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OS operating system
OSI Open Source Initiative
OSS open source software
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
PDART Planetary Data Archiving, Restoration, and Tools
PI principal investigator
PSD Planetary Science Division
RoR runs-on-request
ROSES Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences
SaaS software as a service
SaTC Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace
scikit-learn a free python machine learning library
SEADAS Software design for processing Satellite Data
SMD Science Mission Directorate
SMEX Small Explorer
SMP software management plan
SRA Software Release Authority
SSB Space Studies Board
SSC Scientific Steering Committee
SSE Software for Science and Engineering
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
STMD Space Technology Mission Directorate
SUA software user agreement
TESS Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite
THMPROC THEMIS data processing
TTO Technology Transfer Office
UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
UCLA University of California, Los Angeles
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
×
USGS U.S. Geological Survey
WACCM Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model
WP white paper
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
×
Page 93
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
×
Page 94
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
×
Page 95
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Acronyms." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25217.
×
Page 96
Open Source Software Policy Options for NASA Earth and Space Sciences Get This Book
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Modern science is ever more driven by computations and simulations. In particular, the state of the art in space and Earth science often arises from complex simulations of climate, space weather, and astronomical phenomena. At the same time, scientific work requires data processing, presentation, and analysis through broadly available proprietary and community software.1 Implicitly or explicitly, software is central to science. Scientific discovery, understanding, validation, and interpretation are all enhanced by access to the source code of the software used by scientists.

This report investigates and recommends options for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate (SMD) as it considers how to establish a policy regarding open source software to complement its existing policy on open data. In particular, the report reviews existing data and software policies and the lessons learned from the implementation of those policies, summarizes community perspectives, and presents policy options and recommendations for implementing an open source software policy for NASA SMD.

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